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Physics
April 2013
1 hour

Class:

STANDARDIZED TEST II, SEMESTER 1, 2015


MRSM KUALA KLAWANG
FORM 4
PHYSICS

Section

Question

Full
mark

1 - 30

30

One hour and thirty minutes


DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET
UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO

1. Write your name and class in the space provided.


2. Answer all questions in Section A and B.
3.

Answer each question by blackening the correct


space on the answer sheet.

4. Blacken only one space for each question.


No.
1
2
6
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C

D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

No.
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

TOTAL
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C

D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

This booklet contains 13 printed pages.

Marks

60

Section A
[ 30 marks ]
Answer all questions.
1

Which of the following is correct about mass and weight?


Antara pernyataan berikut, manakah betul mengenai jisim dan berat?
A. Both mass and weight are vector quantities
Kedua-dua jisim dan berat adalah kuantiti vektor
B. Mass are scalar quantites and weight are vector quantities
Jisim adalah kuantiti skalar dan berat adalah kuantiti vektor
C. Unit for mass is the same as unit for weight.
Unit untuk jisim adalah sama dengan unit untuk berat.
D. Objects with same mass have same weight.
Objek yang sama jisim mempunyai berat yang sama

Diagram below shows the scale of a vernier callipers when measuring the diameter of a steel
ball.
Rajah dibawah menunjukkan skala bagi angkup vernier untuk mengukur diameter bagi sebiji
bola keluli.

Given that the zero error of the vernier callipers is 0.03 cm. What is the actual diameter of the
steel ball?
Diberi ralat sifar bagi angkup vernier adalah 0.03 cm. Apakah diameter sebenar bagi bola
keluli tersebut?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10

3.12 cm
3.18 cm
3.25 cm
3.75 cm

11

A student finds that readings he obtained from a stopwatch are not consistent.
Which step will help him reduce the error caused by this problem?
Seorang pelajar mendapati bacaan-bacaan yang diperoleh daripada sebuah jam randik tidak
konsisten.
Langkah manakahakan membantunya mengurangkan ralat yang disebabkan oleh masalah ini?
A Repeat the measurement and calculate the average value.
Ulang pengukuran dan hitungnilai purata.
B Check the stopwatch for zero error.
Semak jam randik untuk ralat sifar.
C Repeat the measurement then choose the best value.
Ulang pengukuran dan pilih nilai yang terbaik.
D Use a better quality stopwatch.
Gunakan jam randik yang lebih berkualiti.

12

13

A car moves with a constant velocity. The acceleration of the car is


A
C

increased
zero

B
D

decreased
uniformly

14

Which of the following ticker tapes describes a motion with constant velocity?
A

15

The frequency of a ticker timer is 20 Hz. The time interval between two consecutive dots is
A
C

0.02
0.04

B
D

0.03
0.05

16

Based on the diagram above, calculate the acceleration of the object if the frequency of ticker
tape timer is 50 Hz.
A
C
17

2 m s-2
7 m s-2

B
D

5 m s-2
9 m s-2

An object moves with a uniform acceleration. Which of the following shows the motion of the
object?
A

18

The graph below shows how the velocity of a car changes with time

Which of the following can be deduced from the graph?


A
B
C
D
19

The car accelerates uniformly


The car decelerates until it stops
The car first accelerates and then moves with a steady velocity
The car first decelerates and then moves with a steady velocity

Diagram below shows a velocity-time graph of a moving object.

What is the distance travelled by the object, in unit m?

20

50

B 100

300

D 450

What is the name of the property of a body which resists a change in its state of rest or of
uniform motion?
A

Acceleration

B Density

C
21

D Velocity

The factor that affect the inertia of an object is


A
B
C
D

22

Inertia

the acceleration of the object


the size of the object
the weight of the object
the mass of the object

Which object has the greatest inertia?

23

Which of the following is the units of momentum?


A Ns
B
kg ms-2
-2
C kg s
D
kg-1s-2

24

Two trolleys of masses 2 kg and 3 kg respectively moving towards each other. Both of the
trolleys are moving at same velocity of 2 ms -1. . After collision they stick together with a
common velocity. What is the common velocity of the trolleys?
A 2 ms-1 in the original direction of the trolley of mass 2kg
B 2 ms-1 in the original direction of the trolley of mass 3kg
C 0.4 ms-1 in the opposite direction of the trolley 2 kg
D 0.4 ms-1 in the opposite direction of the trolley 3 kg

25

Which of the following is not obeys the principle of conservation of momentum?


A
B
C
D

The inelastic collision


The elastic collision
The explosion
The linear motion

26

The figure above shows two trolleys A and B moving towards each other. Which of the
following is true.
A An elastic collision will occur
B The total momentum of the system is conserved
C The total kinetic energy of the system is conserved
D After collision the two trolleys will separate and move with different velocities
27

1 N is equivalent to
A 1 kg ms-1
C 1 ms kg-1

B
D

1 kg ms-2
1 kg s m-1

28

Which of following is not effects of a constant force?


A Change the direction of motion
B Change the shape of an object
C Change the velocity of a moving object
D Change the acceleration of a moving object

29

The figure shows forces , F1 and F2 , exerted on a wooden block placed on a table surface. The
friction between the block and the table surface is 2 N.

Which pair of forces F1 and F2 causes the wooden block to move with an acceleration?
F1 / N
A
B
C
D
30

5
3
6
4

F2/ N
7
5
4
1

A car of mass 1 200 kg travelliling at 20 ms -1 is brought to rest over a distance 40 m. Find the
average braking force.
A
B
C
D

240 N
2 400 N
6 000 N
1 2000 N

Section B [20 marks]


Answer all questions.
1.

A car moves with an average speed of 75 km h -1 from town Kuala Klawang to town Seremban in
2 hours as shown in Diagram 1. By using this information, you may calculate the distance
between the two towns.

Diagram 1
(a)

(i) Based on the statements given, state two base quantities and their respective SI units.
.............
..
................
[2 marks]
(ii) What is the different between scalar and vector quantities
................
[1 mark]

(b)

Calculate the volume of a wooden block with dimensions of 7 cm length, 4 cm width and 13 cm
height in m3 and express the answer in scientific notation.

[2 marks]

2.

Diagram 2 shows a Vernier Calipers used to measure external diameter of a water pipe.

Diagram 2
(a)

(i)

Name the part labelled P.


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(ii)

What is the function of P?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b)

(i)

Write down the reading, in cm, for the diameter of the water pipe.
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(ii)

Why the external diameter of the water pipe must measure at different positions?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(c)

State one advantage of using a callipers compared with using a ruler in millimeters for
making this measurement.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

3.

Diagram 3 shows a velocity-time graph of a ball.


Velocity / cm s-1
60
50

40
30
20
10
Time / s
1

Diagram 3
(a)

(i)

What is meant by velocity?


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(ii)

What is the initial velocity of the ball?

(iii)

__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
State the characteristic of the motion of the ball.

(b)

__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
Calculate the acceleration of the ball.

(c)

Explain how the motion of the ball obtained

[2 marks]
__________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____
[1 mark]
4.

Pendulum A

Pendulum B
Diagram 4.1

(a)

What is inertia?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b)

Compare the time required for pendulum A and pendulum B to come to stop.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(c)

Relate between the inertia of pendulum bob with the time required to stop.

______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(d)

Relate between the inertia of pendulum bob with the mass of pendulum bob.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(c)

Diagram 4.3 shows a cheetah of mass 50 kg chasing a deer of mass 60 kg. The cheetah and the
deer are moving at velocities of 20 ms -1 and 15 ms-1 respectively. Diagram 4.4 shows the cheetah
has successfully caught the deer and the two of them moving at the same velocity, v m s-1.

Diagram 4.2
(i) What is the meaning of momentum?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) Based on Diagram 4.3 and 4.4, determine the total momentum of the cheetah and the deer
Before collision.
[1 mark]
(iv) Calculate the final velocity, v, of both the cheetah and the deer.

[1 mark]

5.

Diagram 5.1 shows a wooden block on a smooth surface being acted on by two forces. The
wooden block is not moving.
Diagram 5.2 shows a car moving at constant velocity along a straight horizontal road.

Diagram 5. 1
(a)

Diagram 5.2

Based on the situations in Diagram 5.1 and 5.2,


(i)

State the similarities between the magnitude and direction of the forces F1 and F2, F
and P.
Magnitude: __________________________________________________
Direction: ___________________________________________________
[2 marks]

(ii)

What is the net force in both situations?


_____________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(iii)

Based on your asnwers in 5 a (i) and 3 (a) (ii), name the physics concept involved.
_____________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b)

Diagram 5.3 shows an aircraft flying at a constant height.

Diagram

5.3

In this situation, F3 is greater than F4.


(i) Describe the motion of the aircraft.
___________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) Explain your answer in 5 (b)
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

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