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. For the tribe/clan, see Kayani clan.

General
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
NI(M) HI
????? ????? ?????
Kayani in July 2010.jpg
14thChief of Army Staff
In office
29 November 2007
29 November 2013
President
Pervez Musharraf
Asif Ali Zardari
Mamnoon Hussain
Preceded by
General Pervez Musharraf
Succeeded by
General Raheel Sharif
Director General of the Inter-Services Intelligence
In office
October 2004 October 2007
President
Pervez Musharraf
Preceded by
Ehsan ul Haq
Succeeded by
Nadeem Taj
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Acting
In office
8 October 2013 29 November 2013
Preceded by
Khalid Shameem Wynne
Succeeded by
General Rashad Mahmood
Personal details
Born
20 April 1952 (age 63)
Gujar Khan Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan
Alma mater
Pakistan Military Academy
Command and Staff College
US Army Command and General Staff College
National Defence University
Military service
Nickname(s)
Kayani
Soldier's Soldier
Quiet General
Allegiance
Pakistan
Service/branch Pakistan Army
Years of service
1971 2013
Rank
US-O10 insignia.svg General
Unit
Baloch Regiment
Commands
12th Infantry Division
DG Inter Services Intelligence
DG Military Operations
X Corps
Vice Chief of Army Staff
Battles/wars
Indo-Pakistani war of 1971
Bangladesh War of Liberation
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, (Urdu: ????? ????? ??????, born 20 April 1952; NI(M), HI),
is a retired four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army who served as the
Chief of Army Staff from 29 November 2007 to 29 November 2013. He succeeded Gen
eral Pervez Musharraf as the chief of army staff on 29 November 2007. He also he
ld the acting charge of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee from Oct
ober to November 2013. In addition, General Kayani formerly served as the Direct
or-General of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), and director of the Directo
rate-General of Military Operations (DGMO). On 24 July 2010, Prime Minister Yous
af Raza Gillani extended Kayani's term as Chief of the Army Staff by three years

, making him the first four-star officer to receive a term extension from any de
mocratic government.[1][2]
Forbes named him the world's 34th most powerful person in 2011[3] and the world'
s 28th most powerful person in 2012.[3]
Contents [hide]
1 Early life
1.1 Education
2 Career
2.1 1971 war experience
2.2 Academia and professorship
2.3 Staff and Command appointments
3 Intelligence service
3.1 Directorship of Inter-Services Intelligence
4 Chief of Army Staff
4.1 Withdrawal of military from civilian government
4.2 2008 general election
4.3 Perceptions of Kayani as COAS
4.4 Recent events
5 Retirement
6 Awards and decorations
7 See also
8 References
9 External links
Early life[edit]
Education[edit]
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani was born at Manghot, a village located in Gujar Khan Distri
ct Punjab Province, on 20 April 1952. The town of Manghot is situated on the Pot
hohar Plateau bounded on the east by the Jhelum River, on the west by the Indus
River. Ashfaq's father was a Non-commissioned officer (NCO) in the Pakistan Army
.
His humble background as the son of an NCO has endeared him to the junior ranks
of the army. After attending a local high school, Ashfaq successfully enrolled i
n the Military College Jhelum, Sarai Alamgir and made a transfer to Pakistan Mil
itary Academy in Kakul where he graduated with a bachelor's degree in 1971 in hi
s class of 45th PMA Long Course.[4]
Career[edit]
1971 war experience[edit]
Ultimately, Kayani gained commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant in the 5th Battalion of
the famed Baloch Regiment on 29 August 1971.[5] He actively participated and jo
ined up the military in time of 1971 war with India.[6][6]
Academia and professorship[edit]
After the war, Ashfaq continued to resume his studies and became more involved w
ith his studies after joining the Command and Staff College in Quetta.[4] After
his graduation, Kayani departed to United States on deputation and educated at t
he United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth and
the United States Army Infantry School at the Fort Benning.[5] After graduating
from the military institutions in the United States, Ashfaq returned to Pakistan
and attained his Master of Science in War studies from the National Defence Uni
versity.[5]
Kayani is a chain smoker as well as a keen golfer. He is currently president of
the Pakistan Golf Federation.[5] During his long military career, Ashfaq has bee
n on the faculty of School of Infantry and Tactics, also in Quetta.[5] Ashfaq br
iefly taught war courses at the Command and Staff College in Quetta and later mo
ved on to accepting the professorship of strategic studies and joined the teachi

ng faculty at the National Defence University in Islamabad.[5]


Kayani is married and has two children, a son and a daughter. He belongs to Kaya
ni clan which claims ancestry from Persian Kayanian dynasty.
Staff and Command appointments[edit]
As Lieutenant-Colonel, Kiyani commanded the an Infantry Battalion and an Infantr
y Brigade, as Brigadier.[4] Later, he served in the government of former Prime M
inister Benazir Bhutto as her deputy military secretary during her first stint a
s prime minister. Upon his promotion to two-star rank, Major-General Kiyani serv
ed as the general officer commanding of the 12th Infantry Division stationed in
Murree, deployed all over the LoC region and which comes under the X Corps.[4] I
n 2000, Kiyani was moved and appointed as the director of the Directorate General
of Military Operations (DGMO).[4] In 2001, it was during his tenure as DGMO that
the intense military standoff between Pakistan and India took place.[4] Reporte
dly, Kayani only slept a few hours a night during that period as he diligently o
versaw the unified armed forces mobilisation and preparedness on the border.[4]
In September 2003, Kayani's promotion to three-star assignment was approved by t
he President Musharraf and subsequently elevating him to three-star rank, Lieute
nant-General. The same year, he was appointed as the field operational commander
of the X Corps in Rawalpindi.[4] The promotion indicated Musharraf's significan
t trust in Kayani, since chief of army staff cannot build a military coup withou
t the help of the X Corps commander. Kayani led the X Corps until October 2004,
when he was transferred to the ISI as its director-general.[4]
During Kayani's tenure at the X Corps, he led the successful investigation of th
e two back-to-back suicide attacks against Musharraf in December 2003. It is bel
ieved that Kayani won the trust of Musharraf after the investigation, and a prel
ude to Kayani's appointment as the sensitive position of ISI chief.[7] He was aw
arded Hilal-e-Imtiaz, the civilian medal, for his achievement.
Intelligence service[edit]
Directorship of Inter-Services Intelligence[edit]
In October 2004, Lieutenant-General Ashfaq Kayani was appointed as the director
general of Directorate of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), in place of General
Ehsan-ul-Haq, who was promoted as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Com
mittee.[4] General Kayani directed the ISI operations and her operatives during
a bleak period, with widely spread insurgencies in North-West Pakistan and Baloc
histan, disclosing of the nuclear proliferation case, and waves of suicide attac
ks throughout Pakistan emanating from the northwestern tribal belt.[4] In his fi
nal days at the ISI, he also led the talks with Benazir Bhutto for a possible po
wer sharing deal with Musharraf.[7] In October 2007, after three years, he was r
eplaced at the ISI by Lt Gen Nadeem Taj.[8]
Kayani was also present at the March 2007 meeting that took place between Mushar
raf and Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, when the former military ruler
informed the top judge that he was suspended. Accounts of that meeting narrated
that Kayani was the only one among Musharraf's aides who did not speak a word.[
9]
Chief of Army Staff[edit]
In October 2007, Kayani's promotion papers for the appointment to the four-star
rank was approved by the President Musharraf, and appointed him as the Vice Chie
f of Army Staff. At the time of promotion, Kayani superseded one officer, Lieute
nant-General Khalid Kidwai who was on an extension for one year. On 28 November
2007, Kiyani succeeded Musharraf as chief of army staff after Musharraf's retire
ment. The ceremony was held at the sports stadium near General Headquarters, Raw
alpindi. General Kayani is the first four-star officer in the history of Pakista
n who held the position of director of ISI and then went on to become the Chief

of Army Staff (COAS). The last time a Director-General of the ISI was to be made
army chief in 1999, the army staged a bloodless coup to reinstate the proposed
outgoing Chief of Army Staff, General Pervez Musharraf.
Withdrawal of military from civilian government[edit]
In January 2008 General Kayani passed a directive which ordered military officer
s not to maintain contacts with politicians.[10] It was further made public on 1
3 February 2008 that General Kayani ordered the withdrawal of military officers
from all of Pakistan's government civil departments. It was an action that rever
sed the policies of his predecessor, President Musharraf. It was welcomed by Pre
sident Musharraf's critics, who have long demanded that the military distance it
self from politics. The Pakistani media reported that the army officers would be
withdrawn from 23 wide-ranging civil departments, including the National Highwa
y Authority, National Accountability Bureau, Ministry of Education, and Water an
d Power Development Authority.[11]
Kharian, 2 November 2013, General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani during "Azm-e-Nau Exercis
es 4" shakes hands with soldiers.
2008 general election[edit]
On 7 March 2008 General Kayani confirmed that Pakistan's armed forces will stay
out of politics and support the new government. He told a gathering of military
commanders in the garrison city of Rawalpindi that "the army fully stands behind
the democratic process and is committed to playing its constitutional role." Th
e comments made were after the results of the Pakistani general election, 2008 w
here the Pakistan Peoples Party won the election and began forming a coalition g
overnment who were opposed to President Pervez Musharraf.[12]
Perceptions of Kayani as COAS[edit]
When he became COAS, several top-level US officials visited General Kayani in su
ccession to make up their own minds about him. Most, including the then CIA chie
f Michael Hayden, National Intelligence Director Mike McConnell and former CENTC
OM-commander Admiral William Fallon came away confident that Kayani "knows what
he's doing."[13]
Kayani's first move as army chief was to visit the front lines in the Federally
Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Spending the Muslim holiday of Eid not with hi
s family, but rather with his soldiers prompted American military officials to p
raise him as a "soldier's soldier."
Recent events[edit]
Gen. Kayani and Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal (Commander of NATO ISAF and US Forces
Afghanistan) during 29th Tripartite Commission meeting.
About the Afghan war, Kayani is reported to have said, "the Pakistani people bel
ieve that the real aim of U.S. [war] strategy is to denuclearize Pakistan."[14]
April 24 2013, John Kerry bids farewell to General in Brussels, Belgium.
In January 2011, and after, there was criticism of General Kayani's handling of
the Raymond Davis saga. Davis, a CIA contractor, was hastily tried and acquitted
of murder charges in exchange for blood money paid to relatives of the victims,
after which he was sent out of Pakistan within a matter of hours. Knowing the d
ynamics of the Pakistani state and the nature of this particular case, it was im
possible for Davis to be released and deported from Pakistan without the knowled
ge and co-operation of Pakistan's Army and the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)
.[citation needed]
The day after Davis' release, over 40 people were killed in the Datta Khel airst
rike in North Waziristan in the FATA, in a drone strike by a US Predator aircraf

t. The target appeared to be a compound operated by Hafiz Gul Bahadur, a Taliban


leader. The dead included local tribal leaders.[15] The strike, intended to fur
ther the local war effort, instead added to the unpopularity of drone strikes an
d added to the anti-American sentiment in Pakistan. Kayani conducted a rare pres
s conference in which he condemned the drone strike (even persuading the Pakista
ni government to summon American Ambassador to Pakistan, Cameron Munter, and lod
ge a "protest in the strongest possible terms") and labelled it "intolerable". I
n 2011, after delivering a long lecture at the National Defence University, one
staff officer reportedly got up and challenged his policy of co-operation with t
he United States.[16] The officer asked, "If they don't trust us, how can we tru
st them?" according to one professor who was briefed on the session.[16] General
Kayani essentially responded, "We can't."[16]
Kayani's comments about the Datta Khel strike came to be put in the broader cont
ext of public and private communications by Pakistani officials with Washington,
including an April 2011, visit by the head of the ISI, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pas
ha, to CIA Director Leon Panetta at CIA headquarters. "[S]ome officials in both
countries [were] saying intelligence ties [we]re at their lowest point since the
Sept. 11, 2001, attacks spurred the alliance," according to one report. The rep
ort went on to say the overall communications included private demands that the
CIA suspend drone strikes and also reduce the number of US intelligence and Spec
ial Operations personnel in the country. After the ISI-CIA meeting, CIA spokesma
n George Little said the intelligence relationship "remains on solid footing."[1
7]
Retirement[edit]
In 2013, General Kiyani was in the race for the chairmanship of joint chiefs of
staff committee alongside with Admiral Asif Sandila and Air Chief Marshal Tahir
Rafiq; though he was shortlisted for the appointment. On 6 October 2013, General
Kayani announced that he will be retiring on the his due date of retirement in
November,[18][19] ending speculation that he might get an other extension or wou
ld be appointed as Chairman Joint Chief of staff Committee.[20][21]
His retirement was eventually confirmed when Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif approve
d then-Lieutenant General Raheel Sharif as chief of army staff and Lieutenant Ge
neral Rashid Mehmood as Chairman Joint chiefs on November 27, 2013.[22]
Awards and decorations[edit]
Service Medals
10 Years Service Medal
20 Years Service Medal
30 Years Service Medal
40 Years Service Medal
Command and Staff College Centenary Medal
Tamgha-e-Diffa (General Service Medal)
Non-operational Military Awards
Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Order of Excellence Military)
Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Order of Excellence Civilian)
Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Crescent of Excellence)
Commemorative Medals
Qarardad-e-Pakistan Tamgha (Resolution Day Golden Jubilee Medal)
Jashan-e-Wiladat-e-Quaid-e-Azam Medal
Tamgha-e-Istaqlal (Escalation versus India Medal)
Hijri Tamgha (Hijri Medal)
Tamgha-e-Jamhuriat (Democracy Medal)
Independence Day Golden Jubilee Medal
Tamgha-e-Baqa(Nuclear Test Medal)
Pakistan Military Campaign/War Medals
Sitara-e-Harb(1971 War Star)
Tamgha-e-Jang(1971 War Medal)

Foreign Awards
Legion of Merit (United States)
Order of Military Merit (Spain)
Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud (Saudi Arabia)[23]
See also[edit]
Portal icon
Military of Pakistan portal
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Tariq Majid
References[edit]
Jump up ^ Khan, Iftikhar A., "Kayani to stay on as COAS till 2013: The night of
the quiet general", Dawn, 23 July 2010.
Jump up ^ Jan, Reza, "Continuity in a Time of Flux: Pakistan Army Chief s Term Ext
ended", AEI Critical Threats, 9 August 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
^ Jump up to: a b "The World's Most Powerful People
Ashfaq Parvez Kayani". Forbe
s.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k ISI. "Ashfaq Parvez Kayani (ISI)". Governmen
t of Pakistan. ISI Publications. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f PA. "General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani". Government of Paki
stan. Directorate for Inter-Services Public Relations. Retrieved 6 December 2012
.
^ Jump up to: a b Syed Shoaib Hasan (17 June 2009). "Rise of Pakistan's 'quiet m
an'". BBC.
^ Jump up to: a b Ron Moreau and Zahid Hussain. "The Next Musharraf" Newsweek, 8
October 2007
Jump up ^ Ayaz Amir. "Is change in the air?" Dawn, 1 December 2006
Jump up ^ "The Insider Brief". Shaan Akbar. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
Jump up ^ "Pakistan military withdraws officers from civilian duties" Monsters a
nd Critics, 12 February 2008
Jump up ^ "New Pakistan Army Chief Orders Military Out of Civilian Government Ag
encies, Reversing Musharraf Policy" The New York Times, 2 February 2008
Jump up ^ Khalid Qayum. "Pakistan's Army Chief Kayani Pledges to Stay Out of Pol
itics" Bloomberg L.P., 6 March 2008
Jump up ^ Chauhan, Swaraaj, "General Kayani: USA s New Poster Boy In Pakistan?", The
Moderate Voice, 13 February 2008.
Jump up ^ DeYoung, Karen, "New estimates put Pakistan's nuclear arsenal at more
than 100", Washington Post, 31 January 2011.
Jump up ^ Rodrigue, Alex (18 March 2011). "Pakistan denounces U.S. drone strike"
. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
^ Jump up to: a b c Perlez, Jane (15 June 2011). "Pakistan's Chief of Army Fight
s to Keep His Job". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
Jump up ^ Entous, Adam, and Matthew Rosenberg, "Pakistan Tells U.S. to Halt Dron
es", The Wall Street Journal, 12 April 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
Jump up ^ "Pakistan's military chief Kayani says he will retire in November". Re
uters. 6 October 2013.
Jump up ^ "Pakistan's powerful army chief confirms retirement". 8 October 2013.
Jump up ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/613496/kayani-may-be-retained-in-powerfulsecurity-role-after-retirement/
Jump up ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-13-25741-Three-options-for-Gen-K
ayani-on-the-table-but-Nawaz-will-decide
Jump up ^ http://dawn.com/news/1058927/raheel-sharif-being-appointed-new-army-ch
ief
Jump up ^ "King Abdul Aziz Medal for Gen. Kayani". Saudi Gazette. 9 November 200
8. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
External links[edit]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ashfaq Parvez Kayani.
Official profile at ISPR website
Official profile at Pakistan Army website
Profile at BBC News
Profile at The News
Military offices

Preceded by
Ehsan ul Haq
Director General of the Inter-Services Intelligence
2004 2007
Succeeded by
Nadeem Taj
Preceded by
Ahsan Saleem Hyat
Vice Chief of Army Staff
2007
Post abolished
Preceded by
Pervez Musharraf
Chief of Army Staff
2007 2013
Succeeded by
Raheel Sharif
Preceded by
Khalid Shameem Wynne
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (Acting)
2013
Succeeded by
Rashad Mahmood
[hide] v t e
Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Pakistan
Shariff Adm. Shariff Iqbal Rahimuddin Akhtar Sirohey Alam Feroze Karamat Musharr
af Aziz Haq Majid Wynne Kayani Mahmood
[show] v t e
Pakistan Pakistan Armed Forces
Categories: Living people1952 birthsPakistani generalsNon-U.S. alumni of the Com
mand and General Staff CollegeNational Defence University, Pakistan alumniDirect
ors of the Inter-Services IntelligencePeople from Gujar KhanNational Defence Uni
versity, Pakistan facultyChiefs of Army Staff, PakistanGovernment of Benazir Bhu
tto staffers and personnelForeign recipients of the Legion of MeritPeople of the
War in North-West PakistanPsychological warfare theoristsCounter-insurgency the
oristsMilitary theoristsPothohari peoplePakistani military personnel of the Indo
-Pakistani War of 1971
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