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Next Generation Test Chambers © Bluetest®AB

Next Generation Test Chambers

Next Generation Test Chambers © Bluetest®AB

© Bluetest®AB

Bluetest Background • Founded in 2001 by Professor Kildal at Chalmers University, Gothenburg, Sweden •

Bluetest Background

Founded in 2001 by Professor Kildal at Chalmers University, Gothenburg,

Sweden

The vision was to perform tests:

- Fast

- Easy

- Cost effectively

2006: High Performance (HP) chamber

2006 2009: large sales growth

© Bluetest®AB

Easy - Cost effectively • 2006: High Performance (HP) chamber • 2006 – 2009: large sales
Bluetest Today • 35 customers world wide • CTIA TRP and TIS procedure ready •

Bluetest Today

35 customers world wide

CTIA TRP and TIS procedure ready

Proposed for 3GPP MIMO OTA tests

Bluetest delivers:

- World leading MIMO/Diversity tests - Fastest available TRP/TIS tests

- Test for all leading cellular standards

- Most cost effective OTA tests

leading cellular standards - Most cost effective OTA tests iPhone 3G antenna test Göteborgs-Posten 080824 ©

iPhone 3G antenna test

Göteborgs-Posten 080824

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How can a Bluetest Reverberation Chamber solve the problems? © Bluetest®AB

How can a Bluetest Reverberation Chamber solve the problems?

© Bluetest®AB

What is a Reverberation Chamber?  Reverberation chamber – isotropic Rayleigh fading  Easy and

What is a Reverberation Chamber?

Reverberation chamber isotropic Rayleigh fading

Easy and fast measurements of:

- Antenna efficiency, TRP and TIS

- Antenna diversity gain

- Correlation

- MIMO capacity, MIMO throughput

© Bluetest®AB

- Antenna efficiency, TRP and TIS - Antenna diversity gain - Correlation - MIMO capacity, MIMO
- Antenna efficiency, TRP and TIS - Antenna diversity gain - Correlation - MIMO capacity, MIMO
Statistical representation Rayleigh fading Theoretical value versus measured value in a Bluetest Chamber Rayleigh

Statistical representation

Rayleigh fading

Theoretical value versus

measured value in a Bluetest Chamber

Rayleigh distribution
Rayleigh distribution

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Measurements Comparisons Anechoic vs. Reverb. Chamber © Bluetest®AB

Measurements Comparisons Anechoic vs. Reverb. Chamber

© Bluetest®AB

Comparison of radiation efficiency Large near-field chamber vs. Bluetest chamber TABLE I C OMPARISON OF

Comparison of radiation efficiency

Large near-field chamber vs. Bluetest chamber

efficiency Large near-field chamber vs. Bluetest chamber TABLE I C OMPARISON OF MEASURED AND SIMULATED RADIATION
efficiency Large near-field chamber vs. Bluetest chamber TABLE I C OMPARISON OF MEASURED AND SIMULATED RADIATION

TABLE I

C OMPARISON OF MEASURED AND SIMULATED RADIATION EFFICIENCY

Antenna

Phantom Mounted Efficiency at

2.45 GHz (%) [equivalent loss, dB]

 

Simulation

Near-Field

Reverb

HMMPA 10mm

49.0 [3.1]

38.9 [4.1]

42.8 [3.7]

HMMPA 5 mm

45.0 [3.5]

37.6 [4.2]

37.1 [4.3]

Monopole

58.5 [2.3]

51.0 [2.9]

53.4 [2.7]

MPA-F

65.6 [1.8]

67.0 [1.7]

75.1 [1.2]

MPA-S

65.7 [1.8]

61.0 [2.1]

61.2 [2.1]

From measurements by Queen's University Belfast, ”In Situ Measurement of UHF Wearable Antenna Radiation Efficiency Using a Reverberation Chamber”, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 7, 2008

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TRP dBm Measured TRP of 21 channels 33,00 32,00 31,00 30,00 29,00 28,00 27,00 26,00

TRP

dBm

Measured TRP of 21 channels

33,00 32,00 31,00 30,00 29,00 28,00 27,00 26,00 25,00 CTIA chamber 1 24,00 Bluetest HP
33,00
32,00
31,00
30,00
29,00
28,00
27,00
26,00
25,00
CTIA chamber 1
24,00
Bluetest HP
23,00
CTIA chamber 2
22,00
21,00
20,00
19,00
18,00
17,00
16,00
15,00

Band

GSM 850

GSM 900

GSM 1800

GSM 1900

WCDMA 850

WCDMA 1900

WCDMA 2100

Channels

128

190 251

975 38 124

512 699 885

512 661 810

4132 4182 4233

9262

9400 9538

9612

9750 9888

Frequencies

824

837 849

880 897 915

1710 1747 1785

1850 1880 1910

826 836 846

1852

1880 1908

1922

1950 1977

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TIS: Comparison anechoic - HP reverberation chamber WCDMA band I -106 10562 10700 10838 -107

TIS: Comparison anechoic - HP reverberation

chamber

WCDMA band I

-106 10562 10700 10838 -107 -108 -109 -110 -111 Channel number -112 TIS (dBm)
-106
10562
10700
10838
-107
-108
-109
-110
-111
Channel number
-112
TIS (dBm)

Anechoic chamberReverberation chamber

Reverberation chamberAnechoic chamber

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UMTS (W-CDMA) band I Downlink frequencies:

2110-2170 MHz

Same phone measured in

anechoic chamber and

reverberation chamber

Diversity and MIMO Throughput Measurements © Bluetest®AB

Diversity and MIMO Throughput Measurements

© Bluetest®AB

Bluetest unique MIMO and diversity features • Direct fast MIMO/Diversity antenna tests • Active MIMO/Diversity

Bluetest unique MIMO and diversity features

Direct fast MIMO/Diversity antenna tests

Active MIMO/Diversity throughput tests

System tests to optimize:

- Scheduling software in base stations

- Multi-user MIMO

- Complete RF chain

- System capacity

- Handover performance

- Co-operative MIMO

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TIS (dBm)

TIS (dBm)

TIS (dBm) TIS (dBm) HSPA Active Diversity : TIS -82.0 -84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0

HSPA Active Diversity : TIS

-82.0

-84.0

-86.0

-88.0

-90.0

-92.0

-94.0

-96.0

-98.0

-100.0

QPSK

-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT
-84.0 -86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT

DUT 1

DUT 1 (rep)

DUT 2

-92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT 2 Diversity on Diversity

-92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 QPSK DUT 1 DUT 1 (rep) DUT 2 Diversity on Diversity

Diversity on

Diversity off

-82.0

-84.0

-86.0

-88.0

-90.0

-92.0

-94.0

-96.0

-98.0

-100.0

16 QAM

-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3
-86.0 -88.0 -90.0 -92.0 -94.0 -96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3

DUT 1

DUT 2

DUT 3

DUT 3 (rep)

-96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3 DUT 3 (rep) Diversity on

-96.0 -98.0 -100.0 16 QAM DUT 1 DUT 2 DUT 3 DUT 3 (rep) Diversity on

Diversity on

Diversity off

Two cases tested: QPSK and 16 QAM modulation

Significant and repeatable difference between diversity on/off cases

Measurement results from anonymous terminal manufacturer

© Bluetest®AB

MIMO Throughput Measurements Reverberation chamber WLAN link Test router Test laptop Wired Ethernet links for

MIMO Throughput Measurements

Reverberation chamber

WLAN link Test router Test laptop Wired Ethernet links for comm. control Control laptop with
WLAN link
Test router
Test laptop
Wired Ethernet links for comm. control
Control laptop with throughput software
for comm. control Control laptop with throughput software Tests performed in collaboration with Sony Ericsson and

Tests performed in collaboration with Sony Ericsson and presented at AP-S 2008 in San Diego

3

© Bluetest®AB

Unbalanced Channel Cases  Antennas in the MIMO set having different efficiencies,  Two antennas

Unbalanced Channel Cases

Antennas in the MIMO set having different efficiencies,

Two antennas used in router, one

of them attenuated with 0, 3, 6 or 10 dB.

Secondary antenna with low

efficiency improves the

throughput as long as the efficiency is not too bad

Secondary antenna with low efficiency improves the throughput as long as the efficiency is not too

© Bluetest®AB

Connected Reverberation Chambers MIMO channel simulator From measurements by Bluetest , ” Connected Reverberation

Connected Reverberation Chambers

Connected Reverberation Chambers MIMO channel simulator From measurements by Bluetest , ” Connected Reverberation

MIMO channel simulator

Connected Reverberation Chambers MIMO channel simulator From measurements by Bluetest , ” Connected Reverberation

From measurements by Bluetest, ” Connected Reverberation Chambers with Variable Channel Rank for Measurement of MIMO Antenna System Performance, IEEE AP-S International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, Charleston, USA, June 1-5, (2009)

© Bluetest®AB

Advantages with Bluetest Reverberation Chambers • No quiet zone - Easy and fast placement of

Advantages with Bluetest

Reverberation Chambers

No quiet zone

- Easy and fast placement of the DUT - DUT Size up to 0.8m

- Complete systems tests are fast, easy and cost effective

Reflections do not cause errors

Easy to calibrate

Easy and cost effective to service and maintain

© Bluetest®AB

Summary • The most cost effective solution on the market • The fastest available solution

Summary

The most cost effective solution on the market

The fastest available solution

Future proof

- Echoic chamber, simulates a real environment

- Easily adapted to new technology

MIMO and Diversity test available today

Proven Technology, 30 customers World Wide:

- The Biggest Operators

- The Largest Mobile Phone Manufacturers

- Antenna Manufacturers

© Bluetest®AB

HP 700 - High Performance Chamber © Bluetest®AB

HP 700 - High Performance Chamber

HP 700 - High Performance Chamber © Bluetest®AB
HP 700 - High Performance Chamber © Bluetest®AB

© Bluetest®AB

General Specification Frequency Range: Accuracy TRP: Accuracy TIS: Repeatability: Test time TRP (typical): Test Time

General Specification

Frequency Range:

Accuracy TRP:

Accuracy TIS:

Repeatability:

Test time TRP (typical):

Test Time TIS (typical):

Test Time TIS (Fast TIS option):

*GSM and WCDMA

Dimensions (outside)

HP700

650 6000 MHz

0.5 dB (STD)

0.7 dB (STD) 0.2 dB (STD) 1 min/channel 10 min/channel

3 min/channel*

Length:

2000 mm

Height:

2000 mm

Depth:

1400 mm

© Bluetest®AB

Supported Technologies TRP/TIS Measurements: Throughput Measurements: HP700 GSM GPRS/EDGE WCDMA HSPA CDMA2000 EVDO Rev 0

Supported Technologies

TRP/TIS Measurements:

Throughput Measurements:

HP700

GSM

GPRS/EDGE

WCDMA HSPA

CDMA2000

EVDO Rev 0 and A

LTE (MIMO 2x2)

Bluetooth WLAN 802.11b/g

LTE (MIMO 2x2)

WLAN 802.11b/g /n

Supported Base Station Simulators

Agilent Anritsu Rohde & Schwarz

8960/N4010A

MT8815/8820/8860

CMU 200/CMW 500

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