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Lesson 05

Sat Nam (the Seed of Truth)

Stress Reduction
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Copyright 2003 - Gururattan Kaur Khalsa, Ph.D.

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Mantras are sounds that connect us with different levels of intelligence. SAT NAM is
the most basic mantra used in Kundalini yoga. (pronounced like "but mom") SAT
means the truth. NAM means name, identity, to identify with or to call upon. SAT
NAM can be translated as "Truth is God's Name. Truth is my (your, our) identity." It is
used as a greeting to acknowledge the Truth in each one of us and as a personal
mantra to express or tune into one's infinite identity.
SAT NAM is an invocation of our divine consciousness. Its vibration links us up to our
true identity, which is our divine soul. SAT NAM is called the seed or bij mantra. By
chanting this mantra we plant the seed of universal truth in our consciousness.
We all know the axiom "The truth shall set you free." The question is how do we link
up with the Truth. SAT NAM is one mantra that links us up with the Truth. SAT NAM
has the power to set us free by waking us up to our infinite identity.
SAT NAM has the power to clear the subconscious mind so that old wounds and
programs no longer get in the way of Self-realization. It does so by changing the
projection of our minds. Mantra means the projection of the mind. "Bij" or seed
mantras use universal sound currents to rearrange the habit patterns of the mind.
They do so by accessing the part of the mind that regulates habits. The sounds erase
patterns that vibrate at lower frequencies or do not resonate with the Truth or our
true essence. They establish new habits by replacing the old frequency with the
higher frequency of the Truth. SAT resonates with universal Truth. NAM "is the
vibration which creates what it names." *(1)

The science of breathing is called pranayama. Pranayama is an integral part of
Kundalini yoga and meditation. In this lesson we will offer a few basics that will help

you begin to be aware of your breath and to integrate conscious breathing into your
daily life and yogic practice.
The breath and the state of the mind are intricately linked. We can control our minds
by controlling our breath. Most of us breathe very shallow breaths and take from 15
or more breaths per minute. Breathing more that ten breaths per minute creates a
state of stress. People who suffer from panic attacks not only breathe quickly and
shallowly. They also often breathe through their mouths.
To create a state of peace and relaxation we must breathe less than 10 breaths per
minute. Breathing four or less breaths per minute induces a state of meditation. We
must also inhale and exhale through the nose.
Whenever you want to calm down, paying attention to your breath is the first step.
Notice if you are inhaling and exhaling through your mouth or nose. Notice where
you are breathing in your body. How far down do you breathe? Do you breathe in the
belly, chest or neck? How many times do you breathe per minute? Time yourself.
Kundalini yoga links the breath with a mantra. The most basic mantra is SAT NAM.
Our goal is to mentally link SAT to every inhale and NAM to every exhale. In this way
the breath and the mantra work together to calm us down, energize us, purify us
and link us up to our true identity. After practicing the following meditation, you will
notice that it will be easier to automatically link SAT to your inhale and NAM to your


The simplest and most basic meditation in Kundalini yoga is chanting long SAT
Sit with a straight spine, either in easy cross-legged easy pose, in your preferred
meditation posture or in a chair with the feet on the floor, sit bones carrying the
weight of the body.
Bring the hands to the heart, palms facing the chest, left hand on top of right. Place
the left thumb in the center of the right palm. The fingers of both hands are together
and straight. The hands gently rest against the chest, arms are relaxed on the body.
Eyes are 9/10 closed to begin with. As the meditation progresses, they may close
Inhale with a long deep breath. On the exhale chant out loud
Notice that your breath gets longer and deeper. You may slow your breath down to 2
per minute.
SAT is the liberator and the cleanser. Let yourself relax and release with the
AAAAAAA. NAM is like the anchor. Feel the sound anchor you in your body. Then
inhale deeply again and continue.

Feel the sound of the AAAAAA come from the heart. Experience your throat as the
mouthpiece of your heart. This practice will help you locate, consolidate and open up
the fourth (heart) and the fifth (throat) chakras. SAT NAM is the call of the soul. As
you chant call out to your soul, sing to your soul. Singing to your soul creates a very
peaceful feeling. It takes us out of duality for a moment as our personality and soul
merge as one in the sound current of our infinite being. Feel free to express any
emotions that come up. This is a good way to release and balance the emotions. The
emotional energy will gently merge into soul energy.
At the end of the meditation, inhale deeply, hold the breath as long as you wish.
Listen inside and be one with the experience. Do this 3 times. Then sit quietly or lie
down and completely relax. Begin with 3 to 5 minutes and build to 11, 15, 22 or 31
This is a very relaxing meditation. It completely neutralizes tension and brings you to
a very peaceful state. It is good to do if you feel overwhelmed with your daily
activities or have too much intense energy in your body. Do it for 40 days and you
can revitalize your glandular system and re-establish your glandular equilibrium. This
is a good meditation to do at the end of a busy day. Do it when you get home after
work before dinner and you will be able to enjoy your evening. Do it before you go to
bed and you will sleep like a baby.