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Experiment 4 Lab Manual

American International University- Bangladesh

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
EEE 1201: Electrical Circuit-1 Laboratory

Title: Verification of - Y conversion and calculation of equivalent resistance.

Introduction:
In circuit analysis it is often difficult to analyze circuits directly in (delta) and Y (wye)
form, and therefore, we need to convert from one system to other. For converting (delta) to
Y (wye) there have been developed theories and application procedures.
The primary purpose of this experiment is to:
1) Find the equivalent resistance of a circuit connected either in delta or Y and converts
one type of connection to other.
2) Verify the conversion of equivalent resistances in (delta) to Y (wye) connection and
vice versa.
Theory and Methodology:
In many circuit applications, we encounter components connected together in one of two
ways to form a three- terminal network: the Delta, or (also known as pi, or )
configuration, and the Y (also known as the T ) configuration.
Wye (Y) network
A

Delta () network
C

RA

RAC
A

RC
RAB

RBC

RB
B

It is possible to calculate the proper values of resistors necessary to form one kind of network
( or Y) that behaves identically to the other kind, as analyzed from the terminal connections
alone. That is , if we had two separate resistor networks one and one Y, each with its
resistors hidden from view, with nothing but the three terminals (A,B, and C ) exposed for
testing, the resistor could be sized for the two networks so there would be no way to
electrically determine one network apart from the other. In other words, equivalent and Y
networks behave identically.
There are several equations used to convert one network to the other.

RA=

RB =

RC =

To convert a Wye (Y) to Delta ()

R AB

R AB R AC
R AC R BC

RAB=

R A RB RB RC RC R A
RC

R AB

R AB RBC
R AC R BC

RBC=

R A RB RB RC RC R A
RA

RAC=

R A RB RB RC RC R A
RB

R AC RBC
R AB R AC R BC

Pre-Lab Homework:
Study theories related to Delta to Wye conversion and perform the simulation using Multisim
and MUST present the simulation results to the instructor before the start of the experiment.
Apparatus:
1) DC Voltage Source.
2) 6 Resistors.
3) Digital Mutimeter.
Precautions:
1) Check all the apparatus are working fine or not.
2) Implement the circuit carefully where necessary.
3) While connecting DC source make sure it is not shorted while placing in the trainer
board.
4) While measuring current Digital multimeter should be placed in series with the branch
of the circuit where the current is to be measured, multimeter should be in ammeter
mode.
5) Do not switch on the DC source while implementing the circuit in the trainer board.
Experimental Procedure:
1) Connect the circuit as shown in the figure 1(a). Measure the voltages across each
resistances and current of each branch. Also measure the total current flow and find
the equivalent resistance of the total circuit.

(a)

(b)

Figure 1
Dept. of EEE, Faculty of Engineering, American International University-Bangladesh (AIUB)

2) Then convert the delta connection of resistors R3, R4, and R5 into wye connection of
R6, R7 and R8 as shown in figure 1(B). Again measure the voltage across each
resistance, current through each branch and the equivalent resistance of the total
circuit.
Simulation and Measurement:
1) Complete Table 1 and Table 2.
Table 1: Data Table for Delta Connection

Table 2: Data Table for WyeConnection :

2) Compare the simulation results with your experimental data/ wave shapes and
comment on the differences (if any).
Questions for report writing:
1) Verify - Y conversion formula from the experiment.
2) Verify the measured value of total circuit current with theoretical value. Show
necessary calculation.
3) Comment on the result as a whole.
4) Write the lab report following the template as given before.
Discussion and Conclusion:
Interpret the data/findings and determine the extent to which the experiment was successful
in complying with the goal that was initially set. Discuss any mistake you might have made
while conducting the investigation and describe ways the study could have been improved.
Reference(s):
1) Robert L. Boylestad ,Introductory Circuit Analysis, Prentice Hall, 12th Edition, New
York, 2010, ISBN 9780137146666.