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AD 2000-Merkblatt

ICS 23.020.30

February 2008 edition

Materials for

Austenitic and

AD 2000-Merkblatt

pressure vessels

austenitic-ferritic steels

W 2

The AD 2000-Merkblätter are prepared by the seven associations listed below who together form the “Arbeitsgemeinschaft Druckbehälter” (AD). The structure and the application of the AD 2000 Code and the procedural guidelines are covered by AD 2000-Merkblatt G 1.

The AD 2000-Merkblätter contain safety requirements to be met under normal operating conditions. If above-normal loadings are to be expected during the operation of the pressure vessel, this shall be taken into account by meeting special requirements.

If there are any divergences from the requirements of this AD 2000-Merkblatt, it shall be possible to prove that the standard of safety of this Code has been maintained by other means, e.g. by materials testing, tests, stress analysis, operating experience.

Fachverband Dampfkessel-, Behälter- und Rohrleitungsbau e.V. (FDBR), Düsseldorf Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung (DGUV), Berlin Verband der Chemischen Industrie e.V. (VCI), Frankfurt/Main

Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau e.V. (VDM A), Fachgemeinschaft Verfahrenstechnische Maschinen und Apparate, Frankfurt/Main

Stahlinstitut VDEh, Düsseldorf VGB PowerTech e.V., Essen Verband der TÜV e.V. (VdTÜV), Berlin

The above associations continuously update the AD 2000-Merkblä tter in line with technical progress. Please address any proposals for this to the publisher:

Verband der TÜV e.V., Friedrichstraße 136, 10117 Berlin.

____________

Contents

  • 0 Foreword

  • 4 Tests

  • 1 Scope

  • 5 Marking

  • 2 Materials

  • 6 Verification of quality characteristics

  • 3 Material requirements

  • 7 Design characteristics

  • 0 Foreword

The AD 2000 Code can be applied to satisfy the basic safety requirements of the Pressure Equipment Directive, princi- pally for the conformity assessment according to modules “G” and “B + F”.

The AD 2000 Code is structured along the lines of a self- contained concept. If other technical rules are used accord- ing to the state of the art to solve related problems, it is as- sumed that the overall concept has been taken into account.

The AD 2000 Code can be used as appropriate for other modules of the Pressure Equipment Directive or for different sectors of the law. Responsibility for testing is as specified in the provisions of the relevant sector of the law.

  • 1 Scope

    • 1.1 This AD 2000-Merkblatt applies to hot- and cold-rolled

plate, sheet and strip, seamless and welded tubes, forged, rolled and drawn bars and forgings, and bolts and nuts

(mechanical fasteners) made of austenitic and austenitic- ferritic steels for the construction of pressure vessels

operated at working temperatures and ambient tempera- tures down to –10 °C and up to the upper temperature limits specified in clause 2. In principle, the steels are also suitable for use at temperatures lower than –10 °C. For working temperatures below –10 °C, AD 2000-Merk- blatt W 10 is also applicable.

  • 1.2 The basic requirements for the materials and material

manufacturer are specified in AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0.

2

Materials

The following materials may be used for the construction of pressure vessels:

  • 2.1 The austenitic steels and austenitic-ferritic steels listed

in Tables 1a to 1c up to the limit temperatures (see Table 7) specified regarding resistance to intergranular corrosion and dimensional limits.

For materials not included in Table 7, see Note 2 of 8.3.3 of DIN EN 10028-7. For hot- and cold-formed pressure vessel elements, see AD 2000-Merkblatt HP 7/3.

Supersedes July 2006 edition; completely revised

AD 2000-Merkblätter are protected by copyright. The rights of use, particularly of any translation, reproduction, extract of figures, transmission by photomechanical means and storage in data retrieval systems, even of extracts, are reserved to the author. Beuth Verlag has taken all reasonable measures to ensure the accuracy of this translation but regrets that no responsibility can be accepted for any error, omission or inaccuracy. In cases of doubt or dispute, the latest edition of the German text only is valid.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt

Page 2

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

If bolts and nuts made of austenitic steels as specified in DIN EN 10269 are required to have resistance to inter- granular corrosion, the application temperature shall not exceed 300 °C.

Bars and forgings made of austenitic or austenitc-ferritic steels as specified in DIN EN 10222-5 and DIN EN 10272 may be used with the applicable cross-sectional area given in these standards up to a maximum of 250 mm for bars and 350 mm for forgings.

  • 2.2 The austentic steels of the relevant standards and ma-

terial sheets listed in Table 1 above the limit temperatures given in these standards. In this case, consideration shall be given, as appropriate, to long-term elevated temperature values if no intergranular corrosion can occur and their suit- ability 1) for the specified application temperature has been verified. This also applies to the filler metal of welded tubes.

  • 2.3 Bolts and nuts of steel groups A 2, A 3, A 4 and A 5, of

strength class 50 in sizes M 6 to M 39, of strength class 70 in sizes M 6 to M 30 as specified in DIN EN ISO 3506-1 and DIN EN ISO 3506-2, made of the austenitic steel grades list-

ed there as long as the bolts and nuts manufactured by hot forming and cold forming contain no more than 0,4 % and 0,8 % copper respectively up to design temperatures of 400 °C.

If steel bars are used for manufacturing bolts and nuts in a heat treatment condition other than that given in Table A-2 or A-3 of DIN EN 10272 or Table B.1 of DIN EN 10269, e.g. warm work-hardened, proof of suitability shall be provided.

  • 2.4 Bolts and nuts of steels of groups A.2, A.3, A.4 and

A.5 manufactured by hot forming and containing more than 0,4 % copper, or by cold forming and containing more than 0,8 % copper, but a maximum of 3,5 %, may be used if the quality characteristics are proven in the first instance by a report from the relevant third party. For percentages by mass of copper greater than 1 %, the copper content shall be stated in the inspection certificate.

  • 2.5 Cold re-drawn bars made of steels with material num-

bers 1.4301, 1.4541, 1.4401 and 1.4571 of diameters 4 to 35 mm. As a deviation from DIN EN 10272, an upper ten- sile strength of 850 MPa and an elongation after fracture A of 20 % are allowed.

  • 2.6 The austenitic steels listed in Table 1 in a delivery state

other than quenched, e.g. warm work-hardened, or if the dimensional limits given in the standards and Werkstoff- blätter in Table 1 are exceeded, where verification of their suitability 1) is provided.

  • 2.7 Austenitic or austenitic/ferritic steels covered by other

specifications if verification of their suitability 1) is provided.

  • 3 Material requirements

    • 3.1 The following standards are applicable to the chemical

composition, the heat treatment condition, the mechanical and technological properties as a function of the dimension- al limits, the surface quality and the dimensional accuracy of the products 2) listed in 2.1 to 2.4:

1) Verification of suitability according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0. If the verification of suitability has led to a VdTÜV-Werkstoffblatt, see the Index of VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter (available via www.vdtuev.de or from the TÜV Media GmbH, Am Grauen Stein, D-51105 Cologne).

DIN EN 10028-7 Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes – Part 7:

Stainless steels

DIN EN 10222-5 Steel forgings for pressure purposes – Part 5: Martensitic, austenitic and austenitic-ferritic stainless steels

DIN EN 10272 Stainless steel bars for pressure purposes

DIN EN 10216-5 Seamless steel tubes for pressure purposes – Technical delivery conditions – Part 5: Stainless steel tubes

DIN EN 10217-7 Welded steel tubes for pressure purposes – Technical delivery conditions – Part 7: Stainless steel tubes

Stahl-Eisen Werkstoffblatt 400 Stainless rolled and forged steels

DIN EN 10269 Steels and nickel alloys for fasteners with specified elevated and/or low temperature properties

DIN EN ISO 3506-1 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners – Part 1: Bolts, screws and studs

DIN EN ISO 3506-2 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless steel fasteners – Part 2: Nuts

  • 3.2 For pressure vessels where the final test is carried

out by the relevant third party, the requirements for the steels specified in 2.2, 2.4, 2.6 and 2.7 are based on the verification of suitability 1) .

  • 3.3 For tubes welded by the manufacturer, see the specific

requirements of clause 3, Annex 1 of the Pressure Equip-

ment Directive.

For welded tubes 3) , the procedures and personnel for manufacture and testing by the relevant third party shall be confirmed. An approval procedure (e.g. according to VdTÜV-Merkblatt 1151 Part 2) aligned with the manufac- turing method shall exist that also contains the type and scope of the non-destructive testing.

  • 3.4 Welded tubes specified in this AD 2000-Merkblatt shall

be designed so that 100 % exploitation of the allowable

design stress is allowed in the weld (weld factor 1).

For welded tubes not complying with DIN EN 10217-7, the scope of testing of the weld zone shall be specified in such a way in the documentation for the approval procedure that it allows 100 % exploitation of the allowable design stress. The need for and the type of heat treatment shall also be specified.

  • 3.5 For bars and forgings made of steels specified in DIN

EN 10222-5 and DIN EN 10272 with a relevant dimension greater than that specified in these standards, the require- ments of the September 1996 edition of DIN 17440 are applicable.

2)

See DIN EN 10028-1. 3) Welded tubes are those manufactured by qualified, mechanized welding procedures in continuous production from strip or in series production (as a single length) from lengths of strip. If not specified in the order, the manufacturer specifies the welding procedure. This also applies for the welding procedure not indicated in DIN EN 10217-7 (e.g. electron beam welding). Tubes or nozzles manu- factured individually do not come within this definition. The HP series of the AD 2000-Merkblätter are applicable to them.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt

4

Tests

Unless otherwise specified in the following, the individual products shall be tested according to DIN EN 10028-7, DIN EN 10222-1, DIN EN 10269, DIN EN 10272, DIN EN 10216-5 or DIN EN 10217-7. This also applies to the non-destructive tests and their evaluation/acceptability categories. Steels conforming to SEW 400 are tested according to the above standards depending on the product form. Steels complying with other material specifications are governed by the stipu- lations of the suitability verification 1) .

  • 4.1 Additional tests for plate, sheet and strip

    • 4.1.1 Tensile test

The test is carried out at the beginning and end of each coil. As long as uniformity and meeting the set requirements over the length of the strip have been proven to the relevant third party with an adequate degree of reliability, the test for strip is carried out on one test section per coil. A reference shall be made in the inspection certificate to the verification of the uniformity over the strip length and the approval by the rele- vant third party.

  • 4.1.2 Impact test

The impact test shall be carried out within the scope of the tensile test at room temperature:

for austenitic steels listed in Table 1 on thicknesses > 30 mm. When used according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 10, on thicknesses > 20 mm. – for austenitic-ferritic steels on thicknesses > 6 mm. When used according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 10 for temperatures of less than –10 °C, the test is carried out at –40 °C.

  • 4.1.3 Resistance to intergranular corrosion

For austenitic and austenitic-ferritic steels belonging to the stainless steels group, the intergranular corrosion test is car- ried out on each cast and heat treatment batch. If agreed with the user, this test may be dispensed with.

  • 4.1.4 Material identification

All products shall be subjected to a suitable material identi- fication test by the manufacturer.

  • 4.2 Tubes

    • 4.2.1 Welded tubes

The tests are carried out according to DIN EN 10217-7, test category 2, with the following additional tests. For tubes made of automatically welded strip, a maximum of 18 m is regarded as the “manufacturing length”.

  • 4.2.1.1 Transverse tensile test on the weld

One test per test unit for an outside diameter > 219,1 mm (the test shall be carried out according to DIN EN 10217-7, option 22).

  • 4.2.1.2 Impact test

The impact test shall be carried out with half the scope (one test per test unit) of the tensile test at room temperature in the following cases:

– for austenitic steels listed in Table 1 on the base metal for thicknesses > 20 mm and transverse to the weld for thicknesses > 12 mm (the test shall be carried out ac- cording to DIN EN 10217-7, option 8).

1)

See page 2.

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Page 3

– for austenitic-ferritic steels listed in Table 1 on the base metal for thicknesses > 12 mm. When used according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 10 for temperatures of less than –10 °C, the test is carried out at –40 °C (the test shall be carried out according to DIN EN 10217-7, option 12).

  • 4.2.1.3 Resistance to intergranular corrosion

For austenitic and austenitic-ferritic steels belonging to the stainless steels group, the intergranular corrosion test is car- ried out on each cast and heat treatment batch. If agreed with the user, this test may be dispensed with (the test shall be carried out according to DIN EN 10217-7, option 13).

  • 4.2.1.4 Non-destructive test

Testing of the welded joints shall be according to DIN EN 10217-7, test category 2, option 25. Exception: for welded joints with wall thicknesses > 40 mm, the ultrasonic test method shall be used generally. In addition, for tubes with a wall thickness > 40 mm, the tube ends shall be tested according to DIN EN 10217-7, test cat- egory 2, option 16.

  • 4.2.2 Seamless tubes

The tests are carried out according to DIN EN 10216-5, test category 2.

Exception: for tubes with an outside diameter 42,4 mm and nominal wall thickness 3,6 mm and for internal tubes 4) , the mechanical-technological tests of test category 1 are carried out. In addition, the following tests shall be carried out:

4.2.2.1

Impact test

One impact test per test unit shall be carried out at room temperature according to DIN EN 10216-5 option 6 in the following cases:

For austenitic steels listed in Table 1 for thicknesses

> 20 mm. For austenitic-ferritic steels listed in Table 1 for thick- nesses > 10 mm.

4.2.2.2

Resistance to intergranular corrosion

For austenitic and austenitic-ferritic steels belonging to the stainless steels group, the intergranular corrosion test is car- ried out on each cast and heat treatment batch. If agreed with the user, this test may be dispensed with. The test shall be carried out according to DIN EN 10216-5, option 12.

4.2.2.3

Non-destructive tests

The non-destructive testing of the tubes shall be carried out ac- cording to DIN EN 10216-5, test category 2, options 14 and 15. For tubes with outside diameters 101,6 mm and wall thick- nesses 5,6 mm, an ultrasonic examination according to DIN EN 10246-7 is carried out according to DIN EN 10216-5, options 14 and 15, on at least 10 % of the tubes. If imperfec- tions are found in the tubes tested in this way, all the tubes shall be tested in a non-destructive manner over their whole length. In addition, for tubes with a wall thickness > 40 mm, the tube ends shall be tested according to DIN EN 10216-5, option 16.

Testing of tubes made of steels covered by SEW 400 is car- ried out in the same way.

For tubes within a pressure vessel (internal tubes) 4) , the ultrasonic examination may be dispensed with. This is generally the case also if the pressure in the tubes is greater than that in the pressure vessel.

4)

The order shall specify whether internal tubes are involved.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

  • 4.3 Additional tests for bars and forgings

    • 4.3.1 Impact test

The impact test shall be carried out within the scope of the tensile test at room temperature:

for austenitic steels listed in Table 1 on diameters > 100 mm. When used according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 10, on thicknesses > 60 mm.

– for austenitic-ferritic steels on diameters > 15 mm. When used according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 10 for temperatures of less than –10 °C, the test is carried out at –40 °C.

For forgings (disk, perforated disk, ring, bush), the relevant dimension according to Table B.1 of DIN EN 10222-1 ap- plies instead of the diameter.

  • 4.3.2 Resistance to intergranular corrosion

For austenitic and austenitic-ferritic steels belonging to the stainless steels group, the intergranular corrosion test is car- ried out on each cast and heat treatment batch. If agreed with the user, this test may be dispensed with.

  • 4.3.3 Material identification

  • 4.3.4 Non-destructive testing

An ultrasonic examination shall be carried out on bars and forgings with diameters or thicknesses > 160 mm 5) .

  • 4.4.2 Bolts and nuts as described in the 2nd paragraph of

2.3, 2.6 and 2.7 shall be tested in line with the verification of

suitability 1) .

  • 4.4.3 For bolts and nuts manufactured by machining, the

requirements of 4.3 are applicable.

  • 5 Marking

    • 5.1 The products shall be marked clearly and permanently

according to applicable standards.

  • 5.2 Bolts and nuts not covered by DIN EN ISO 3506-1 or

DIN EN ISO 3506-2 shall bear the manufacturer’s mark and steel grade (abbreviation, material number or other mark to be agreed which shall be indicated in the inspection certifi- cate). Bolts of sizes M 52 and above shall also have the cast number. If an inspection certificate 3.2 as described in DIN EN 10204 is specified, bolts of sizes M 30 shall bear the test stamp of the relevant third party.

  • 6 Verification of quality characteristics

    • 6.1 Plate, sheet and strip

      • 6.1.1 For plate, sheet and strip made of the steels speci-

fied in 2.1 and 2.2, the data in Tables 2a to 2c are applicable

for verification of the quality characteristics (mechanical properties, visual examination and dimensional test).

  • 4.4 Additional tests for bolts and nuts

 
  • 4.4.1 Bolts and nuts as described in the 1st paragraph of

 

For plate, sheet and strip made of the steels specified in 2.6 and 2.7, the verification of the quality characteristics is based

  • 6.1.2 The ladle analysis, verification of resistance to inter-

2.3, 2.4 and 2.5 shall be tested according to DIN EN ISO 3506-1 or DIN EN ISO 3506-2 and DIN EN ISO 3269,

on the suitability verification requirements 1) .

taking into account Table 4. For the number of sets of speci- mens, at least the number given in Table 4 is applicable. In the case of numbers > 3500, at least 7 sets of specimens shall be

granular corrosion and, where appropriate, non-destructive testing are provided by an inspection certificate 3.1 as spec- ified in DIN EN 10204.

tested as long as a higher number is not specified in the rele-

  • 6.2 Tubes

 

vant standard or the number of sets of specimens can be re- duced because of the same cast/heat treatment (see Table 4).

The random sample number for the non-destructive test for surface imperfections and for the dimensional test is 20. All specimens shall meet the requirements (acceptance number A C = 0).

Table 4. Number of random samples for non-destructive testing of the mechanical properties in tests as

  • 6.2.1 Seamless tubes as specified in 2.1 shall be certified

with inspection certificate 3.2 as specified in DIN EN 10204 for wall thicknesses > 5,6 mm and inspection certificate 3.1 for wall thicknesses 5,6 mm. Seamless tubes made of steels of material numbers 1.4311, 1.4429 and austenitic-fer- ritic steels shall be certified with inspection certificate 3.2 as

specified in DIN EN 10204 regardless of the wall thickness.

specified in DIN EN ISO 3269

Welded tubes made of the steels specified in 2.1 shall be

 

certified with inspection certificate 3.2 as specified in DIN

Number in batch

Number of sets of specimens for

 

EN 10204.

the mechanical test

If, after conclusion of the approval of the welding procedure

   
 

200

1

(according to VdTÜV-Merkblatt 1151 Part 2), the quality and

>

200 to

400

2

the uniformity of the production are verified over an adequate-

10 mm may be verified by an inspection certificate 3.1. The

>

400 to

800

3

ly long period, the quality characteristics for wall thicknesses

>

800 to 1200

4

decisive factor here is the number of tubes per size, or per

> 1200 to 1600

5

size group tested by the relevant third party. This applies only

   

to the austenitic standard grades listed in Table 1a.

> 1600 to 3000

6

The transition to an inspection certificate 3.1 shall be con-

   

> 3000 to 3500

7

firmed to the manufacturer and, in agreement with the rele-

> 3500

 

DIN EN ISO 3269; min. 7

vant third party, may be made for each size group. If use is

If the bolts come from a consignment that is proven to

made of this provision, the letter of confirmation shall be quoted in the inspection certificate 3.1.

come from a cast with the same heat treatment, testing 4 sets of specimens is adequate regardless of the number in the consignment.

For seamless and welded tubes made of the steels specified in 2.2, 2.6 and 2.7, verification of the quality characteristics is based on the suitability verification requirements 1) .

 

5)

5)

One possible test consists of applying SEP 1921 or DIN EN 10028-4. The test scope and acceptable limits shall be fixed.

 

1)

See page 2.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt

  • 6.2.2 The provisions of Table 13 and 16 (test category 2)

of DIN EN 10216-5 and DIN EN 10217-7 are applicable to

the ladle analysis, verification of resistance to intergranular corrosion, leak test, material identification and the result of the non-destructive testing.

  • 6.3 Bars and forgings

    • 6.3.1 For bars and forgings made of the steels specified in

2.1, the data in Tables 3a to 3c are applicable for verification

of the quality characteristics (mechanical properties, visual examination and dimensional test). For cold re-drawn bars as specified in 2.5, the quality characteristics shall be certi- fied with an inspection certificate 3.1.

  • 6.3.2 Bars and forgings made of the austenitic steels

specified in 2.1 and 2.2 used as seamless tubular products within the meaning of AD 2000-Merkblatt W 12 with a work- ing pressure of 80 bar shall be certified with an inspection certificate 3.1. For working pressures > 80 bar, the quality characteristics shall be certified with an inspection certifi- cate 3.2 as specified in DIN EN 10204.

  • 6.3.3 For bars and forgings as specified in 2.2, 2.4, 2.6 and

2.7, the verification of the quality characteristics is based on

the suitability verification requirements 1) .

  • 6.3.4 Verification of resistance to intergranular corrosion is

provided by an inspection certificate 3.1 according to DIN EN 10204 in all cases.

  • 6.3.5 The non-destructive test shall be certified with an in-

spection certificate 3.1 according to DIN EN 10204.

  • 6.4 Bolts and nuts

    • 6.4.1 For bolts and nuts as specified in 2.3, an inspection

certificate 3.1 according to DIN EN 10204 is required. The inspection certificate 3.1 may be replaced by marking with the strength class and manufacturer’s mark if the manufac- turer has continuously carried out the tests used for the ba- sis of issuing an inspection certificate 3.1 and keeps the results available for inspection by the relevant third party. Substituting the test certificates with a stamp and compli-

ance with the conditions shall be the subject of an agree- ment (see VdTÜV- Merkblatt 1253/4).

For bolts and nuts as specified in 2.4, the verification of the quality characteristics is based on the suitability verification requirements 1) .

  • 6.4.2 Bolts and nuts as specified in Table 1 not covered by

DIN EN ISO 3506-1 and bolts made of other steels shall be certified with an inspection certificate 3.2 according to DIN EN 10204.

  • 6.4.3 In the case of machined bolts, the requirements of

  • 6.3.1 and 6.3.5 are applicable to bars. The design and the di-

mensional accuracy of machined bolts according to 2.1 to

  • 2.3 without subsequent heat treatment may be certified by

the bolt manufacturer by means of an inspection certificate

  • 3.1 according to DIN EN 10204 supplemented by the inspec-

tion certificate 3.1 or 3.2 according to DIN EN 10204 for the

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Page 5

semi-finished material. It is assumed that the manufacturer has been certified according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0.

  • 6.4.4 Nuts and bars for nuts shall be certified with an in-

spection certificate 3.1 according to DIN EN 10204.

  • 6.5 Content of the inspection certificates according to DIN EN 10204

The inspection certificates shall contain the data required in the technical delivery conditions/standards. In addition, each inspection certificate shall indicate the technical deliv- ery condition/standard (e.g. DIN EN 10028-7) and technical regulations (AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2) used as a basis for the delivery.

  • 6.6 The requirements relating to the validity of the inspec-

tion certificate according to DIN EN 10204 (1995 edition) are contained in 3.4 of AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0.

  • 7 Design characteristics

    • 7.1 For the steels specified in Table 1 (except for the

steels covered by DIN EN 10269), the design characteristic applicable is the 1,0 % yield strength values within the given dimensional limits in the relevant DIN EN Standards and SEW 400 for the particular products.

For the steels listed in Table 1, the 1,0 % yield strength 6) may be used in individual ca ses as the design character- istic for thicknesses and diameters greater than those giv- en in the relevant standards as long as the elongation after fracture and impact energy values are equal to, or greater than the minimum values given in the relevant standards. If this requirement is not met, the 0,2 % proof stress is ap- plicable as the design characteristic.

For steels covered by other material specifications, the strength characteristic values for the design shall be speci- fied in the suitability verification 1) .

  • 7.2 For bolts as specified in 2.5, the corresponding

strength characteristic values in DIN EN ISO 3506-1 or Table 5 are applicable. The characteristic values in Table 6

apply for the 0,2 % proof stress.

  • 7.3 The characteristic values given in the material specifi-

cation or suitability verification 1) for 20 °C are applicable up

to 50 °C and those given for 100 °C are applicable up to

  • 120 °C.

In the other temperature ranges, linear interpolation be- tween the values given is required (e.g. for 80 °C between

20 °C and 100 °C and for 180 °C between 100 °C and

  • 200 °C), and no rounding is allowed.

    • 7.4 With regard to long-term values, the temperature is

rounded to the nearest 5 °C, 10 °C, 15 °C etc. The interpo-

lated strength characteristic values shall be rounded down to the nearest whole number.

1)

6)

See page 2.

6)

The minimum value to be adhered to shall be agreed with the mate- rial manufacturer.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Table 1a. Allocation of the austenitic steel grades to the relevant DIN EN Standards and SEW 400

Steel grade

 

Abbreviation

Material

DIN EN

DIN EN

DIN EN

SEW

DIN EN

DIN EN

DIN EN

number

10028-7

10217-7

10216-5

400

10222-5

10269

3)

10272

Standard qualities

X2CrNiN18-7

1.4318

×

X2CrNi18-9

1.4307

×

×

×

×

×

×

X2CrNi19-11

1.4306

×

×

×

×

X2CrNiN18-10

1.4311

×

×

×

×

×

X5CrNi18-10

1.4301

×

×

×

×

×

×

X5CrNi19-9

1.4315

×

X6CrNi18-10

1.4948

×

×

×

×

X5CrNi18-12

1.4303

×

X6CrNi23-13

1.4950

×

X6CrNi25-20

1.4951

×

X3CrNiN18-11

1.4949

×

X6CrNiTi18-10

1.4541

×

×

×

×

×

X6CrNiTiB18-10

1.4941

×

×

×

×

X2CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4404

×

×

×

×

×

×

X2CrNiMoN17-11-2

1.4406

×

×

×

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4401

×

×

×

×

×

×

X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2

1.4571

×

×

×

×

×

X2CrNiMo17-12-3

1.4432

×

×

×

×

X2CrNiMo18-14-3

1.4435

×

×

×

×

×

X2CrNiMoN17-13-5 1)

1.4439

×

×

×

×

×

X4NiCrMoCuNb20-18-2 2)

1.4505

×

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-5 1)

1.4539

×

×

×

×

×

X3CrNiMoTi25-25 2)

1.4577

×

X5NiCrAlTi31-20 / (+RA) 2)

1.4958

             

(+RA)

×–×––––

X8NiCrAlTi32-21 2)

1.4959

×

×

X3CrNiMoBN17-13-3 2)

1.4910

×

×

×

×

1)

2)

3)

In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 405 or 421.

 

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0. In the heat treatment condition “+AT” (solution annealed and quenched).

TÜV Rheinland Group / Einzellizenz - Bezug über die Beuth Verlag GmbH

AD 2000-Merkblatt

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Page 7

Table 1b. Allocation of the austenitic steel grades to the relevant DIN EN Standards and to SEW 400

Steel grade

 

Abbreviation

Material

DIN EN

DIN EN

DIN EN

SEW

DIN EN

DIN EN

DIN EN

number

10028-7

10217-7

10216-5

400

10222-5

10269

3)

10272

Special qualities

X1CrNi25-21 1)

 
  • 1.4335 ×

×

 

X6CrNiNb18-10

 
  • 1.4550 ×

×

×

 

×

×

X8CrNiNb16-13

 
  • 1.4961 ×

×

 

X8CrNiMoNb16-16 2)

 
  • 1.4981 ×

 

X8CrNiMoVNb16-13 2)

 
  • 1.4988 ×

 

X7CrNiNb18-10

 
  • 1.4912 ×

 

×

X1CrNiMoN25-22-2 1)

 
  • 1.4466 ×

×

 

X6CrNiMoNb17-12-2

 
  • 1.4580 ×

×

 

×

X2CrNiMoN17-13-3

 
  • 1.4429 ×

×

×

 

×

×

×

X3CrNiMo17-13-3

 
  • 1.4436 ×

×

×

 

×

×

X3CrNiMo18-12-3

 
  • 1.4449 –

 

×

X2CrNiMoN18-12-4

 
  • 1.4434 –

×

 

X2CrNiMo18-15-4

 
  • 1.4438 –

×

×

 

X1NiCrMoCu31-27-4 1)

 
  • 1.4563 ×

×

×

 

×

X1CrNiMoCuN25-25-5 2)

 
  • 1.4537 –

×

 

X1CrNiMoCuN20-18-7 1)

 
  • 1.4547 ×

×

×

 

×

×

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-7 1)

 
  • 1.4529 ×

×

×

 

×

×

X3CrNiCu19-10 2)

 
  • 1.4650 –

 

×

X3CrNiCu18-9-4 2)

 
  • 1.4567 –

 

×

X10CrNiMoMnNbVB15-10-1 2)

 
  • 1.4982 ×

 

×

X6CrNiMoB17-12-2 2)

 
  • 1.4919 –

 

×

X6NiCrTiMoVB25-15-2 2)

 
  • 1.4980 –

 

× 4)

X2NiCrAlTi32-20 2)

 
  • 1.4558 ×

           

X7CrNiTi18-10 2)

 
  • 1.4940 ×

           

X6CrNiMo17-13-2 2)

 
  • 1.4918 ×

           

X10CrNiMoMnNbVB15-10-1 2)

 
  • 1.4982 ×

           

1)

2)

3)

4)

In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 415, 435, 468, 473, 483 or 502.

 

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0.

In the heat treatment condition “+AT” (solution annealed and quenched). In the heat treatment condition “AT+P” (solution annealed and precipitation hardened).

TÜV Rheinland Group / Einzellizenz - Bezug über die Beuth Verlag GmbH

AD 2000-Merkblatt

Page 8

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Table 1c. Allocation of the austenitic steel grades to the relevant DIN EN Standards and to SEW 400

Steel grade

 

Abbreviation

Material

DIN EN

DIN EN

DIN EN

SEW

DIN EN

DIN EN

DIN EN

number

10028-7

10217-7

10216-5

400

10222-5

10269

3)

10272

Standard qualities

X2CrNiN23-4 1)

 
  • 1.4362 ×

×

×

 

×

X2CrNiMoN22-5-3 1)

 
  • 1.4462 ×

×

×

 

×

×

Special qualities

X2CrNiMoCuN25-6-3 1)

 
  • 1.4507 ×

×

 

×

X2CrNiMoN25-7-4 2)

 
  • 1.4410 ×

×

×

 

×

×

X2CrNiMoCuWN25-7-4 2)

 
  • 1.4501 ×

×

×

 

×

X2CrNiMoSi18-5-3 2)

 
  • 1.4424 ×

   

––––

   

1)

2)

3)

In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 418, 496 or 508.

 

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0. In the heat treatment condition “+AT” (solution annealed and quenched).

TÜV Rheinland Group / Einzellizenz - Bezug über die Beuth Verlag GmbH

AD 2000-Merkblatt

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Page 9

Table 2a. Verification of quality characteristics for plate, sheet and strip as specified in Table 1a

Steel grade

 

Type of inspection certificate as specified in DIN EN 10204

   

Thick-

Thick-

Thick-

 

Thick-

Thick-

Thick-

 

Abbreviation

Material

number

ness

ness

ness

ness 2)

ness 2)

ness 2)

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

Product form 1)

CHP

CHP

Standard qualities

X2CrNiN18-7

1.4318

6

12

30

 

> 30

 

X2CrNi18-9

1.4307

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNi19-11

1.4306

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNiN18-10

1.4311

6

12

30

> 30

X5CrNi18-10

1.4301

6

12

30

> 30

X5CrNiN19-9

1.4315

6

12

30

> 30

X6CrNi18-10

1.4948

6

12

30

> 30

X6CrNi23-13

1.4950

6

12

30

> 30

X6CrNi25-20

1.4951

6

12

30

> 30

X6CrNiTi18-10

1.4541

6

12

30

> 30

X6CrNiTiB18-10

1.4941

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4404

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNiMoN17-11-2

1.4406

6

12

30

3.1

> 30

3.2

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4401

6

12

30

> 30

X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2

1.4571

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNiMo17-12-3

1.4432

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNiMo18-14-3

1.4435

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNiMoN17-13-5 3)

1.4439

6

12

30

> 30

X4NiCrMoCuNb20-18-2 4)

1.4505

6

12

30

> 30

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-5 3)

1.4539

6

12

30

> 30

X3CrNiMoTi25-25 4)

1.4577

6

12

30

> 30

X5NiCrAlTi31-20/(+RA) 4)

1.4958

         

5)

(+RA)

–––

––

X8NiCrAlTi32-21 4)

1.4959

5)

X3CrNiMoBN17-13-3 4)

1.4910

5)

1)

C = cold-rolled strip, H = hot-rolled strip, P = hot-rolled plate and sheet.

2)

3)

4)

5)

 

If the max. thickness given in the DIN EN Standards is exceeded, a suitability verification/individual report is required according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0. In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 405 or 421.

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0 (otherwise 3.2/individual report). Up to maximum thickness as specified in the DIN EN Standard.

TÜV Rheinland Group / Einzellizenz - Bezug über die Beuth Verlag GmbH

AD 2000-Merkblatt

Page 10

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Table 2b. Verification of quality characteristics for plate, sheet and strip as specified in Table 1b

Steel grade

 

Type of inspection certificate as specified in DIN EN 10204

   

Thick-

Thick-

Thick-

 

Thick-

Thick-

Thick-

 

Abbreviation

Material

number

ness

ness

ness

ness 2)

ness 2)

ness 2)

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

Product form 1)

CHP

CHP

Special qualities

X1CrNi25-21 3)

1.4335

 

5)

 

X6CrNiNb18-10

1.4550

30

> 30

X8CrNiNb16-13

1.4961

30

> 30

X1CrNiMoN25-22-2 4)

1.4466

5)

X6CrNiMoNb17-12-2

1.4580

30

> 30

X2CrNiMoN17-13-3

1.4429

6

12

30

> 30

X3CrNiMo17-13-3

1.4436

6

12

30

3.1

> 30

3.2

X2CrNiMoN18-12-4

1.4434

6

12

30

> 30

X2CrNiMo18-15-4

1.4438

6

12

30

> 30

X1NiCrMoCu31-27-4 3)

1.4563

5)

X1CrNiMoCuN25-25-5 4)

1.4537

5)

X1CrNiMoCuN20-18-7 4)

1.4547

5)

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-7 3)

1.4529

5)

1)

C = cold-rolled strip, H = hot-rolled strip, P = hot-rolled sheet and plate.

2)

3)

4)

5)

 

If the max. thickness given in the DIN EN Standards is exceeded, a suitability verification/individual report is required according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0. In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 435, 468, 483 or 502.

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0 (otherwise 3.2/individual report). Up to maximum thickness as specified in the DIN EN Standard.

Table 2c. Verification of quality characteristics for plate, sheet and strip as specified in Table 1c

 

Steel grade

 

Type of inspection certificate as specified in DIN EN 10204

   

Thick-

Thick-

Thick-

 

Thick-

Thick-

Thick-

 

Abbreviation

Material

number

ness

ness

ness

ness 2)

ness 2)

ness 2)

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

Product form 1)

CHP

CHP

Austenitic-ferritic steels

Standard qualities

X2CrNiN23-4 3)

1.4362

 

5)

5)

5)

3.2

X2CrNiMoN22-5-3 3)

1.4462

5)

5)

5)

Special qualities

X2CrNiMoCuN25-6-3 3)

1.4507

 

5)

5)

5)

 

X2CrNiMoN25-7-4 4)

1.4410

5)

5)

5)

3.2

X2CrNiMoCuWN25-7-4 4)

1.4501

5)

1)

C = cold-rolled strip, H = hot-rolled strip, P = hot-rolled sheet and plate.

2)

3)

4)

5)

 

If the max. thickness given in the DIN EN Standards is exceeded, a suitability verification/individual report is required according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0. In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 418, 496 or 508.

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0 (otherwise 3.2/individual report). Up to maximum thickness as specified in the DIN EN Standard.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Page 11

Table 3a. Verification of quality characteristics for bars and forgings made of steels specified in Table 1a

Steel grade

Type of inspection certificate as specified in DIN EN 10204

 

Material

Thickness 1)

 

Thickness 1)

 

Abbreviation

number

mm

mm

X2CrNi18-9

1.4307

250 4)

 

> 250

 

X2CrNi19-11

1.4306

250

> 250

X2CrNiN18-10

1.4311

250

> 250

X5CrNi18-10

1.4301

250 4)

> 250

X6CrNi18-10

1.4948

250 4)

> 250

X5CrNi18-12

1.4303

160

X6CrNiTi18-10

1.4541

250

> 250

X6CrNiTiB18-10

1.4941

250

> 250

X2CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4404

250 4)

> 250

X2CrNiMoN17-11-2

1.4406

160

3.1

> 160

3.2

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4401

250 4)

> 250

X6CrNiMoTi-17-12-2

1.4571

250

> 250

X2CrNiMo17-12-3

1.4432

250

> 250

X2CrNiMo18-14-3

1.4435

250

> 250

X2CrNiMoN17-13-5 2)

1.4439

160

> 160

X4NiCrMoCuNb20-18-2

1.4505

160

> 160

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-5 2)

1.4539

160

> 160

X3CrNiMoTi25-25

1.4577

160

> 160

X3CrNiMoBN17-13-3 3)

1.4910

5)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

Thickness of the determining cross-section according to DIN EN 10222-1 for forgings or diameter or smallest edge length for bars. If the max. thickness given in the DIN EN Standards is exceeded, a suitability verification/individual report is required according to AD 2000- Merkblatt W 0. In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 405 or 421.

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0 (otherwise 3.2/individual report).

Diameter limit for products as specified in DIN EN 10269: 160 mm. Up to maximum thickness as specified in the DIN EN Standard.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt

Page 12

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Table 3b. Verification of quality characteristics for bars and forgings made of steels specified in Table 1b

Steel grade

Type of inspection certificate as specified in DIN EN 10204

 

Material

Thickness 1)

 

Thickness 1)

 

Abbreviation

number.

mm

mm

X6CrNiNb18-10

  • 1.4550 250

   

> 250

 

X7CrNiNb18-10

  • 1.4912 –

 

5)

X6CrNiMoNb17-12-2

  • 1.4580 250

 

> 250

X2CrNiMoN17-13-3

  • 1.4429 –

 

4) 5)

X3CrNiMo17-13-3

  • 1.4436 160

 

> 160

X3CrNiMo18-12-3

  • 1.4449 160

 

> 160

X1NiCrMoCu31-27-4 2)

  • 1.4563 –

 

3.1

5)

3.2

X1CrNiMoCuN20-18-7 3)

  • 1.4547 –

 

5)

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-7 2)

  • 1.4529 –

 

5)

X3CrNiCu19-10 3)

  • 1.4650 –

 

5)

X3CrNiCu18-9-4 3)

  • 1.4567 –

 

4) 5)

X10CrNiMoMnNbVB15-10-1 3)

  • 1.4982 –

 

4) 5)

X6CrNiMoB17-12-2 3)

  • 1.4919 –

 

4) 5)

X6NiCrTiMoVB25-15-2 2)

  • 1.4980 –

 

4) 5)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

Thickness of the determining cross-section according to DIN EN 10222-1 for forgings or diameter or smallest edge length for bars. If the max. thickness given in the DIN EN Standards is exceeded, a suitability verification/individual report is required according to AD 2000- Merkblatt W 0. In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 435, 483 or 502.

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0 (otherwise 3.2 /individual report).

Diameter limit for products as specified in DIN EN 10269: 160 mm. Up to maximum thickness as specified in the DIN EN Standard.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Page 13

Table 3c. Verification of quality characteristics for bars and forgings made of steels specified in Table 1c

Steel grade

Type of inspection certificate as specified in DIN EN 10204

 

Material

Thickness 1)

 

Thickness 1)

 

Abbreviation

number

mm

mm

Austenitic-ferritic steels

X2CrNiN23-4 2)

  • 1.4362 –

   

4)

 

X2CrNiMoN22-5-3 2)

  • 1.4462 –

 

4)

X2CrNiMoCuN25-6-3 2)

  • 1.4507 –

 

4)

3.2

X2CrNiMoN25-7-4 3)

  • 1.4410 –

 

4)

X2CrNiMoCuWN25-7-4 3)

  • 1.4501 –

 

4)

1)

2)

3)

4)

Thickness of the determining cross-section according to DIN EN 10222-1 for forgings or diameter or smallest edge length for bars. If the max. thickness given in the DIN EN Standards is exceeded, a suitablility verification/individual report is required according to AD 2000- Merkblatt W 0. In conjunction with VdTÜV-Werkstoffblätter 418, 496 or 508.

In conjunction with the certificate of production quality according to AD 2000-Merkblatt W 0 (otherwise 3.2/individual report). Up to maximum thickness as specified in the DIN EN Standard.

Table 5. Mechanical properties of bolts and nuts made of steels as specified in 2.3 and 2.4, of strength class 70 in diameter range > M 24 bis M 30

   

Bolts

Nuts

Tensile

0,2 % proof

Elongation

Test

strength

stress

after fracture

stress

 

Steel

Strength

Diameter

R m

1)

R p0,2 1)

A 2)

S p

group

class

range 3)

MPa

MPa

min.

MPa

 

min.

min.

 

A 2 to A 5

70

> M 24 to M 30

500

250

0,4 d

500

1)

2)

All values are calculated and relate to the tensile stress area of the thread (see Annex A of DIN EN ISO 3506-1).

3)

The elongation after fracture is determined in compliance with the test procedure in 6.2 of DIN EN ISO 3506-1 on the appropriate length of the bolt and not on machined specimens with a gauge length of 5 d. For elongation after fracture values, see Annex 5 of DIN EN ISO 3506-1. For diameters above M 30, the strength values shall be agreed specially between the purchaser/user and the manufacturer as other 0,2 % proof stress values are possible for the tensile strengths specified in Table 5.

Table 6. Characteristic values of the 0,2 % proof stress R p0,2 at elevated temperatures of bolts as specified in 2.3 and 2.4

 

Characteristic values of the 0,2 % proof stress R p0,2 1) at

100 °C

200 °C

300 °C

400 °C

 

Steel

Strength

Diameter

 

MPa

group

class

range

 

min.

   
  • 50 M 39

 
  • 175 135

155

 

125

A 2 to A 5

 
  • 70 M 24

 
  • 380 335

360

 

315

> M 24 to M 30

 
  • 210 185

200

 

175

1)

All values are calculated and relate to the tensile stress area of the thread (see Annex A of DIN EN ISO 3506-1).

 

TÜV Rheinland Group / Einzellizenz - Bezug über die Beuth Verlag GmbH

AD 2000-Merkblatt

Page 14

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Table 7.

Limit temperature 1) for resistance to intergranular corroision

 

Steel grade 2) 3)

 

Material

Limit temperature 4)

Abbreviation

number

°C

X5CrNi18-10

1.4301

300

X2CrNi19-11

1.4306

350

X2CrNiN18-10

1.4311

400

X6CrNiTi18-10

1.4541

400

X6CrNiNb18-10

1.4550

400

X5CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4401

300

X2CrNiMo17-12-2

1.4404

400

X2CrNiMoN17-11-2

1.4406

400

X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2

1.4571

400

X6CrNiMoNb17-12-2

1.4580

400

X2CrNiMoN17-13-3

1.4429

400

X2CrNiMo18-14-3

1.4435

400

X3CrNiMo17-13-3

1.4436

300

X2CrNiMo18-15-4

1.4438

350

X2CrNiMoN17-13-5

1.4439

400

X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-5

1.4539

400

1)

Source: DIN 17440, September 1996 edition; for X1NiCrMoCuN25-20-5 (1.4539) VdTÜV- Werkstoffblatt 421.

2)

3)

Delivery condition “+AT”.

4)

For materials X5CrNi18-10 (1.4301), X5CrNiMo17-12-2 (1.4401) and X3CrNiMo17-13-3 (1.4436) the thickness limits given in Table 9 of DIN EN 10028-7 apply. When used at the temperatures indicated and with a working period of 100 000 h, no intergranular corrosion occurs when tested according to this AD 2000-Merkblatt.

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AD 2000-Merkblatt

AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Page 15

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AD 2000-Merkblatt W 2, 02.2008 edition

Publisher:

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Source of supply:

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