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Workshop 5e Applications - Pulley

14. 5 Release

Introduction to ANSYS
DesignModeler
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Introduction
Background

This workshop will demonstrate the


parameterization of a mechanical
pulley.

Objectives

Creating a Workbench project


Model Creation

Sketching & Modeling Operations


Using a Construction Sketch
Parameterization of the Model
Creating Parameters
Using the Parameter Manager

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Project Startup
Create the Project

Start Workbench.
Start All Programs ANSYS
14.5 Workbench 14.5
Expand Component Systems and
drag and drop a Geometry
component system into the Project
Schematic.
Double click on the Geometry cell
(A2) to start DesignModeler.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Starting the DesignModeler Session


Set Units

In the Units specification box select


Millimetre.

Click OK.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create a Sketch

In the Tree Outline, select the XY Plane.

Click the Look At button in the toolbar.


Select the Sketching Mode Tab.
This will display the Sketching Toolboxes

Select the Draw Toolbox.


2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Creation
Create a Sketch (Continued)

Select the Circle Tool.


When any sketching tool is
selected the information bar
provides instructions.
1. Move the cursor over the origin
until a letter P appears then click
once (P is a point constraint).
2. Move the cursor away from the
origin to define the radius and click
once again.
Dont worry about the exact
size, dimensions are added in a
separate step.
You can use the Undo button if
you make a mistake.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketch Dimensions
Adding Dimensions

Select the Dimensions Toolbox


Make sure the General tool is selected.
1. Click once on the circle edge.
2. Move the cursor away and click once
again to set the position of the
dimension. In the Details View set D1
to 60mm.
2

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Modeling Operations
Extrude the Sketch

Switch to Modeling Mode using the tab.


Click on Sketch 1 in the Tree Outline and select
the Extrude feature from the Create menu.
The Extrude command will be inserted into
the Tree Outline.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Modeling Operations
Add a Modeling Feature (Continued)

In the Details View set the extrusion


depth to 10mm leaving all other fields set
at default values.

Click the Iso Ball


to snap to the
isometric view

Click Generate.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

Release 14.5

Sketching
Sketch on a Face

Click the Look At button to orient the view.


Click the New Sketch button to create a
new sketch on the XYPlane.

Enter Sketching Mode using the tab.


In the Draw Toolbox, select Polygon and set
n = 5.

Click on the origin then click on the Y-Axis in


the approximate position shown. You
should see a P point constraint at the origin
and a C coincident constraint on the Y-axis
when you click each.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Dimensioning
Dimension the Polygon

Select the General Tool in the Dimensions

Toolbox.
Select the top vertex then the X-Axis as
shown in the sequence below to create a
vertical dimension.
In the Details View set the new vertical
dimension (V2) to 20mm.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketching
Create the Sketch to Define the Holes

Well use the polygon sketch as a construction sketch to

help position the holes in a new sketch.


Click the New Sketch button.
From the Draw Toolbox, select the Circle Tool.
Click on the top vertex of the polygon (make sure you
see the P point constraint) then click again to define the
radius approximately as shown.
Draw a second circle on the next polygon vertex to the
right, this time when you define the radius move the
cursor until you see an R constraint appear this will
constrain the new circle to equal the radius of the
original circle.
If you did not get the R constraint use Undo to try again
or apply the constraint manually using the constraints
toolbox.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

12

Release 14.5

Sketching
Create the Sketch to Define the Holes

Repeat the same procedure for the remaining three vertex


points on the polygon so you have five identical circles as
shown.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Dimensioning
Dimension the Holes

Using the General Tool in the

Dimensions Toolbox add a diameter


dimension to the top circle.
In the Details View set the new
diameter dimension to 5mm.

Check that all five circles update to


the new dimension value.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Modeling Operations
Extrude to Create Holes

Switch to Modelling Mode.


In the Tree Outline, select Sketch3

and select Extrude from the Create


menu or Toolbar.
In the Details View set;
Operation to Cut Material.
Extent Type to Through All.
Generate.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Modeling Operations
Extrude to Create Holes

The Extrude Operation will cut the holes into the model.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Sketching
Create the Groove Sketch

Switch to Sketching Mode.


Select the ZXPlane from the drop
down box, the view will
automatically reorient.

From the Draw Toolbox select


Rectangle and create a rectangle in
the approximate position as shown.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Dimensioning
Dimension the Sketch

In the Dimensions Toolbox select the

General Tool.
Select the Horizontal edge of the
rectangle to create a horizontal
dimension.
Do the same for the vertical edge to
create a vertical dimension.
In the Details View set the new
dimensions to 6 & 4mm respectively.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Dimensioning
Dimension the Sketch

Select the Y-Axis then the vertical line nearest

the Y-Axis to create the dimension L3 as shown.


Select the X-Axis then the lower edge of the
rectangle to create the dimension L4.
Set the values to 2 and 28mm respectively.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Modeling Operations
Revolve the Sketch

Switch to Modeling Mode.


In the Tree Outline, select Sketch4.
Select Revolve from the Create Menu

or Toolbar.
In the Details View activate the Axis
selection box, select the X-Axis in the
Graphics Window and apply the
selection.
Set operation to Cut Material.
Generate.

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November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Review
View the Completed Geometry

With the pulley model completed as shown here we will now


create a parameter for the pulleys diameter and define
several expressions to control the pulleys features.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Parameterize the Pulley Diameter

Select Sketch1 in the Tree Outline.


In the Details View, check the box
next to the dimension D1.
This promotes the dimension to a
parameter.

Enter the name Pulley_Diameter in


the dialog box as shown and click OK.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Note: We have now made the pulley diameter a parametric value. Since our goal is to
drive the other dimensions to automatically reflect any diameter change, well now
create several expressions for that purpose. In particular, there are 2 dimensions we
need to control, the hole pattern dimension and the pulleys groove radius (see below).
Recall the original dimensions were:
Pulley diameter = 60
Hole pattern = 20
Groove radius = 28
The desired formulae are:
a) Hole pattern placement:
Dimension = (Pulley_Diameter) / 3
b) Pulley groove diameter:
Dimension = (Pulley_Diameter)/2 - 2

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Identify Driven Dimensions

The Groove Radius is defined by the

dimension L4 on Sketch4 on the


ZXPlane.
This is therefore referenced as
ZXPlane.L4

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Identify Driven Dimensions

The Hole Pattern is defined by the

dimension V2 on Sketch2 on the


XYPlane.
This is therefore referenced as
XYPlane.V2

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November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Create Parametric Functions

Activate the Parameter Manager using the Toolbar button.


Click on the Parameter/Dimension Assignments tab to enter equations.

NOTE: Your default parameter names may be different depending on the order
and type of Dimensions placed.
The Hole Pattern dimension (XYPlane.V2) needs to be = Pulley_Diameter/3.
Type this into the window as shown.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Create Parametric Functions

The Groove Radius dimension (ZXPlane.L4) needs to be = Pulley_Diameter/2 - 2.


Type this into the window as shown.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Create Parametric Functions

Click on the Design Parameters Tab


and enter a new value for the
Pulley_Diameter (40mm)

Click on the Check Tab to evaluate


the functions with the new
parameter value.
Check the values are as shown, if
not check your
parameter/dimension
assignments.
2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Create Parametric Functions

The Sketches are updated and are visible in the Graphics

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

Window.
Click Generate to update the model.

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Parameterization
Control Parameters from Workbench

From the Workbench Project Schematic

double click the Parameter Set box to


enter the Workbench Parameter
Manager.
You can control the Parameter value
from Workbench by entering its
required value in the Parameter field.
Set it to 60.
Return to the Project schematic.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Parameterization
Control Parameters from Workbench

Right click on the Geometry Cell and

select update.
The new parameter value is sent to
DesignModeler and the model is
updated.
In practice you can create multiple
design points using different parameter
values and update from Workbench.
DesignModeler will update in the
background.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5

Saving the Project


This completes the workshop.
From the main menu select File Close DesignModeler
Workbench will save any application data.

From the Workbench Project Page use the file menu and save
the project as DMWS5e.wbpj to your working folder.

2012 ANSYS, Inc.

November 20, 2012

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Release 14.5