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TB 53

ANGUS Chemical Company Technical Bulletin

AMP-95 ®

DISPERSANT FOR KAOLIN CLAY,TITANIUM DIOXIDE, OR CALCIUM CARBONATE

AMP-95 (2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol containing 5% water) is an excellent dispersant for clay, titanium dioxide, and calcium carbonate pigment (or for combinations thereof) used for coating the surface of paper and paperboard.Through the use of AMP-95, these pigments can be efficiently dispersed to produce low-viscosity, stable aqueous slurries which are ideal for application to paper products. See ANGUS Benchmark No. 4 for the FDA-approval status of AMP with regard to coated paper which will contact food.

Optimum AMP Levels

The level of AMP-95 required in aqueous dispersions, and the need for other additives, will vary with the particular pigment system chosen. Clay pigments require approximately 0.18% AMP on the weight of the pigment for minimum dispersion viscosity. Titanium dioxide pigments require approximately 0.13% AMP; calcium carbonate pigments require approximately 0.19% AMP. A 50-50 mixture of clay and titanium dioxide can be dispersed readily using approximately 0.16% AMP on the weight of pigment.

The amount needed for any particular mixture will vary, but the optimum amount needed can be readily determined by the formulator. That optimum level normally will not exceed 0.25% AMP based on the weight of the pigments involved.

Slurry Preparation

Slurries are conveniently prepared by adding the pigment with agitation to water which contains the required amount of AMP and other dispersant. Please refer to Technical Data Sheets No. 10 and 10A for information on the chemical properties, physical properties, toxicology, and handling instructions for AMP-95.

Typical slurry formulations and their viscosities:

Formulation 1

Part by Wt.

Pulverized kaolin clay

 

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100

AMP-95

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0.19

Sodium hexametaphosphate

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0.18

. Brookfield viscosity at 20 rpm - 200 cp

Water

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42.8

Formulation 2

Titanium dioxide

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100

AMP-95

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0.137

. Brookfield viscosity at 20 rpm - 50 cp

Water

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42.8

Formulation 3

Calcium carbonate

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100

AMP-95

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0.2

Sodium hexametaphosphate

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0.19

. Brookfield viscosity at 20 rpm - 420 cp

Water

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42.8

. . . . . . . . . . . 42.8 A subsidiary of The

A subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company

. . . 42.8 A subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company ANGUS Chemical Company 1500 E.

ANGUS Chemical Company 1500 E. Lake Cook Road Buffalo Grove, IL 60089

Phone: 847-215-8600 Toll Free: 800-447-4369 Fax: 847-215-8626

The information and data contained herein are believed to be correct. However, we do not warrant either expressly or by implication the accuracy thereof. In presenting uses for this product, no attempt has been made to investigate or discuss any patent situations which may be involved.

or discuss any patent situations which may be involved. A subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company

A subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company

may be involved. A subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company AMP-95 is a Registered Trademark of

AMP-95 is a Registered Trademark of ANGUS Chemical Company.

JBR – Form No. 319-00039 © 2000 by ANGUS Chemical Company. All Rights Reserved. Printed in U.S.A.