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- Statistics and Probability Solved Assignments - Semester Spring 2008
- Stat 101 Syllabus
- AP Statistics Practice Exam (2)
- BS-MATH syllabus
- EVALUATION OF PISCICIDAL ACTIVITY OF PLANT ASCLEPIAS CURASSAVICA LINN (FAM. ASCLEPIADACEAE).
- Desingn Of Experiments ch13
- benchmarkingirrigation
- 191 A2 S1 2006
- 3_6_stu
- 00005768-900000000-98676
- Coke Drum Remaining Life
- Mini Tab Review
- chapter23 answers
- Simple nomograms to calculate sample size in diagnostic studies.pdf
- Wendorf ReportingStatistics
- TechBrief SAE
- theconfidenceintervalmini-project
- Sesi 1_7 X 7 Tefa Matrix V1_1
- MBA651 Inference
- math 1040 term project draft

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Q1.The volume of bleach in a 5-litre bottle may be modelled by a random variable with a

standard deviation of 75 millilitres.

The volume, in litres, of bleach in each of a random sample of 36 such bottles was

measured. The 36 measurements resulted in a total volume of 181.80 litres and exactly 8

bottles contained less than 5 litres.

(a)

Construct a 98% confidence interval for the mean volume of bleach in a 5-litre

bottle.

(5)

(b)

It is claimed that the mean volume of bleach in a 5-litre bottle exceeds 5 litres and

also that fewer than 10 per cent of such bottles contain less than 5 litres.

Comment, with numerical justification, on each of these two claims.

(3)

(c)

State, with justification, whether you made use of the Central Limit Theorem in

constructing the confidence interval in part (a).

(1)

(Total 9 marks)

Q2.The weight, W grams, of a bag of sugar may be assumed to be normally distributed with a

mean of 1018 and a standard deviation of 10.

(a)

(i)

(2)

(ii)

(3)

(b)

A box contains 24 such bags of sugar. Assuming that these 24 bags may be

regarded as a random sample, determine the probability that their mean weight

exceeds 1015 grams.

(4)

(Total 9 marks)

Page 1

Q3.A random sample of 50 full-time university employees was selected as part of a higher

education salary survey.

The annual salary in thousands of pounds, x, of each employee was recorded, with the

following summarised results.

x = 2290.0

and

(x xx) = 28 225.50

2

Also recorded was the fact that 6 of the 50 salaries exceeded 60 000.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

2

(3)

unlikely to be normally distributed. Give numerical support for your answer.

(2)

(b)

(i)

Indicate why the mean annual salary, Xx, of a random sample of 50 full-time

university employees may be assumed to be normally distributed.

(2)

(ii)

Hence construct a 99% confidence interval for the mean annual salary of fulltime university employees.

(4)

(c)

average which exceeds 55 000 and that more than 25% of such salaries exceed

60 000.

Comment on each of these two claims.

(3)

(Total 14 marks)

Page 2

xx =

M1.(a)

5.05 or 5050

CAO

B1

AWFW

(2.3263)

B1

CI for is

Used with z (2.05 to 2.58), xx (5.05, 5050 or 181.8),

(0.0075, 0.075, 0.75, 7.5 or 75)

and

with n > 1

M1

xx (5.05) & (0.075) or xx (5050) & (75)

and

A1

OR

(5.02, 5.08) or (5020, 5080)

CAO / AWRT

Page 3

z 2.32 to 2.33

Ignore (absence of) quoted units

AWRT to 3sf accuracy

Adep1

5

Note

(b)

so

agree with (first) claim (about mean)

Dependent on Adep1 in (a)

Must use consistent units

Adep1

or 8 v 3.6 (3 to 4)

Mention of a value on LHS and a value on RHS

B1

so

8 / 36 OE >/ 1 / 10 OE

so

disagree with (second) claim (about individuals)

Dependent on B1

Explicit comparison of values and correct conclusion

Bdep1

3

Must indicate 5 or 5000

2 98% have (mean) weights between CLs so Adep0

3 Any reference to CI for second claim B0 Bdep0

Claim refers to individual bottles

Page 4

(c)

are not (stated as) normally distributed

OE; but do not accept data or sample or it

Reference to sample size only B0

(eg n > 25 or n > 30)

B1

1

[9]

M2.(a)

Weight, W N (1018, 10 )

2

(i)

Standardising (1024.5, 1025 or 1025.5) with 1018

and (10, 10 or 10 ) and / or (1018 x)

May be gained in (a)(i) or (a)(ii)

2

M1

P(Z < 0.7) = 0.758

AWRT (0.75804)

A1

2

(ii)

= P (W < 1030) P(W < 1015)

= P(Z < 1.2) P(Z < 0.3)

Difference of two probabilities

May be implied

M1

= 0.88493 (1 0.61791)

Area change

May be implied by answer

M1

= 0.502 to 0.504

AWFW (0.50284)

A1

3

Page 5

(b)

to 4.2

CAO/AWFW (4.16666)

B1

or

to 2.05

CAO/AWFW (2.04124)

; not

M1

Area change

May be implied by answer > 0.5

m1

= 0.927 to 0.932

AWFW (0.92918)

A1

4

[9]

Page 6

M3.(a)

(i)

xx =

= 45.8 or 45800

CAO

B1

(s =)

2

or (s =)

Ignore notation

M1

AWRT / AWFW

( = 23.75942)

(24.00064)

M1 A1 for 24.0 or 24000 to 24001

M1 A0 for 24 or 23700 to 23800

A1

3

(ii)

xx ns = (45.8 n 24.0)

(4 to 1) (n = 2) or (28.5 to 23.5) (n = 3)

(both AWFW)

Allow (45 to 47) and any multiple of

(23.5 to 24.5) which gives value < 0

Must clearly state the value of a numerical expression

M1

OE; must be in context

Negative values impossible A0

A1

Page 7

2

Alternative solution 1

P(X ) = P(Z < 1.91)

Standardising 0 using 45.8 & 24.0

2

(M1)

= 0.027 to 0.03

In addition to probability within range,

must state that negative salaries are impossible

(A1)

(2)

Alternative solution 2

P(X > 60 | N(45.8, 24.0 )) = P(Z > 0.59)

Standardising 60 using 45.8 & 24.0

2

(M1)

= 0.27 to 0.28

In addition to probability within range,

must compare calculated value to 6 / 50 = 0.12 OE

(A1)

(2)

(b)

(i)

OE

B1

Page 8

so CLT applies

Must indicate CLT; dependent on B1

Indication that other than sample mean

is normally distributed Bdep0

Bdep1

2

(ii)

AWFW

(2.5758)

B1

CI for is

xx z

Used with (xx & s) from (a)(i) and

z(1.64 to 2.58) &

with n > 1

M1

Thus

45.8 2.5758

F on (xx & s) with

&

z(1.64 to 1.65 or 2.32 to 2.33 or 2.57 to 2.58)

AF1

or

45800 (8700 to 8800)

OR

(37.(0) to 37.1, 54.5 to 54.6)

or

(37000 to 37100, 54500 to 54600)

CAO / AWFW

(8.74)

Ignore (absence of) quoted units

AWFW

A1

4

Page 9

(c)

Clear correct comparison of 55 or 55000 with cs UCL or CI

Accept 55000 compared with

cs 54.5 to 54.6 (ie different units)

B1

OE; correct comparison mentioning both 12% and 25%

B1

Dependent on B1 B1

Bdep1

3

It / (claimed) mean / (claimed) value > UCL / CI

Must indicate 55 or 55000

(B0)

(B0)

Value of 60 does not refer to mean

(B0)

Page 10

= (0.27 to 0.28) < 6 / 50 = 0.12

Assumes salaries ~ N; cf (a)(ii)

2

(B0)

[14]

Page 11

E1.The better students generally scored full marks in part (a) usually by working in litres.

However, far too many students provided answers that ranged from worthless to scoring

at most 3 marks. Errors seen in abundance were:

an incorrect evaluation of

an incorrect zvalue;

instead of 5.05;

Many of these errors resulted in absurd confidence intervals that students appeared to

simply accept as correct. The one mark for answering the first claim in part (b) was only

available to those better students who had obtained a correct confidence interval in part

(a)(ii). Even so, many such students made no comparison using the stated mean of 5

litres but merely commented that their calculated mean of 5.05 was greater than 5. This

was very disappointing particularly given similar requests on previous papers. In

answering the second claim in part (b), many students again referred to their confidence

interval and so scored no marks. Of those that correctly evaluated

as 22%, far too

many were not sufficiently explicit in comparing this with 10% and so scored only 1 of the

2 marks available. It was extremely rare to see an answer worthy of the mark in part (c).

Most students made reference to sample size although some suggested that the question

had stated that volume was normally distributed! The minority who had some idea of what

was required were almost always not sufficiently precise or careful enough in their

answers. Thus it was common to read references to the sample, the data or it rather

than for example the (parent) population or volume (of bleach).

E2.Most candidates achieved the 5 marks available in part (a) but very few were able to make

significant progress in part (b). This was disappointing, particularly as the distribution of

the sample mean has been examined on several previous papers. Almost all candidates

knew how to standardise without introducing an unnecessary continuity correction,

which was penalised and so the majority completed part (a)(i) accurately. In part (a)(ii),

the majority of candidates realised that a difference of two areas was required, with many

obtaining the correct answer. Failure to apply the necessary area change for P (Z < 0.3)

was by far the most common error. The majority of candidates simply worked with the

distribution of W, rather than

the distribution of

, and so obtained correctly P (Z > 147), sometimes then failed to

make the correct area change and so lost 2 marks.

Page 12

E3.Most candidates found much of this question very challenging. In part (a)(i), it was most

disappointing to see the number of candidates failing to score 3 marks. Whilst there was

some excuse for candidates dividing (x xx) by 50, rather than 49, there was really no

2

candidates were confused, either at the outset or later, by the units involved with invalid

multiplications of s by 1000 taking place at some point. In part (a)(ii), the common

incorrect answers were verbose about university salaries or simply that 24.0 was too large

when compared to 45.8. Even those candidates who calculated, for example (45.8 2

24.0), simply stated that a normal distribution or it, instead of salaries, could not take

negative values. Answers to part (b)(i) were slightly better with candidates indicating a

large sample so Central Limit Theorem applied. Some candidates lost both marks for if

sample is large whilst others lost a mark for suggesting that other than the sample mean

could be assumed to be normally distributed. There were many partially correct answers

to part (b)(ii) using follow-through answers from part (a)(i) though some candidates lost

further marks for an incorrect z-value. In answering part (c), a majority of candidates

attempted the comparison of 55 with their CI or UCL. However, far too many then did the

2

= 12% with 25%, or considered the standardising of

60 using a normal distribution. This perhaps suggested that they had not read the

question with sufficient care.

Page 13

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