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KAMARAJ COLLEGE OF ENGINEEERING, VIRUDHUNAGAR

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


FIRST CYCLE TEST
Year/Sem: II / IV
Sub Code: CE 6306
Subject Name: Strength of Materials

Max marks: 50
Total Time: 1 Hrs

Answer all the Questions


PART A (5 x 2 =20 Marks)
1. What is a PMM1? Why it is impossible?
2. The Coefficient of performance (COP) of a pump is 5. Find the COP of a refrigerator if
both are reversible devices in interacting between same source temperature and sink
temperature.
3. What is mean by Air standard efficiency? Draw the p.V diagram for Dual Cycle.
4. Define Specific steam consumption of an ideal Rankine cycle.
5. Name any two accessories of Steam Boiler and define its function.
PART B (1 x 8 = 8 Marks)
6. (a). Derive the expression for the air standard efficiency and mean effective pressure of a
diesel cycle.
(Or)
(b). Explain with suitable sketches the working of two stage air compressor with actual
pV diagram.
PART B (2 x 16 = 32 Marks)
7. (a). A fluid is confined in a cylinder by a spring loaded frictionless piston so that the
pressure in the fluid is a linear function of the volume (p = a + bV). The internal energy
of the fluid is given by the by the following equation u = 34 + 3.15Pv, where u is kJ, p is
in KPa and V in m3. If the fluid changes from an initial state of 170 KPa, 0.03 m 3 to a
final state of 400 KPa, 0.06 m3, with no other work than that done on the piston, find the
direction and magnitude of the work and heat transfer.
(Or)
(b). An engine working on otto cycle has a cylinder volume of 0.5 m 3, compresses air
from 1 bar and 300 C to 10 bar pressure. Determine the following if 200 kJ of heat is
added at constant volume
i). Pressure, temperature and volume at the all salient points in the cycle.
ii). Percentage Clearance
iii). Air standard Efficiency
iv). Mean effective pressure for the cycle
v). Ideal power developed.

Take the number of working cycle per minute is 200. Assume the cycle is reversible.
8. (a). Air flows steadily at the rate of 0.5 kg/sec through an air compressor, entering at 7 m/s
velocity, 100 kPa pressure, and 0.95 m 3/kg volume, and leaving at 5 m/s, 700 kPa, and
0.19 m3/kg. The internal energy of the air leaving is 90 kJ/kg greater than of the air
entering. Cooling water in the compressor jackets absorbs heat from the air at the rate of
58 kW.
(i). compute the rate of shaft work input to the air in kW.
(ii). find the ratio of the inlet pipe diameter to outlet pipe diameter.
(Or)
(b). In a Rankine cycle, the steam at inlet to turbine is saturated at a pressure if 35 bar and the
exhaust pressure is 0.2 bar. Determine
(i).. The Pump work
(ii). The turbine work
(iii). The Rankine efficiency
(iv). The condenser heat flow
(v). The dryness at the end of expansions. Assume flow rate of 9.5 kg/sec.

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


SECOND CYCLE TEST
Year/Sem: II / IV
Max marks: 50
Sub Code: EI6203
Total Time: 1 Hrs
Subject Name: Applied Thermodynamics and Fluid Dynamics
Answer all the Questions
PART A (5 x 2 =20 Marks)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What is a ton of refrigeration?


State Pascals Law.
Define Various modes of heat transfer.
State Bernoullis theorem.
Classify the mouthpieces.

PART B (1 x 8 = 8 Marks)
6. (a). Classify the steam boilers. Explain the working principle of Benson High pressure
boiler with neat sketch.
(Or)
(b). An open tank contains water up to a depth of 2m and above it an oil of specific
gravity 0.9 for a depth of 1 m. Find the pressure intensity
(i). at the interface of the two liquids, and
(ii) at the bottom of the tank.
PART B (2 x 16 = 32 Marks)
7. (a).(i). Explain the Working Principle of Vapour Absorption Refrigeration system. (10)
(ii). Define Thermal radiation and explain various laws related to radiation.
(6)
(Or)
(b). A U-Tube manometer is used to measure the pressure of water in a pipe line, which is in

excess of atmospheric pressure. The right limb of the manometer contains mercury and
is open to atmosphere. The contact between water and mercury is in the left limb.
Determine the pressure of water in the main line, if the difference in level of mercury in
the limbs of U-tube is 10 cm and the free surface of mercury is in level with the centre
of the pipe. If the pressure of water in pipe line is reduced to 9810 N/m 2, calculate the
new difference in the level of mercury. Sketch the arrangements in both cases.

8. (a). (i). A conical tube of length 2 m is fixed vertically with its smaller end upwards. The
velocity of flow at the smaller end is 5 m/s while at the lower and it is 2 m/s. The pressure
head at the smaller end is 2.5 m of liquid. The loss of head in the tube is
0.35 ( v 1v 2) 2
, where v1 is the velocity at the smaller end and v2 at the lower end
2g
respectively. Determine the pressure head at the lower end. Flow takes place in the
downward direction.
(10 Marks)
(ii). Explain various types of fluid flow.

(6 Marks)
(Or)

(b). (i). Water flows through a pipe AB 1.2 m diameter at 3 m/s and the passes through a
pipe BC 1.5 m diameter. At C, the pipe branches. Branch CD is 0.8 m in diameter and
carries one-third of the flow in AB. The flow velocity in branch CE is 2.5 m/s. Find the
volume rate of flow in AB, the velocity in BC, the velocity in CD and the diameter of
CE.
(10 Marks)
(ii). Explain the various types Hydraulic coefficients of Orifice.

(6 Marks)

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


MODEL EXAM
Year/Sem: II / IV
Max marks: 100
Sub Code: EI6403
Total Time: 1 Hrs
Subject Name: Applied Thermodynamics and Fluid Dynamics
Answer ALL the Questions
USE of Standard Steam Tables and Mollier Chart is permitted
PART A (5 x 2 =20 Marks)
1. State kelvin plank and Clausius statement of Second law of thermodynamics.
2. Draw the p-V and T-s diagram of Diesel Cycle.
3. Define efficiency of Rankine Cycle.
4. What are the various modes of Heat transfer?
5. State Buckinghams -theorem.
6. Define Gauge pressure and Vacuum Pressures.
7. List advantages of dimensional analysis.
8. Define geometric similarity.
9. Define the term slip of reciprocating pump.
10. Classify the different types of hydraulic turbine.
PART-B (5 x 16 = 80 Marks)
11. (a). (i). Air flows steadily at the rate of 0.5 kg/sec through an air compressor, entering at 7
m/s velocity, 100 kPa pressure, and 0.95 m 3/kg volume, and leaving at 5 m/s, 700 kPa,
and 0.19 m3/kg. The internal energy of the air leaving is 90 kJ/kg greater than of the air
entering. Cooling water in the compressor jackets absorbs heat from the air at the rate of
58 kW.
(i). compute the rate of shaft work input to the air in kW.
(ii). find the ratio of the inlet pipe diameter to outlet pipe diameter.
(10)
(ii). Derive the expression for work done and Heat transfer for Adiabatic Process.

(6)

(Or)
(b). An engine working on Otto cycle has a cylinder volume of 0.5 m 3, compresses air
from 1 bar and 300 C to 10 bar pressure. Determine the following if 200 kJ of heat is
added at constant volume
i). Pressure, temperature and volume at the all salient points in the cycle.
ii). Percentage Clearance

iii). Air standard Efficiency


iv). Mean effective pressure for the cycle
v). Ideal power developed.
Take the number of working cycle per minute is 200. Assume the cycle is reversible.
12. (a).(i). Find the enthalpy, entropy and volume of steam at 1.4 Mpa, 3800C.
(4)
(ii).Find the efficiency of the Prime mover operating on the Rankine cycle between 7
bar and 1 bar for the following initial conditions.
(a). The steam has a dryness fraction of 0.8
(b). The steam is dry and Saturated and
(c). The steam is super-heated to 3500C.
Draw the T-s diagram for each case. Neglect the pump work.
(12)
(Or)
(b). Vapour compression refrigeration system uses Freon 12 as a refrigerant. The liquid
evaporates in the evaporator at -150C and the vapour is condensed in condenser at 10 0C.
the temperature of the refrigerant at the delivery of the compressor is 15 0C. Determine
COP (i).if there is no under cooling, (ii) if the refrigerant is under cooled 5 0C before
throttling. take Cpv = 0.64 kJ/kg.K and Cpl = 0.938 kJ/kg.K

Temperature0C
-15
10

Properties of refrigerant
Enthalpy
Entropy of
Sensible heat hf
evaporation hg
liquid Sf
(KJ/kg)
(kJ/kg)
(kJ/kg.K)
22.316
180.87
0.0904
45.387
191.764
0.175

Entropy of
vapour Sg
(kJ/kg.K)
0.705
0.6921

13. (a). (i). The space between two square flat parallel plates is filled with oil. Each side

of the plate is 60 cm. The thickness of the oil fil is 12.5 mm. The upper plate, which
moves at 2.5 metre per sec, requires a force of 98.1 N to maintain the speed.
Determine:
(i). the dynamic viscosity of the oil in poise, and
(ii). the kinematic viscosity of the oil in stokes if the specific gravity of the oil is 0.95. (8)
(ii). A differential manometer is connected at the two points A and B of two pipes as
shown in fig. The pipe A contains a liquid of sp.gr = 1.5 while pipe B contains a liquid of
sp.gr = 0.9. The pressures ate A and B are 1 kgf/cm2 and 1.8 kgf/cm2 respectively. Find
the difference in mercury level in the differential manometer.
(8)
(Or)
(b).(i) Water flows through a pipe AB 1.2 m diameter at 3 m/s and the passes through a
pipe BC 1.5 m diameter. At C, the pipe branches. Branch CD is 0.8 m in diameter and
carries one-third of the flow in AB. The flow velocity in branch CE is 2.5 m/s. Find the
volume rate of flow in AB, the velocity in BC, the velocity in CD and the diameter of CE.
(10)
(ii). Explain Hydraulic Coefficient of Orifices.
(6)

14.(a). Using Buckinghams -theorem, show that discharge Q consumed by an oil ring is
given by

w
Q = Nd 3
where d is the internal diameter of the ring, N is
2
2 3
N d N d N 2 d
rotational speed, is density, is viscosity, is surface tension and w is the specific
weight of oil.
(16)

(Or)
(b). (i). Explain the types of similarities in the model analysis.
(ii).Explain the Model laws and Similarities law.

(8)
(8)

15. (a). A centrifugal pump having outer diameter equal to two times the inner diameter and
running at 1000 r.p.m works against a total head of 40 m. The velocity of flow through the
impeller is constant and equal to 2.5 m/s. The vanes are set back at an angle of 40 0 at outlet.
If the outer diameter of the impeller is 500 mm and width at outlet is 50 mm, determine:
(i). Vane angle at inlet
(ii). Work done by impeller on water per second, and
(iii). Manometric efficiency.
(Or)
(b). Explain the Construction and Working Principle of Pelton Wheel Turbine.