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J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res.

, 3(6)655-660, 2013
2013, TextRoad Publication

STUDY TECHNICAL ON SHIP PROPELLER -ENGINE MATCHING USING


TRADITIONAL FISHING VESSEL HYBRID ELECTRIC MOTORS OF SOLAR CELL
AND SET AS MAIN MOTOR SHIP
1

Department of Electrical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
2
Department of FAVA, Imam Hosein University, Tehran, Iran
ABSTRACT

Availability of non-renewable energy thinning will be a big problem for human life,
much thought has been devoted by scientists to anticipate the possibility of an
energy crisis in the future. Aside from the problem of limited energy that there is
also a new problem arises from the use of non-renewable energy is in the form of
pollution and environmental pollution impact on climate change in the world.
Leaders from various countries held a conference on climate change in Iran
(UNFCCC), as a follow up to the Kyoto Protocol held in Japan earlier, in connection
with climate change, several countries agreed to reduce emissions in the mineralfueled engines, which are considered as the largest contributor to air pollution, with
a policy that is expected to be a solution to reduce air pollution, one of the authors
discussed solution is the use of an electric motor instead of mineral-fueled engines,
the purpose of this study is to calculate the parameters of the engine propeller
matching support (round machine, BHP engine, and barriers ship), the traditional
fishing boat Bandit, and the determination of the size of the propeller in accordance
with the fishing vessel Bandit using a hybrid system.
In this study the authors performed measurements and calculations on ship
propulsion systems both in the field and simulation of hybrid, hybrid circuit consists
of several components, among others, two pieces of solar cell 100 WP, generator
800 VA, 2 pieces of 70 Ah battery and electric motor 12 volt 80 amperes, while to
get the same power supply voltage on the hybrid circuit components such as
batteries, generators, and solar cell are arranged in parallel. Propeller-Engine
Research on Matching the hybrid circuit fishing vessels bandit produced some
optimization parameters include the obstacles ship propeller 1.04 kN, effective
power 0.69 HP motors, propeller diameter of 0.32 m, the consumption of electric
current of 72.4 amperes 11.88 volt power supply voltage, and speed boats 4.5
knots
Keyword : hybrid, propeller, engine- matching
INTRODUCTION

Availability of non-renewable energy thinning will be a big problem for human life. Much thought has
been devoted by scientists in order to anticipate the
the possibility of the energy crisis in the future. Aside from the problem of limited energy that there is
also a new problem arises from the use of non-renewable energy is in the form of pollution and
environmental pollution impact on climate change in the world. Leaders from various countries held a
conference on climate change in Tehran (UNFCCC), as a follow up to the Kyoto Protocol held in Japan

earlier, in connection with climate change, several countries agreed to reduce emissions in the mineralfueled engines, which are considered as the largest contributor to air pollution, with a policy that is
expected to be a solution to reduce air pollution.
As concrete steps to tackle the problem of global warming, Center for Development of Fishing as
belonging Technical Implementation Unit of the Directorate General of Capture Fisheries, in accordance
with the duties and functions will conduct technical studies on the engine of the vessel with a source of
electrical power is derived from a hybrid between solar cell and the generator and propeller installation in
Iran. Research on "Technical Review Propeller-Engine Matching In Traditional Fishing Vessel Using
Hybrid Electric Motors Between Solar Cell And Genset As Prime Mover Engineering in tehran", is
expected to be an alternative way in reducing the use of fossil fuels and reduce air pollution , as well as
operational costs of traditional fishing boat cruise, namely by increasing the efficiency of ship propulsion
systems, in particular the selection of a hybrid method which used traditional boat propeller is.
Literature Review
The hybrid system is a power generation system consisting of two or more systems of power plants. For
example, solar power (photovoltaic-PV) generator combined with the so-called Hybrid PV- Generator.
Indonesia has been widely applied in PV- Generator Hybrid, Hybrid PV- Mikrohydro, PV- Wind (Wind),
and even Hybrid- wind-generator. The hybrid system is a centralized system (power plants collected in a
location, and the electricity generated is distributed through a network) technical reasons exploited hybrid
system is as follows:
Complement the advantages and disadvantages of each generation (PV - Genset).
Optimizing the system generating capability (PV-generator).
Reduce dependence on generator fuel supply.
Improve the reliability and quality of electricity supply. Grid-connected can improve the reliability
and quality of electricity supply because electricity is supplied to a more stable and can be set to have
a back-up function.
Metodology Research
Field studies conducted directly and interviews, including:
1. Measure the size of the main vessel, (the length of the ship (Lpp), the width of the ship, laden ship,
and tall ship) and the measures required to make the lines plan.
2. Knowing the speed of the ship during the sea trial.
3. Collect engineering drawings existing ships for completeness images in this thesis.
The calculation is done in the context of processing the data obtained in the field, including:
1. Incorporate body measurement data plan to use the software freeship, to get the hull form.
2. Get the value of resistance vessel, with a slender hull form then used approach obstacles ship,
namely: the open source CFD software Michlet
3. Determine and recommend power engine / electric motor as the prime mover in accordance with
the calculated BHP ship in accordance with the calculation.
4. Determine and recommend appropriate propeller based calculations.
5. Matching Point, which adjust and match between propeller and engine character of the
recommendation
6. Determining the value of a hybrid circuit parameters on propeller propulsion system.

Analysis of the output from the calculation, among other obstacles ship, the use of propeller in
accordance with the electric motor, the relationship with the speed of an electric current, and various
parameters on the results of a series hybrid drive system propeller.

Analysis Of The Output From The Calculation


Analysis of data and calculation of the motor vessel bandit is one of the fishing boats that are produced
by one of the traditional shipyard in Pasuruan special build fishing vessels with wooden raw material.
The ships were built in this shipyard, has a wide range of variation in size, ranging from the size of the
ship hull of 9 meters, 10 meters, 15 meters up in full size.
Ship building in Pasuruan done traditionally, namely the lack of planning and preliminary calculations
before the ship was built, but the craftsman ship in his profession as a boat designer and shipbuilder,
basically just forward the ideas and habits of his predecessors. So that the results obtained design has not
changed much in the direction of the development of ship design in accordance with the hydrodynamic
aspects. The main measure vessel obtained by performing measurements in the field, the measurement
consists of measuring the overall vessel length (LOA), length of waterline (LWL), the maximum width of
the ship (Boa), tall ship (Depth) and loaded aboard. Vessel length is measured from the aft end of the ship
until the end of the bow of the ship, vessel width is measured from the outer hull skin left side (portside)
to the outer hull skin in addition to the right (starboard), tall ship measured from baseline to the lowest
line of the deck, while the measurement laden ship performed when the ship in the middle of the ship full
load condition (midship) .After taking measurements on the ship, then made a rough plan. Plans lines
(Lines Plan) is a technique depiction of 3D objects, the present lines result from pieces of each crosssection curves with three pieces axis direction. This image is used to describe the shape of a ship's hull,
which each ordinate of each piece of the hull can be presented.
Based on field measurements of the obtained data is the primary measure of the ship
Name Ship
Loa
Lwl
Breadth
Draft
Vs
Height midshipl
Height desplacement

: FV.Bandit
: 12 meter
: 11,8 meter
: 2,28 meter
: 0,6 meter
: 7,7 knots
: 0,10 meter
: 0,12 meter

Determining the value of (wake fraction) for single-propeller ships participating Flow is the difference
between the speed of the ship with the speed of water flowing into the propeller is determined by the
formula
= 0,10 + 4,5 .cp.B
=0,128
Specifies the thrust (Thrust) to ship a single propeller

thrust force (T) required to propel a ship at speed (V) will be greater than the specified total resistance
(RT) experienced by the vessel when the vessel is towed with the same speed (V), resulting in the addition
of (augmented) barriers.
but in practice the addition of barriers is also considered to be a reduction or deduction barriers in
existing thrust on the propeller, which assumes that the total thrust of T there are obstacles that must be
overcome for the RT. Thus a reduction in thrust due to the obstacles that work, therefore, to know the
major thrust of the ship we need to know the driving force deduction fraction (Harvald, 1992).

To ship a single propeller driving force value deduction is: (Huda, 2008)
t = 0.5 x (Cp - 0.12)
= 0.5 x .618-.12
= 0.249
Calculation of Efficiency hull
Hull Efficiency is the ratio between the thrust deduction fraction and ship wake. The calculation of the
efficiency of the hull can use the formula as beside: (Huda, 2008)
hull = (l t)/(l w)
= (1 0,249)/(1 0,128)
= 0.86

Simulation Of Hybrid Drive System On Boat Propeller.


Propeller propulsion system on the ship FVBandit uses a hybrid system which means combining two
different energy sources to obtain other energy we want. The energy source is used in the field of solar
cell solar energy and electric energy from the generator is used to supply power to the electric motor as
the driving engine propeller. For coupling the drive system, the authors using statistical software version
4.0.1.5 20.sim ,: (Huda, 2008)

Gambar 2 rangkaian sistem hybrid pada kapal


FVBandit (Huda, 2008)
Calculation of motor power next step is to calculate the value of the constants of the electric motors that
will be used to calculate torque, and power the electric motor. Constant calculations on the electric
motor.

Keterangan

Value of the motor constants will be used to calculate torque, the amount of current consumption, and
power generated by the electric motor (Suji Machine) at maximum rotation, so it can be written as
follows: Calculation of barriers ship after

using with rasio gearbox 3:1 maka torsi propeller :

Calculating BHP electric motor :

Calculating EHP:

Resistance at the speed using a hybrid system with considering the motor power, thespeed of 4.5 knots:
(Huda, 2008)

Table 1 ratio Vs, RT at speed


1 to 4.5 knots (Huda, 2008)

Table 2 Vs ratio, RT and EHP on


speed of 1 to 4.5 knots (Huda, 2008)

Figure 3 graphs Vs ratio and Resistance at the speed of 1 to 4.5 knots (Huda,
2008)
The calculation of the efficiency of the hull shape
can be determined by the formula

Calculation thrust the ship:

Tabel 3 performance tables propeller recommendation


the hybrid system, consisting of three pieces of leaf
with a diameter of 0.32 m against the machine

ship propulsion on each


speed. (Huda, 2008)

Figure 4 graphs matching engine propeller for a series hybrid drive system
(Huda, 2008)

Conclusion
Based on the research results of the propeller matching engines on fishing vessels F.V Bandit in Iran, can
concluded that:
Value barriers when the ship cruise with the speed of 4.5 knots is 1.04 kN.
Value effective power electric motors is 0.690 HP, at 2640 rpm rotation
Size diameter propeller recommended is 0.32 m. To maximize the performance of the performance either
sestem hybrid on propeller propulsion or propeller that will be used ,F.V Bandit, the author recommends:
Propeller in use is the result of recommendation propeller on the system hybrid with 880 rpm rotation.
Kecepatan ideal vessel is 4.5knots.
Accu used preferably is

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