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Global Trends

DHP Year 4 ACE


Term 1 Week 3 - 5

What is a trend?

Think-Pair-Share:
Is A or B a trend? Why?

More examples of trends

Can you think of some


reasons behind these
trends?

Defining a trend
A general direction in which something is
developing or changing
Upward trend
Measured over time

No clear trend

Defining a trend
A general direction in which something is
developing or changing
Measured over time

Comparison over time

No comparison over time


(comparison only over
geographical space)

Group Work
Each group will be given a set of
materials (newspaper articles,
pictures/cartoons, short write-ups)
Each student is in charge of reading and
analysing one resource (10min). Share
your insights with your group members.
Complete the worksheet (15min).
Each group is to present their findings
to the class (10min).

Group A
What is the trend
that is highlighted/
predicted here?
What/who is
causing it?
What are the likely
effects?
Can this trend be
reversed?

Group A
Trend : Economic
globalisation
Watch this short clip:
http://www.jibjab.com/originals/bi
g_box_mart
Definition:
The increasing number of linkages
and flows that occur between
economies of the world.

4 Main economic flows that


characterise globalisation:
1) Goods and services

This graphic
shows the
volume of world
imports in 2002.
What is most
notable is the
disappearance of
the African
continent: Africa
is almost
invisible in terms
of global trade
patterns

Proportionate representation
based on country of origin
for objects found in 8
Walmart stores.

4 Main economic flows that


characterise globalisation:
2) Labour/people
3) Capital
Global net
inflows of
foreign
direct
investment
(capital)

4 Main economic flows that


characterise globalisation:
4) Technology
e.g. international research &
development flows; proportion of
populations (and rates of change
thereof) using particular inventions (e.g.
the telephone, motorcar, broadband)

Group B
What is the
trend that is
highlighted/
predicted
here?
What/who is
causing it?
What are the
likely effects?
Can this trend
be reversed?

Group B
Trend: Climate Change &
Environmental Degradation
Trends: Global warming, depletion
of non-renewable resources, water
shortages, environmental damage
Watch this clip from The
Inconvenient Truth
Watch this clip called Global
Warning

Rising oil prices

Is technology the solution to


environmental damage?

Group C
What is the trend
that is
highlighted/predict
ed here?
What/who is
causing it?
What are the likely
effects?
Can this trend be
reversed?

Group C
Trend: Global Epidemics
"There are a growing number of health
problems linked to the increasing
number of people and goods crossing
the borders every day, because disease
crosses the borders in people and
goods.
WHO
Watch this clip on H5N1 Avian Flu and its
possible effects on the world.

An international health security report just released by


WHO lists the following priorities for the agency in the
coming year:
the threat posed by emerging infectious diseases,
such as influenza and SARS
the easier spread of disease around the globe due to
the movement of people and tainted goods as part of
the global economy;
the need to better manage international health
disasters, such as tsunamis and earthquakes;
awareness of biological and chemical terror threats;
the effects of global warming;
AIDS.

Group D
What is the
trend that is
highlighted/pre
dicted here?
What/who is
causing it?
What are the
likely effects?
Can this trend
be reversed?

Group D
Trend: Transnational
Terrorism & Cultural Wars
It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of
conflict in this new world will not be primarily
ideological or primarily economic. The great
divisions among humankind and the dominating
source of conflict will be cultural. Nation states will
remain the most powerful actors in world affairs,
but the principal conflicts will occur between
nations and groups of different civilizations. The
clash of civilizations will dominate global politics.
The fault lines between civilizations will be the
battle lines of the future.
Samuel Huntington,
The
Clash of Civilizations

Terrorism is violence, the threat of violence, or


other harmful acts committed for political or
ideological goals.

Leading terrorism researcher Professor Martin


Rudner, defines "terrorist acts" as attacks against
civilians for political or other ideological goals,
and goes on to say:
"There is the famous statement: 'One man's terrorist
is another man's freedom fighter.' But that is
grossly misleading. It assesses the validity of the
cause when terrorism is an act. One can have a
perfectly beautiful cause and yet if one commits
terrorist acts, it is terrorism regardless."

Right: One of the


cartoons depicting
the Prophet
Muhammed with a
bomb in his turban.
This was published
by the Danish
Jyllands-Posten
newspaper. Protests
erupted all over the
Muslim world after
the publication of
these cartoons.

Group E

What is the trend


that is
highlighted/predicted
here?
What/who is causing
it?
What are the likely
effects?
Can this trend be
reversed?

The North/South Divide

Is global inequality
increasing?
A UN report has found that the world is more
unequal today than it was 10 years ago, despite
considerable economic growth in many regions.
The authors warned that focusing only on
economic growth is an ineffective way of
achieving development.
They said wealthy nations are the main
beneficiaries of economic development.

Inequalities in income

Inequalities in life expectancy

Worsening inequality?

The End of Poverty?


"On this International Day for the
Eradication of Poverty, let us recognize
that extreme poverty anywhere is a
threat to human security everywhere.
Let us recall that poverty is a denial of
human rights. For the first time in
history, in this age of unprecedented
wealth and technical prowess, we have
the power to save humanity from this
shameful scourge. Let us summon the
will to do it."
-- Kofi Annan

The Millennium
Development
Goals (MDGs)
The Millennium
Development Goals
are eight goals that
189 United
Nations member
states have agreed
to try to achieve
by the year 2015.

Group F
What is the trend that is
highlighted/ predicted here?
What/who
is causing
it?
What are
the likely
effects?
Can this
trend be
reversed?

Group F
Trend: Global
Diaspora

The world is shrinking - but


not for all

Free movement of labour


versus Fortress Europe

Group G
What is the trend
that is highlighted/
predicted here?
What/who is
causing it?
What are the likely
effects?
Can this trend be
reversed?

Group G
Trend: Technological Revolution
Watch this short clip about the One Laptop Per Child project.

Life in 2015 will be revolutionized by the growing effect


of multidisciplinary technology across all dimensions of
life: social, economic, political, and personal. The
results could be astonishing. Effects may include
significant improvements in human quality of life and
life span, high rates of industrial turnover, lifetime
worker training, continued globalization, reshuffling of
wealth, cultural amalgamation or invasion with potential
for increased tension and conflict, shifts in power from
nation states to non-governmental organizations and
individuals, mixed environmental effects, improvements
in quality of life and the possibility of human eugenics
and cloning.
(RAND Report, The Global Technology Revolution)

Will technology
solve all our
problems?

Group H
What is the trend that
is highlighted/
predicted here?
What/who is causing
it?
What are the likely
effects?
Can this trend be
reversed?

Democracy
In the dictionary definition, democracy "is
government by the people in which the supreme
power is vested in the people and exercised
directly by them or by their elected agents
under a free electoral system."
Democracy has been called the "last form of
government" and has spread considerably across
the globe. Suffrage, or the right to vote, has been
expanded in many jurisdictions over time from
relatively narrow groups (such as wealthy men of
a particular ethnic group) to all citizens above a
certain age.

Group H
Trend: The Spread of Democracy

The map reflects the findings of Freedom House's survey Freedom


in the World 2007. Based on these ratings, countries are divided
into three categories: Free (green), Partly Free (orange), and
Not Free (red), as reflected in the map.

Illiberal Democracies?

Resistance to democracy:
modernisation =
Westernisation?

Re-cap: Some important


global trends

Economic globalisation
Climate change and resource depletion
Global epidemics
Culture wars & terrorism
North/South Divide
Global diaspora
The technological revolution
The spread of democracy