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6/27/2015

DelhiSultanate:Administration,Culture,Literature,Art&ArchitectureIasmania

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UKPSC

Delhi Sultanate :
Administration, Culture,
Literature, Art & Architecture
Delhi Sultanate
Administration

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Sultansconsideredtheselvesas
representativeofCaliphs(as
inscribedontheircoins&Khutba
(Prayer))&wereofIslamicorigin
Balbanconsideredhimselfasshadow
ofgod&ofdivineoriginality
Ittutmish,Muhammadbintughlaq&
FiroztughlaqreceivedMansuror
letterofpermissionfromCaliphs
Sultansweremostimportant
administrators&hadultimate
authorityofthemilitary(Commander
inchiefofmilitary)
GreatestpostwasofNaibwho
practicallyenjoyedallthepowers
ofsultan7exercisedgeneral
controloveralldepartments
NexttoNaibwasWazir,headof
financedepartmentknownasDiwan
http://iasmania.com/delhisultanateadministrationcultureliteratureartarchitecture/

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6/27/2015

DelhiSultanate:Administration,Culture,Literature,Art&ArchitectureIasmania

iwazirat
MilitarydepartmentDiwani
ArizwasheadedbyArizi
Mumalik,responsibleforrecruiting
soldiers&administringmilitary
department
DiwaniRasalatwasdepartment
ofreligiousaffairsheadedbychief
Sadr
Headofjudicialdepartmentofchief
Qazi&muslimsharialawwas
followedincivilmatters
Hindusweregoverenedbytheirown
personallaws&theircaseswere
dispensedbyvillagepanchayats
DepartmentofcorrespondenceDiwan
iInshadealtwithcorrespondence
b/wrulers&officials

Local Administration
ProvinceswerecalledIqtasunder
thechargeofnobles,whichlater
cameunderthechargeofGovernors
calledMuqtisorWalis>>Mainly
tomaintainlaw&collectrevenue
Iqtasweredividedinshiqs
(districts)undershiqdars,which
werefurtherdividedintoPargana
(no.ofvillages)headedbyAmils
Villageheadmanwasknownas
Mukaddamorchaudhary&Village
accountantPatwari

Economy
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DelhiSultanate:Administration,Culture,Literature,Art&ArchitectureIasmania

Landwasmainlydividedinto3
categories:
Iqtaland:landassignedto
officialsasiqtasinsteadof
paymentsfortheirservices
KhalisaLand:landunderdirect
controlofsultan
InamLand:Landassigned/granted
toreligiousleadersorreligious
institutions
Peasantspaid1/3oreven1/2of
theirproduceaslandrevenuealong
withothertaxes&frequentfamines
>>alwayslivedhandtomouthliving
Cotton&silkindustriesflourished
inthisperiodalongwithpaper
industry
1silverTanka=48jitalsinKhalji
time=50jitalsintughlaqtime

Social Life
Traditionalcastesystemwith
Brahamansatthetop,prevalent
sati&pardasystemforwomen
Nointermarriageb/wturks,iranian,
afgans&indianmuslims
Hinduswereconsideredzimmisor
protectedpeopleforwhomtheywere
forcedtopayataxcalledJiziya(
Inbegining,itwascollectedasa
partoflandtaxbutFiroztughlaq
seperateditfromlandrevenue&
collecteditasaseparatetax)

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6/27/2015

DelhiSultanate:Administration,Culture,Literature,Art&ArchitectureIasmania

Art & Architecture


Quwwatulislammosquenearqutub
minarwasbuiltusingmaterials
obtainedfromdestroyinghindu&
jaintemples
Buildingswereconstructedby
combiningarch&dome,Muhammadbin
tughlaqbuiltthetombof
Ghiyasuddintughlaqonahigh
platform

Music
Amir Khusro (1252 1325)
IntroducedRagaslikeghora&Sanam
EvolvedQawwalimixingIndian&
Iranianmusic
InventedSitar

NewmusicinstrumentssuchasSarangi&Rabab
wereintroducedinthisperiod
Indianclassicalworkrangdarpanwas
translatedtopersianduringFirozTughlaq
reign
RajaMansingh(Gwalior)wasagreatmusic
loverofthisperiod&lovedmanKautuhal
PirBhodan>>famousSufiSaintofthis
period

Literature
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6/27/2015

DelhiSultanate:Administration,Culture,Literature,Art&ArchitectureIasmania

BaranisTariqiFirozShahi
containshistoryofTughlaq
dynasty
MinhajUsSirajwroteTabaqati
Nasaricontainsgeneralhistoryof
muslimsdynastyupto1260
AmirKhusro(famouspersianwriter)
:

1. creatednewstyleofpersianpoetry
calledSabaqihind/Indian
styledpersianpoetry
2. WroteKhazainulFatahabout
Alaunddinconquests
3. WroteTughlaqnamaabouttheriseof
Ghiyasuddintughlaq

ZiaNakshabi>>1stonetotranslate
sanskritstoriesintopersian(1st
onewasTutinamaorbookofparrot)
RajatRanginiwrittenbyKalhanawas
alsotranslatedtopersianduring
thisperiod
ChandBharati>>famoushindipoet
ofthistime

January20,2015
Comment

iasmania

MedievalIndiaHistory

No

AmirKhusro,DelhiSultante,DelhiSultante

administration,DelhiSultantearchitecture,DelhiSultante
art,DelhiSultanteculture,DelhiSultanteeconomy,Delhi
Sultanteliterature

Ghaznavids,Mahmud
OfGazni,Muhammad
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DelhiSultanate:Administration,Culture,Literature,Art&ArchitectureIasmania

Ghori,Delhi
Sultanate,Slave
Dynasty,Khalji
Dynasty,Tughlaq
Dynasty,Sayyids,
Lodis
SufismandBhaktiMovement

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http://iasmania.com/delhisultanateadministrationcultureliteratureartarchitecture/

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6/27/2015

DelhiSultanate:Administration,Culture,Literature,Art&ArchitectureIasmania

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