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# JSPMS

## Imperial College of Engineering and Research ,Wagholi,Pune

Department Of Mechanical Engineering
Class:-TE(Mechanical)
Sub:-Numerical Method and Optimization
Question Bank
UNIT 1: Study of root of Equitation
1. Find the positive root of X4-X=10 by Newton Raphson correct to three decimal
places.
2.Use Iteration method to obtain the root of equation X2-8X+6=0 with accuracy of
0.01
3. Find the root of sinX=X-2 near x=2.5 by Regular falsi methods is in radian .do
4 iteration?
4. Explain types of Errors?
5. Explain Convergence and divergence in Case of Newton-raphson method
6. Draw a Flow Chart for Modified Newton raphson method to determine the root
of equitation correct up to three decimal places.
UNIT 2.Study of Simultaneous Equations
1. Draw the flow chart for gauss Elimination method?
2. Solve the following by using Gauss Elimination with Partial pivoting
X2+2X3=5
X1+2X2+4X3=11
-3X1+X2-5X3= -12

## 3. Solve the following by gauss seidal method up to 5 iteration

2X+3Y+10Y=27.1
5X+Y-Z=4.7
X+8Y+2Z=15.7
4. Solve the following by using Thomas Algorithm
X+2Y=3
2X+3Y+Z=4
2Y-Z=1
5. Draw The Flow Chart for Thomas Algorithm.
6. Draw the Flow Chart for Gauss Seidal Metho
UNIT 3 Optimazation
Maximize Z = 3x1 x2
Subjected to x1 2x2 2
2x1 x2 4
X1 + x2 5
X1, x2 0 Using Simplex method
2. Explain briefly about advance optimization techniques: (a) Genetic
algorithm (b) Simulated annealing algorithm
3. LPP is to maximize profit function
Z = 50x1 + 18x2
Subject to the constraints
2x1 + x2 100
X1 + x2 80
X1, x2 0
4. Minimize C = 2x + 5y subject to
1.

x + 2y 4
3x + 2y 3
x 0, y 0
5. (a) What are the requirement of liner programming problem.

## (b) Construct a liner programming model with suitable example

UNIT 4 Study of Curve Fitting
1 (a)Draw a flowchart for logarithmic curve fitting.
(b) In some determinations of the value v of carbon dioxide dissolved in a
given volume of water at different temperatures ,the following pairs of
values were obtained.

0
1.80

5
1.45

10
1.18

15
1.00

Obtain by the method of least square, a relation of the form v=a+b which best fits
to these observations.
2 The pressure and volume of a gas are related by the equation PVx = k,
x and k being constants. Fit this equations for the following set of observations.
P(Kg/cm2) 0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
V (liters)
1.62 1
0.75 0.62 0.52 0.46
(b)Why least square error regression method is preferred over other methods of
linear regression ?Also explain why squaring of error is carried out, if squaring of
error is not done what will be effect on curve fitting equation.
3. (a) Draw flowchart for Lagrange' Interpolation method.
(b)Find polynomial passing through points (0,1)(1,1)(2,7)(3,25)(4,61)(5,121)
using Newton's Interpolation formula and hence find y and dy/dx at x=0.5
4. The values of x,y & y' are given below .Use Hermit Interpolation to find values
of y at x=0.25.
X
0
1

Y
0
1

yi
0
1

5. (a) From the table below for what value of x,y is minimum?Also find the value
of y.

X
Y

3
0.205

4
0.2400

5
0.2590

6
0.2620

7
0.2500

8
0.2240

## (b)Draw Flowchart for Lagrange's Interpolation.

UNIT-5 Numrrical Intergration
1.Find a real root of 2xlog10x=7correct to four decimal places using iteration
method.
2.Draw a flowchart for Simpson's 3/8 rule of integration.
3. Draw flowchart for gauss-legendre 2-point formula and 3- point formula.
4.Find polynomial passing through points (0,1)(1,1)(2,7)(3,25)(4,61)(5,121) using
Newton's Interpolation formula and hence find y and dy/dx at x=0.5
5.find the integral of

dx by trapezoidal rule.

## UNIT-6 Numerical Solution Of Differential Equitation

1. The second order ODE is transformed into pair of first-order ODEs as in dy/dt=z
y(0)=2 dz/dt=0.5xy
z(0)=0 Estimate the value of z and y at x=0.2 with step
size of 0.1
2. Using Runge - Kutta method of fourth order, solve dy/dx=y2x2/y2 + x2 with y(0)
=1
at x = 0.2, 0.4.
3. Explain predictor and corrector method to solve ordinary differential equation
and also draw corresponding flow chart.
4 .What is meant by order of Runge-Kutta method? And compare RK methods 2nd
order ,3rd
order and 4th order graphically.
5.Draw a flowchart for RK Second order method.