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.

.
E-mail:bezvold@ukr.net .
.
,
. , y = a + b/x + c/x
.
- .
,
.
: , , ,
, .
.
.
.
.
.
6, 10 .. ( 4n + 2)
, 4, 8 ..
.
,
, .
, -
.

,
( , , ).
,
,

(A A, A B). , ,

, .

, -
1.5 ,
. ,
.
.
.
,
(),
( 1 2):

.... .....
.......
H

_+ C _ +
_
H
+
C
_C
_+
+
_
+
C
C
_
_
H
H + +C _+

.. ..
..

6_
5+

+1

+ -

_2

4_

+3

_ -

H
1

,
( 2).
. 2.
1 2 6 ( 2)
(1 (+), 2 (-), 6 (-)), 1 ()
2 6. , 1 6, 1 2 1.210 ,
, 1.397 ,

120. 1 6, 1 2
, [1]:

.. . .
..

6_
H3C

CH3

Lc _ c = 1.543

H2C

CH2

HC

Lc = c = 1.338

LC

CH
C

5+

= 1.205

+1

1.210

4_

_2

+3

L 1 _ 2 = 1.210

, 1 2, 1 6
,
1 (+) 2 (-), 1 (+) 6 (-) .
.
, 1 2 6
( 3):

.. .. .. ..
.. ..

6
a

a+b
b

5+

+1

_2

5+

+3

.. ..
..

6_

+1

_2

+3

+1

2.420

5+

+3

L1 _ 2 = L 1_ 6 = 1.210
L1 _ 4 = 2.420

4, ( 4)
, , , 1
, 1 (+) 4 (-)
. 6 (-) 3 (+),
2 (-) 5 (+). 1 4 2.420 .
3

,
1 2, 1 6 (1.210 2 = 2.420 ).
, ,
. ,
, , ,
1.5.
, - ,
.
- 1 (+) 4 (-), 2 (-) 5 (+), 3 (+)
6 (-) 5:

.
.
.. ..

6
5+

.
.
.. ..
_

+1

+3

5
sp .
:

= 3/2 = 1.5

8 (3 + 3 + 2 = 8). ,


.
,

. .. .
.. . ..
...

.
...
_

,
, ,
, .
,
,
,
,
.
,
, [2],
[3].

2_


1,3,5,7- [4], [5].
- 1.41 .
CH3
CH3

2_

L c-c ~
~ 1.41

H3C
CH3

,
(15) ,

. ,
,
.
[2, .79].
(- [10]-).
+
. ._
.
+.
_.
.+
.
+ . . ._

+
.
.
._
+.
_.
.+
.
+ . . ._

n = 10

B
. . .C

4.309

ABC = 144 oC
Lc-c = AB = BC = 1.400

n = 10


, .
,
(4.309 L- = 1.400 ),
(24)

.
80. -
- , ,
[2, .84], [6].

,

( ),
. .
Lc-c = 1.397

Lc-c = 1.410

6_

8_

5+

.. ..
..

+1

+3

L1 _ 2 = L 6 _ 1 = 1.210
L 1_ 4 = 2.420

.. . ..
...
+1

7+

+5

_2
+3

_4

L1 _ 2 = L 8 _ 1 = 1.303
L 1_ 5 = 3.404

.. . . ..
.. . .

Lc-c = 1.400
+1 _ 2
10 _
+3
_

9+
_
8

7+

+5

L 1_ 2 = L10 _ 1 = 1.331
L1 _ 6 = 4.309

, 1 2
1.210 , 1.303 , 1.331 (
). ,

(0, 15, 24) ,
(2.420 ; 3.404 ; 4.309 ),
1 2 (1.210 ; 1.303 ; 1.331 ),
. ,
() .
,
( 1.210 2.420 ). ,
.
. .
, Lc-c = 1.400
L(1-5) = 3.380 ,

L(1-2) = L(8-1) = 1.293 ,

L- = 1.410 .

, [18]-, ( ).
. ,
= f(L) = f(L), , L ,
7

/ y = a + b/x + c/x
(C-C, C-N, C-O, C-S, N-N, N-O, O-O, C-P).
, , .
[1]:
H3C CH3

H2C

CH2

Lc_ c = 1.543

Lc = c = 1.338

HC
LC

CH
C

= 1.205

- , 1, 2, 3.
[1, c.116]:
H3C

CH3

- =347.9397 /

H2 C

CH2

HC

CH

= 615.489 / = 812.278 /

( . ) ,
,
. ,
.
:
cc = 0. 06040343

= 2221 .34518418

5.67787529 11. 28562201

L
L2

5065 .62912191 1699 . 18638789

L
L2

(1)

(2)

:
cc (L = 1.397 ) = 1.658
cc (L = 1.42 ) = 1.538 1.54
Ecc (L = 1.397 ) = 534.0723 /
Ecc (L = 1.42 ) = 503.3161 /
, , ,
.

.... .....
.......
_

HC
+
HC

H
C

CH
_

.. ..
..
_

CH

+ -
_ -

C +
H

,
1.5, :
1 . 5 = 0. 06040343

5. 67787529 11. 28562201

L
L2

(3)

L = 1.42757236 .
, 1.5,
cc L = 1.42757236 .
1.5,
L = 1.42757236 :
L = 1. 42757236 = 2221 .34518418

5065 .62912191 1699 . 18638789

1.42757236
1.42757236 2

Ec c (L = 1.42757236 ) = 493.3097 /
, - 1.658
Ecc = 534.0723 /, :
E = 534.0723 / 493.3097 / = 40.7626 /.
40.7626 / , -
. , :
E1 = 40.7626 / 2 = 81.5252 / (19.472 /).
,
, :
E = 3E1 = 3 81.5252 / = 244.5756 / (58.416 /).

.. . .
..
_

.. ..
..
_

..
.. . .
_

3 E = 244.5756 /


(, - ).
- :
E2 = 3Ecc + 3Ecc = 2890.286 /
cc 1.658 :
E3 = 6 534.0723 / = 3204.434 /
,
:
E = E3 E2 = 3204.434 / 2890.286 / = 314.148 / (75.033 /).

.

. = f(L) E = f(L) - ,
, L , /.

3_
_
2
_
1

, /

..
.

..
.

L,

L,

, .
[1]:
H3C CH3

H2C

CH2

Lc_ c = 1.543

Lc = c = 1.338

HC
LC

CH
C

= 1.205

- , 1, 2, 3.
[1, c.116]:
H 3C

CH3

- =347.9397 /

H2 C

CH 2

HC

CH

= 615.489 / = 812.278 /

10

,
(), y = ax + b ,
b :

xy x y /n

a=

b=

(4)

x x / n
2

y / na x / n

(5)

n .
,
,
2

[ xy x y / n ]

r =

x 2 x /n

][

y 2 y / n

(6)

r2 ,
.
, = f(L) = f(L)
y = a + b/x + c/x2 ,
.
y = a + b/x + c/x2 , X = 1/x,
Y=

y y 1
1 / x1 / x 1

, b 1 = b + c/ x 1 , : Y = b1 + X, ,

c=

1 / xY 1/ x Y /n

b1 =

(7)

1/ x 1 / x /n
2

Y / nc 1/ x / n

(8)

n Y.
a : y = na + b(1/x) + c(1/x2),
n = 3.

11

(9)

= f(L) CC, C=C, CC.


1. = f(L).
1/x

y y 1

1/ x y y 1

1/ x1/ x 1

1/ x1/ x 1

1/x

x (L, )

y ()

0.74738416
0.82987552

0.55858308
0.68869338

10.07089756
11.00186391

7.52682927
9.13017751

1.543
1.338
1.205

1
2
3

1.57725967

1.24727645

21.07276147

16.65700678

4.086

1/x1 = 0.64808814

x1 = 1.543

y1 = 1

(1/x2) = 1.66729469

(1/x) = 2.22534781

c = 11.28562201

b = - 5.67787529

, = 0. 06040343

n = 3
a = - 0.06040343

5.67787529 11.28562201

L
L2

(1)

:
CC () = 1. = () = 2. () = 3.
CC () (L = 1.42 ) = 1.538 1.54.
CC () (L = 1.397 ) = 1.658
, - 1.658, 1.667
[2, .48].
, y = a + b/x + c/x
(1, 1), (2, 2) (3, 3 ) , b, ,
() . ,
. ,
y = a + b/x + c/x = f(L) E = f(L)
. , = f(L)
(Lcc = 1.397 ,

= 1.667) r = 0.9923

= -0.55031721, b = -4.31859233, = 10.35465915. ,


= f(L) E = f(L)
, , b, (
, ).
.

12

= f(L) CC
Y=
y = a + b/x + c/x2

X = 1/x

b1 = b + c/x1

Y = b1 + cX

y y 1
1 / x1 / x 1

:
c=

1 / xY 1 / x Y /n

b1 =

1/ x 2 1 / x /n

(7)

Y / nc 1/ x / n

(8)

n Y.
: y = na + b(1/x) + c(1/x2),

(9)

n = 3
2. E = f(L).
1/x

y y 1

1 / x y y 1

1 / x1/ x 1

1 / x1 / x 1

1/x

x (L, )

y (E, /)

0.74738416
0.82987552

0.55858308
0.68869338

2694.46159281
2554.29339132

2013.79790195
2119.74555296

1.543
1.338
1.205

347.9397
615.4890
812.2780

1.57725967

1.24727645

5248.75498413

4133.54345491

4.086

1775.7067

1/x1 = 0.64808814
(1/x2) = 1.66729469
c = - 1699.18638789

x1 = 1.543

y1 = 347.9397

(1/x) = 2.22534781
b = 5065.62912191

= 2221 .34518418

n = 3
a = - 2221.34518418

5065 .62912191 1699 . 18638789

L
L2

(2)

:
Ecc () = 347.9397 / = () = 615.4890 /
() = 812.2780 /
,
, .

13

()
,
PAO = 60

AF = 1.397

AFE = 120

PQO = 60

QPO =

O
A

OA = AF

PQ = OP = AF

PQ = OP = AF

. sin 60

3
3
= 1.397 .
= 1.210
2
2

PQ = 1.210
PR = 2PO = 2 . 1.210 = 2.420

D
135o

..
K

.O

. . .B

BAO = 67.5o
tg BAO =

OC
AC

OC = AC . tg BAO =

AB . tg BAO
2

o
CD = 2 . OC = tg BAO . Lc-c = tg 67.5 . 1.410 = 3.404

AC = CB, Lc-c = AB = 1.410

OK = OC,

CD
= KO = OC = 1.702
2

:
KC 2 = KO 2 + OC 2 - 2 . KO . OC . cos COK

COK = 45 o

KC = 1.303

Lc-c = AB = 1.400 :
Lc-c = AB = 1.400
CD = tg 67.5o . 1.400 = 3.380
CD = KO = OC = 1.690
2
KC 2 = KO 2 + OC 2 - 2 . KO . OC . cos COK

COK = 45 o

KC = 1.293

14

BAO = 72 o

.O

144o

. . . . .B
K
A C

AC = CB, Lc-c = AB = 1.400

tg BAO = OC
AC

AB
OC = AC . tg BAO = 2 . tg BAO

CD = 2 . OC = tg BAO . Lc-c = tg 72o . 1.400 = 4.309


OK = OC, CD = OC = KO = 2.154
2

:
KC 2 = KO 2 + OC 2 - 2 . KO . OC . cos COK

COK = 36 o

KC = 1.331

.
, ,
, .

. ,
,
,
.
, . ,
, .
, , ( ):
1)
().

AA

AB

2) (, , )
, .
.
3) .
4) ,
. 5 2.
15

5) ( ) ,
() .
6)
.
,
, -, ,
.
.

. .+ _. .+ _
.
+.
._ .+ _. .+
_

. .+ _. .+ _
.
+.
._ .+ _. .+
_

. .+ _. .+ _. .+ _
.
+.
.
_. . _ .+ .
_ .
+
+
_

. .+ _. .+ _. .+
._
+.
_. . _. .+ .
_ .
+
+
_

. .+
. ._
_
. .+ _.+ ._+
.
+.
.
_. . _ .+
+
_

. .+ _
. .
_
_+
+
. . . ._+
.
+.
._ .+ _. .+
_

_ + _
. ..
.
_.
_
+.
. .+ _ .+._
_.
. .
.+_ + _. .+ ._. +
..
.+
._ .+ ._
+
+

16

._ +. ._
.
_.
.+._
_
+.
+.
.
+.
_.
._ . +
. _. .+ ._
+_
..
.+
._ .+ ._
+
+

H
H
H
H
H

H
H

H
H
H
H

H
H

. .+ _. .+ _
.
. .+
_ .+
H
. . HH HH . . _
+
_
H
_+
.
+
._ .+ ._ .+.

. .+ _. .+ _
.
. .+
_ .+
H
. . HH HH . . _
+
_
H
_+
.
+.
. .+
_. . _
+

[18]-
, ,
[18]-, .
[18]-
. , ,
,
. (12 )
( ), (6 )
( ).
[7]. ,
,
. -
.
,
( ).
, , ()
, ,

.
.

. ._
_.
.+ N ._. +
+

17

. ._
_ .
.+ N ._. +
+

_
.
.
_.
.+
N . ._ N
+
+

. ._
_.
.+
N . ._N
+
+

_
.
.
_.
.+
. .N
+ N_
+

_
.
.
_.
.
.+ N._N +
+

. .
_.
.+ N ._. +
_
+ N

N
N

.
.
_ .
.
.+ N ._ +
_
+ N

. .
_.
.+
N . ._ N
+
_
+ N

N
N

. .
. .+
N . ._N
+
_
+ N

1,3,5-

. .+ _. .+ _
.
+.
.
_
_. . .
+ N +
_

. .+ _. .+ _
.
+.
.
.
_. . _ N +
+
_

. .+ _. .+ _
.
+.
N
_. . _. .
+
+
_

18

. .+ _. .+ _
.
+.
N
_. . _. . +
+
_

. .+ _. .+
+.
.+ ._
.
_. . _ N
+
_

..N

. .+ _. .+
+.
. ._
_. . ._ N
+
_

+ _
.
.
. N .+
N
+.
._ N .+ ._ .+N ._
_

N
N

.N.

+ _. N
.
.
+
.
N
._
+.
.
_. . ._ N
N +
_

. .
.
+
+
+
_. . ._
X
_

..X

_
.
.+
+.
_. +. .
_
X

X = O, S, NH

, ,

. N.
.
+
+
._ X+. ._
_

..X

_
.
N
.+
+.
.
_. +. _
X

X = O, S, NH

, ,

. .
.
+
+
N
.
_
_. +
.
N
_

..N
H

19

_
.
.+
+.
N
_. +. ._
N

_
.
.+
+.
_. +. ._N
N

. .+
+.
+ ._N
_. .
N
_

..N

1,2,4-
_
.
N
.+
+.
N
_. +. ._
N

. N.
.
+
+
N
_. +
. ._
N
_

..N

1,2,3-

_
.
.+
+.
_. +. ._
CH

CH

O
R

.O..._
.
+..
C_.
.
+ _. .+
..O.
_+

R
O
-

O
R

N
+

O
_

20

....
.
.
.
N _.
.
+ _. .+
.O..
_ + O_
+

O
C 6H 5

..O...
.S... ..O..
... . .
.O..
_

_+

O
O

C 6 H5

+_ +

+_

.X..
R

..NH

R
2

.....
.
.... .

_
_+ X
+
C
_
+
+_ NH

X = O, S

..X ..

..

. ... ..
.. .
.
H N... C . ..

..

H 2N C NH 2

_ X
+
_
+ _ _+ _ _ +
+ NH
+

X = O, S

.NH
. _
+
_.
+
. _ _ +. + _ + .
H N . .+ . C . . . NH
_

..

H 2N

NH2

..

C NH2

21

..O...
CHO
.
.
.
..
.
C
C .. CH
.
.
.
OC H
...O.

C 2H5 O

CH

OC 2H5

O
Na

_+

+ +

_+

Na

O
CH3 C

.....
.. .
...

CH

+_O
+
_ _ _
CH3 C + + CH

COOC 2H5

Na

COOC 2H5
Na

H2C

CH

H2 C

CH2

.. . . . .

+ _ + CH _ + _ CH
2

...O..._ _+...O..
+
.+._N+.. _
.. _+
.O..._. +
-

...O..._ _+...O..
+
.+._C+.. _
.._
.O..._+.+
-

22

2 _

.....
..
...O.....S........O...
..O.
+ _O
+
_

_+

+
_
+

+_

+ _

.O. + _
.
....O... . ._..+O....
+

_+

.. O+. _.. .+._ ._. O+. ..


+ +

...O ..O..

..N. ..O..

NO

..N.+ ._..+.._ O+...

.+

NO2

...O
.

.O....

. ._
.
N
.+._ .+
_+.
+. .
.O.. ..O.
_

NO 2

..

...
.
..O... ....O..
..

_ +_
_+ N + _
+

..O.. .O...
.

23

. .. . .. . .. .
.
.
. . .. .. . .. ..
. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .
. .. .. . . .. . .. . . .. .
..... . .... ... . ..
. .. .. . .

+
_

+
_

+
_

_+

+
_

_ +

+
_

+
_

+
_

,
, ,
( ) ().
,
,
. (
)
.
(2.420 ).
,

.
, 3.35
( - 1.42 ) [8].
.
2.420
( ), , .
, (
, ) ,
,
,

).

24

E = a + b/L + c/L2 = a + b/L + c/L2


.
3 4 (a, b, c)
(C-C, C-O, C-N, C-S, N-N, N-O, O-O).
- .
( ) ,
.
.

. (

E = a + b/L + c/L2 )

. (N-H
):

.+..O..
_.
+
+
.
_ _ +. _ + _ .
+ . C . . . NH
H N. .
_

..
HN
2

O
C

.NH
.

LC-N = 1.33 , LC-O = 1.27 (8)


-N = 1

-N (L=1.33 ) = 1.686

- = 2

- (L=1.27 ) = 1.486

EC-N = 291.834 / [1, .116]

C-N (L = 1.33 ) = 523.790 /

EC-O = 728.538 / ( R2C=O) [1, .116]

EC-O (L = 1.27 ) = 496.940/

E1 = EC-O + 2EC-N = 1312.206 /

E2 = EC-O + 2C-N = 1544.520 /

E = E2 - E1 = 1544.520 / - 1312.206 / = 232.314 /


, ( )
232.314 / (55.487 /).
.

25

: ,
.
1.5,
(,
),
, ( ).
, .
,
.

8,

(3.5) (3)
(2.5)).
,
,
, ( )
.
, , a, b, c 3 4
= f(L) E = f(L).
3. = a + b/L + c/L .

C-C

-0.06040343

-5.67787529

11.28562201

C-O

26.03252883

-72.46498138

52.43899244

C-N

0.63817306

-7.56455294

11.91384503

C-S

55.33256579

-198.81807222

181.87538814

N-N

0.96407492

-6.68791795

9.79339013

N-O

46.00756377

-123.75637485

84.79763896

O-O

23.89786759

-66.85172754

48.79304255

C-P

28.76548555

-109.46128312

107.52805439

- ,
L .

26

4. E = a + b/L + c/L .

C-C

-2221.34518418

5065.62912191

-1699.18638789

C-O

11420.81052442

-31359.17576343

22207.04265404

C-N

-2332.69568587

4450.61712191

-866.48412671

C-S

-27772.64385690

90244.55278987

-71414.57485742

N-N

7067.14065437

-20274.81508318

14878.53765631

N-O

-6564.31416262

15895.54907490

-8769.11638979

O-O

10590.40848780

-29935.02909385

21430.93279023

E - /,
L .
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