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Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering

Department of Mechanical Engineering

THERMODYNAMICS II
(Date of document: 29th April 2015)
Course Code

MEHB312

Course Status

Core

Level

Degree

Semester Taught

Credit

Pre-requisites

MEHB213 Thermodynamics I

Assessments

Assignments
Quizzes
Tests
Final Examination

Lecturers

Eng Kian Hin


Room BN-1-046, ext. 2237
E-mail: Ekian@uniten.edu.my

20%
10%
30%
40%

Dr. Firas B. Ismail


Room BN-0-028, ext. 6637
E-mail: Firas@uniten.edu.my
Nurainaa Binti Kabilmiharbi,
Room BN-3-073, ext. 6462
E-mail: Nurainaa@uniten.edu.my

Course Description

This course provides the knowledge and application of


Thermodynamics & Fluid Mechanics principles which include
gas

power

cycles,

thermodynamics

of

gas

mixtures,

psychrometrics and air conditioning, chemically reacting


systems and exergy analysis.
Course Objectives

To educate students with fundamentals and applications of


Applied Thermodynamics that includes gas power cycle, gas

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

mixtures,

air-conditioning

and

psychrometrics,

basic

combustion and chemical reaction and basic exergy analysis.


Transferrable Skills

Ability to analyze Power Cycles, Air conditioning processes,


Combustion processes, design of air conditioning processes, and
evaluate thermodynamic processes and systems.

Course Outcomes (CO)


- what students to achieve and to be assessed upon completing this course
No.

Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to:

CO1

Able to state, illustrate, describe and analyse the working principles of gas power
cycle that includes Otto, Diesel, Sterling, Ericsson and Brayton cycles.

CO2

Able to determine the composition, properties and property relations of a gas mixture

CO3

Able to define fuels, the basic terms and definitions used in combustion and perform
combustion analysis

CO4

Able to derive combustion equation at a given fuel composition and air fuel ratio as
well as determination of energy and pollutants released as a result of combustion

CO5

Able to analyse the significance of adiabatic flame temperature to thermal


engineering applications.

CO6

Able to comprehend different types of air-conditioning processes and the use of


Psychrometric chart.

CO7

Able to apply the thermodynamic principles to analyse various air-conditioning


processes

CO8

Acquire knowledge to evaluate and design the air-conditioning processes.

CO9

Able to define, develop, explain and apply the basic of exergy analysis

CO10

Able to evaluate and examine the performance of engineering devices in light of the
thermodynamics laws.

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Course Outline:
Topic 1:

INTRODUCTION (Chapter 1-7, 10, 11) - 1 week


Course Introduction
Review of Thermodynamics 1

Topic2:GAS POWER CYCLES (Chapter 9) - 3 weeks


Basic considerations in analysis of power cycles and air standard
assumptions
Carnot cycle & its value in engineering
Overview of reciprocating engine
Otto Cycle
Diesel cycle
Dual cycle
Stirling & Ericson cycles
Brayton cycle
Brayton cycle with intercooling, reheating and regeneration
Topic 3:

GAS MIXTURES (Chapter 13) - 1 week


Composition of gas-mixture
P-v-T behaviour of gas mixture
Properties of gas mixture

Topic 4:

CHEMICAL REACTIONS & COMBUSTION (Chapter 15) - 3 weeks


Fuel and combustion
Theoretical and actual combustion
Enthalpy of formation & enthalpy of combustion
First Law Analysis of reacting system
Adiabatic flame temperature
Entropy change of reacting system
Second Law analysis of reacting system

Topic 5:

AIR CONDITIONING & PSYCHROMETRICS (Chapter 14) - 3 weeks


Dry and atmospheric air
Specific and relative humidity of air
Dew point
Dry and wet bulb temperature
Psychrometric chart
Human comfort and air-conditioning
Air-conditioning processes

Topic 6:

EXERGY (Chapter 8) - 3 weeks


Exergy: Work potential of energy

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Reversible work and irreversibility


Second Law efficiency
Exergy change of a system
Exergy transfer
Decrease of exergy principle and exergy destruction
Exergy balance : Closed and Open system

Main Reference
1. Cengal, Y.A. & Boles, M.A., Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 7th. Edition
in SI Unit, McGraw Hil.
2. Moran, M.J. & Shapiro, H.N., Fundamentals Of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Second Edition, 1992.
Additional Reference(s)
1. Ganesan, V., Internal Combustion Engines, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill.
2. Turns, S.R., An Introduction to Combustion: Concepts and Applications, 2nd Edition,
McGraw Hill.
Additional Information
1. Website
Student may download lecture notes, lecture slides, and tutorial questions from this website:
http://www.freewebs.com/ekian or Moodle Uniten at http://lms.uniten.edu.my/moodle/
2 Important Notes
i) Attendance:
Attendance is compulsory and will be taken during lectures. Students are responsible for lecture
materials regardless of whether it appears in the text. Please take careful notes and ask
questions if something is not clear.
Minimum attendance for each student is 80%. Students who fail to meet this requirement will
be barred from sitting the final examination. Student who fails to attend lectures due to illness
or any emergency must present valid medical certificate.
ii) Dress code:
Neat and presentable.
Formal on Monday.

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

iii) Plagiarism
Students must not adopt or reproduce idea, words or statements of another person without
an appropriate acknowledgment. Absolutely no plagiarism and copying of someones work
is allowed. Academic dishonesty may be ground for an E grade in this course.

Course Outcomes

PO
1

P
O
2

PO
3

PO
4

P
O
5

P
O
6

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


ab ca b a bcabcabab
Department of Mechanical Engineering

CO1: Able to state,


illustrate, describe and
analyze the working
principles of gas power
cycle that includes Otto,
Diesel, Sterling, Ericsson
and Brayton cycles.

CO2: Able to determine


the composition,
properties and property
relations of a gas mixture

CO3: Able to define


fuels, the basic terms and
definitions used in
combustion and perform
combustion analysis

CO4: Able to derive


combustion equation at a
given fuel composition
and air fuel ratio as well
as determination of
energy and pollutants
released as a result of
combustion

CO5: Able to analyze the


significance of adiabatic
flame temperature to

thermal engineering
applications.
CO6: Able to
comprehend different
types of air-conditioning
processes and the use of
Psychrometric chart.
CO7: Able to apply the
thermodynamic principles
to analyse various airconditioning processes

CO8: Acquire knowledge


to evaluate and design the
air-conditioning processes.
CO9: Able to define,
develop, explain and
apply the basic of exergy
analysis
CO10: Able to evaluate
and examine the
performance of
engineering devices in
light of the
thermodynamics laws.

P P
O O
7 8

PO
9
bc

P
O
1
0

P
O
1
1

P
O
1
2
a b

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Course Outcomes

Assessment-Course Outcomes Matrix :


PO1
CO1

Assessments
Assignments (20%)
Quizzes (10%)
Tests (30%)
Final Exam (40%)

PO emphasis
PO1 PO2
Current Coverage (%)
71.0
0.0

:
PO3
16

PO1
CO2

PO4
0.0

PO7
CO3

PO5
0.0

PO3
CO4

PO1
CO5

PO6
0.0

PO7
13.0

PO1
CO6

PO1
CO7

PO1
CO8

PO1
CO9

PO1
C10

PO8
0.0

PO9
0.0

PO11
0.0

PO12
0.0

PO10
0.0

Bloom's Coverage (%) :

Current Coverage (%)

Low
6.0

Cognitive
Med
Hi
73.0
21.0

Psychomotor

Affective

Total

0.0

0.0

100

Total
100

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

What is Program Educational Objectives (PEO)?


PEO are objectives that UNITEN graduates should achieve after five (5) years of graduation.
Summary of BME Programme Educational Objectives (PEO)
Program Educational Objectives

PEO No.

UNITEN produces Mechanical Engineering graduates who:


PEO1 Practicing engineers in mechanical engineering with the ability to venture into energy related business.
PEO2 Hold leadership responsibilities and/or establish their own enterprises.
PEO3 Have professional qualifications/certifications in mechanical engineering related areas.
PEO4 Engages in activities to enhance knowledge in their professional works

What are Programme Outcomes (PO)?


POs are the expected traits that UNITEN students should have upon graduation.
COE Programme Outcomes (PO)
Program Outcomes
PO
No.

Students graduating from the Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (BME) program will have
the ability to:
Statement

PO Indicators
a

PO1

Apply fundamental knowledge of


b
mathematics, science and mechanical
engineering principles in solving complex
problems
c
WA1 (WK1-WK4)

Comprehend the fundamental knowledge of


mathematics, science and mechanical engineering
(C1,C2)
Apply fundamental knowledge of mathematics, science
and mechanical engineering principles in solving
engineering problems (C3, C4)
Solve complex engineering problems by
relating/incorporating fundamental knowledge of
mathematics, science and mechanical engineering
principles. (C5,C6)

PO2

Identify, formulate, analyze and solve


complex mechanical engineering
problems
WA2 (WK1-WK4)

Identify, formulate and solve mechanical engineering


problems (C3, C4)
Evaluate and synthesize the solution to complex
mechanical engineering problems (C5,C6)

a
b

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Program Outcomes

PO3

PO
No.

Design solutions for complex


mechanical engineering problems that
meet specific needs with appropriate
consideration for public health and
safety, culture, society, and environment
WA3 (WK5)

b
c

a
b

Illustrate solutions for mechanical engineering


problems with appropriate consideration for public
health and safety. (C3, C4)
Illustrate solutions for mechanical engineering
problems with appropriate consideration for culture,
society, and environment. (C3, C4)
Propose solutions for complex mechanical
engineering problems that meet specific needs with
appropriate consideration for public health and safety,
culture, society, and environment. (C5,C6)

Use research methods for collecting data (C1, C2)


Analyze and interpret data using engineering
principles and appropriate techniques (C3,C4)
Design & evaluate solutions to complex engineering
problems by employing research methods and data
interpretation skills (C5,C6)

PO4

Conduct investigations, interpret data


and provide conclusions in investigating
complex problems related to
mechanical engineering
WA4 (WK8)

PO5

Create appropriate techniques, select


resources, and apply modern
engineering tools to execute complex
engineering activities
WA5 (WK6)

PO6

Apply reasoning in assessing societal,


health, safety, legal and cultural issues
and the consequent responsibilities
relevant to professional engineering
practice
WA6 (WK7)

PO7

Demonstrate knowledge of the impact


of professional engineering solutions in
environmental contexts and the need for
sustainable development
WA7 (WK7)

No sub-attribute (C2,C3)

PO8

Demonstrate commitment to
professional and ethical principles
WA8 (WK7)

No sub-attribute (A3)

a
b

a
b

Usage of modern tools to execute mechanical


engineering activities (P1,P2)
Manipulation of modern tool to execute complex
engineering activities (P3,P4)
Apply reasoning in assessing societal, legal and
cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities
relevant to professional engineering practice (C3, C4)
Apply reasoning in assessing health and safety issues
and the consequent responsibilities relevant to
professional engineering practice (C3, C4)

Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Program Outcomes

PO9
PO
No.

Communicate effectively on complex


engineering activities
WA10

Function effectively as an individual and


in a group with the capacity to be a
PO10
leader
WA9
Acknowledge the need for, and be able
PO11 to engage in life-long learning
WA12
Demonstrate knowledge on project
management principles and
PO12
entrepreneurship skills
WA11

Communicate effectively by means of oral


presentation (P3)

Communicate effectively by means of report writing


(P3)

Communicate effectively by means of oral


presentation and/or report writing on complex
engineering activities (P3)

No sub-attribute (A4)

No sub-attribute (C2)
a
b

Demonstrate knowledge on project management


principles (C2,C3)
Demonstrate knowledge on entrepreneurship skills
(C2,C3)