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Edexcel IAL

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Chemistry
Advanced
Unit 5: General Principles of Chemistry II
Transition Metals and Organic
Nitrogen Chemistry
Sample Assessment Material
Time: 1 hour 40 minutes
Materials required for examination
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Question Leave
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Section
A

Section
B

Section
C

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Edexcel IAL in Chemistry

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Sample Assessment Materials

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SECTION A
Answer ALL the questions in this section. You should aim to spend no more than 25
minutes on this section. For each question, select one answer from A to D and put a
cross in the box ( ). If you change your mind, put a line through the box ( ) and then
mark your new answer with a cross ( ).
Each of the questions or incomplete statements in this section is followed by four
suggested answers, A, B, C and D. Select the BEST answer in each case.
1.

In a standard hydrogen electrode


A

the hydrogen gas is at one atmosphere pressure

a solution of 1 mol dm3 sulfuric acid is used

a temperature of 273 K is maintained

a piece of shiny platinum foil is used

Q1
(Total 1 mark)

2.

For a redox reaction to be thermodynamically feasible, Ecell must be


A

positive

negative

greater than +0.3 V

more negative than 0.3 V

Q2
(Total 1 mark)

3. The standard electrode potential for the electrode system based on the equation below is
+1.51 V.
MnO4(aq) + 8H+(aq) + 5e U Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l)
Which of the following statements about the electrode system is correct?
A

the electrode potential at pH 5 is +1.51 V.

Mn2+(aq) is acting as an oxidising agent.

changing the concentration of Mn2+(aq) would cause a change in the electrode


potential.

the electrode used in this half-cell is made of manganese.

Q3
(Total 1 mark)

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4.

Which of the following is always proportional to Ecell for a chemical reaction?


A

Hr

Ssystem

Ssurroundings

Stotal

Q4
(Total 1 mark)

5.

Methanol can be vigorously oxidised with an acidified solution containing dichromate(VI)


ions, Cr2O72, to form methanoic acid and chromic(III) ions.
(a) What are the oxidation numbers of carbon in methanol and methanoic acid?
Methanol

Methanoic
acid

+1

+2

+1

+2

2
(1)

(b) How many moles of methanol react with one mole of dichromate(VI) ion, Cr2O72?
A

3
(1)

Q5

(Total 2 marks)
6.

Which of the following will not act as a ligand in the formation of complexes?
A

C6H5NH2

CH3NH2

NH4+

NH3

Q6
(Total 1 mark)

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7.

Which of the following ground state electron configurations corresponds to an element


most likely to form an oxide with catalytic properties?
A

1s2 2s2

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s2

Q7
(Total 1 mark)

8.

X, Y, and Z are three different compounds from the list below. X and Y react together to
form an ester. X and Z also react to give the same ester as X and Y, but less readily.
Compound Y could be
A

propanoyl chloride

propanoic acid

propan-1-ol

propanal

Q8
(Total 1 mark)

9.

Which of the following isomers of C4H10O has a chiral centre?


A

Butan-1-ol

Butan-2-ol

2-methylpropan-1-ol

2-methylpropan-2-ol

Q9
(Total 1 mark)

Use this space for any rough working. Anything you write in this space will gain no
credit.

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10. When the colourless liquid chlorobenzene is shaken with bromine water, the chlorobenzene
becomes a yellow orange colour. What is the interpretation of this?
A

an addition compound of chlorobenzene and bromine has formed.

the chlorine atom has been replaced by a bromine atom.

a hydrogen atom has been replaced by a bromine atom.

the bromine is more soluble in chlorobenzene than in water.

Q10
(Total 1 mark)

11. What class of organic compound has a characteristic smell and gives a solution in water
with a pH of about 10?
A

arene

amine

aldehyde

carboxylic acid

Q11
(Total 1 mark)

12. Which chemical term best describes what happens, when butylamine is added to a solution
of a copper(II) salt?
A

precipitation

redox

proton transfer

complex formation

Q12
(Total 1 mark)

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13. The substance of formula (OCH2CH2OOCC6H4COOCH2CH2OOCC6H4CO)n is a


A

polyester

natural oil or fat

detergent

protein

Q13
(Total 1 mark)

14. The optical isomers of alanine, CH3CH(COOH)NH2


A

have different melting points

rotate the plane of plane polarised light in opposite directions

react at different rates with ethanoyl chloride, CH3COCl

both occur naturally in protein molecules

Q14
(Total 1 mark)

15. The rate equation for the reaction between aqueous sodium hydroxide and
2-chloro-2-methylpropane is
Rate = k[2-chloro-2-methylpropane]
The first step in the mechanism of this substitution reaction is
A

nucleophilic attack by OH ions on the carbon atom in the CCl bond

electrophilic attack by OH ions on the carbon atom in the CCl bond

the breaking of the CCl bond to form a carbocation

the simultaneous making of a OC bond as the CCl bond breaks


(Total 1 mark)

Use this space for any rough working. Anything you write in this space will gain no
credit.

Q15

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16. When hydrogen cyanide, HCN, is added to ethanal, CH3CHO, the resulting solution has
no effect on the plane of polarisation of plane polarised light.
This is because
A

ethanal is not chiral

the product is not chiral

the intermediate is planar

the product is a racemic mixture

Q16
(Total 1 mark)

17. Two compounds may be similar in that they both have


A

dative covalent bonds in their molecules

at least one bond angle of 120 in each molecule

non-polar molecules

linear molecules

Select from AD, the similarity between each of the compounds below.
(a) Benzene, C6H6 and cyclohexane, C6H12
A
B
C
D
(1)
(b) Hydrogen cyanide, HCN, and carbon dioxide, CO2
A
B
C
D
(1)
(Total 2 marks)

Q17

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18. This question is about the following organic compounds:


A

Benzene, C6H6

Glycine, NH2CH2COOH

Propene, CH3CHCH2

Propanone, CH3COCH3

Select, from AD, the compound which would


(a) be a solid at room temperature
A
B
C
D
(1)
(b) give a salt by reaction with sodium hydroxide
A
B
C
D
(1)

Use this space for any rough working. Anything you write in this space will gain no
credit.

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(c) give a sulfonic acid by reaction with fuming sulfuric acid


A
B
C
D
(1)
(d) form a precipitate when reacted with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine
A
B
C
D
(1)

Q18

(Total 4 marks)

19. Select, from AD, the type of interaction which best describes the bonding between
(a) adjacent polymer chains in CH
[
]n
2CH2
A

dative covalent

London forces

ion-dipole

ionic
(1)

(b) copper ions and ammonia in Cu(NH3)42+


A

dative covalent

London forces

ion-dipole

ionic
(1)
(Total 2 marks)
TOTAL FOR SECTION A: 25 MARKS

Q19

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Answer ALL the questions. Write your answers in the spaces provided.
1.

(a) (i) Complete the electronic configuration of


Cr

[Ar] .......................................................

Cr3+ [Ar] .......................................................


(1)
(ii) State and explain the shape of the hexaaquachromium(III) ion, [Cr(H2O)6]3+.
................................................................................................................................
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................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................

(3)

(iii) State what you would see when dilute sodium hydroxide is added to a solution
containing hexaaquachromium(III) ions, until it is present in excess.
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................

(2)

(iv) Give the equations for the reactions taking place in (iii).
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)

(b) (i) Give the structural formulae of an organic compound that can be oxidised by
potassium dichromate(VI) in dilute sulphuric acid and of an organic product of the reaction.

................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)

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(ii) Both dichromate(VI) ions and manganate(VII) ions need hydrogen ions in order
to act as oxidising agents in titration experiments.
Explain, by calculating E cell values, whether hydrochloric acid could be used to provide the H+ ions
for these oxidations.

Cr2O72 + 14H+ + 6e
Cl2 + 2e

MnO4 + 8H + 5e

3+
2Cr + 7H2O

E = +1.33 V

2Cl

E = +1.36 V

2+
Mn + 4H2O

E = +1.51 V

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................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(4)
(iii) When aqueous alkali is added to an aqueous solution containing dichromate(VI)
ions, the following change takes place
Cr2O72 + 2OH 2CrO42 + H2O
Explain in terms of oxidation numbers why this is not a redox reaction.

................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(Total 15 marks)

Q1

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2.

A reaction sequence, starting from benzene, C6H6, is shown below.

NO2
Step 1

N2+Cl

NH2
Step 2

Step 3

Compound X

(a) (i) Give the reagents and a temperature for Step 1.


Reagents .................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
Temperature ...........................................................................................................
(3)
(ii) Give the mechanism for Step 1, including the formation of the electrophile.

(4)
(b) Give the reagents for Step 2 and state the type of reaction occurring.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)
(c) Give the reagents and temperature for Step 3 and name the product, compound X.

.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(3)

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(d) At 25 C, an aqueous solution of X decomposes.


N2+Cl
(aq) + H2O(l)

OH

(aq) + N2(g) + HCl(aq)

Compound X
Outline an experiment you could perform to show that this reaction is first order with respect to compound
X.
You should:

describe or draw the apparatus you would use,


include the measurements you would take,
sketch the graph you would expect on the axes below and label the axes, explain how you
would use the graph to confirm the reaction is first order.

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3.

A firm claims that their iron tablets contain 10 mg of Fe2+ per tablet. A chemist wishes to
check this by titration using potassium manganate(VII) and dilute sulfuric acid.
Fe2+(aq) U Fe3+(aq) + e
MnO4(aq) + 8H+(aq) + 5e U Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l)
(a) Why is the acid necessary?
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) How many moles of Fe2+ react with one mole of MnO4?
.......................................................................................................................................
(1)

(c) Each tablet contains 10 mg of Fe2+.


(i) How many moles of Fe2+ are in one tablet?

(1)
(ii) Use your answer to (i) to calculate the volume of 0.010 mol dm3 potassium
manganate(VII) solution that would be needed to react with one tablet.

(2)

(iii) Is this a suitable volume to verify the integrity of the firms claim? How would
you alter the experiment to obtain a more suitable volume?
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(1)

*(d) The recommended consumption of Fe2+ per day is 14 mg. The tolerable upper level
of consumption of Fe2+ per day is 45 mg.
The 10 mg iron tablets produced by a pharmaceutical company contain between
9 and 11 mg of Fe2+.
Discuss whether or not this range of iron content is acceptable.
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(2)
(Total 8 marks)

Q20

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4.

Fats have the general formula

O
H2COCR
O
HCOCR
O
H2COCR

(a) What type of organic compound are fats?


.......................................................................................................................................

(1)

(b) R can be a saturated hydrocarbon chain or the cis isomer of an unsaturated hydrocarbon chain.

(i) Explain, with a simple example, the meaning of cis isomer.


................................................................................................................................
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................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)

(ii) At room temperature, saturated fats are generally solids whereas unsaturated fats
are generally liquids.
Suggest a reason for the difference in melting temperatures.
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................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)

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(c) (i) Complete the equation below for the alkaline hydrolysis of a fat.

O
H2COCR
O
HCOCR +

3NaOH

O
H2COCR
(2)
(ii) State an important use of the reaction in (c)(i).
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(d) Describe simple chemical tests (other than the use of indicators) to distinguish
between each of the following pairs of compounds.
Include the reagents used and an observation for each substance.

(i) 2-methylpropan-2-ol and propanoic acid


................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(3)
(ii) propanal and propanone
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(3)

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(e) (i) Propanone and hydrogen cyanide, in the presence of cyanide anions, react to
form (CH3)2C(OH)CN.
Give the mechanism for this reaction.

(4)

(ii) Explain what happens to the rate of the reaction in (e)(i) if the pH of the solution is lowered.

................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 20 marks)

Q4

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5.

(a) The apparatus below was used to measure the standard emf of the cell formed from
Fe3+/Fe2+ and Cu2+/Cu half-cells.

copper

1 mol dm3
Cu2+(aq)

salt
bridge

(i) Complete the labelling of the diagram of the Fe3+/Fe2+ half-cell.


(3)
(ii) Why is a salt bridge used?
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iii) What solution is contained in the salt bridge?
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(iv) Copper is the negative electrode.
The standard emf of the cell is +0.43 V and the standard electrode potential of the Cu2+/Cu half-cell is
+0.34 V.
Calculate the standard electrode potential of the Fe3+/Fe2+ half-cell.
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)

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(v) Write the ionic half-equations for the reactions occurring in each half-cell.
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(2)
(vi) Write the equation which represents the overall cell reaction.
................................................................................................................................
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................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) The cell below was set up. Copper is the negative electrode. The solution in the right
hand beaker contained a suitable electrolyte and phenolphthalein. After some time the solution turned
pink.

copper

oxygen

1 mol dm3
copper(II)
sulphate
solution

Write the ionic half-equation for the reaction at the oxygen electrode which caused the phenolphthalein
to turn pink.
.......................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................
(2)

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3

(c) 25.0 cm of a solution of copper(II) sulphate was added to an excess of


potassium iodide solution. The following reaction occurred
2Cu2+ + 4I

2CuI + I2

The iodine produced was reduced by 16.50 cm3 of 0.100 mol dm3 of sodium thiosulphate solution.

2S2O32 + I2

S4O62 + 2I

Calculate the concentration of the copper(II) sulphate solution in mol dm3.

(3)
(Total 15 marks)
TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS
END

Q5