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Safety and Risk

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College Assessment Record:


3

College code:

BSBOHS303B Contribute to OHS hazard identification and


risk assessment
BSBWHS403A / BSBOHS402B Contribute to implementing
and maintaining WHS consultation and participation
processes

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Competent Competence not yet demonstrated

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LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

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Page 1 of 41

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 2 of 41

Assessment Task Part A WHS Legal


Environment
Review Sections 1 & 2 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Q1.

True

False

The Workplace Health and Safety Act is the legislation that sets out work
health and safety obligations for employers.

Q2. Prior to 2012 each state and territory had different OHS laws; but from
2012 they are moving towards "identical" legislation.
Q2A. What are two of the key changes in the new legislation compared to
the old?
The key changes in the 2012 WHS Act are;
1. The broadening of the definition of who a worker is; a person
conducting business or undertaking.
2. Some volunteers are now treated as workers
3. Changes in terminologies used in the Act, for example occupational
health and safety to work health and safety
4. The removal of the reverse onus of proof in prosecutions in line with
criminal law standards.

Q2B. What are 2 Codes of Practice under the new legislation?


1. Chapter 1 of the regulations contains definitions and other
structural matters
2. Part 4.3 imposes duties about confined spaces
3. Chapter 6 imposes duties about construction work

Q3.

True

False

Supervisors and managers must exercise "due diligence" ie take reasonable


steps to ensure that the workplace is safe.

Q4. Employers must exercise their duty of care under safety legislation
by:
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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 3 of 41

having safe systems of work,


maintaining equipment in good order,
providing safe storage and handling of goods and substances
providing staff with adequate training and supervision to do their
jobs safely.

Please give 2 examples of how your employer does this:


Employers must keep walkways clear of trip hazards

Employers must not get employees to lift boxes heavier than 30kgs

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 4 of 41

Q5.

True

False

Under the WHS Act employees must co-operate with an employers efforts
to comply with safety legislation.

Q6 A. Give an example of a safety procedure that you would be required to


follow at the workplace.
As an employee, I am required to take reasonable care of his or her own
health or safety. Secondly, I am required to take reasonable care that my
acts and omissions do not adversely affect the health and safety of other
persons.

Q6B. What should you do to address a WHS issue that has not been
addressed or not being followed and when should you do it?
I should express my views in relation to the matter/issue and contribute to
the decision making process

Q7 A.

True

False

Employees must NOT interfere or misuse things provided for the health,
safety or welfare of persons at work such as fire extinguishers, as this act
could adversely affect the health and safety of others.

Q7 B.

True

False

Your employer can still be held responsible for breaches of the WHS Act,
even if they are unaware of the unsafe work practices of their employees.

Q8. Explain what disciplinary actions that may be taken by your employer if
you are found to be in breach of your workplace safety procedures.
The employer can take me to the disciplinary panel which will address the
case and take actions such as dismissal. This is because, according to the
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, it is an offence for anyone to interfere
with anything provided in the interests of health and safety at work.
LODGE VIA WEBCLASS
Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 5 of 41

Q9A. What would be a source of information about your safety rights and
responsibilities?
According to the WHS Act 2012, the employer is required to provide
employees with a Safety Policy document which generally describes the
companys approach to safety matters. Section 2.1 of the Act provides
information on rights and obligations of the employee.

Q9B. What are 2 compulsory WH&S documents that employers must keep?
Employers must keep a register of injuries and a register of hazardous
substances within their premises.

Assessment Task Part B - Hazard


Identification
Review Section 3 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Q10. Activity - Hazard Identification

What are three examples of general types of safety hazards that you
might find in your type of work environment?
How might these types of hazards harm employees?
How would you identify if those hazards exist in your work
environment?

Discuss your findings with your workplace supervisor and have them sign
off your list via the front Cover Sheet.
Record your findings here:
Hazards (Problem)
Eg - Heavy boxes are
stored above shoulder
height
1.Water spills in walk
ways

2. The use of hazardous


chemicals without

Risks (Harm)

Muscle strain
Back injuries

Risk slipping causing


injuries

Adverse health effects


to employees such as

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

How you Identified


the hazard
I lifted a box and
realised how heavy it
was
By observation; saw
water on the walk way

Talking with the


workers

Page 6 of 41

protection
lung diseases

3.Lifting heavy boxes

Walking around a
work erea

Back injuries and


strains

Q11. When identifying existing or potential hazards in your workplace:


Q11A. Who would you advise and why are they the most suitable person?
The supervisory staff because they have completed certificate IV level
training which has equipped them with understanding and implementation
of this processes

Q11B. How do you report the hazard?


By filling out a workplace safety inspection form

Q12. Select the best answer

Which of the following actions is the best method for an employer to action
a potential safety hazard using the hierarchy of controls?
A. Eliminate the hazard
B. Ignore the hazard
C. Warn staff about the hazard and tell them to be careful

Q13. Scenario
Every morning Mandy prints the departments results for the previous day.
She is required to copy and collate the reports. Lately, the main
photocopier she uses (as it has a collation option) has been making some
very loud noises and she thinks she smells something burning.
Q13A. Using the hierarchy of controls option chosen in Q12 - what should
Mandy do to prevent risk of serious injury? Why is this action the best
course of action?
Mandy should immediately stop using the photocopier and isolate the item
and put a warning notice on the equipment after contacting the
administration.

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 7 of 41

Q13B. What steps could Mandy take to ensure everyone else in the
workplace is aware of the current hazard and doesn't use the copier while it
is unsafe?
Mandy should warn the rest of the departments staff and tell them to be
careful while operating the photocopier.

Q13C. Draft what Mandy should say to raise her safety concerns about the
copier at the next team meeting or WHS meeting.
I recently noticed the photocopier makes loud noise while printing the
departments results. There is also some burning smell emanating from the
printer while printing. I have taken precautionary actions by disconnecting
the photocopier from the power socket and isolated it. Additionally, I have
warned the rest of the staff and strongly advised them against using the
photocopier.

Q13D. Draft what Mandy should ask at the next meeting to follow up if the
copier hasn't been repaired yet.
I strongly recommend the administrative control to perform inspections and
test on the photocopier to ensure the equipment is not burning, and fix the
noise problem.

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 8 of 41

Assessment Task Part C - Employer Policies


Review Section 4 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Q14A. Review your employer's Safety Policy and summarise what it says. If
your employer does not have a formal WHS Policy, use the sample College
Policy in the Workbook to identify the content that should be in a policy.
The Australian College of Commerce and Managements Safety Policy
recognizes it legal and moral responsibilities as stipulated in the WHS Act
2011 (NSW). Consequently, to implement this policy, all staff is required to
take reasonable care of their health and others and the College has put in
place safe working procedures, standards and practices. The College has
ensured that the staffs are adequately trained and they understand the
types of hazards they may incur while carryout their daily responsibilities.
Additionally, the College Safety Management Plan has been put in place to
implement the Safety Policy, ensuring all students are aware of the safety
procedures in place at the college.

Q14B. What are 3 communication strategies or delivery methods you could


implement to ensure this information is read and understood by all
employees?
1. Newsletters
2. Group and one-on-one feedback
3. Praise and recognition

Q15.To report a safety concern at your place of employment you can (tick
the most appropriate answer):
Report it to your supervisor
Report it to a WH&S Committee member
Fill out a form
Other: complete an on-line form
__________________________________________________
Q16. What would you do if you didnt understand any of the safety
procedures at your workplace?
Contact a Health and Safety Representative (HSR) for safety information

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 9 of 41

Q17A. What are 3 examples of when consultation with employees over


safety matters is required or appropriate?
1. Safety committees
2. Team Meetings
3. General Consultations

Q17B. What are 4 barriers to consultation, reasons for consultation not


occurring, or consultation being ineffective? What steps should be taken to
fix or prevent each?
1. Lack of Participation: The employer should explain the importance of
safety issues and input, and reward/thank those who participate.
Additionally, the employer should make meetings more informative, useful
and fun.
2. Conflict at meetings: The employer should appoint a chair to control the
meeting and have him/her talk to the members one-on-one about
behaviours that could be more productive.

3. Distance and rosters: Consultation should ensure all worksites/shifts are


kept involved and informed in safety related issues

4. Literacy levels: Consultation should use plain English, personal contact


and signs to communicate

Q17C. What or how could you monitor the results of removing these
barriers in stakeholders ability to access or contribute to WHS data or
policies?
This can be monitored by evident signs such as increase in staff awareness,
participation and suggestions related to WHS issues. Additionally, effective
consultation will be revealed by the decrease in the number of accidents,
complaints or inspection failures.

Q17D. In your own words, summarise the primary powers, responsibilities


and functions of a Health and Safety Representative?

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 10 of 41

Apart from representing workers in their work group in relation to health


and safety matters, HSR are required to monitor the compliance of
employers/undertaking in relation to health and safety matters. They
should also investigate worker health and safety complaints, inquire into
any health and safety risk arising from the undertaking, accompany an
inspector during inspection of the workplace and issue Provisional
Improvement Notices (PINs) to subjects below health and safety
requirements within the undertaking.

Q17E. What are the roles of a WHS Committee?


The roles of the WHS Committees are to facilitate cooperation between
businesses/undertakings and workers in instigating, developing and
carrying out measures designed to ensure workers health and safety at
work, and to assist in developing standards, rules and procedures relating
to health and safety in the workplace.

Q17F. What are two ways your employer (or your WHS Rep or Committee)
can keep staff informed about safety matters?
1. Publishing meeting minutes on notice boards
2. Providing updates through intranet

Q17G. How can a WHS Committee keep records of safety issues raised, and
confirm or track that they have been fixed?
By maintaining minutes and follow up lists to ensure that items discussed
are resolved.

Q17H. What are some internal sources of information available to a safety


committee to better help them understand workplace safety issues or
hazards?
Safety committees can access information about hazards and workplace
safety issues from audits, hazard/incident investigation reports, workplace
inspections, legislation and standard manufacturers manuals and
specifications available at the workplace.

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 11 of 41

Q17I. What are some external sources of information available to a safety


committee to better help them understand workplace safety issues?
Industry bodies, employer groups, OHS professional bodies and specialists,
regulatory authorities and websites.

Q17J. Indicate a website where you can access safety information.


Safe work Australia (www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au)

Q18A. Identify (draw) a safety sign


relevant to your workplace

Q18B. Explain the meaning of this safety sign and where you might find it?
This is a hazard sign which warns workers and visitors that slippery areas
represent potential hazard and as a result, they care should be taken.

Q19A. Summarise the key elements in developing a safety culture and why
is it important that management take a proactive role.
Key elements in developing safety culture include;
1. Commitment by the employer: this whereby the employer prioritizes
health and safety issues in all decisions
2. Ensuring there are adequate provisions in the workplace to address
health and safety issues
3. Clearly defining WHS responsibilities to everyone at the workplace
4. Ensuring there is an WHS program which comprise of a range of
health and safety activities that enable everyone at the workplace
has identified hazards and assess risks in the workplace.
Additionally, this program should ensure control measures are
implemented.

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 12 of 41

Q19B. Explain why being sensitive to cultural differences and diverse


abilities is critical to successfully communicating this culture across the
organisation?
Cultural awareness and sensitivity ensures that no one within the
organization is alienated or exclude while issuing safety message.

Q19C. As a dedicated member of the new Safety Culture, what are some
ways you can contribute to it's on-going success?
I can contribute on-going success in safety culture by participating in
hazard identification and risk assessment activities.

Q19D. Explain how management (or the WHS committee) could show the
results of staff inputs and generate even more involvement.
The management can show improvements through newsletter and briefings
and meetings which will generate even more involvement

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 13 of 41

Assessment Task Part D - Work Environment


Review Section 5 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Q20.

True

False

Eustress is the good type of stress the type that gets us motivated and
makes us feel challenged. Eustress helps individuals strive for success.

Q21. What are 2 strategies to help manage stress at work?


Avoiding conflict, while not being afraid to stand up for your rights and by
being clear about your overall objectives

Q22. Questions on Ergonomics


Q22A.

True

False

The principles of ergonomics say you should adjust your workstation and
chair to suit your height.
Q22B.

True

False

Two ways to prevent muscle tension when working on keyboards is to


maintain a comfortable body position; and to use relaxation techniques

Q22C.

True

False

When completing keyboard entry - keep your wrists flat and in a straight
line
Q22D.

True

False

A good way of relieving muscle fatigue is to alter your posture temporarily


or to shrug your shoulders to release tension
Q22E.

True

False

A 5 - 10 second "micro-pause" every 3 minutes is recommended during


constant typing
LODGE VIA WEBCLASS
Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 14 of 41

Q23. Determine whether you are complying with ergonomic principles with
the six steps listed and complete the following checklist for your
workstation:
1. Adjust the height of the chair and / or work surface so your forearms
are parallel with the floor and your wrists are straight.
Yes this is correct

No I need to adjust this

Adjustments to be made: adjust the height of the chair


2. Adjust the seat tilt so that you are comfortable when using the
keyboard. Usually this will be close to the horizontal but tilted slightly
forwards.
Yes this is correct

No I need to adjust this

Adjustments to be made: pull the seat nearer to the desk


3. You should be able to maintain your proper arm position and place
your feet flat on the floor. Avoid pressure along the underside of your
thigh near the knee and the backside of your lower leg. Use a footrest
if the chair is too high for your feet to rest firmly on the floor.
Yes this is correct

No I need to adjust this

Adjustments to be made: Use a footrest


4. Position the backrest so that your lower back is supported comfortably
while you sit at your workstation.
Yes this is correct

No I need to adjust this

Adjustments to be made: Ensure the lower back is supported


5. Adopt a relaxed, upright working posture. Avoid slouching forward or
leaning far backward.
Yes this is correct

No I need to adjust this

Adjustments to be made: Avoid slouching forward


6. Place frequently used work materials within easy reach, so that there
is no unnecessary twisting of any part of the body. Place the
document holder close to the monitor screen in the position that
causes the least twisting or inclination of the head.
Yes this is correct
No I need to adjust this
Adjustments to be made:

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 15 of 41

Save this document regularly, and make a spare backup copy on a


flash-drive or another computer.

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 16 of 41

Assessment Task Part E House Keeping


Review Section 6 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Answer the following questions based on this Scenario:

Your friends name is Allira and she has just started work as a customer
contact consultant for an inner city call centre. She has been with the
company for six weeks now and this is her first job out of school.
Customer Connect is a small sized company providing a variety of customer
follow ups services for a select range of clients. Their clients like to track
their own customer service standards with follow up telephone surveys.
They have a small head office with fifteen other staff members.
The office has a variety of call centre workstations, a fax machine,
photocopier and printer.
The entrance to the office kitchen is next to where the printer, fax and
photocopier are located. It is not really a wide area, but Allira notices all the
staff use it as a social area when they are getting tea and coffee. Often she
tells you she sees staff place their cups of coffee on the printer or copier
when they are talking. Spills do occur, and with wooden floorboards, it can
get quite slippery at times.
The layout of the office means that the computer power cords lie on the
desk near the laptop computers. These are then plugged straight into
extension cords.
As part of her job, Allira sits at her desk for long periods making phone calls
and entering survey data. Lately she has found herself going home with
headaches and a stiff neck. Also, she finds it hard to find a chair in the
office she can comfortably use, given her above average height.
Allira hates when she has to go into the file storage room where she files
the reports for the days logged calls you can hardly get in there, let alone
avoid having boxes fall on your head or tripping over stuff on the floor.
As she is only new at work she is not sure who to raise her safety concerns
with, or how they will respond. Michelle the Office Manager seems friendly,
but she is also extremely sales and cost focussed, so Allira is just not
sure. She asks you for advice

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 17 of 41

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 18 of 41

Q24. List 5 safety problems you can identify in the above scenario.
1. Staff placing coffee cups on printers and machines
2. Improper office layout that allow power cords to lie on the desk
3. Wooden floor surfaces can be very slippery
4. The location of the printer and fax machine
5. Sitting at a desk for long periods

Q25. What could Allira do to minimise the risks herself and improve her
own work stations set up (before she involves her supervisor)?
She should warn her workers against placing coffee cups on fax machines
and printers.

Q26. What 3 suggestions could you make to alert or advise other staff to be
more safety conscious in a non-confrontational manner?
Inform them of the consequences they risk if they do not adhere to safety
measures

Q27. What are at least 2 housekeeping rules would you put into place to
prevent safety problems and also improve storage systems and prevent
equipment damage?
Rotate workers to prevent safety problems such as stiff necks, ensure the
boxes in the storage room are stored at a height that the staff are not
required to bend or twist to pick them up and use stepladder to reach high
areas.

Q28 A. Where can you access information that outlines the potential
hazards with electrical and computer equipment?
Material data sheets of the materials

Q28 B. How could you effectively communicate this information to others to


help their safe use of electrical and computer equipment?
Through team and safety meetings
LODGE VIA WEBCLASS
Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 19 of 41

Q29. What process would you recommend be implemented for identifying


and reporting hazards at that workplace?
Through staff consultation processes

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 20 of 41

Assessment Task Part F - Emergency


Procedures
Review Section 7 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Q30. Fire and Evacuation Procedures


Review your employers Fire Evacuation Procedures and answer the
following questions.
If your employer does not have a written procedure, refer to the College
procedures in the Workbook as a guide, and write down what the
procedures should be at your workplace.
Q30A.

True

False

You should immediately commence evacuation when the alarm sounds or


when requested to.

Q30B.

True

False

You should exit via the nearest fire stairs and not use any elevators.

Q30C.

True

False

You should go straight to the evacuation assembly point so that your Fire
Evacuation Warden or Manager can confirm that everyone has safely left
the building.

Q30D. What do you say to customers you are speaking to (on the phone or
face to face) when the alarm activates or you are requested to evacuate?
You should state to the customer, I am sorry, but we are in the middle of
an evacuation. So I will need to call you back later.

Q30E. Look up your designated evacuation meeting point and record it


here; or recommend a safe place where employees at your workplace can
assemble
90 Market Street, Wollongong NSW 2500

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 21 of 41

Q30 F.

True

False

You should return to work even if you havent been told to do so by the
Floor Warden or your Manager.

Q31. Where is the nearest First Aid Kit located to your work area? If none is
available add this to your list in Part B and discuss this with your supervisor.
Mounted on a visible wall and in common areas such as the kitchen or staff
lunch rooms

Q32. Other Emergency Procedures


Review the procedures at your worksite or refer to the College procedures
in the Workbook. Use that information to identify and answer the following
questions about another emergency procedure appropriate to your
workplace.
Some suggested procedures:
Type of business / role

Appropriate Emergency
Procedures

Medical

Needle stick; CPR; infection control


or aggressive customers

Cash handling

Cash handling, aggressive


customers

Offices

Suspicious mail, infection control or


aggressive customers

Call Centres

Bomb threat procedures; aggressive


customers; infection control

Or review the website http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au for other


situations that may be appropriate.
PLEASE DO NOT REPEAT THE FIRE AND EVACUATION PROCEDURES
Identify a second emergency procedure for this question.
Q32 A. What other emergency procedure applies to your workplace:
Terror threat procedure

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 22 of 41

Q32 B. Summarise the main procedures that should be followed:


In case of a terror alert;
i.

Run: first and foremost, if you can evacuate/run do so, take


others with you. However, do not let anyone keep you waiting.
Nonetheless, if you can, alert the authorities

ii.

Hide: if you are not able to evacuate hide away from sight

iii.

Fight: As the last option fight to protect yourself and others

Q32 C. If this emergency was to occur give an example of what you would
do to minimise the danger?
Make sure not to panic and follow the threat procedures accordingly.

Q32 D. How could you ensure other team members were aware of the
dangers and risks related to this potential emergency situation?
Inform them in the any way possible but ensure you are not in danger
while doing so.

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 23 of 41

Assessment Task Part G Risk Assessment


Review Section 8 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Q33. One of the two factors that are considered when risk rating a safety
hazard is the potential consequences of the incident.
What is the other factor?
The likelihood that the risk will occur

Q34.

True

False

The purpose of risk rating a safety hazard is to be able to prioritise which


hazards require urgent or immediate action.
Q35. Using the risk rating system used in the Workbook risk rate the
following situations. (Note there are examples in Section 8 in the
workbook):
Q35A. There is a stairway slip hazard that has been assessed as follows:
Consequence = Significant (medical attention or days off work)
Likelihood = Likely (as the area is sometimes getting wet)
Rating Number: 3
Q35B. There is a frayed electrical cord with exposed wires that has been
assessed as follows:
Consequence = Severe (as electrocution can cause death)
Likelihood = Unlikely (as the cord is in an area not accessed by staff)
Rating Number: 2
Q35C. There is another frayed cord situation that has been assessed as
follows:
Consequence = Serious(as electrocution can cause death)
Likelihood = Very Likely (as this cord is the kitchen kettle)
Rating Number: 1

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 24 of 41

Q36. Explain why you may get a different risk rating when considering the
rating of a specific hazard for new employees versus experienced staff?
This is because experienced staff are more aware of the risk and are more
accustomed to the risk than new employees

Q37. Give a specific situation that may apply to your workplace where a
category of people would pose a higher risk than another category of
people.
The slippery floor in the kitchen may pose a higher risk to others but those
who work in the kitchen are more accustomed to the risk and come with
proper shoes that give them extra traction.

Q38. What are three sources of information for situations where you may
not have enough knowledge to correctly risk assess a hazard?
Online from websites, hazard signs, Material Data Sheets, manufacturers
manual and fellow workers.

Q39. Explain what a Material Data Sheet is and what information you would
find on it?
Material Data Sheets are compulsory documents that specify any risks from
any substances or materials.

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 25 of 41

Save this document regularly, and make a spare backup copy on a


flash-drive or another computer.Assessment

Risk Elimination

Task Part H

Review Section 9 of the Workplace Health and Safety workbook and conduct
workplace research to assist you with these questions.

Q40. Put the following control steps from the Hierarchy of Control into the
correct order; with number 1 being the starting step, and 6 the last step.
______6_____

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

_______4_____

Engineering Controls

_____3_______

Isolate the hazard from people

______1______

Eliminate the hazard

_______2_____

Substitute the hazard with a lower risk one

________5____

Use administrative controls such as supervision

Q41. Explain why you should re-assess a risk rating after you have
implemented a control measure to fix it.
Because after implementing a control measure, the risk should pose a
lower risk to the staff

Q42. What are the limitations of having generic hazard or risk identification
checklists?
The generic risk or hazard identification checklists limit individuals to the
set of questions and issues on the list.

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 26 of 41

Q43. You are required to conduct a Risk Assessment Activity to show


that you can implement risk management techniques in your workplace. To
do this:
A. Conduct a workplace safety inspection. If your organisation does not
have a standard form, use form on the next page.
If using your organisations form name the completed Safety
Inspection Form as Q43A, and upload when you upload your
assessment task on Webclass.
B. Risk assess and rate at least three hazards in your workplace using
the Assessment forms on the following pages (You may use forms
your own workplace if desired or more appropriate; if so label as
Q43B and upload on webclass).
If you cannot find three hazards, choose from the following common
hazards:
a. Carpet pulled up from floor and catching team members shoes
b. Large and heavy boxes stacked too high
c. Exposed electrical wiring in a computers extension cord
d. Wet floor in the bathroom from a leaking pipe
C. Identify appropriate control measures using the most suitable choice
based on the Hierarchy of Control for each Hazard you identified in
43 B and update your document.
D. Complete the Risk Register on the following page (after the Risk
Assessment forms) and re-assess the risk rating for each hazard and
update the Risk Register. Ensure you have adequately minimised the
risks and not created a new risk. (You may assume the controls you
have suggested have been implemented.) Update that document
E. Refer to any Codes of Practice or Regulations that may apply to that
specific hazard and include the information in the comments section
of the Hazard Register. Update that document as indicated

Q44. Assume one of the hazards you discovered is beyond your authority to
address or resolve. Identify which stakeholders or key personnel (ie
managers, supervisors, OHS committee or employers) you would consult
for assistance and input .
Supervisors

Q45. What support, resources or authority can they provide that would
help you?
The supervisor can either call in someone to repair/correct the hazard or
forward the case to the necessary authorities.

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 27 of 41

Q43A Safety Inspection Form


Index for the form: (O) Satisfactory and (X) Requires Action
Safety Audit Item
Floors:
Free of water and slippery
substances?
Floor even no carpet tears..
Ramps not slippery
Cables away from walking areas
Stairs:
Clear of obstructions
Tread to stop slipping

Safe ?
O
O
O
O
Safe?
O
X

Handrails adequate
Lighting
Walkways and stairs well lit
Adequate work area lighting
External lighting sufficient

O
Safe?
O
O
X

Footwear and Clothing


Suitable for workplace
Needed PPE issued and used
correctly
Footwear suitable for external
access points to premises
Housekeeping
Walkways and doorways clear of
obstructions
Heavy objects stored
appropriately
Materials are within lifting
weight
Trolleys are used for heavy
materials
Ergonomics
Height of desks and benches is
correct
Chairs are adjustable
Computer equipment positioned
correctly
Electrical
Electrical cords are not frayed or
damaged
Switches are safe and not
sparking or loose on wall
Mains power board clearly
marked for emergency access

Safe?
O
O

Comments
The floors made of rough tiles and
are ever dry

Comments
The stairs had treads but they are
worn out
Comments

Our offices are situated in a


congested environment and
adjacent buildings block natural
light
Comments

O
Safe?
O

Comments

O
X
O

Some materials are well over


50kgs
However, they are not sufficient

Safe?
O
O
O

Comments

However,

Safe?
O

Comments

O
O

The mains power board also has a


danger sign on it

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 28 of 41

Electrical equipment tested

Power boards are not overloaded

Evacuation
There are evacuation
procedures in place that are
known by all staff
An evacuation warden has been
appointed
Emergency exists clearly signed
Evacuation routes checked
regularly for obstructions
Fire
Fire detection equipment is
suitably located

Safe?

Average temperatures are


within a safe range
Dust and fume levels are within
a safe range
Hygiene
Toilet facilities are adequate
and clean
Kitchen facilities are adequate
and clean
First Aid Facilities
Required First Aid kit is in place
First Aid kit stocks are
replenished
First Aid Officer in place where
required
Register of Injuries in place
Specific Workplace Items

Comments
O

If the warden has been


appointed, I dont know who it
is.

O
O
Safe?
O

Fire extinguishers of a suitable


type are in place
Fire extinguishers have been
recently tested
Air Quality
Adequate ventilation exists

The electrical equipment is not


regularly checked
The power boards are overloaded

Comments
They are located on the ceiling
and I believe they are regularly
tested by the fire department

O
O
Safe?
O
O

The test records are noted on


the side of the fire
extinguishers
Comments
However, additional ventilation
will not hurt
Depends, in the summer it is
very hot in the offices

O
Safe?
O

Comments
The toilets are regularly
cleaned

O
Safe?

Comments
O
O
X

We do not have a First Aid


officer
Not sure, the employer has
never revealed that information
to us
Comments
The pipes are ever leaking

Too congested and stacked too

X
Safe?

Wet floor in the bathroom from


a leaking pipe

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 29 of 41

File storages
X
Exposed electrical wiring in a
computers extension cord

high
Workers are at risk of been
electrocuted

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 30 of 41

Q43B & C Hazard Risk Assessment 1

Risk Assessment Form


This form uses the WorkCover Hazpack model
How dangerous is the hazard youve found?
For each hazard, think about:
1. How serious is it?
2. How likely is it to be that bad?
How severely
Could it hurt
someone or
how ill could it
make
someone?

++ Very
Likely
Could
happen
Anytime

Kill or cause
permanent
disability or ill
health
Long Term
Illness or
serious injury
Medical
attention and
several days
off work
First Aid
needed

+ Likely
could
happen
sometime

- Unlikely
Could
happen
But very
rarely

-- Very
Unlikely
Could
happen but
probably
never will

The numbers show you how important it is to do something:


1 & 2 Top Priority:
immediately
3 & 4 Medium Priority:
5 & 6 Low Priority:

Do something immediately and Report

HIERARCHY OF
RISK CONTROL
1ST Eliminate the
hazard
2nd Substitute the
hazard with
something of lesser
risk
3rd Isolate the hazard
4th Use engineering
controls
5th Use administrative
controls
6th Use protective
personal clothing or
equipment

Rating Number:
3

Review and consider control measures


Do something when possible!

Clearly describe identified hazard/risk


Carpet pulled up from floor and catching team members shoes
Location of Hazard:

Next to the lobby

What risk does it pose?

Tripping a fellow team member or client

What steps have you taken to minimise the immediate risk?

Eliminated the risk by replacing the carpet to its proper position

Further Recommended Action (solutions to the problem including short and long
term solutions)

I recommend the company to replace the carpet with permanent tiles (rough
surface) or to permanently attach the carpet to the floor.

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 31 of 41

Q43B & C Hazard Risk Assessment 2

Risk Assessment Form


This form uses the WorkCover Hazpack model
How dangerous is the hazard youve found?
For each hazard, think about:
1. How serious is it?
2. How likely is it to be that bad?
How severely
Could it hurt
someone or
how ill could it
make
someone?

Kill or cause
permanent
disability or ill
health
Long Term
Illness or
serious injury
Medical
attention and
several days
off work
First Aid
needed

++ Very
Likely
Could
happen
Anytime

+ Likely
could
happen
sometime

- Unlikely
Could
happen
But very
rarely

-- Very
Unlikely
Could
happen but
probably
never will

The numbers show you how important it is to do something:


1 & 2 Top Priority:
immediately
3 & 4 Medium Priority:
5 & 6 Low Priority:

Do something immediately and Report

HIERARCHY OF
RISK CONTROL
1ST Eliminate the
hazard
2nd Substitute the
hazard with
something of lesser
risk
3rd Isolate the hazard
4th Use engineering
controls
5th Use administrative
controls
6th Use protective
personal clothing or
equipment

Rating Number:
1

Review and consider control measures


Do something when possible!

Clearly describe identified hazard/risk


Large and heavy boxes stacked too high
Location of Hazard:

Storage room
What risk does it pose?

The large and heavy boxes can fall on personnel causing some serious
injuries

What steps have you taken to minimise the immediate risk?

I have advised the management to look into the issue and told my fellow
colleagues to be careful when they go there.

Further Recommended Action (solutions to the problem including short and long
term solutions)

I suggest that the company should redesign the storage room and store files in
appropriate manner at a level where we dont have to strain to access them.
Furthermore, the company should adopt current filing systems.

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 32 of 41

Q43B & C Hazard Risk Assessment 3

Risk Assessment Form


This form uses the WorkCover Hazpack model
How dangerous is the hazard youve found?
For each hazard, think about:
1. How serious is it?
2. How likely is it to be that bad?
How severely
Could it hurt
someone or
how ill could it
make
someone?

Kill or cause
permanent
disability or ill
health
Long Term
Illness or
serious injury
Medical
attention and
several days
off work
First Aid
needed

++ Very
Likely
Could
happen
Anytime

+ Likely
could
happen
sometime

- Unlikely
Could
happen
But very
rarely

-- Very
Unlikely
Could
happen but
probably
never will

The numbers show you how important it is to do something:


1 & 2 Top Priority:
immediately
3 & 4 Medium Priority:
5 & 6 Low Priority:

Do something immediately and Report

HIERARCHY OF
RISK CONTROL
1ST Eliminate the
hazard
2nd Substitute the
hazard with
something of lesser
risk
3rd Isolate the hazard
4th Use engineering
controls
5th Use administrative
controls
6th Use protective
personal clothing or
equipment

Rating Number:
4

Review and consider control measures


Do something when possible!

Clearly describe identified hazard/risk


Exposed electrical wiring in a computers extension cord

Location of Hazard:

On and beneath our working desks


What risk does it pose?

Employees pose electrocution


What steps have you taken to minimise the immediate risk?

I have tried patching up the cord using electrical tape but it keeps on coming
off

Further Recommended Action (solutions to the problem including short and long
term solutions)

Buy new electrical cords

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 33 of 41

INSTRUCTIONS
S = Seriousness/ Impact if it occurs:

Risk Register Q43 D - E

L = Likelihood of it occurring:

Function / Activity / Area:


review:

Date of risk

R = Priority Rating based on


Seriousness and Likelihood

Compiled by: ..

Hazard:
What is it
and how
could it
happen

Carpet
pulled up
from floor
and
catching
team
members
shoes

Large and
heavy
boxes
stacked
too high

Exposed
electrical
wiring in a
computer
s
extension
cord

Descriptio
n of
existing
controls:

Risk
Rating
Assess
ment
(Current)
S
L
R
Yes, this will
R
solve the
problem

Suggested
improvements:
What can be
done to further
reduce or
eliminate the
risk?
Mend the pulled
up section using
an adhesive

Redesign
the storage
room to
meet the
workplace
standards

Yes, this will


eliminate the
risk posed

Rearrange the
boxes and
ensure they are
not piled up past
the human
average height

Replace
these faulty
extension
cords with
new ones

Yes, this will


eliminate the
risk posed

Replace the
carpet with
a new one
or replace it
with a
rough
surfaced
tiles

Adequacy
of existing
controls:
Are they
working?

Risk
Rating
Assess
ment
(Revised)
S
L
R
L

Place sockets
near to the
working area to
eliminate the use
of extension
cords

Comments: Insert Code of Practice or Regulation details here

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 34 of 41

Q46. Refer back to Section 2.12 in the workbook to assist you with this
question, and in light of that information decide the following:
Select the best answer

The State Regulatory body governing WH&S (for example Workcover in


NSW) should be notified of incidents where:
A. A person has been injured or harmed such that they are unable
to perform their normal work for seven continuous days or more.
B. Serious incidents involving death, amputation of a body part,
person on life support or other occurrences which are an
immediate threat to life.
C. Incidents which cause damage to plant or equipment and could
have posed immediate threat to life.
D. All safety incidents in the workplace, no matter how minor
E. a, b and c only

Q47. Explain the key steps when investigating a safety accident.


i.

Report the accident to the necessary authorities within the


organization

ii.

Provide First Aid and medical care to the injured using the first
aid kit and prevent further injuries to the victim(s)

iii.

Investigate the accident


a. Identify the causes
b. Report the findings
c. Develop and recommend a corrective action plan
d. Implement the plan
e. Evaluate the effectiveness of the implemented plan
f. Make necessary changes for continuous improvement

Q48. Select the best answer

When analysing causation factors of an accident, what are three main


areas you would look at?
A. Events leading up to the accident
B. Facts of the accident
C. What occurred immediately after the accident
D. All of the above

LODGE VIA WEBCLASS


Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 35 of 41

Q49. Review the following safety incident data to answer the following
questions:

Q49A. What type of incident occurs most frequently?


Falls
Q49B. What additional information would you need to fully understand this
trend line?
Accident causation model
Q49C. A safety promotion training day occurred in late July to improve
personal safety awareness. In what way has this seemed to have
impacted the results?
After the safety promotion training exercise, all accidents related to cuts,
falls and slips reduced dramatically. This indicates that the training day
improve level of safety in the workplace.
Q49D. Are follow-up hazard/safety control efforts required? If so, what
additional actions would you suggest the business take to improve results.
If none, explain why.
Yes, follow-up hazard and safety control efforts are required to evaluate
the effectiveness of the implemented control effort and provide
recommendations for future ammendments.

Congratulations you have completed these questions.


Save this document, and make a backup.
Lodge this document on Webclass to be assessed.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR TRAINEES

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 36 of 41

If enrolled under a TRAINEESHIP PROGRAMME you need to


complete the following questions and have your supervisor
sign the cover sheet to confirm your competency in the
workplace.

PRINT THIS PAGE AND THE PAGES THAT FOLLOW

Safety and Risk


Supervisor Submission
Students
Name: Glen Vincent (FF)
Employer: N/A
This barcode includes YOUR NAME. Work submitted
under another students Barcode will not be
recognized as your Assessment submission.

IMPORTANT TRAINEES ONLY


1. Complete your evidence of workplace competency on the next page
2. Ask your supervisor to sign below to confirm they agree you have
demonstrated the required skills in the workplace

SAVE
TYPE
SAVE
PRINT
CONFIRM
ASK
SCAN
LOGON
UPLOAD

This document to your computer


Your answers to the following questions
Regularly and make a backup copy
This document when complete
Your supervisor agrees with your answers
Your supervisor to sign below
This document when signed
To access Webclass
This document to Webclass as Supervisor Doc

College Assessment Record:


BSBOHS303B Contribute to OHS hazard
identification and risk assessment
BSBWHS403A / BSBOHS402B Contribute to
implementing and maintaining WHS
consultation and participation processes

College
code:
College
code:

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 37 of 41

Assessors
Signature:

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Assessors
Name:

Page 38 of 41

Workplace Skills Verification/Supervisor


Checklist
Please confirm that the required activities have been carried out to the level of
skill and knowledge required at your workplace.
Students enrolled as Trainees must also ask their Supervisor to complete this
Checklist.
The relevant practical activities or questions completed as part of the
Assessment have been cross-referenced.
The student named above has the skills and knowledge to:
YES

NO

Collect information about workplace hazards

Contribute to the identification of hazards in a workplace


Contribute to a risk assessment for hazards identified in the
workplace
Knowledge of relevant state/territory/ commonwealth OHS
legislation, codes of practice, standards and guidance material.
Make sure all individuals and parties are included in WHS
consultation and participation processes
Implement a range of strategies to support their involvement in,
and remove any barriers to, WHS consultation and participation
processes
Carry our pre-start systems and equipment checks in
accordance with work procedures
Identify barriers to the implementation and effectiveness of WHS
consultation and participation processes and strategies to remove
them
Identify specified roles, duties, rights and responsibilities of
individuals and parties in relation to WHS
Identify internal and external sources of WHS information and
data, and how to access them
Identify training requirements for individuals and parties necessary
for effective WHS

Note Supervisors should contact the College on 02 42259881


if they are unsure of the requirements of this Checklist OR
feel that the student does not yet have the required level of
skill and knowledge.

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 39 of 41

Workplace Journal / Training Record Book


Trainees are required to identify and list the relevant activities /examples that
they have undertaken in the workplace that demonstrate their competence in
this field.
This record also allows you to record your workplace achievements under your
training program. It is an excellent resource to use to show your range of
practical skills.
Add examples on the following page/s before providing this document to your
supervisor to verify and sign.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
If you are yet to demonstrate the required skills, please agree on an
action plan with your supervisor to address this. Contact the College if
you require advice or assistance.

Workplace Examples of Contribute to OHS


hazard identification and risk assessment
In April 2015, my workplace conducted a fire drill activity. In the activity we
learnt that due to the large number of employees, there was congestion of at
the exits of the open-plan offices and the stairways. This posed a serious risk,
more so when the employees lost their nerves.

Workplace Examples Contribute to implementing


and maintaining WHS consultation and
participation processes
After the fire drill, we recognized our limits of knowledge when dealing with fire
hazards from the consultation exercise and everyone was required to
participate. The consultation chairman explained the importance of staying
calm and adhering to all instructions.

Note if you are unable to apply all practical skills in the workplace, refer to the
College activities you have undertaken for this course and any past or current
personal skills.
LODGE VIA WEBCLASS
Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 40 of 41

Confirmation of Competence:
Supervisors Name:
Employer: N/A

sig
n

I verify that the participant has implemented our WH&S procedures in the
workplace.
The employee has discussed their safety inspection findings with me
I confirm that the employee has demonstrated competence in the workplace
I have signed off that unit on the Training Plan.

Supervisors
Signature:

Student:
Students Name: Glen Vincent (FF)

I declare that the examples listed in this Assessment and Training Record
Book are my own work.
I believe that I have satisfactorily met the requirements for workplace
competence.

Students
Signature:

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Assessment Task - Safety and Risk v7-13 Glen Vincent
Australian College of Commerce and Management

Page 41 of 41

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