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Nokia Academy

NSN LTE Implementation


LTE/EPS Fundamentals Course

TM51155EN04GLA2

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Copyright and confidentiality


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This document is intended for use of
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this document may voluntarily provide
suggestions, comments or other feedback
to Nokia Solutions and Networks in
respect of the contents of this document
("Feedback"). Such Feedback may be

TM51155EN04GLA2

used in Nokia Solutions and Networks


products and related specifications or
other documentation. Accordingly, if the
user of this document gives Nokia
Solutions and Networks feedback on the
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Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:
Review the NSN approach to LTE.
Discuss the NSN eUTRAN solution.
Discuss the NSN EPC solution.

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Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

3GPP Rel 8 network architecture


LTE Radio
Access Network

Evolved Packet Core (EPC)


HSS

Services in Packet
Data Network

PCRF

IMS

Operator
services

SAE-GW
MME

Internet
Serving
GW

eNode-B

PDN
GW

Control plane
User plane

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Company
intranets

eUTRAN Solution

Revolutionary NSN
Flexi BTS platform
Traditional
macro BTS

Flexi
Multimode
BTS

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The new BTS


offers all the
energy saving,
low cost
deployment
and scalability
benefits of the
Flexi BTS
family.

Real life example:

Huge Difference in Conventional Macro BTS site


Volume, Weight, Power consumption
Flexi BTS

Vendor A
Outdoor Macro

Vendor B
Outdoor Macro

Note:
The Same RF and
power configuration

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Vendor C
Outdoor Macro

Flexibility in every dimension


Less Site Visits
Light and Small
One man operation
One module is about 25 Kg
Less logistic efforts
Less road traffic

Real software
defined radio.
No HW
upgrade
needed to
support HSPA
or LTE.

CAPEX

Reuse of existing
infrastructure

One design for in & out door


Ingress
protection IP65

Power System
Any Cabinet

19 rack
Antenna line
Battery Backup

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No need for
active cooling

+55C

CAPEX

OPEX

CAPEX

OPEX

0 footprint
-35C

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Temperature
range

Flexi LTE BTS installation options

Wall installation

Floor installation

Pole installation

Inside constructions

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19 cabinet
installation

Installation options: Stack installation

- BTS modules are placed in a stack


(e.g. floor or shelves)
- Outdoor & indoor installations
- Modules in casings with back and
front covers
- Plinth needed (same plinth for all
cabinet less installations stack,
pole and wall)
- Max 22 Height Units (HU) per plinth
for zone 2 earthquake zones, max 15
HU for zone 4 earthquake zones

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Installation options: Wall installation

- BTS modules installed on a wall


- Outdoor & indoor installations
- Modules in casings with back and front
covers
- Plinth needed
- Up to 2 modules per plinth
- Modules installed covers sideways
- 100 mm space recommended
between plinths to enable cabling (see
picture)
- Standard Flexi BTS clearances apply

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Pole installation:
FMFA

470149A

FLEXI MOUNTING KIT FLOOR/WALL/POLE

1 (holds 2 units)

FKPA

471649A

FPKA Flexi Pole Kit

2 (per Pole:holds 2 FMFA & 4 Flexi Units)

FMCA

470239A

FLEXI 3U MOUNTING COVERS FRONT/BACK

N (# of Stacked Modules)

One plinth (FMFA) is needed for every two modules and we also need 2 FPKAs in
the pole mounting.

FMFA

12

FPKA

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Installation options: Pole installation of Modules


- BTS modules installed on a pole
- Outdoor & indoor installations
- Modules in casings with back and
front covers
- Plinth and pole mounting bracket
needed
- Up to 2 modules per plinth and 4 per
pair of brackets
- Modules installed covers sideways
- Standard Flexi clearances apply

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Installation options: Pole installation of Remote Radio


Heads (RRH)
up to 3 RRHs fit around one pair of
FPKA pole mounting brackets.

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Installation options: Flexi Cabinet installation


Cabinet can simultaneously house LTE,
GSM/EDGE, LTE/HSPA and BBU
Flexi BTS Indoor Cabinet
modules
FCIA
Flexi BTS Outdoor Cabinet
- There are no limitations on how to mix
FCOA
LTE, GSM and WCDMA in one
cabinet
Optional Flexi Cabinets for indoor and
outdoor installations
- Open 19 mechanics with 1 HU fixing
steps for flexible module installations
- No motherboards or electronics (fans
etc)
- Only front cabling
- Module casings and covers are not
used
- Cooling fans remain in modules
- Modules are grounded via rack
- Same footprint and cabinet fixing
points as with
UltraSite and Talk Family
- Outdoor: 1550 x 770 x 770 (H x W x
D), space for 38HU
- Indoor: 1800 x 600 x 600 (H x W x
D), space for 36HU
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Flexi inside existing BTS or Site support cabinets

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Support of High Speed Users

RL40

Enables LTE usages in high speed environment


UE speed up to
350 km/h in open space
300 km/h in tunnels
for 3GPP defined conditions

Thalys

X 2000

ICE

KTX

AVE

Acela

Railjet

ETR

Sapsan

Alfa
Pendular

THSR

CRH

ATPRD

Sm6

LTE48

17

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TGV
Shinkansen

Eurostar

NSN Flexi LTE BTS Modules

133 mm
3 HU
422 mm
without covers
560 mm
with covers

447 mm
for 19 inch rack installation
Weight: 19-25 kg

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NSN Flexi LTE BTS structure overview


Flexi BTS introduces a new platform

The modular design doesnt use any backplanes


Modules are interconnected through front panel cabling
Modules can be installed separate from each other (Feederless / Distributed
Sites)
A Flexi LTE BTS consists of one System Module and

1 optional Extension System Module (future release)


up to three Radio Modules or Remote Radio Heads

Radio Modules are available with 3 Power Amplifiers (PAs) each


each PA contains one up to 20 MHz carrier
Remote Radio Heads are optimized for 1 sector with
2 PAs with up to 20 MHz bandwidth
BTS configurations

up to 1+1+1 with 20 MHz


Module weight: 19-25 kg per Module
The Base Station can be installed by one person
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NSN Flexi LTE BTS power supply architecture


Optional Outdoor cabinet
RF Module

RF Module

48V DC
RF Module

BTS System
Module

230V AC
or

AC DC or
DC DC

24V DC
20

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BBU

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Backhaul

NSN Flexi Multiradio BTS - Based Architecture


BTS Site level
functionality:
O&M
Timing/synch
Transport

RP1,2

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing
RP3

Flexi BTS RF Modules

Back Haul
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Flexi BTS System Module

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

NSN Flexi BTS System Module


The Flexi System Module hosts the
telecom control
system operation and maintenance
baseband application
transmission
power distribution functionality.
The following versions of the System Module are available:
Multi-Mode System Module versions supporting LTE and WCDMA
operation:
Multimode System Module FSMD
Multimode System Module FSME

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Flexi Multimode System Module FSME


Capacity with FSME
HW Capacities with 2 TX MIMO and 2 RX
Bandwidth MHz

5 (or less)

10

20 (or 15)

Capacity with FSME

12 cells

6 cells

3 cells

Peak L1 DL Throughput per cell

37 Mbit/s

75 Mbit/s

150 Mbit/s

Peak L1 UL Throughput per cell

12 Mbit/s

25 Mbit/s

50 Mbit/s

FSME
FSME

Capacity Enhancement with extension


FSME (future release)
HW Capacities with 2 TX MIMO and 2 RX
Bandwidth MHz

5 (or less)

10

20 (or 15)

Capacity with 2 x FSME

24 cells

12 cells

6 cells

Peak L1 DL Throughput per cell

37 Mbit/s

75 Mbit/s

150 Mbit/s

Peak L1 UL Throughput per cell

12 Mbit/s

25 Mbit/s

50 Mbit/s

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FSME
FSME

Flexi Multimode System Module FSMD


Capacity with FSMD
HW Capacities with 2 TX MIMO and 2 RX
Bandwidth MHz

5 (or less)

10

20 (or 15)

Capacity with FSMD

6 cells (RL30)

4 cells

2 cells

Peak L1 DL Throughput per cell

37 Mbit/s

75 Mbit/s

150 Mbit/s

Peak L1 UL Throughput per cell

12 Mbit/s

25 Mbit/s

50 Mbit/s

FSMD
FSME

Capacity Enhancement with extension


FSMD (future release)
HW Capacities with 2 TX MIMO and 2 RX
Bandwidth MHz

5 (or less)

10

20 (or 15)

Capacity with 2 x FSMD

12 cells

8 cells

4 cells

Peak L1 DL Throughput per cell

37 Mbit/s

75 Mbit/s

150 Mbit/s

Peak L1 UL Throughput per cell

12 Mbit/s

25 Mbit/s

50 Mbit/s

24

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FSMD
FSMD

Exploded view of System Module


delivery items

25

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FSMC/D/E SYSTEM MODULE INTERFACES 2/3

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SYSTEM MODULE INTERFACES 3/3


Connector

Type

Purpose

Power supply RF module 1

Multi-beam XL power supply connector

Power delivery to RF1. Fuse rating 20A.

Power supply RF module 2

Multi-beam XL power supply connector

Power delivery to RF2. Fuse rating 20A.

Power supply RF module 3

Multi-beam XL power supply connector

Power delivery to RF3. Fuse rating 20A.


Recommended for I-HSPA use. Can be used for GPS
mediator (FSEG).

Power supply System Extension


Module operating in BB-ext mode

Multi-beam XL power supply connector

Power delivery to System Extension Module operating in


BB-ext mode and to the main fuse for System Modules.
Fuse rating 25A. Can be used for I-HSPA and GPS
mediator (FSEG).

Transmission interfaces

8 x RJ-48/16 x SMB/2 x TNC/1 x duplex LC connector


2 x RJ-45 connector
1x GE via SFP transceiver

Variable transmission interfaces

10/100/ (1000 for Rel. 2) Eth LMP

RJ-45 connector

For local management tool

10/100/ (1000 for Rel. 2) Eth FPMA

RJ-45 connector

Site support control over IP/site support hard-wired alarms

RJ-45 connector

Control and location data transfer

RJ-45 connector

External transport equipment interface (for I-HSPA


Adapter)

EAC

MDR36 connector

External alarms and controls

Sync out

MDR14 connector

BTS synchronization output interface

Sync in

MDR26 connector

BTS synchronization input interface (for external sources)

OPT-RF 1

Duplex LC connector

Interface for RF Module 1

OPT-RF 2

Duplex LC connector

Interface for RF Module 2

OPT-RF 3

Duplex LC connector

Interface for RF Module 3

OPT-EXT 1

Duplex LC connector

System and baseband extension interfaces

OPT-EXT 2

Duplex LC connector

DC input

TX25 screw terminals for 8 25 mm cable

Power feed

Grounding

Screw M5

Grounding

10/100/ (1000 for Rel. 2) Eth OVP


1000 Eth ETP

27

1)

System and baseband extension interfaces


2

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Power Distribution and Fuses module (FPFB)


DC Input Connector

FPFB

Type label
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Flexi System Module + Transport sub-module

FTM is the integrated


transmission module of the
FlexiBTS
It is mechanically and
electrically connected to the
System Module of the FlexiBTS

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FTLB - PDH / Ethernet


I-HSPA - acts as integrated I-HSPA adapter with I-HSPA ADA3.0 SW
LTE - is ready for LTE by software upgrade
Interfaces
2 x electrical Gigabit Ethernet, RJ45 (10/100/1000Base-T)
1 x optical Gigabit Ethernet, via optional SFP (e.g. for 1000BaseSX/LX)
4 x E1/T1/JT1 symmetrical, RJ48 (coaxial E1 supported via baluns)
Data throughput
2 Gbit/s UL+DL
Connector types
E1: 1 x RJ 48 per IF
Ethernet: RJ 45
opt. Ethernet: SFP with LC connector

SFP slot
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FTIB - PDH / Ethernet


LTE - is ready for LTE by software upgrade
Interfaces
2 x electrical Gigabit Ethernet, RJ45 (10/100/1000Base-T)
1 x optical Gigabit Ethernet, via optional SFP (e.g. for 1000BaseSX/LX)
4 x E1/T1/JT1 symmetrical, RJ48 (coaxial E1 supported via baluns)
Data throughput
160 Mbit/s UL +DL with IPSec
900 Mbit/s DL, 350Mbit/s without IPSec
Connector types
E1: 1 x RJ 48 per IF
Ethernet: RJ 45
opt. Ethernet: SFP with LC connector

SFP slot
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Flexi Multiradio 10 System Module: FSMF

High capacity System Module with multiradio capability


Multiradio platform for GSM, WCDMA,

LTE and LTE TDD


High baseband capacity ~ 3 times more
capacity than FSME
Pay as You Grow -capacity expansion
with extension sub-modules
Outdoor and indoor variants for different
deployment scenarios and use cases
BTS Hotel concept via system module
chaining and increased RF connectivity
Integrated high capacity Ethernet
transport
Capacity extension also for the present
Flexi Multimode System Module

LTE947

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Flexi Multiradio 10 System Module: FSMF


High capacity System Module with multiradio capability

- HW: Flexi Multiradio System Module FSMF is new HW product.


- Functional Description: The Flexi Multiradio BTS System Module FSMF consists of a 3U
high casing. It can accommodate in addition to the base module, optionally up to two
baseband sub-modules (FBBA or FBBB), one additional transport sub-module (FTxx) and
one power distribution sub-module (FPFD). The optional sub-modules are described by
separate features.
- Benefit: The FSMF is a successor of the FSMD and FSME System Modules providing
enhanced capacity, connectivity and expansion possibilities in the same from factor.
LTE947

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Flexi Multiradio 10 System Module: FSMF


The FSMF itself can be used:

as a standalone System Module,

in combination with additional sub-modules or

as part of multi System Module configuration.

The following functions are integrated in the


FSMF:

Ethernet transport

clock and control functions

baseband processing

fan control

status LEDs

The FSMF provides the following interfaces:

Three optical OBSAI RP3-01 interfaces with up


to 6 GBit/s

One optical interface which can be used as


OBSAI RP3-01 interface with up to 6 Gbit/s or as
1000Base-X as network interface

One electrical interface 1000Base-T as network


interface

One electrical interface 10/100Base-T as local


management interface

One Sync IN / OUT interface

One EAC (External Alarm and Control) interface


(12 alarm signals, 6 control signal, CAN bus)

One SRIO (Serial Rapid Input / Output) interface


for an external baseband extension, e.g.
additional System Module

Two baseband extension slots for optional submodules

One -48 VDC input and one -48 VDC output

The operating temperature range is -35 to + 55C.


One FSMF System Module provides a hardware
baseband capacity for up to three 20 MHz LTE
cells.

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Transmission Sub-Modules FTIF


FTIF Eth+E1/T1/JT1 for Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS System Module

HW requirements: FTIF Transport Sub-Module requires Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS System Module (e.g.
FSMF) which supports 8 * E1/T1/JT1 and 2 * Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

Functional Description:
2x GE (combo ports)
o GE electrical (RJ-45) or GE optical (via SFP module)
8x E1/T1/JT1
o 4x RJ48 twisted pair ports, coaxial connectivity can be provided via baluns
o special cable required for 2 E1/T1/JT1 interfaces per port
Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS

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Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS


Capacity Extension sub-module FBBA
Double System Module capacity with one FBBA

Optional high capacity extension sub- module same technology


Up to two FBBA capacity extension sub-modules can be installed
inside FSMF
Each FBBA offers same processing capacity as FSMF core module
One system module with two FBBAs can support up to 3 cells with 8
pipe BF or up to 6 cells with 2x2 MIMO

optional Power
Distribution sub-module

optional Transport
sub-module

FSMF
FBBA

FBBA

LTE972

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RF Modules and Remote RF Heads (RRH)

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Flexi 3-Sector RF Module - Introduction


RF module includes 3 x 70 W Power Amplifiers which provide 60 W output power
at the antenna connector

Licensing
- RF sector activation license activates 1 sector in 20 W mode
- Possible to have 1 to 3 RF sector activation licenses per RF module
- Additional license keys available for transmit powers of 40, 60 and 8 W
Provides support for up to 1+1+1 configuration
One RF Module can be SW activated and configured
to support one LTE cell with 2TX MIMO 60 W + 60 W.
Same product can be used for WCDMA
Provides support for up to 20 MHz bandwidth

Licensing
- Basic software activation provides support for 1.4 MHz
- Additional license keys available for bandwidths of 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz

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Flexi 3-Sector RF Module

DC Power supply input

Ant6

Ant5

Ant4

Ant3

Ant2

RX Antenna
connector

TX/RX Antenna
connector

Ant1

Flexi Three Sector RF Module with 3 x 70 W power amplifiers


is 3 x 60 W at the antenna connector

Optical
connections to
System Module

- 1+1+1 LTE with one RF Module


- Up to 2+2+2 WCDMA with only one RF Module
- Support for Distributed site up to 20 km from System Module (optical
connection) DC up to 200 m.
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Flexi Multiradio BTS with MIMO


(High Capacity Site)
One System Module
Two 3-sector RF Modules for 3 sectors
3 sectors at 120W/sector with 2x2 MIMO
and 20MHz bandwidth
RF Redundancy (implicitly)
Optional 4 way UL diversity
Optional TMA/MHAs

Ultimate capacity
with 3x120W
2x2 MIMO and
20MHz bandwidth

Optional TMA/MHA

RX3
Tx1/RX1
RX4
Tx2/RX2

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Multimode System Module


Two 3-sector RF Modules
Optional AC/DC
+ Battery

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

RF Module delivery content

RF Module sales item includes following 5 components to connect it to System


Module

RF Module (including casing and fan subassembly)

2.0 meter long IP55 protected outdoor cable for 48 V DC

2.0 meter long IP55 protected outdoor multimode optical system cable

4 Gbps OBSAI optical RP3-01

UL & DL in the same cable pair

Two
optical(2pcs)
transceivers, one to
1.)System and other one to RF
4.) pluggable
SFP optical SFP
transceiver
Module
(SFP=Small Form factor Pluggable)

2.)

DC cable, 2m
Optical cable, 2m

3.)

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Triple RF Module exploded view


- Three independent transceivers with 1 PA
and 2 LTE carriers each
- New Multimode Modules with 34 LTE
carriers per MCPA (Multi Carrier Power
Amplifier)
- One transmitter chain and 2 independent
uplink chains per transceiver
- Three duplex filter blocks
- Six antenna connectors

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Flexi 3-Sector RF Module 760 (FRBB)

RL30

RF solution for upper 700 MHz D-block and Public Safety band
Industry leading Integration level
3 x 50 W power amplifiers
3 x 40 W at the antenna
connector
LTE configurations up to 1+1+1 @
10 MHz

Sector 3
Div Rx
Tx60W/Rx

Rx
Out

Sector 2
Div Rx
Tx60W/Rx

Rx
Out

3GGP band 14, Upper 700 MHz (D,

LTE921

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Rx
Out

PS)
Full band support, RF BW: 10 MHz
UL: 788 798 MHz
DL: 758 768 MHz

44

Sector 1
Div Rx
Tx60W/Rx

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

25 liters, 25 kg
3 height units
IP65
-35 to +55 C

Flexi 3-Sector RF Module 1800 3 x 80 W (FXEB)

RL40

Capacity and coverage boost with SW definable radio


Industry leading Integration level
3 x 80 W at the antenna connector
35 MHz instantaneous TX bandwidth
75 MHz full band RX bandwidth
Power consumption improvement
External RET support
e.g. GSM 4+4+4@20 W and LTE
40+40 W 2TX MIMO with two RF
Modules
Concurrent operation between GSM
and LTE defined by SW

Sector 3
DivRx Tx80W / Rx

Rx Out

Sector 2
DivRx Tx80W / Rx

RET

Rx Out

LTE1040

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Sector 1
DivRx Tx80W / Rx

Rx Out

Flexi 3-Sector RF Module 1900 (FXFA)

RL40

SW Definable Radio for GSM, WCDMA and LTE Operation


Industry leading Integration level
3 x 70 W power amplifiers
3 x 60 W at the antenna connector
LTE configurations up to 1+1+1 @
20 MHz
Concurrent operation btw. GSM,
WCDMA and LTE defined by SW
WCDMA and GSM support: please
refer to WCDMA and GSM/EDGE
roadmaps

Sector 3
Div Rx Tx60W/Rx

Rx Out

Sector 2
Div Rx Tx60W/Rx

Rx Out

LTE763

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Sector 1
Div Rx Tx60W/Rx

Rx Out

25 liters, 25 kg
3 height units
IP65
-35 to +55 C

Flexi 3-sector RF Modules HW Characteristics


Modul
e
name

Description

Supported
technologies

RF
bandwidth*

HW support for concurrent


mode

FRGP

Flexi RF Module
Triple 2100

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 20 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF sharing

FRHA

Flexi RF Module
Triple 2600

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 20 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF sharing

FRIE

Flexi RF Module
Triple 1.7/2.1

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 45 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF sharing

FXEA

Flexi RF Module
Triple 1800

GSM/WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 30 MHz

GSM/WCDMA/LTE RF
sharing

FXFA

Flexi RF Module
Triple 1900

GSM/WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 20 MHz

GSM/WCDMA/LTE RF
sharing

FXDA

Flexi RF Module
Triple 900

GSM/WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 20 MHz

GSM/WCDMA/LTE RF
sharing

FXCA

Flexi RF Module
Triple 850

GSM/WCDMA/LTE

TX: 15 MHz
RX: 15 MHz

GSM/WCDMA/LTE RF
sharing

FRKA

Flexi RF Module
Triple 1500

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 15 MHz
RX: 15 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF sharing

FRMA

Flexi RF Module
Triple 800EU

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 20 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF sharing

* sliding frequency window over the whole operational band


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Comments

Covers also iDEN


and Japanese 800
band

Digital Dividend
band 790-862
MHz

Remote Radio Head (FRxx)

with cover
and
mounting kit

FRGH
naked

48

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Remote Radio Head - Introduction


Remote Radio Head (RRH) provides 60 W output power at the antenna connector
3 RRH are required to support a 1+1+1 configuration

Licensing
- Basic transmit power capability is 20 W
- Additional license keys available for transmit powers of 40, 60 and 8 W

30+30 W version of the RRH is required to support MIMO


Same product can be used for WCDMA
Physical size is less than 20 litres
Allows optical link of up to 40 km to the Flexi System module
Provides support for up to 20 MHz bandwidth

Licensing
- Basic software activation provides support for 1.4 MHz
- Additional license keys available for bandwidths of 3, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz

49

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Flexi Multimode
Remote Radio Head (RRH) 60 W
SW Configurable Radio Head
- Commercial HW shown here
- 60 W at antenna connector
- up to 4 carriers
- all 3GPP frequency bands to be
supported
according to market need:
2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz, 1.7/2.1 GHz, 700 MHz
850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz

- max. 40 km optical link to BTS System


Module
- 200 m DC supply distance
- Passive cooling
- Size: < 20 l (2.1 GHz)

50

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Remote Radio Head Interfaces (FRGH)


TILT-INF

PORT-INF

RET control

EAC

Opical
IF to
FSMx

Management Interface

51

Mon0

ANT0

Grounding

Mon1

ANT1

ON/OFF switch

SMA

N-type

screw

SMA

N-type

(behind cover)

TM51155EN04GLA2

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

DC power input

LED

Ethernet

reset

LMP

interface

button

Serial

TM51155EN04GLA2

nc

DIP
switches

interface

52

TILT

TPA1

TPA0

FRGH Management Interface

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Flexi RRH 2TX 2600 (FRHB)

RL3

SW Definable Radio for LTE and WCDMA Operation


2 x 40 W at the antenna connector
Optimized for single sector
deployment and MIMO
Convectional cooling

3GGP band 7, 2600 MHz


Full band support, RF BW: 20 MHz
UL: 2500 2570 MHz
DL: 2620 2690 MHz
Tx1 40 W
Rx

Tx2 40 W
Rx Div

One sector

LTE89

53

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< 21 liters
< 18 kg
IP65
-35 to +55 C

Flexi RRH 2TX 2100 (FRGQ)

SW Definable Radio for LTE and WCDMA Operation


2 x 40 W at the antenna connector
Optimized for single sector deployment
and MIMO
Convectional cooling

3GGP band 1, 2100 MHz


Full band support, RF BW: 20 MHz DL,
60 MHz UL
UL: 1920 1980 MHz
DL: 2110 2170 MHz

Tx1 40 W
RX

Tx2 40 W
RX Div

One sector

LTE452

54

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< 21 liters
< 18 kg
IP65
-35 to +55 C

Flexi RRH 2TX 850 (FHCA)

SW Definable Radio for LTE and WCDMA Operation


2 x 40 W at the antenna connector
Optimized for single sector
deployment and MIMO
Convectional cooling
LTE one cell @ 20 MHz 2TX MIMO

3GGP band 5, 850MHz


BW: 2 x 25 MHz
UL: 824-849
DL: 869-894

Tx1 40 W
RX

Tx2 40 W
RX Div

One sector

LTE91

55

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Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

< 21 liters
< 18 kg
IP65
-35 to +55 C

Flexi RRH 4TX 1.7/2.1 (FRIG)


High capacity 4TX and excellent coverage with 4RX
4 x 30 W at antenna connectors, or
2 x 60 W at antenna connectors
4-RX diversity (MRC or IRC separate SW
feature)

Optimized for single sector


deployment and 4TX MIMO
Convectional cooling
4-port antenna needed or two X pol
antennas

26 liters, 25 kg
IP65
-35 to +55 C*
LTE1148

Tx1 Tx2 TX3 TX4


60/30 30 60/30 30 W
RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4

One sector

*At constant high temperature and high traffic load at 30W mode Pout
might be limited
- indoors 45 C

56

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Flexi RRH 2TX 900 (FHDB)


SW Definable Radio for LTE, GSM and WCDMA Operation
2 x 60 W at the antenna connector
Optimized for single sector
deployment and MIMO
Convectional cooling
Up to 4 WCDMA carriers per sector

18 liters, 15 kg
IP65
-35 to +55 C*

Tx1 40 W
RX

Tx2 40 W
RX Div

One sector

LTE1261

*At constant high temperature and high traffic load at 60W mode Pout
might be limited
- indoors 45 C

57

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Remote RF Heads HW Characteristics


Module name

Supported
technologies

RF bandwidth*

HW support for
concurrent
mode

Comment
s

Flexi RRH 2TX 900


FHDA

GSM/WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 35 MHz

GSM/WCDMA/LT
E RF sharing

40+40 W

Flexi RRH 2TX


1800 FHEA

GSM/WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 30 MHz

GSM/WCDMA/LT
E RF sharing

On hold
40+40 W

Flexi RRH 2TX


2100 FRGQ

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 60 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF
sharing

40+40 W

Flexi RRH 2TX


1.7/2.1 FRIF

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 45 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF
sharing

40+40 W

Flexi RRH 2TX


800EU FRMB

WCDMA/LTE

TX: 20 MHz
RX: 30 MHz

WCDMA/LTE RF
sharing

40+40 W

* sliding frequency window over the whole operational band

58

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59

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Up to 6 Cells with One System Module

High coverage & capacity with 6 cells / 6 sectors


6 x 60 W with two 3-sector RF
Modules
6 x (60 W + 60 W) 2TX MIMO with
four RF Modules
For six cells max 10 MHz bandwidth
with one FSME

60W 60W 60W

RF Module
3-sector

FTxx

Transport
Sub module

Example 6 cell / 6 sector configuration

Sectors 1 & 2 & 3

FSME
System

60W 60W 60W

Module
RF Module
3-sector
LTE106

60

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Sectors 4 & 5 & 6

Distributed Site

RL0

Enabling BTS BB hotel and optimal RF site installation


When RF Module or RRH located over
200 m distance from System Module

Antenna

RFM / RRH

Flexi BTS
System Module site

Flexi architecture supports optical


interface distance up to 20 km with

standard RF Module or RRH


high performance long distance optical

Optical Single mode fiber


up to 20 km

transceiver SFP components required

single mode optical cable up to 20 km


local AC/DC power supply needed for RF
unit (e.g. FPMA)

RF Module /
RRH

RF Module /
RRH

RF Module /
RRH
System
Module

LTE614

61

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RF Chaining

Efficient macro and indoor coverage


RF Chaining support with RRH or RFM
up to 6 RRH or RFM per FSME
up to 6 cells @ 10 MHz RF bandwidth with
2TX MIMO

2 RRHs or RFMs per one chain in 3


chains

max 20 km chain (Distributed Site


LTE614)
RF 10 MHz
MIMO
RF 10 MHz
MIMO
One cell

One cell

One cell

One cell

RF

RF

RF

RF

RF 10 MHz
MIMO
RF 10 MHz
MIMO

RF 10 MHz
MIMO

LTE977

62

FSME System
Module

SM

TM51155EN04GLA2

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

RF 10 MHz
MIMO

Flexi Power Module FPMA


Example configuration with:
1 x Flexi Power Module FPMA
- 3 Flexi Power AC/DC sub-modules FPAA (230VAC -> 48VDC)
- 1 Flexi Power Battery FPBA

48VDC
output to
BTS

+
-

AC input
cabling
to FPMA

63

TM51155EN04GLA2

AC feed to
FPAA
(3pcs)
Nokia Solutions and Networks
2014

Flexi Power DC/DC Module (FPDA)


- Converts nominal 24 V DC input voltage 53-55 V DC output voltage
- A maximum of two FPDA modules can be connected in parallel
- Integrated self-controlled fan
- Maximum DC output power is 2 kw

64

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Appendix

Optional Item Description

Flexi mounting kit for floor, wall and pole (FMFA)


Plinth FMFA 101...103

Plinth FMFA 104

Fixing adapters

66

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Flexi External Alarm Box (FSEB)

67

Support for the fire detector

IP55 protection

TM51155EN04GLA2

Extending the Flexi BTS alarm


connector to support up to 24 alarm
interfaces.

12 alarms are supported for Flexi LTE


BTS.

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

GPS for Flexi eNB

Flexi BTS RF Modules /


power supply Module

Flexi BTS System Module

connected to Synch In

- Trimble Acutime Gold: GPS antenna with inbuilt receiver


- Available with Flexi LTE BTS, Flexi WCDMA BTS, Flexi I-HSPA BTS

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Appendix

Distributed RF modules

Feederless BTS Site power option overview

Radio Module(s) / RRH is located remote from the System


Module.
Avoids feeders with their losses and noise.
Optical fibre connection between Radio and System Module.

70

70

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Nokia Siemens Networks
Flexi LTE e-Node B Overview / FAs / 04.01.2010

Solutions and Networks 2014

Feederless BTS Site power option 1: AC with full BBU


1 or 3 sector
RF Module/RRH

Feederless

AC

System Module AC powered

A
C

FPMA + FPAA
+ 13 FPBA

optional battery back up

1 or 3 sector
RF Module/RRH

FPMA + FPAA + 13 FPBA


up to 3 hours with 3 FPBAs

AC

A
C

OBSAI RP3-01
optical
Max 200 m
(RAS05.1)

RF Module/RRH AC powered

1 or 3 sector RF Module

1 or 3 sector
RF Module/RRH

optional battery back up

FPMA + FPAA + 13 FPBAAC


up to 2 hours with 3 FPBAs

A
C

Max 15 km
(RAS05.1ED)

(1 sector RF Module typical)

System Module

AC

AC

FPMA+FPAA+13
FPBA
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Feederless BTS Site power option 2:


DC with/without short term BBU from
System Module
RF Module DC input from System
Module
Max distance is 100 m
System BBU time with FPMA+ 2
FPAAs+ 2 FPBAs about 10 minutes
with typical 1+1+1 @ 40 W

1 or 2 sector
RF Module

DC

1 or 2 sector
RF Module
DC

DC
max 145m
for Triple PA.

1 or 2 sector
RF Module
DC

System Module
A
C

AC

FPMA+FPAA+13
FPBA
72

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Appendix

LTE BTS Site Manager

LTE BTS Site Manager Installation

7474

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Solutions
and
LTE MRBTS Commissioning
and Integration
RL10

Networks 2014

LTE BTS Site Manager Requirements

7575

Item

Specification

Processor

Minimum: 1 GHz
Recommended: 1.7 GHz

Memory

Minimum: 512 MB
Recommended: 1 GB

Hard disk space

260 MB

Ethernet connection

10/100/1000 Mbit/s Ethernet card


Communication cable (10baseT Ethernet
cable with RJ-45 connector)

Display

1024x768

Pointing device

Mouse, touch pad, track ball or equivalent


with 2 click buttons

CD-ROM drive (for installation)

optional

Printer

optional

Operating syste

Microsoft Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7


Windows Server 2003
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 ES GNOME
desktop.

TM51155EN04GLA2

Nokia
Solutions
and
LTE MRBTS Commissioning
and Integration
RL10

Networks 2014

Launching BTS Site Manager

Element manager PC must


be on proper IP subnet to
connect to BTS
Local connections:
Connected directly to eNB via
LMP port on Flexi BTS System
Module, and Flexi BTS uses
192.168.255.0 / 24 subnet for
internal OAM network.

Remote connections:
Connect to eNB transport
interface via DCN. PC will
need an IP address on the
DCN network.

PC IP address:
192.168.255.126
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0

PC IP settings will be based on


DCN, which will be routable to
Flexi BTS OAM transport
interface

7676

TM51155EN04GLA2

Nokia
Solutions
and
LTE MRBTS Commissioning
and Integration
RL10

PC Setting for Local Connection

Networks 2014

Launching BTS Site Manager

If connecting remotely,
enter IP address of BTS
OAM transport interface

7777

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Solutions
and
LTE MRBTS Commissioning
and Integration
RL10

Networks 2014

Software Update via BTS Site Manager

File selected was LN1.0_22.998_release_BTSSM_downloadable.zi


p, BTSSM decompresses and selects
the TargetBD file which points to
necessary binaries for this release.

SW update takes
approximately 20 minutes,
depending on number of
files updated and bandwidth
of DCN connection

7878

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Nokia
Solutions
and
LTE MRBTS Commissioning
and Integration
RL10

Networks 2014

Commissioning Options

Template Follow wizard to


update existing commissioning
file, only site specific parameters
need to be changed.

Planned Requires a complete


commissioning file for this site.
Skips wizard and sends file direct
to BTS without editing.
Manual Use wizard to create a
commissioning file from scratch.
Must enter all required
parameters that differ from
default values.

7979

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Solutions
and
LTE MRBTS Commissioning
and Integration
RL10

Networks 2014

Core Network Solution

ATCA Hardware Platform


Architecture and functions of NSN Flexi NS
Architecture and functions of NSN Flexi NG

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Mobile broadband introduces


simplified all-IP networking environment
MME

All IP

HSS

S-GW & P-GW

eNB

- Flat architecture introduces user plane and control plane separation


MME acts as a transaction machine in all-IP environment
- Increasing need for transaction capability
RNC removed from the mobility management architecture
number of
mobility events to be handled in MME is increasing drastically
Introduction of operator provided end-to-end VoIP sets new requirements for
packet based reachability/connection activation for voice calls
- Mobility between LTE and 2G/3G network
Mobility raises in importance with the introduction of voice over LTE
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Telecom class ATCA platform

Flexible deployment
options, multiple
chassis sizes

Fast time to
market with
commercial
off the shelf HW

New technology
updates available
with industry
evolution

ATCA is one of the strategic platforms in NSN.


ATCA platform was preferred over router based platforms due to better cost
performance and more flexibility.
83

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Why NSN has chosen ATCA for LTE Core? 1/2


- Existing Functionality from Combi-SGSN and Flexi ISN is
inherited to LTE core
Stability, Carrier Grade
Kick start for functionality
- Cost savings in HW development:
Use of COTS HW (Commercial off-the-shelf HW) when
applicable
Design Subcontracting (NSN IPR)
- Technology updates are available without
NSN own investment
- NSN can choose best available technology

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Why NSN has chosen ATCA for LTE Core? 2/2

- HW components can be shared both with


Flexi NS and Flexi NG
- Superior Scalability for LTE core
Flexi NS can scale over multiple chassis
Inter chassis redundancy for GW
Scalable chassis from 16 slots down to 6 slots and 2
slots

85

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ATCA Hardware platform (1/2)

Nokia Siemens Networks ATCA HW platform is based on the


Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture
(AdvancedTCA or ATCA) specifications

The configuration consists of ATCA blades, advanced


mezzanine cards (AMC) and rear transmission modules (RTM)
housed within an ATCA shelf.

It is possible to install three ATCA shelves into one cabinet.

ATCA hardware building blocks


The ATCA hardware architecture allows network elements to be created from
a set of basic hardware building blocks.
- Cabinet: provides enclosure for up to three shelves
- PDU:

power feed from site power feed to shelf-level power modules

- Shelf:

provides enclosure, cooling, power and HW management


to blades and RTMs

- Blades: (front boards): blades plug into the front side of the shelf.
- RTMs:

(rear boards): rear transition modules plug into the backside


of the shelf. RTMs are extension modules
for blades.

- AMCs:

advanced mezzanine cards plug into the AMC bay of a blade.

All field replaceable units (FRUs) are hot-swappable, meaning that


they86can be removed TM51155EN04GLA2
and replaced without shutting down
the entire
unit.
ATCA shelf
Nokia
Solutions
and Networks 2014

ATCA cabinet

ATCA Hardware platform (2/2)


Shelf Alarm
Display

Air Filter

Shelf Manager

Front view of
ATCA shelf

Fan Module

Rear view of
ATCA shelf
ATCA Cabinet

PEM
Shelf Alarm Panel

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Power feed system (1/2)


Shelf power feed concept

Power distribution units (PDUs)

- There are two power distribution units


(PDUs) for each shelf, located between the
shelf and the cabinet frame on the rear side
of the cabinet.

Shelf power feed concept

- Each PDU has two -48/-60 VDC inputs for the


site power feed (protected by 60 A circuit
breakers), and four -48/-60 VDC outputs to
the power entry module (protected by 30 A
fuses). The PDU provides protection
against surges and transients in the battery
feed cables.

Power entry modules (PEMs)

- There are two power entry modules (PEMs)


for each shelf, located on the lower rear
side of the shelf. Each PEM provides power
terminals for four (25 A) power feeds from
its dedicated PDU in the shelf. Each power
feed from the PDU to the PEM consists of
one physical cable, which includes a -48/60 VDC
conductor and its return
conductor.
- PEMs provide -48/-60 VDC via backplane to
the blades, fan modules and shelf
managers. AMCs and RTMs receive their
power via the blade to which they are
connected to.
TM51155EN04GLA2
88 power feed subsystem
- The
is fully
redundant: one PDU-PEM pair/ alone can

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Power feed system (2/2)


Shelf power distribution
subsystem

Shelf power distribution subsystem

Power distribution to units

- Blades, fan modules and shelf


managers receive their power
from the PEMs via the shelf
backplane. AMCs and RTMs
receive their power via the
blade to which they are
connected to.
- Shelf managers generate a 3.3 V
auxiliary supply voltage to the
PEMs, fan modules, shelf
alarm panel, shelf alarm
display and shelf data
modules.
- Each PEM consists of four
power segments (feeds) that
share common management,
control and supervision
functions.
- The backplane powerfeeds are
divided into four segments.
89

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ATCA shelf technical data


ATCA shelf technical data
Power consumption of a fully equipped shelf

91

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CPU Blade
ACPI2-A
The ACPI2-A ATCA CPU Blade SAS is a central processing unit (CPU) in the AdvancedTCA
system. The ACPI2-A is a single-width blade that can be equipped to any node slot in the
ATCA shelf.
The ACPI2-A supports:
- Dual 1000Base-T Ethernet for the base interface
- Dual 1000Base-BX Ethernet for the fabric interface
- Serial attached SCSI (SAS), connected to the AMCs and RTMs
- Additional interfaces such as USB, serial ports, dual IPMB
- Dual 1000Base-BX from the backplane fabric interface to the AMC bays
- Linux and DMX operating systems

ACPI2-A

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Ethernet interface
ETHAM-A Ethernet AMC

External interfaces to Ethernet networks in Flexi NS are based on


ETHAM-A Ethernet AMC. This means that Ethernet interfaces are
connected directly from the computer units without any integrated
switches.

It can be used both for user plane (such as up/downlink data) and
control traffic (such as O&M).

ETHAM-A is installed into the AMC bay of a ACPI2-A CPU blade, with
all packet processing relayed to the CPU blade.

ETHAM-A does not rely on any processor of its own. It has four RJ-45
connectors and can function in 10 Mbit/s (10Base-T), 100 Mbit/s
(100Base-TX) or 1 Gbit/s (1000Base-T) mode.

ETHAM-A Ethernet AMC does not contain any software related to


network interfaces as it is part of the operating system that runs on the
CPU blade.

Ethernet AMC (ETHAM-A)

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Hard Disk drive

Hard disk drive carrier AMC (HDSAM-A)

The hard disk drive carrier AMC (HDSAM-A) is a mid-size AMC

providing serial attached SCSI (SAS) storage in the AdvancedTCA


(ATCA) system. The AMC complies with AdvancedTCA and
AdvancedMC specifications of the PICMG.

The HDSAM-A is equipped in the AMC bays on the CPU blade.

The HDSAM-A is equipped with a 2.5-inch small form factor serial

attached SCSI (SAS) hard disk drive.

Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) protocol is used as a storage solution.


SAS uses serial communication instead of the parallel method found
in traditional SCSI devices but still uses SCSI commands for
interacting with SAS devices. The maximum data transmission
capacity
through this interface is 3 Gbit/s. In this solution
the hard disks are simply implemented as AMCs which can be
shared by two CPU blades using SAS cabling through RTMs.

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Hard disk drive


carrier AMC (HDSAM-A)

Service Blade Hardware


AMPP1-A
High performance user plane and control
plane processing
Best of both worlds:
Hardware accelerated performance
Full programmability by software
Multi-core packet processors
2 Nodes per blade, flexibility for user/control
plane performance
Includes hardware acceleration for encryption,
Regular Expressions (signature detection),
de/compression, networking, TCP, QoS

Connectivity
4x10 GE, 16x1 GE per blade
Standard SFPs and SFP+ used for interfaces
Single/multi-mode fiber, copper
Front or rear cabling
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Hub Blade
AHUB2-A
AHUB2-A Hub Blade implements the LAN switching functionality for both
Base Interface (BI) and Fabric Interface (FI). AHUB2-A is used to connect
computer units inside a single shelf together. It is always duplicated within
the shelf. It is located in the shelfs physical slots 8 and 9.
The hub blade provides connections for two types of internal networks:
- Base interface (BI) switch for the network elements internal traffic
(for communication between computer units inside a single shelf)
- Fabric interface (FI) switch for communicating with the outside world
as well as for the network elements internal user data communication
(for example, user data transmitted through AMC modules).

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AHUB2-A

Rear transition module (RTM)


Rear transition module ARTM2-A for CPU blade

The ARTM2-A ATCA CPU Blade RTM provides additional connectivity for the
CPU

blades in the AdvancedTCA system. The ARTM2-A is a singlewidth rear transition


module (RTM) which can be equipped into any node blade RTM slot where the
CPU blade is located. It is accompanied by the ACPI2-A and controlled by the unit
computer of the ACPI2-A (it can not be used without ACPI2-A). In Flexi NS it
implements redundant SAS HDD and switchover connections of 2N units (OMU
and MCHU). In other units ACPI2-A operates without ARTM2-A.

The ARTM2-A can be used for:

- SAS disk cross-sharing: redundant CPU blades can access each other's hard disks
- wired alarms
- providing a serial port connection for the blade

ARTM2-A

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Interconnection of blade, RTM, AMC and backplane


Interconnection of blade, RTM, AMC and
backplane

The hardware implementation of functional units in


ATCA HW Platform is based on blades, RTMs and
AMCs. Their interconnection is presented in the figure.

The blade is connected directly to the backplane and


the RTM Zone 1 connectors are used for power
connection, testing and hardware management. Zone
2 is reserved for the data transport through fabric and
base interfaces. Zone 3 provides I/O interconnection
between blade and RTM.

interconnection of blade,
RTM, AMC and backplane

The RTM is connected only to the blade (it has no


direct connection to the backplane). The CPU Blade has
two AMC slots in front panel.

98

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3G SGSN

LTE MME

Service awareness
and policy enforcement

LTE SAE GW

High capacity GGSN

Flexi NG and Flexi NS for LTE/SAE deployments

Common gateway
functionality

Common
server
functionality

NSN Flexi SW
Platform

DMX

Common ATCA ATCA benefits:


HW platform
- Flexible deployment
options, multiple
chassis sizes
- Fast time to
market with
commercial
off the shelf HW
- New technology
updates available with
industry evolution

ATCA blade hardware platform

99

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ATCA Hardware Platform


Architecture and functions of NSN Flexi NS
Architecture and functions of NSN Flexi NG

100

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Next Generation Flexi Network Server (SGSN & MME)


Design Requirements
Smooth evolution for R8 and LTE
Functional interworking
One product for 2G/3G/LTE
Flexible Capacity allocation
Between control plane and user plane
Between 2G, 3G and LTE
Increased transaction demand
Smart phones, always on applications
Flat architecture with eNB changes
New All IP connectivity environment
Simplified IP connectivity for high eNB
amount
All IP optimised product design

101

TM51155EN04GLA2

Strong flat architecture SGSN


experience to build new
control plane product

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

MME Functionnality is supported by :


Flexi Network Server release 10 (Flexi NS 10)
High Capacity
- 2 M Subscribers
- 5 M Bearers
- 7.4 K transactions/s
- 20 K eNodeBs
MME Functionality
- Compliant to 3GPP R8
Mobility Management
Bearer Management
Authentication
- Based on field proven SGSN SW
platform
Telecom HW Platform
- Utilizes ATCA standards designed for
telecommunication environment
- 99.999 % Availability and Unit
redundancy
- Conformance to environmental
specifications (ETSI, NEBS etc.)
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Evolution Roadmap MME Capacity on ATCA HW


NS1.0 CD4

NS2.0 **

NS3.0

NS4.0

Design target

Design target

Design target

Attached subs

2M

10 M (2M)

10M (2M)

10M (2M)

Bearers

5M

30M (6M)

30M (6M)

36M (9M)

eNodeBs (pcs)

20k

60k

60k

90k

7 400

37 000

55 000

75 000

(7 400)

(11 000)

(16 500)

Transactions
(tr/s)*
Attaches / s

4 050

20 000 (4 050)

30 000 (6 000)

41 500 (8900)

Bearer Creations / s

10 400

52 000 (10 400)

78 000 (15 600)

113 000 (22 500)

NS1.0 capacity figures are with one shelf configuration


NS2.0 and NS3.0 capacity figures are with 3 shelves configuration and one shelf configuration figures in brackets.
*Transaction refers to 3GPP signaling procedures (e.g. attach, detach, TAU) and it is estimated by using the NSN reference traffic mix.
** Three shelf configuration will be tested in NS2.2 release.

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Flexi Network Server


MME Functional SW Architecture
CPPU: Control Plane Processing Unit
Transaction based mobility management
and S1-MME, S3 and S11 interfaces to LTE.
SMMU: Signalling & Mobility Management Unit
Offer subscriber database and subscriber
state based mobility management.
Offers S6a interface in LTE
MCHU: Marker & Charging Unit
Offer statistic functionalities.
OMU: O&M Unit
Operation and maintenance functionality
and interface.

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O&M
S6a

SMMU

OMU

(n+1)

(2n)

Ethernet
Ethernet
S1-MME,
S11, S4,

CPPU
(n+1)

S3

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

MCHU
(2n)

Flexi Network Server Functional units and hardware


units
Flexi NS uses five different functional units, running on two blade
types:
Switching Unit (SWU) uses the AHUB2-A hub blade

Operation and Maintenance Unit (OMU) uses the ACPI2-A blade coupled with
an ARTM2-A rear transition module

Marking and Charging Unit (MCHU) uses the ACPI2-A blade coupled with an
ARTM2-A rear transition module

Signalling and Mobility Management Unit (SMMU) uses the ACPI2-A blade

Control Plane Processing Unit (CPPU) uses the ACPI2-A blade

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Flexi Network Server


MME/SGSN Functional Architecture
O&M

CPPU: Control Plane Processing Unit


Transaction based mobility management
SMMU: Signaling & Mobility Management Unit
Subscriber database and subscriber state based
mobility management

OMU

(n+1)

(2n)

CPPU
(n+)

OMU: O&M Unit


Operation and maintenance functionality
IPDU: IP Director Unit
Load balancing, connectivity and IP address
virtualization functionality

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Ethernet

MCHU: Marker & Charging Unit


Statistic functionalities

SMMU

O&M
S1-MME, Gn
S11, S3, S6a

IPDU

MCHU

(n+)

(2n)

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

MME Connectivity with IP Address virtualisation


Flexi NS

Base Interface Switch (2N)

(All active, N+)

SMMU
(N+1)

Fabric Interface
Switch (2N)

CPPU

eNB

L2/L3
Switch

S1

IPDU
(N+)

S-GW
S11
S1
0

MM
E

S3

SGS
N

OMU

HSS

(2N)

S6
a

MCHU

O&M NMS

(2N)

Traffica

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IP Director aggregates physical


and logical connections from
different functional units
Benefits:
- Enhanced redundancy
scheme
- Less physical cables to
connect to a site
router/switch
- Simplified IP infrastructure (=
less IP addresses and
VLANs)
- Automatic load balancing of
S1-MME and connections
between CPPU
- CPPU/SMMU units can be
added without changing the
interface configuration
Interface List:
- S1-MM1, S11, S10, Gn, S3,
SGs, S101, S102 and S6a,
Gr, S13, SLg
Interface Options:

- SFP: 10/100/1000Base-TX, RJ45


- SFP: 1000Base-SX, LC
Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014
- SFP: 1000Base-LX, LC

Flexi Network Server


All HW Configuration Options
Units

Number of units in different configurations

CPPU

SMMU

MCHU

IPDU

OMU

HUB

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OMU
MCHU
SMMU
SMMU
SMMU
CPPU
IPDU
HUB
HUB
IPDU
CPPU
CPPU
CPPU
CPPU
MCHU
OMU

Minimum

OMU
MCHU

SMMU
SMMU

IPDU
HUB
HUB
IPDU

CPPU
CPPU
MCHU
OMU

Flexi NS

Flexi NS

Maximum
Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

ATCA Hardware Platform


Architecture and functions of NSN Flexi NS
Architecture and functions of NSN Flexi NG

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Principal Requirements for Next Generation Gateways

Throughput
High bandwidth consuming Internet and multimedia services are driving
the bandwidth demand VoIP increasing the number of small packets

Signalling
Flat network architecture increasing requirements for signalling
performance

Scalability
Future network architecture requires flexibility for a centralized or
distributed gateway deployment and capacity to support traffic growth and
always on bearers

Reliability
Packet switched networks will need to fulfill the reliability requirements of
CS networks on longer term as VoIP becomes reality

Functionality
To add value in Internet and service connectivity, operators need to be
able to manage the traffic in their networks

Operability
Easy operability drives down OPEX
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Flexi Network Gateway Product Family

Service awareness

Policy enforcement

LTE SAE GW

High capacity GGSN


for 2G/3G/HSPA/IHSPA

Vision

Common gateway offering


service connectivity for
3GPP and non 3GPP access

Common gateway
functionality
Nokia Siemens Networks
FlexiPlatform
ATCA blade
Multi-core packet
processors
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Flexi Network Gateway (NG10) Architecture Overview


Service Blade (SB)

User plane and control plane


connectivity is provided by
interfaces on Service Blades
Service Blades optionally 2N
redundant

Management Blades handle


O&M and offline charging
1+1 redundant

Hub blades provide switching


inside the shelf
1+1 load shared

Slots 1-6 and 11-16


2 x Multi-core packet
processors
Scalable user and control
plane handling
Session processing
External interfaces (S11, S1U, PCRF, OCS)
16GB RAM

Management Blade (MB)

Slots 7 and 10
2 x Dual-core Intel Multi-core
Interfaces (4 x GE)
O&M functions, routing, offline
charging
Local storage

Hub Blade (HB)


Slots 8 and 9
2 x 200 Gbps load shared
switches for inter-blade
communication
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NG3.0 Product View


Interfaces

Technical View
Architecture & Operability
NG 3.0 Hardware
Single router view
Nominal Capacity
12 Million bearers

S-GW and P-GW


S12 (GTP-U)(S-GW - RNC)
O&M (NE3S/SOAP) for HWM and
SWM
O&M (NE3S/SOAP) for PM and
FM

240 Gbit/s throughput


100k transactions / second
Transaction capacity
extension (NG10 HW)
Networking
IP/MPLS
BGP

HW
Product Architecture
High capacity NG 3.0 Service Blade,
Service Aware Blade and Interface
Blade
NG 3.0 Management Blade
<0,1 mW per subscriber via NG 3.0
advanced power management
options.

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240 Gbit/s throughput (512B)

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Capacities per shelf


- Capacity
Bearers up to 5M
Throughput up to 120Gbps

S-GW

P-GW

Flexi NG

Combined S-GW
and P-GW with
open S5

Flexi NG as
standalone Serving
GW (S-GW)

S-GW

Flexi NG

Flexi NG as standalone
Packet Data Network
Gateway (P-GW)

P-GW

Flexi NG

Up to three shelves can be mounted in a single rack small footprint, high capacity

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100% load allowed


MB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
HB
HB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
MB

- All Blades Active


In case of Service Blade failure the
PDPs/bearers have to be reconnected to a
healthy Service Blade
- 2N Redundancy
Each Service Blade is backed up by another
Service Blade
PDPs/bearers are not disconnected in case
of Service Blade failure, no reconnections
needed.
- NE Redundancy
Session replicated between NE pairs
Active/Standby resources may be distributed
between two shelves resulting in active-active
distribution

MB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
HB
HB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
SB
MB

Flexi NG redundancy options

Active

Backup

100%

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100%

NetAct Overview

Nokia Siemens Networks


NetAct Framework
Integrated network and
service management
system for LTE and
GSM/GPRS/EDGE/3G
networks
Modular, scalable and open
solution for operating
mobile networks
Supports operator processes
Provides smooth
management evolution
towards a more service
oriented world

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Reporting

Configuring

Optimising

Monitoring

Service
Management

Planning

Security & System


Management

Subscription
Management
Adaptation
Multiservice,
Multitechnology & Multivendor
Networks

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Management Solution for LTE


Nokia Siemens Networks NetAct

Automation

Costs under control

Sophisticated and field tested


applications for LTE management
Self-optimization, Self-configuration and
Self-healing solutions
Improved visibility to network quality
and end user behavior

OPEX drops:
Efficient and automated network
operations
Less people needed for network planning
and operations
Optimizing network capacity utilization
Revenue increases: Higher service
availability/quality

Natural evolution

One management system

LTE is natural technology step for NetAct


customers

Multi-technology and multi-vendor support


by integrated OSS system

Today, over 200 NetAct customers

Complete set of O&M applications for


element, network and service management

10 000 NetAct users online all the time


Over 1 billion subscribers are served by
NetAct

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Flat O&M architecture

Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

Blade Solution
HP C-class blade solution with blade servers & Intel processors
Front

Back

FC blade switch
LAN blade switch

Blade chassis
C7000, 16 slots
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Blade chassis
Nokia Solutions and Networks 2014

SON domains
Plug and Play
Self-Configuration

Auto Setup, -Config., Phy. Cell-ID


Auto Connectivity X2, S1
Auto Neighbor Relation (ANR)

Auto Tune
Self-Optimisation

Coverage & Capacity, Energy


savings, Mobility Robustness,
Load Balancing, Inter-Cell
Interference Coordination

Auto Repair
HW/SW-Failure Mitigation

Self-Healing

Cell Outage Detection and Outage Mitigation


Automatic Alarm Reaction

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What next ?

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