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thyroxin

Gonads - Pertains to the reproductive


Parathyroid Glands - Found on the
materials.
organs. Aside from producing sperm and egg
EXOCRINE GLAND
posterior lobe. They are 4 marble-like reddish cells it produces hormones important in the
glands that secrete parathormone (PTH)
development of the secondary sex
Have ducts that lead outside the body, a
characteristics
Functions of Parathormone (PTH)
cavity or hallow organ.
(ex.Salivary Glands)
Raises level of calcium in the blood and bone Testosterone - Principal male hormone
secreted by the testes. It maintains sperm
Regulate phosphorous metabolism
production and development.
ENDOCRINE GLAND
Regulates absorption of vitamin D w/ the
The Ovaries secrete Estrogen and
Ductless glands, thats why their secretion help of vit. D
Progesterone :
(called hormones) are secreted into the
Stimulates grouwth activities.
Estrogen maintains the development of the
bloodstream.
Hyper secretion of PTH can lead to bone
deformity. Hypo secretion can cause muscular uterine lining
FUNCTION OF THE ENDOCRINE
Progesterone doubles the effect of the
convulsion and contractions (tetany)
SYSTEM :
Estrogen
Adrenal Glands - Two paired glands
The endocrine and nervous system are two
located above the Kidney, its consisted of two
different systems but work together to perform
*Hyper and hypo secretions of hormones can
parts ; adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla
body activities..
Pancreas - Both exocrine and endocrine in cause different body disorders:
In general it takes charge of the changes in
Gigantism and acromegaly (mostly in
the body processes thats happen slowly such action. The exocrine part secretes digestive nose,jaw,feet)- due to hyper secretions of
enzymes. The endocrine part consists of
as cell growing/ initiating other cells to
tissues called Islets of Langerhans its made growth hormones.
produce more proteins.
Dwarfism- due to hypo secretion if growth
up of 2 cells the beta (insulin) alpha
hormones.
(glucagon)
HYPERTHYROIDISM

Insulin

Lowers
blood
glucose
by
changing
ORGANS OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM :
into glycogen a polysaccharide in the liver ad Due to over secretion of thyroxin
Hypothalamus a part in the brain w/c
Irritability, weight loss and high blood
muscle cells
secrets 2 hormones :

Glucagon

increase
the
glucose
by
pressure are some effects.
Releasing Hormone stimulates the pituitary
Under secretion of thyroxin, can cause
changing glycogen to glucose
gland

Low
secretion
of
insulin
can
cause
CRETICISM and GOITER
Inhibiting Hormone stops the pituitary
Cretins dwarf, mentally and physically
hyperglycamia, and diabetes mellitus
gland from secreting hormones
retarded person
Pituitary gland master gland
Thymus - Located at the middle part of the Endemic Goiter thyroid enlargement.
- has 2 parts : posterior lobe and the anterior
chest, and plays an important role in the
lobe.
immune system. It shrinks during puberty and
Thyroid Gland - An H-shaped gland located
disappears at childhood.
in the neck, it secretes thyroxin and contains
Pineal Gland - Located at the base of the
large amounts of iodine. Iodine combines w/
brain, secretes the hormone melatonin that
tyrosine (protein in the thyroid) to form
functions in maintaining the bodys rhythm

Glands organs capable of secreting