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Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

1 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

1.

10/89
3
04/95

SCOPE
This standard covers the requirements for the design, manufacture, inspection and testing of two-inch and larger,
steel, flanged and weld-end, gate, ball, plug and check valves for critical service in onshore, natural gas pipeline
facilities. Critical service is one where valve leakage would be highly undesirable or hazardous, field repair of the
valve would require a significant shutout of facilities or the valve is to be used with a power operator and the
proper sizing and operation would be critical to the system or station.

2.

CODES AND STANDARDS


Valves shall be designed, manufactured, inspected and tested in accordance with the latest revision of the
following, as applicable, except for those underlined which shall be to the edition currently referenced in 49 CFR
Part 192.
49 CFR Part 192
American Petroleum Institute (API) 5L, 6D, RP 6F
American National Standards Institute (ANSI), B16.5, B16.34
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), A106
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Sections VIII & IX
Manufacturer's Standardization Society (MSS) SP-44, SP-55, SP-75
National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE), MR-01-75
Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) SP-10

3.

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION


3.1

All valves shall conform to API 6D requirements for "alternate valves" and this standard and be marked
with the API monogram.

3.2

Valves specified for sour gas service shall conform to NACE MR-01-75.

3.3

Valves specified as weld-end shall have end preparation to meet design conditions and wall thickness of
the adjoining pipe as outlined in API 6D, Section 2.8. If necessary, suitable pipe transition pieces will be
installed. Such transition pieces shall be pipe conforming to API 5L and shall be 12" in length unless
noted otherwise on the specification sheet. In addition, the pipe will be welded, inspected and tested in
accordance with all applicable requirements governing the manufacture of the valve.

3.4

Gate and ball valves shall have floating type seats designed to seal using both mechanical and pressure
forces. In addition, they shall have a sealant injection system to permit sealing if the seat, ball or gate is
damaged.

3.5

Auxiliary Connections
3.5.1

If valves are not designed to automatically relieve excess body or bonnet pressure internally
(maximum buildup of 110% of rated working pressure), a suitable tap and relief device shall
be installed.

3.5.2

Valves shall have a drain tap and be equipped with a suitable valve to permit draining trapped
liquids or gases from the body.

3.5.3

Valves of the block and bleed type shall have at least one 1/2-inch tap in valve body and shall
be equipped with a suitable auxiliary valve to permit checking for block and bleed.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

2 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

3.5.4

4.

10/89
3
04/95

Auxiliary connections shall be constructed of Schedule 80 or heavier steel pipe and forged
steel socket weld fittings of equal or greater pressure rating. Pipe will be API 5L or ASTM A
106 Grade B seamless. All auxiliary piping shall be secured to the valve body by suitable
protective type brackets and supports.

3.6

Valves specified for below ground installation shall be furnished with extensions. The distance from the
centerline of the valve to the face of the mounting flange is specified on the data sheet. All auxiliary
piping and seat sealant injection lines shall be extended to a point 6" below the operator mounting flange
and terminated with appropriate fitting or valve and hex plug.

3.7

Valve stems shall have a sealing system that will allow seal repair or replacement with the valve under full
line pressure.

3.8

The design shall include support ribs or legs unless the valve is self-supporting and for valve sizes 8" and
larger shall include lifting devices located to balance the valve with the stem in the normal position.

3.9

Gate valve yokes shall have ball or roller bearings using lubricants proved suitable for the specified design
temperature range.

3.10

Plug valves shall be the lubricated type.

3.11

Ball valves shall be trunnion type.

INSPECTION AND TESTING


4.1

For welding procedure qualifications, the minimum required tensile strength of the transverse tensile
specimen(s) shall be the higher of the specified minimum tensile strength of the base metal or the
maximum of the tensile strength range for which the procedure will be qualified. Lower strength weld
metal will be permitted only where it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Purchaser that the
suitability of the valve will not thereby be adversely affected.

4.2

Charpy V-Notch Tests


These requirements apply when Charpy V-notch tests are specified either in API 6D or this standard.
Absorbed energy values shall meet the requirements of API 6D.
4.2.1

Components comprised of ferrous materials which will be subject to stress equal to or greater
than 7000 psi shall be included in the testing. A sample equivalent to the nominal thickness
section of each such component shall be taken from each heat. For wrought components,
specimens shall be transverse to the direction of maximum working.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

3 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

10/89
3
04/95

4.2.2

For 16-inch valves and larger, the specimens shall be taken such that their central axis falls
within the middle two quarters of the sample thickness.

4.2.3

For 16-inch valves and larger, welding procedure qualification tests shall include impact tests
on samples taken in the post weld heat treated condition, if applicable, and transverse to the
weld seam. For each test, three full-sized specimens will be required from each of the weld
material and the heat affected zone (both sides of the weld if different base materials). All
these specimens shall have their central axis between the quarter and mid-point of the sample.
Heat affected zone samples are not required if all the welded assemblies on which the
procedure is to be used will be normalized after welding.

4.2.4

All specimens shall be notched through their thickness perpendicular to the surface of
material.

4.3

The surface quality of castings, forgings and rolled shapes shall conform to the requirements of MSS SP55 (Visual Method).

4.4

All pressure containing welds and weld repairs shall be 100% nondestructively examined. Butt welds
including any transition pipe joints shall be radiographically inspected after final heat treatment. The
radiographs shall be interpreted in accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section
VIII, Paragraph UW-51. Fillet welds and other welds where radiography is impractical or would produce
indefinite results shall be inspected by ultrasonic, magnetic particle or dye penetrant methods.

4.5

All weld ends, unless expressly agreed otherwise, shall be nondestructively inspected for the presence of
defects for a distance of two (2) inches from the end. Wrought materials shall be ultrasonically inspected;
castings shall be radiographed. Beveled ends shall be inspected after final machining. Magnetic particle
inspection of beveled ends is acceptable with prior approval by Purchaser. Laminations in excess of 1/4
inch shall be cause for rejection of the valve.

4.6

When specified as an option, the valve shall be nondestructively examined and accepted in accordance
with the ANSI B16.34 requirements for "Special Class" valves.

4.7

The operator that is to be mounted on the valve by the Manufacturer, as indicated on the specification
sheet, shall be installed so that the valve and operator are functionally tested as a unit.

4.8

Manufacturer shall notify the Purchaser at least five (5) days prior to performing any required pressure
tests or valve coating operations including surface preparation.

4.9

Hydrostatic Tests
4.9.1

Valves shall be opened and closed at least five (5) times prior to performing the required
pressure tests.

4.9.2

The test durations shall be one (1) hour for the body and 15 minutes on each seat.

4.9.3

The body pressure test will be performed prior to any other pressure test.

4.9.4

Following the seat pressure test, the valve shall be operated under full differential design
pressure to demonstrate satisfactory operation as well as continued tightness after operation.
Check valves need not be operated under pressure.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

4 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

4.10

10/89
3
04/95

4.9.5

Valve seats will be air tested in accordance with Section 5 of API 6D.

4.9.6

After all testing and inspection are complete, the valve will be completely drained, dried and
treated as required to assure that no deterioration will occur during shipment and storage.

Breakaway Torque Test


When specified, a breakaway torque test shall be performed on the first production valve of each size, type
and pressure rating unless data acceptable to the Purchaser can be furnished by the Manufacturer. If the
valve fails, 100 percent testing shall be continued until five in succession have passed. Breakaway torque
tests shall be conducted in accordance with the following procedure prior to the air seat test:

5.

Step 1

Pressure test valve at ambient temperature to 1.5 times maximum design pressure.

Step 2

Cool valve to minimum design temperature and cold soak for 24 hours with full differential
design pressure across the valve.

Step 3

Measure breakaway torque. Maximum breakaway torque in excess of 110% of Manufacturer's


quoted value is not acceptable.

Step 4

Permit valve to return to ambient temperature and repeat steps 2 and 3.

LOW TEMPERATURE DESIGN VALVES


For valves having a minimum design temperature below -20F, the following additional requirements apply:

6.

5.1

Welds shall be thermally post-weld heat treated in accordance with ASME Section VIII, Paragraphs
UW40 and UCS56.

5.2

A check analysis shall be made by the Manufacturer on material samples from at least one valve
component in each heat of steel and reported to the Purchaser.

5.3

Random hardness tests shall be made on all pressure containing material of the finished valves including
welds and heat affected zones. The macro-hardness shall not exeed 260 HV30 or equivalent (HRC 24).
As part of welding procedure qualification tests, micro-hardness tests shall be conducted on cross sections
of welds, including the weld metal and heat affected zones. Micro-hardness shall not exceed 320 HV 30
(HRC 32).

PAINTING AND COATING


6.1

If valves are specified to be painted, surface preparation shall be by blast cleaning to SSPC SP-10 criteria
and primer shall be applied as specified on the specification sheet and in accordance with the primer
manufacturer's recommendations.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

5 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

6.2

7.

If valves are specified to be coated for burial, surface preparation shall be by blast cleaning to SSPC SP-10
criteria and the coating shall be applied as specified on the specification sheet and in accordance with the
coating manufacturer's recommendations. The assembly shall be coated including the extension to one (1)
foot below the operator mounting flange. Unless specified otherwise, coal tar epoxy coating material shall
be Tarset Super 1332 or approved equal and flake reinforced polyester coating material shall be Ceilcote
Flakeline 251 or 252 or approved equal and the compatible primer of the same manufacturer. After the
coating has dried, the entire coated surface shall be tested with a holiday detector using a minimum of 125
volts per mil of coating thickness. All holidays shall be repaired to the satisfaction of the Purchaser and
retested by the Manufacturer.

MARKING
7.1

All API 6D nameplate information shall be die stamped on corrosion resistant metal nameplates which are
to be permanently attached to the valve using both a suitable weather-proof adhesive and corrosion
resistant screws or rivets. If the valve is specified to meet NACE MR-01-75, the nameplate shall so
indicate. For buried valves, a duplicate nameplate shall be attached in like manner on the above-grade
portion of the extension.

7.2

Prior to shipping, a durable identification tag shall be securely fastened to the valve which shows the
Company's purchase document number and the valve tag number.

7.3

Valves specified for installation on Northern Border Pipeline facilities, shall be class designated based on
the design temperatures specified on the data sheet and shall be tagged with the class designation as
follows using a durable, corrosion resistant, metal tag.
CLASS
M20
M20M50
M50

8.

10/89
3
04/95

DESCRIPTION
Valves for protected service, i.e., inside buildings, or for installation in warmer climates.
The minimum design temperature will be specified as -20F.
Valves for buried service in cold climates. The minimum design temperature of the body
of the valves will be specified as -20F and the top works including the stem, will have a
minimum design temperature of -50F.
Valves for exposed service in cold climates. The minimum design temperature will be
specified as -50F.

DOCUMENTATION
The Manufacturer shall have the following available for inspection by the Company and shall furnish copies to the
Company upon request.
8.1

Written reports for the required valve inspections and tests including results of all nondestructive
examinations and pressure tests. Pressure test reports shall include minimum test pressure and test
duration. Inspection reports shall include disposition of all defects and repairs.

8.2

Material certifications including the chemical and physical properties of the materials used in the major
valve components.

8.3

Dimensional drawings of the valve and transition piece including plans, sections and transition pipe data.

8.4

Operation and maintenance manuals detailing complete disassembly and reassembly of each component,
and maintenance schedules and procedures.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

6 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

9.

10/89
3
04/95

SHIPMENT
All valves shall be crated for shipment complete with operator and extensions, if any. Component parts shall not
be removed unless necessary for shipping purposes. If some measure of disassembly is required, the disassembled
parts shall be clearly marked with the valve tag number, properly packed and shipped with the valve to which they
belong.

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

7 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

10/89
3
04/95

Rev. No.
Date

SPECIFICATION SHEET - Page 1 of 2


Location:
Project:
Prepared By:
Date:
Purchase Order No.
Item Number

Requisition No.
Project No.
Approved By:
Revision:
Revised Date:
P.O. Date:
, Tag Number
, Quantity:
DESIGN/SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
Service: [ ] Block, [ ] Blowdown, [ ] Side, [ ] Emergency Shutdown, [ ] Line Break
Fluid:
, [ ] Sour Gas Service (NACE MR-01-75)
Design Pressure (psig)
, ANSI Class
, Design Factor
Design Temperature Range (F): Min.: Body
, Operator
, Stem & Wheel
Max.: Body
, Operator
, Stem & Wheel
Maximum Field Test Pressure (psig)
Installation Location: [ ] Above ground, [ ] Below Ground
CONFIGURATION REQUIREMENTS
Valve Size (inches):
Valve Type & Pattern
[ ] Gate: [ ] Regular, Double Disc with [ ] Rising Stem, [ ] Non-Rising Stem
[ ] Conduit with [ ] Rising Stem, [ ] Non-Rising Stem
[ ] Plug: [ ] Regular, [ ] Venturi, [ ] Round Port, Full Bore, [ ] Short Pattern
[ ] Ball: [ ] Full Bore, [ ] Reduced Bore, (in.)
, [ ] Short Pattern
[ ] Check: [ ] Regular, [ ] Full-Opening, [ ] Wafer, Dual-Plate, Long
[ ] Wafer, Single-Plate, Long, [ ] Wafer, Single-Plate, Short
[ ] Double Block & Bleed w/Fittings & Extensions
Stem Orientation: [ ] Vertical, [ ] Horizontal

Valve Seat Materials:


End Preparation
Inlet:
[ ] Flat-Face Flange, [ ] Raised-Face Flange, [ ] Ring-Type Joint
[ ] Weld-End, Matching Pipe: I.D. (in.)
, W.T. (in.)
Outlet:
[ ] Flat-Face Flange, [ ] Raised-Face Flange, [ ] Ring-Type Joint Flange
[ ] Weld-End, Matching Pipe: I.D. (in.)
, W.T. (in.)
Transition Pipe, Furnished if Required: [ ] By Purchaser, [ ] By Manufacturer
Lengths: Inlet (inches)
, Outlet (inches)
, Assembly (inches)
ACCESSORIES
[ ] Drain & Bypass Connections Required
Operator Type: [ ] Gear w/Handwheel, [ ] Manual w/Wrench, [ ] Power Operator
[ ] Extended Oper. Gear, Length, (inches)
[ ] Furnish Handle Extension, Length, (inches)
[ ] Furnish Operating Wrenches & Bars
[ ] Manual Operating Mechanism Locking Device: [ ] Lock Open, [ ] Lock Closed
Power Operator: Furnished by [ ] Valve Mfr., [ ] Purchaser, [ ] Other
Mounted by [ ] Valve Mfr., [ ] Purchaser, [ ] Other
[ ] Operator per Attached Engineering Standard 5670
[ ] Operator Per Other Attached Specification

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.

.
.
.

Engineering Standards

Standard

4940
Page

8 of 8
STANDARD FOR PURCHASE OF VALVES
FOR CRITICAL GAS SERVICE

Issue Date

Rev. No.
Date

10/89
3
04/95

SPECIFICATION SHEET - Page 2 of 2


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SUPPLEMENTAL TEST REQUIREMENTS


Fire Testing Required per API RP 6F
Test Temperature for Charpy V-Notch tests required by API-6D:
F
(pressure containing material having a minimum design temperature less than -20F)
Optional Charpy V-Notch Test required for pressure containing material having a minimum design temperature equal
to or above -20F.
Test Temperature:
F
Valve Body and Bonnet NDT per ANSI B16.34 for "Special Class" Valves
Breakaway Torque Test per API 6D, Section 5, and this standard.
PAINTING/COATING REQUIREMENTS
None required, valve to be cleaned and painted/coated by others
Clean & Prime: [ ] Iron oxide/zinc chromate to 2.0 mils minimim dry film thickness
[ ] Inorganic zinc to 2.5 mils minimum dry film thickness
Clean & Coat: [ ] Coal tar epoxy to 20 mils minimum dry film thickness
[ ] Flake reinforced polyester to 35 mils min. dry film thickness
Other,
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND NOTES

* Indicates revised paragraph, this Rev. No.