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The Signs and Symptoms of

a Heart Attack
Often people expect a heart attack to be dramatic like it is in
the movies. But in reality most often that is not the case.
This article thus spells out the signs and symptoms of
a heart attack.
What happens during a heart attack?
During a heart attack, the blood flow to the heart muscle is
either reduced or completely stops. This typically happens
because of a blood clot that is blocking an artery. When
the heart muscle does not get oxygen-rich blood, it ceases to
work.
Some common heart attack symptoms:

- A heart attack often causes chest pain.


- There is a feeling of fullness or a clasping pain in the centre
of the
chest. Most victims describe the pain as akin to an elephant
standing o
n the chest (extreme pain). It usually lasts for about 15
minutes.
- One also experiences shooting pain in the shoulders, neck,
arm,
back and sometimes even the teeth and jaw.
- One finds increasing episodes of chest pain.

- Prolonged pain in the upper abdomen.


- Shortness of breath.

- The victim might experience heavy sweating.


- Since the hearts pumping action is severely impaired
during a severe heart attack,the victim might lose his/her
consciousness.
* In rare cases, as in patients who are diabetic,
the heart attack may not be very painful, and sometimes can
even be entirely painless.
Some symptoms that may also appear include:

Pain in the abdomen

Heart burn
Unusual tiredness
Nausea
Tightness or pain in the neck, shoulder or upper back

Heart attack symptoms are not the same for all


Not everyone who has a heart attack has the
same symptoms. Many a time, we also tend to ignore
a heart attack thinking it might be mere abdominal

discomfort due to gas pains or indigestion. If you have more


than a few symptoms listed above, then you are likely to be
having an attack. Get emergency help immediately.
What to do in case of a heart attack?
Rush to a hospital. Immediately. If you recognise that you or
someone around is having a heart attack, get immediate
medical help.
Give Disprin (Asprin): As soon as you recognise it is
an attack, crush a disprin, dissolve it in water and make the
person drink it.
Emergency numbers: Every office and home must keep a list
of emergency numbers like that of an ambulance service,
hospital.
A heart attack is different from a cardiac arrest

Do not confuse a heart attack with cardiac arrest. In the case


of a cardiac arrest, the heart suddenly stops. It occurs due to
an electrical disturbance that obstructs the hearts pumping
function, which results in stopping blood flow to the rest of
the body.

Sudden Cardiac
Arrest
SCA is a chaotic
electrical condition
of
the heart resulting in
the loss of blood
Definition
flow to the brain and
body. The most
common form of
SCA is ventricular
fibrillation.

Heart Attack
The medical term for
aheart attack is myocardial
infarction: a blockage of the
coronary arteries leading to a
decrease in blood flow.
When this happens,
theheart muscles die or become
permanently damaged.

Causes

Electrical impulses
of the heartbecome
chaotic due to a
blow to the chest or
other (sometimesunknown) healthrelated issues. As a
result,
the heart stops
beating regularly
and begins to flutter
rapidly.

Typically, there are


no symptomsto SCA.
Usually, the first
Symptom indication of SCA is
s
when the victim
faints. The second
sign is breathing
cessation.

Plaque made of cholesterol and


other cells builds up in the walls of
the hearts arteries.
When the buildup is great enough,
the plaque creates a blockage,
known as an occlusion, which
restricts the blood supply to
theheart muscle.

Warning signs of heartattack includ


e a tightening feeling in the chest,
a sore or numb left arm, lower
back, neck, and/or jaw.
Other signs include bad
indigestion, a feeling that
something heavy is sitting on your
chest, and shortness of breath.

A sudden cardiac
Victim's
arrest victim always The victim of a heart attackis
Response loses consciousness usually conscious and alert.
from lack of oxygen.
A victim of SCA will
die unless treated. If
left untreated, the
chances of survival
decrease by 10%
per minute.
Typically, permanent
brain damage occurs
within 5-7 minutes.

Most victims can recover fully and


lead normal lives, but about a third
of heartattacks are deadly.
A heartattack can lead to sudden
cardiac arrest.

Treatmen The only treatment


t
for SCA is
defibrillation from an
automated external
defibrillator (AED). A

One treatment of a heartattack can


be angioplasty, which opens up the
blocked vessels with a medical
balloon. Afterwards, a stent can be
placed in the artery to help keep it

Risk of
Death

shock from the AED


stops the chaotic
electrical activity
and allows
the heart's sinus
node to resume a
normal electrical
impulse.

open.
Other treatments include clotbusting drugs called thrombolytics
or nitroglycerin to reduce chest
pain.

So, remember this information, and most of all, remember


the ABCs of heart care: Avoiding Tobacco, stress and fatty foods,
Being more active and Choosing the right nutrition and life style that
will keep your heart healthy!
__._,_.___

Prevention: Brain Liver Damage

1.No Breakfast.
People who do not take breakfast are going to have a lower blood
sugar level. This leads to an insufficient supply of nutrients to the
brain causing brain degeneration.

2.Overeating.
It causes hardening of the brain arteries, leading to a decrease in
mental power.
3.Smoking.
It causes multiple brain shrink age and may lead to Alzheimer
disease.
4.High Sugar consumption.
Too much sugar will interrupt the absorption of proteins and
nutrients causing malnutrition and may interfere with brain
development.
5.Air Pollution.
The brain is the largest oxygen consumer in our 20 body. Inhaling
polluted air decreases the supply of oxygen to the brain, bringing
about a decrease in brain efficiency.
6.Sleep Deprivation.
Sleep allows our brain to rest... Long term deprivation from sleep
will accelerate the death of brain cells...
7.Head covered while sleeping.
Sleeping with the head covered increases the concentration of
carbon dioxide and decrease concentration of oxygen that may lead
to brain damaging effects.

8.Working your brain during illness.


Working hard or studying with sickness may lead to a decrease in
effectiveness of the brain as well as damage the brain.
9.Lacking in stimulating thoughts.
Thinking is the best way to train our brain, lacking in brain
stimulation thoughts may cause brain shrinkage.
10.Talking Rarely.
Intellectual conversations will promote the efficiency of the brain.

The main causes of liver


damage.
1.Sleeping too late and waking up too late are main cause.
2.Not urinating in the morning.
3.Too much eating.
4.Skipping breakfast.
5.Consuming too much medication.
6.Consuming too much preservatives, additives, food colouring, and
artificial sweetener.
7.Consuming unhealthy cooking oil. As much as possible reduce
cooking oil when frying, which includes even the best cooking oils
like olive oil. Do not consume fried foods when you are tired, except
if the body is very fit.
8.Consuming raw (overly done) foods also add to the burden of
liver. Veggies should be eaten raw or cooked 3-5 parts. Fried
veggies should be finished in one sitting, do not store.

We should prevent this without necessarily spending more. We just


have to adopt a good daily lifestyle and eating habits. Maintaining
good eating habits and time condition are very important for our
bodies to absorb and get rid of unnecessary chemicals according to
'schedule.'
__._,_.___

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