You are on page 1of 8

Grid Emission Factor Challenges with

Calculation and Validation

Nitin Arora
Sustainable Development Mechanisms, UNFCCC secretariat

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

What is a Grid Emission Factor ?


Measure of CO2 emissions intensity
per unit of electricity generation in
the grid system. (tCO2/MWh)

Definitions requiring DNAs Proactive


role?

Clear definition of a grid system.

Identification of all power plants


connected to the system.

Identification of interconnections
with other grids.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

How a Grid Emission Factor calculated ?

Tool to calculate the emission factor for an


electricity system. EB50, Annex 14 (V02)

Combined Margin (CM), which is weighted average


of Operating Margin (OM) and Build Margin (BM)

Data Issues DNA Role

Data requirement varies depending on the approach to


calculate CM.

Identification of low cost/must run resources in the host


country.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Data Issues DNA Role

Electricity generation data for all grid connected power


plants and off grid plants ( if chooses to include).

Identification of all CDM power plants connected to the


grid system and their inclusion in the sample group for
OM and exclusion fro BM.

Fuel type consumed in connected power plants and


total fuel consumption.

CO2 emission factor of each power unit.

Efficiency of each power plant

Number of hours low-cost/must run units are on margin


in year Y

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Data Issues DNA Role

Hourly data for electricity generation and fuel consumption,

Set of five most recent built units.

Recently built power capacity additions contributing 20% of total


generation in the system.

Identify units that are built more than 10years ago

Identification of the plants that are in the top of the dispatch and for each
plant information on electricity generation and, where hourly fuel
consumption data is available, data on the types and quantities of fuels
consumed during that hour.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

How a Grid Emission Factor is Validated ?

Some countries have calculated and published information on the


calculations and results.

Some countries have published information on factors directly.

Project Participants have done calculations following tool based on raw


data, which is later validated by DOE.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

How reports on validation of GEF considered ?

The Board requires that the tool has been followed correctly in the
calculation of a GEF.

The Executive Board at its 58th meeting considered a draft proposal by


the secretariat.

DNA may chose to get the GEF validated by DOE.

EB asks secretariat to revise the proposal by including an option that


allows DOE to accept emission factor published by DNA without further
validation.

Thank You!
Please visit our websites for more information
CDM UNFCCC website
cdm.unfccc.int
CDM Bazaar
http://www.cdmbazaar.net/
Catalogue of decisions:
http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/catalogue/searchs