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Block Diagram of DIP pick and place robot arm for color sorting

Power
Supply

PC

DC
Geared
motor
For Grip
DC
Geared
motor for
Arm
Limb

Crystal

Serial
communication
RS 232
Microcontroller

Motor 2 Driving
Stage

Motor 1 Driving
Stage

Buffer
stage

Buffer
stage

Block diagram description


Introduction In general where the cold storage plant are manual operation based they always
face a problem of power managing and temperature maintaining besides. At. this
is not feasible for the handling plant. so to control the plant and stay connected is
essential because of very large quantity of material is involved which is
temperature dependant and costly.
So for that purpose a system is configured by GSM technology. The power
supply states is monitored by step down transformer circuit. and temperature is
monitored by the temperature sensor inside the chamber connected to the circuit.
as any change in temperature is occurred and change in power status the
situation is informed to the user by an sms (Short Message Service).the Gsm
module is configured to microcontroller by serial interfacing .the hard ware
system is configured to work in power failure situation powered by the battery.
System will monitored by remotely as well as controlled also that means by
sending an SMS the switching of the power switching is selected by user by
sending a sms.
Microcontroller Unit:The detected signal is received & according to the assigned code & number the
Operation is display and controlling operation will be performed accordingly. All
other function will be performed by microcontroller.
The AT89C555WD is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer
with 4K bytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory (PEROM).
The device is manufactured using Atmels high-density nonvolatile memory
technology and is compatible with the industry-standard MCS-51 instruction set
and pin out. The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be Reprogrammed
in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a
versatile 8-bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89C55WD is a

powerful microcomputer which provides a highly-flexible and cost-effective


solution to many embedded control applications.

Microcontroller IC 89c55WD is heart of our project. We select this Microcontroller


IC for our project for following no. of advantages.
1) Internal 64K bytes of electrically erasable programmable read only memory for
feeding program so that there is no need of external EPROM.
2) Four 8 bit i/p o/p port out of which we use one port to read no at o/p of DTMF
decoder and other port issue to connect relay for operating devices through it.
3) Operating voltage of 3.5 to 6V D.C. which is easily available by using voltage
regulator IC.
4) Internal 128 byte RAM to store temporally storage of data. In which we can
feed took up table to turn ON/OFF relay.
5) Two 16 bit time /counter are present for timing & counting purpose.
6) 4 external & 2 internal interrupt are available.

Crystal & Reset Circuit:12MHz quartz ceramic crystal is connected between pin XTAL1, & XTAL2 of
Microcontroller to produce machine cycle for fetch & execution of instruction. And
at pin 9RST pin we connect R.C n/w to provide reset pulse when power is turn
ON so that program execution starts from memory location 0000H.
Power Supply:For our all IC we require 5V D.C. supply which can be generated by step down
transformer, full wave bridge rectifier, filter condenser & voltage regulator IC7805.
12V supply for relay is generated separately using the same procedure as above.
buffer Driver:

This stage provides the needed isolation from the main driver stage as well as
current boost of the microcontroller signal.
As micro controller dont have the driving capability. It can only drive up to 4mA
only.
Motor Driver:
This is the final driver stage it incorporates the configuration to achieve the full
control over the motor in both direction that is forward and reverse direction. by
using relays the switching of the motor is controlled.

RS232 communicationThis stage is interfacing stage in which level of the signal is converted to
microcontroller serial communication level. this work as serial communication
signal level shifter for communication. the gsm module to microcontroller
interfacing is done by the MAX 232 IC.

Advantages
1. Very fast in operation accurate and has a very fast response.
2. Low power consumption.
3. The system is Low cost.