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Workshop 5c Applications - 2D

Conical Combustion Chamber


14. 5 Release

Introduction to ANSYS
DesignModeler
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Introduction
Background

This workshop will apply sketching,


modeling and parameterization
techniques to the construction of a
2d axisymmetric conical combustion
chamber though the methods
demonstrated will be useful for any
2D model.
Objectives
Sketching
Modeling (2d)
Parameterization

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Project Startup
Create the Project

Start Workbench or, if Workbench is


already open, click New to create a
new project.

Expand Component Systems and


drag and drop a Geometry
component system into the Project
Schematic.
Double click on the Geometry cell
(A2) to start DesignModeler.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Starting the DesignModeler Session


Set Units

In the Units specification box select


Millimeter.

Click OK.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Preparation
Planning

To start, well create a sketch representing a 2d axisymmetric section of the real


chamber. For reference, a model of the real 3d chamber is shown here illustrating
the 2d axisymmetric section we will be creating.
2d
Axisymmetric
Section

Products of
Combustion
Out

3d
Chamber
Model

Sketch

Gases In

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create a Sketch

In the Tree Outline, select the XY Plane.

Click the Look At button in the toolbar.


Select the Sketching Mode Tab.
Select the Draw Toolbox.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create the Section Sketch

Select the Line Tool.


Draw a line along the X Axis by
clicking once on the origin and again
on the X Axis.
Make sure you see the P, H and C
(Point, Horizontal and Coincident)
constraints as you draw the line.
Position it only approximately as
shown.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

From the Dimensions Toolbox select


the General Tool.

1. Select the edge.


2. Click to position the dimension.
In the Details View, set the
dimension to 68.41mm.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch


(Cont...)

Click the Zoom to Fit button in


the Toolbar.

From the Draw Toolbox select


the Polyline Tool.
3

Following the sequence (right)


1. Click on the origin.
2. Click on the Y Axis.
3. Click to define the
horizontal segment.
4. Right click and select Open
end from the Context
Menu.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

From the Dimensions Toolbox select


the General Tool.

1. Select the edge.


2. Click to position the dimension.
In the Details View, set the
2

dimension to 3mm.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

Using the General Tool again


dimension the horizontal edge as
shown;
1. Select the edge.
2. Click to position the dimension.
In the Details View, set the
dimension to 23.41mm.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

11

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch


(Cont...)

From the Draw Toolbox


select the Arc by Center
Tool.

Following the sequence


(right)
1. Click on the origin.
2. Click on the point.
3. Click to define the arc.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
*Ensure only the P
constraint is visible
here at step 2

Create the Section Sketch


(Cont...)

From the Draw Toolbox select


the Polyline Tool.

Following the sequence (right)


1. Click on the arc point.
2. Click (approximate
location*)
3. Click on Y Axis
4. Move down and click on Y
Axis.
5. Move across, click
(approximate location)
then right click, select Open
End from Context Menu.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

2
5

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

Using the General Tool again dimension


the horizontal edge as shown;
1. Select the edge.
2. Click to position the dimension.
In the Details View, set the dimension to
13.74mm.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

Using the General Tool again dimension


the vertical edge as shown;
1. Select the edge.
2. Click to position the dimension.
In the Details View, set the dimension to
4mm.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

From the Constraints Toolbox, select the


Equal Length Tool.

1. Select the upper edge.


2. Select the lower edge.
The lower edge will now be constrained

to be of equal length to the upper


dimensioned edge.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

From the Dimensions Toolbox, select the

Angle Tool.

1. Select the first edge.


2. Select the Y Axis.
3. Right click and select Alternate Angle
until the correct angle dimension is
shown then click to position the
dimension.
In the Details View, set the dimension to
60.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create the Section Sketch
(Cont...)

From the Draw Toolbox

select the Arc by Center


Tool.

Follow the sequence (right)


1. Click on the origin.
2. Click on the point.
3. Click to define the arc in
the approximate
location.
Ensure you do not see
a C constraint here.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch


(Cont...)

From the Draw Toolbox


select the Line Tool.

Follow the sequence (right)


1. Click on the first point.
2. Click on the second
point.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch


(Cont...)

From the Constraints


Toolbox select the Parallel
Tool.

Follow the sequence (right)

1. Click on the first edge.


2. Click on the second
edge.
The lower edge will now be
constrained to be parallel
to the dimensioned upper
edge.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

20

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

From the Dimensions Toolbox, select the


General Tool.

1. Select the edge.


2. Click to position the dimension.
In the Details View, set the dimension to
9mm.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Review
Review the Sketch

Check the Sketch and dimensions match the illustration


shown below.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Preparation
We will also parameterize the

Planning

base of the chamber.

When constructing geometry its a good

idea to plan for the type of mesh that


will be used.
In this case we want to be able to
control the mesh intervals on the
highlighted sections of the edges.
We will therefore need to split the
longer edges.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

From the Modify Toolbox, select the

Split Tool.
Make sure it is set to Split at Select, if
not right click in the Graphics Window
and select.

Click the two edges in the approximate


locations as shown to create the edges
splits.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

From the Constraints Toolbox, select the


Equal Length Tool.

1. Select the first edge as shown.


2. Select the second edge as shown.
The two edges will be constrained to

equal length.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
1

Create the Section Sketch (Cont...)

Using the Equal Length Tool again repeat


the procedure.

1. Select the first edge as shown.


2. Select the second edge as shown.
The two edges will be constrained to

equal length.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Surface Creation
Create the Surface

Return to Modeling Mode using the


tab.

In the Tree Outline, select Sketch1.


From the Concept Menu, select
Surfaces From Sketches.

In the Details View, apply the

selection in the Base Objects


Selection Box.
Generate.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Parameterize Chamber Base

In the Tree Outline, select Sketch 1.


In the Details View, check the box

next to the horizontal dimension H1


as shown.
Enter the name Chamber_Depth in
the parameter dialog box and click
ok.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Parameters in Workbench

Close DesignModeler.

Workbench will automatically


save geometric data.
Switch to the Workbench Project
Page.
In the Project Schematic, double
click the Parameter Set Box.
The parameter controlling the
total chamber depth is displayed
in the Design Points Table and
can be controlled from
Workbench.
Click Return to Project.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Saving the Project


This completes the workshop.
From the main menu select File Close DesignModeler
Workbench will save any application data.

From the Workbench Project Page use the file menu and save
the project as DMWS5c.wbpj to your working folder.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5