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HEARTBEAT OF THE NATION

500
Ks.

DAILY EDITION

WWW.MMTIMES.COM

ISSUE 64 | MONDAY, JUNE 15, 2015

Vote with your


heads, not with
your hearts
In an exclusive interview, Union Election
Commission chief U Tin Aye tells The
Myanmar Times about his fears for this
years election outcome, his continued
allegiance to the military and his plans to
ensure the vote is credible.
FULL INTERVIEW NEWS 2-3

Photo: Aung Myin Ye Zaw

CBM steps in to support kyat


The kyat has regained some ground lost earlier this month after the Central Bank began using the governments
US dollar reserves to buy up the local currency, prompting money changers to cut back on transactions. BUSINESS 8

2 News

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

News 3

www.mmtimes.com

If you want clean water, dont stir up the dirt


U Tin Aye, chair of the Union Election Commission and a retired lieutenant general, talks to chief political correspondent Ei Ei Toe Lwin about the forthcoming elections on his hopes that people will vote with their
heads not hearts, why he does not see the right person to reform the country, how the Tatmadaw must accept the results of the vote, and on his life-long attachment to his military uniform
How will the administration of
these elections by the UEC differ
from the 2010 election and 2012
by-elections?
[There are] many differences. The
2010 election had many weak points
because it was organised within eight
months. The election was held but
with many errors and weaknesses
For 2015 we changed some electoral
laws that were not transparent and
difficult to follow and revised our systems. For example, previously we set
K500,000 as the deposit for a candidate; now it is K300,000. In the past,
we did not reimburse the money if a
candidate lost; now we will if he wins
one-eighth of the total votes.
Another difference is certainty over
advance votes. Previously it could not
be known who made advance votes
and there was no advance voter list.
Now there is a voting list and there is
no need to submit a request to see it.
The lists are easy to see; they are being
posted in the ward and village-tract
administration offices. On election day
advance vote boxes will be delivered to
polling stations before 6am and have
to be counted when polls close at 4pm.
This is the deadline. No vote can be
removed or added. All votes coming
in after polls close are disqualified.
In past elections advance votes came
at night and were accepted even if
nobody knew where they were from.
One candidate, an ethnic Chin, said he

The winner will


say I am good, and
the loser will blame
me Thats why I
have arranged for
observers ... They
will decide whether
I am biased or not.

won before he went to bed, but when


he woke up in the morning he found
he had lost because of advance votes.
I promise it will not happen like this
in the 2015 election. We have tried to
make sure of it. No one will say, There
is no transparency.
There are many problems when we
collect voter lists There were many
complaints about voter lists in the
2010 and 2012 elections. Some people could not vote on election day because their names werent on the list.
For this years election I dont want to
face such problems. We have posted
provisional voters lists beforehand because we want accurate lists of eligible
voters. We have received many complaints following the release of lists
Thats why we urged people to come
and check whether their names were
right or wrong. If something is wrong,
they make a claim to correct it.
Another difference is cooperation.
In previous elections there was no cooperation between the government,
election commission, political parties
and civil society organisations. As
chair of the election body, I knew we
had to cooperate. I meet with parties
and CSOs occasionally and discuss the
electoral process. The significant point
in preparing for these elections is harnessing people and parties strength.
How about the structure of the
election body? Has it changed?
It is very different The commission
ran the 2010 elections with only 65

staff and some volunteers. I knew I


could not manage with a few staff and
expanded the structure with approval
of the Union government. Now, there
are 1411 personnel, including me,
working for the UEC, of whom 124 are
from the military, 171 from ministries
and 1116 civilians appointed by me.

Union Election Commission


chair U Tin Aye speaks to
The Myanmar Times in Yangon
last week. Photo: Thiri Lu

How much money will you spend


on this election?
Four times more than in 2010, when
K10 billion was spent. Now K40 billion
will be spent for 2015. Daw Sandar
Min [an MP from the National League
for Democracy] criticised the UEC in
parliament because it used about K4
billion for food In 2010 and 2012
elections, we paid K1000 to each polling officer per day. They suggested that
this was not enough to buy a meal.
So this year we have planned K5000
for polling officers, K4000 for deputy
polling officers and K3000 for polling
station workers. We have to pay this
amount to three people for three days.
We estimate about 50,000 polling stations will be open. So we explained
how we calculated K4 billion for their
meal allowance If possible I would
like to give them more.

White-card holders could vote in


the 2010 and 2012 by-elections,
but are barred from the upcoming
election. Is there a plan between
the UEC and the government to
scrutinise eligible voters? Minister
for Immigration U Khin Yi said the
government will issue green cards
instead of white cards. Will you allow green-card holders to vote?
The government is still scrutinising
white-card holders. The commission
cannot allow white-card holders to vote.
Also there is no law for green cards yet.
If necessary, we will ask parliament
whether we should allow those holders
to vote or not. We will follow the law.
If parliament decides green-card holders are granted citizenship or will be
recognised as naturalised citizens in the
future, I must allow [them to vote].

What have been the major challenges in preparing for this election?
My main concern is that peoples
knowledge of elections is very weak.
I would like people to select qualified
candidates for parliament. These qualified MPs can develop the country. This
is the essence of elections. People can
vote for brilliant and excellent candidates When they decide who to vote
for, people must take into account what
they did, what promises they made,
who will be reliable. When I contested
the 2010 election in Tada Oo constituency, I didnt say, Vote for me. I just
said vote for the qualified person, because the country will develop if qualified people are leading it. There must
be highly qualified candidates in parties, including the ruling party.
So you mean your biggest challenge is that the people will not
choose brilliant candidates in this
election?
Of course In the five elections held
in Myanmar, including 1990, people
selected candidates using their hearts,
not their heads. Im worried unqualified candidates will get into parliament in this election having been
chosen by the heart. Thats why I want
people to vote with their heads.
How do you define a qualified
candidate?
A qualified person has a vision for the
state. Our country needs people who
know how to reform the country. But
now I dont see this kind of person.
Our country has been left behind others and its very late in developing. I
dont like those who look east or west.
Power must lie in our hands; this is
unity. If we cooperate with each other
in unity, our country must develop.
We dont need to fear others if we are
united. But now the country is not
developing although we have a strategic geographic location and natural
resources because of a lack of unity.
The country will never improve if we
are criticising and blaming each other.
For me Im a statesman, not a politician. As a statesman Im thinking of
the next generation, but politicians
only pay attention to winning election.
People are concerned whether the
election will go ahead or not. There
have already been religious and racial conflicts. Some people may instigate others into holding strikes
to disturb the election. How are you

The census results showed that 11


million people over the age of 10
have no ID. Do people have to have
an ID to vote?
We check voters based on documents
from village-tract and township administrative office. It is not based on
ID. According to the constitution, we
have to organise so that every citizen
over 18 can vote. This is their right. We
cant break the law. So if a person does
not have either ID or documents, but
if the village head, elders and relevant
people confirm this person really lives
in this village for many years, we add
him to the voter list. There is no law
that a person cant vote without ID.

preparing to safeguard against this?


Problems could happen during the
election campaign period. The UEC
has already announced campaign
rules and regulations. All must follow
them and also adhere to existing laws,
such as the peaceful assembly and
peaceful protest law. Moreover, the
election code of conducts [COC] will
be out soon. We did this in cooperation with parties and all must follow
them as well.
We understand that problems will
probably happen. Some ask if the election would be postponed if this happens. According to the legal process,
we can move the election [to some
extent]. Government has a five-year
term. The current term will end on
March 31, 2016.
According to the law, I have to hold
elections within 90 days of the end of
the legislature [January 31, 2016]. The
elections may be within 90 or 80 or 70
or 60 days. However, there must be political stability in the transitional period. I often exhort parties to cooperate
with each other in the campaign period. If they agitate people, conflicts will
happen. The elections will pass peacefully if they cooperate with each other.
It depends on them: whether they
cooperate or fight each other. When
I warn, Please try to keep stability, if
not the country might be in danger,
these words are taken to mean I am
warning of a coup. Actually I had
much experience serving under the

military. I know very well the negative


impacts of a military coup. We worked
so hard for many years, but we got no
results. The international community
blocked us. Now we can see many improvements in these four years compared to 22 years ago. Thats why we
dont want to take power back. The
military cannot make a coup whenever they please, but it will happen if
riots break out. I cant do anything if

1411

Workforce of the Union Election


Commission, up from just 65 in 2010

the elections dont happen because of


riots. This is [the parties] karma.
On my side, Im acting to prevent
possible conflict. We held a workshop
called Risk Management II. Military,
police, administration, immigration
and other ministries took part and discussed what problems might happen
where. And then we discussed with the
parties to find a way to resolve these
issues. After that we asked the Union
government to form security forces
in regions and states based on the

workshop results. The government


agreed and ordered the Ministry of
Home Affairs to deal with security matters. The UEC plans to form a group
with political parties, candidates and
relevant people. If unrest happens, we
are ready to prevent harm to the electoral process as much as we can.
How do you arrange voting for migrants living and working in others
countries, such as Thailand and
Malaysia?
We cannot make voter lists for those
people. Those who live abroad ask for
Form 15 from the embassy to have an
advance vote. The embassy sends the
request to us to check if the name is
on the relevant voter list in their village and township administration. If
it is correct, we send a ballot to the
embassy. In past elections we delivered Form 15 to the embassies. Now I
have already sent a CD to embassies
and we will post this form on the website. People who want to vote can also
download this from and send it to us
by mail. But these people must be living abroad with legal documents.
So illegal migrants cannot vote?
Sure, those people have to go back
home if they want to vote.
How do you arrange for soldiers to
vote?
The commander and relevant [ward
or] village-tract administrator discuss

the military voter list. The commander


has to inform the administrator how
many soldiers have to cast advance
votes and the list is posted in the village administrative office. So one can
see in advance how many soldiers can
vote.
And on election day, will polling
stations be open inside or outside
military areas?
I told the Tatmadaw to come and vote
in their village and township polling
stations as much as possible. If they
cant, they must allow party representatives, candidates, observers and even
media to enter military compounds.
If they dont want to allow that, they
must open polling booths outside military areas if they are far from village
polling booths.
Has the Tatmadaw accepted this?
They cannot object. They must accept.
Ive discussed it with them.
Will all polling stations be open in
ethnic areas?
We are considering two options. The
first is that we will not open some
polling stations where there might
be conflicts and which are far from
towns and lack security. The second is that we will open all of them,
but we will not recognise the result
from that station if someone forces
voters with weapons to vote how
they want.

There is controversy over the rights


of the president and vice presidents
related to the election campaign.
According to section 64 of the constitution, they are banned from
party activities while in office. But
section 61 says they can serve two
terms, meaning President U Thein
Sein has the right to run in this
election. Can you clarify?
There are two related laws. As you said,
the constitution bans the president
from involvement in party activities
under section 64. Meanwhile, section 7
of the Union Government Law allows
the president and vice presidents to
run for election and also allows the
president to start their election campaign when the commission announces an election date. So the two laws are
contradictory. One allows and another
prohibits [campaigning]. So Ive asked
the constitutional tribunal to resolve
it. The court will answer at the end of
June I will follow the courts decision. I will announce the decision when
I declare the election date. However, if
the president does not run again, he
does not have the right to hold an election campaign as a party chair. So, if he
doesnt run again, he must stay quiet.
Do you allow party chairs to campaign across the nation?
I think the question is not related
to the current president. It might be
linked with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
Yes, she can. Party chairs may go
around the country and talk to people
about their party and policies.
MPs have called for changes to the
law to stipulate that UEC members
must not have been a member of a
political party for a set period, for
example at least five years. Do you
agree with these proposals?
I dont want to argue about it. The commission was formed according to section 399 of the constitution. I ask you
which part of the commission does
not meet with the law? We do nothing
against the law. Although the president
nominated committee members, parliament approved them. There is no
need to criticise our qualifications. As

for my personal opinion on this proposal, it would be fine if the person must
not be linked to a party for five or six
years, if they can change the law. If not,
is the law okay? I think it depends on
the individual and his behaviour If
I am not deemed capable, I will transfer my duties to someone else. I serve
as commission chief with self-respect.
One of my seniors told me a thief always thinks of others as a thief I
cant change their mind. On my side I
try to be clear.
People do not have a lot of trust in
this election. Why should the public believe that the UEC is really
independent, given that you were a
senior military officer?
People had to live under a one-party
system and military regime for 48
years from 1962 to 2010. So they never
trust whatever soldiers do ... I know
some criticise me, using impolite
words. But I dont care. I can compete
with them in various fields, such as
economics, management, politics and
defence. Its funny that some criticise
me as biased because I was a general
and also a member of the Union Solidarity and Development Party. Actually I was a USDP member for eight
months. I served for 47 years in the
military, but I never bullied anyone.
I want people to judge me on my
acts and not look at the past. I want
to retire; however, I stay to handle this
passage of the state. In the constitution
it speaks of a democratic state with total discipline, so [we] still control the
country. If the country were set totally
free now, it might collapse. The plan
is to let go step by step based on peoples awareness of democracy. As you
know, Rome was not built in a day. So

if you want clean water, dont stir up


the dirt. We have tried to transfer state
power since the 1990 election. If you
had been clever, you would have had
a better situation in 1995 and 1996.
We cannot set [the country] free if you
dont have enough democratic awareness. Thats why we still have control,
but we dont want to.
Do you expect this election will win
the trust of the people?
I will try my best. But elections will
not produce a win-win result. The winner will say I am good, and the loser
will blame me Thats why I have
arranged for observers to decide who
will be right or wrong. They will decide whether I am biased or not.

not do otherwise. I served 47 years in


the military, since I was 17. My wish
would be to wear my uniform every
day. I dont want you to misunderstand
the military.
So you didnt take into account the
impact on the image of the UEC before donning your uniform?
Actually I didnt. I would give up my life
to wear my uniform. I wear it because
I want to. Thats why I wear it even if I
have to quit [the UEC] because of that.
But there is no law saying I should resign for wearing uniform. But I must
quit if I am biased and if I am biased I
would be sent to prison.

If the military tries


to stage another
coup, I would not
accept it. I would say
transfer power to the
winning party.

People worry the election outcome


will be like 1990. Will there be attempts to change the result if the
opposition party wins by a landslide this year? Will you really recognise the result?
Why would I change the result? There
is no way to change it. The result must
be recognised. But the transfer of
power is not connected to me. If the
military tries to stage another coup, I
would not accept it. I would say transfer power to the winning party. They
must accept and recognise this. Dont
worry too much. This era is not the era
of rule by dictatorship.

Why did you wear your military


uniform on Armed Forces Day? Do
you think this harmed the reputation or image of the UEC?
I wore it last year according to regulations; this year also. I dont know why
people criticised me this year. I dont
want to justify if I was wrong to wear
my uniform. But I had no objective in
doing so. You misunderstand. I could

My last question is about what you


will do after the elections. Will you
retire?
My term lasts until the next chair is selected. I will work until parliament assembles and a government is formed.
However, my wish is to retire. If my
seniors ask me to serve again, there is
a 5 percent chance I will accept. But it is
quite certain I wont be chair of the UEC.

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4 News

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

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Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is greeted by National League for Democracy supporters at Yangon International Airport yesterday. Photo: Aung Myin Ye Zaw

No comment as NLD chief returns from China


EI EI TOE LWIN
MRATT KYAW THU
newsroomtimes.com
DAW Aung San Suu Kyi returned to
Yangon yesterday following her first
visit to China, including talks with
President Xi Jinping. However, few
details about her five-day tour, which
also took the NLD leader to Shanghai
and Kunming, have been released.
Over 500 National League for Democracy members from branches
around Yangon came to the airport to
greet her, some holding banners demanding that she must be the 2015
president. She made no comment to
reporters and hurried to her car, accompanied by party patron U Tin Oo
and parliamentarian U Win Htein.
U Win Htein told The Myanmar
Times there was no time for a press
conference as the NLD leader had to
go straight to Nay Pyi Taw to attend
a parliamentary session today. He
said a statement on the visit would be

released, although it would not be detailed and he did not know when.
China was one of the few staunch
defenders of the former military junta
while Daw Aung San Suu Kyi spent 15
years under house arrest until her release in 2010. But the NLD leader was
given VIP treatment during her trip to
China, as it seeks to build a relationship with the politician who could
play a pivotal role in the formation of
the next government after Novembers
parliamentary elections.
Much speculation over her visit focused on whether she would use her
international status as a democracy
icon to speak out on behalf of Chinese
writer and fellow Nobel Peace Prize
laureate Liu Xiaobo, who has been in
prison since 2009.
Her last stop was in Kunming,
capital of Yunnan, where she met provincial party secretary Liu Jiheng. The
official Yunnan Daily quoted her as
saying that Yunnans economic development was a model Myanmar should

consider emulating. Mr Liu stressed


the two neighbours shared ethnic populations, a possible reference to the
ethnic Chinese community in conflicttorn Kokang.
The official Xinhua news agency
ran an editorial last week raising the
sensitive issue of major Chinese-led
infrastructure projects, including the
Myitsone dam and the Letpadaung
copper mine that had been brought
to a standstill.
China welcomes anyone with
friendly intentions and it bears no
grudge for past unpleasantness. It
is hoped the visit by Suu Kyi will
enhance mutual understanding and
promote cooperation and friendly relations between China and Myanmar,
Xinhua said.
U Win Htein said he believed
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi could help
strengthen ties with China. Mentioning the Myitsone dam project, which
President U Thein Sein suspended in
2011, he said the NLD leader would

have urged China to pay attention to


the welfare of people.
A source close to the Presidents Office said China would have invited her
earlier but had been afraid of the governments reaction. China knows it is
the right time to invite her while she
criticises Western countries favours to
[our] quasi-civilian government, and
also elections are coming, he said,
adding that he did not expect Myanmar-China relations to change much.
Political commentator U Yan Myo
Thein, an expert on relations between
Myanmar, China and the US, said that
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi understood the
important role of neighbours, especially China.
When the NLD won the 1990 election by a landslide, the first ambassador who said congratulations and
recognised the result was the Chinese
ambassador, he said. Now whatever
result comes out of these elections, the
trip showed the revival of relations between the NLD and China.

Fighting persists in Kokang


despite rebels ceasefire offer
GUY DINMORE

WA LONE

FIGHTING persisted in the Kokang


border region over the weekend despite a unilateral ceasefire declared
by ethnic Chinese rebels, with little
sign so far that Myanmar intends to
heed Chinas calls on both sides to negotiate a settlement.
A source close to the Myanmar
National Democratic Alliance Army
(MNDAA) told The Myanmar Times
yesterday that the Tatmadaw had
continued its offensives on June 12
and 13, using artillery and infantry.
The Tatmadaw dont want peace.
They responded by fighting although
we declared a unilateral ceasefire on
our side, the source said.
The MNDAA declared a unilateral ceasefire on June 11 after four
months of intense fighting and said it
had pulled back from some positions

close to the border with Chinas Yunnan province. The group said it would
defend itself if attacked.
China, which denies assisting the rebels, welcomed the ceasefire announcement. A foreign ministry spokesperson
said on June 12 that Beijing supported
all sides in Myanmar who would solve
their disputes through negotiation, realise peace and national reconciliation
at an early date and jointly maintain
stability in the border areas in the
interests of both countries.
Tens of thousands of mostly ethnic
Chinese civilians have sought refuge
in China from the conflict which has
on occasion spilled across the border.
Both the Tatmadaw and the rebels
are reported to have suffered heavy
casualties.
Yang Houlan, Chinas outgoing
ambassador to Myanmar, revealed the
extent of Beijings role in the ceasefire
during a farewell meeting with Senior
General Min Aung Hlaing on June 12.
Myawady, the army newspaper, quoted the envoy as telling the Tatmadaw
commander-in-chief that the Chinese
government had contacted MNDAA

leader Phone Kyar Shin to urge him


to stop military operations and solve
problems through political means.
But in a reflection of the tensions
between the two neighbours, Senior
General Min Aung Hlaing was reported to have urged the ambassador
to take measures to control the border peacefully in accordance with the
law. Senior Myanmar officials have
previously voiced suspicions that the
MNDAA obtains food and weapons
across the border as well as hospital
treatment for casualties.

The Tatmadaw ...


responded by fighting
although we declared
a unilateral ceasefire
on our side.
Source close to the Myanmar
National Democratic Alliance Army

However, the commander-in-chief


was quoted as saying that relations
between the two countries had flourished despite problems caused by
individuals and organisations, while
the Chinese ambassador said relations would remain steady.
A source close to the government
told The Myanmar Times last week
that he believed the Tatmadaw, which
has driven back the rebels close to
the mountainous border, intended to
pursue operations to secure the entire region ahead of national elections
in November.
The fighting in Kokang and the
governments refusal to include the
MNDAA and its allies in a nationwide
ceasefire agreement have contributed
to a deadlock in attempts to finalise
a draft pact signed on March 31 with
negotiators representing 16 armed
ethnic groups. The government has
not made clear whether it is willing
to meet with a new negotiating team
set up by leaders of the armed groups
at an eight-day conference in Law
Khee Lar in Kayin State that ended
on June 9.

6 News

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

New travel
law to give
region govts
more power
EI EI THU
91.eieithu@gmail.com

Buddhist novices hold posters that read INGO/NGO respect the truth during a protest against migrant boat people in Sittwe yesterday. Photo: EPA

Anti-UN banners dropped


from Rakhine State protests
Thousands protests in nine townships, with largest demonstration held in state capital Sittwe amid heavy rain

MRATT
KYAW THU
mrattkthu@gmail.com

PROTESTERS in Rakhine State yesterday responded to requests from


Chief Minister U Maung Maung
Ohn by agreeing not to use banners
attacking the United Nations perceived support for Muslims, local
monks told The Myanmar Times.
Angry Rakhine State residents
marched through the rain in nine
townships to protest the governments decision to offer shelter to
boat people rescued by the Myanmar navy.
Almost 1000 people on two vessels were rescued off the coast of
Ayeyarwady Region in late May
after they were abandoned by

human traffickers, whose usual


route through Southeast Asia had
been disrupted by a crackdown in
Thailand.
The Myanmar and Bangladesh
governments are verifying their
nationality, with 150 repatriated on
June 8. The remainder are thought
to be held in camps in the Taung Pyo
area of Maungdaw township, across
the border from Bangladesh.
Demonstrations were yesterday
reported in Pauktaw, Ponnagyun,
Kyauktaw, Mrauk-Oo, Minbya, Myebon, Buthidaung and Maungdaw,
with the largest taking place in
Sittwe, where about 1000 people,
led by almost 100 monks, braved
heavy rain to take part in the march
demanding a deadline for the expulsion of what they called the
Bengalis.
I think the Sittwe protest was
the biggest. Some townships also
protested with almost 500 people,

Settkal Sayadaw of Sittwe told The


Myanmar Times.
On June 11, five prominent
monks including Sarsana Ranthi
Sayadaw met with U Maung Maung
Ohn to discuss the protests. According to the monks, U Maung Maung
Ohn requested they not threaten
UN agencies and other international organisations during the protests
and marches. Photos showed them
holding banners reading INGO/
NGO respect the truth.
We agreed to his request and
removed the slogan critical of UNHCR, said Sarsana Ranthi Sayadaw,
one of the protest leaders.
The decision to protest was
reached on June 6 at a meeting between a prominent monk organisation and Rakhine social and philanthropic organisations. They agreed
to demand the expulsion of all rescued boat people being temporarily
sheltered in Rakhine State.

Despite the attempts of organisers, no demonstrations were held in


southern Rakhine State.
We couldnt reach southern
Rakhine, although we planned protests all around the State, because
there are no leaders to organise
protesters there, said Sarsana Ranthi Saya-daw, one of the protest
leaders.
U Than Tun, a member of the
Emergency Coordination Centre
of Rakhine State, which was set up
last year to coordinate aid provision and dialogue, said demonstrators wanted the government to explain its strategy for handling those
rescued.
We are confused about what the
government is going to do about
these 700 Bengalis, he said. We
want to know what their plan is.
Were concerned about our security
now that these Bengalis are living so
close to us.

A NEW tourism law is to be submitted to parliament later this year, the


government says. The text of the law
is to be circulated for comments to
the tourism industry before being finalised, but operators say they are yet
to see a draft.
Ministry of Hotels and Tourism director U Tint Wai told The Myanmar
Times the new law would replace outdated sections of the existing legislation, which was enacted 20 years ago.
For example, the fine for infractions [in the old law] is only K5000,
he said.
The new law will also speed up
and simplify the process of getting
government permission for tourism
activities.
States and regions have to seek
permission from the Union government for any changes, which is a
source of delay, U Tint Wai said.
The attorney-generals department
is reviewing the 52-section draft in
light of suggestions from international organisations over definitions.
The ministry will consider input from
tour operators and then submit the
law to parliament, U Tint Wai said.
We also accepted suggestions
from the Myanmar Tourism Federation while preparing the law to bring
it up to international standards and
improve the climate in which tour operators function.
But Daw Sabei Aung, of Nature
Dream travel and tours, said tour
operators were in the dark about the
laws contents and were still waiting
to be consulted.
She said the private sector wants
to work with the ministry to ensure the law is up to international
standards.
We want to know what is in the
draft before it is formally submitted
to parliament but the ministry hasnt
shared it with us yet, she said. We
also dont know which international
organisations are helping with the
law.
But she said operators welcomed
efforts to improve the legal framework
for the industry, and urged the government to stick to the published Tourism
Master Plan, released in 2013.
We dont have any protective
laws, especially for outbound travellers. What will happen to them if a
natural disaster occurs while they
are travelling abroad? The law should
protect travellers, operators and the
industry.

Ministry of Health takes steps to avert MERS spread


PYAE THET PHYO
pyaethetphyo87@gmail.com
AS the death toll of the virus MERSCoV edges toward 500, Myanmar
health authorities have been tightening up their border procedures to
protect the country from infection.
In a June 9 statement, the World
Health Organization put the number of dead at 449 in the 25 countries affected, including South Korea,
China, the Philippines and Malaysia.
The disease, first detected in
Saudi Arabia in 2012, is a severe
and highly contagious respiratory
complaint.
Measures to prevent infection
within Myanmar are being coordinated by Minister for Health U Than
Aung, who led an interdepartmental
meeting on the subject on June 11.

Health workers have been checking incoming travellers at international airports, ports and border
crossings including Myawady, Tachileik, Muse and Tamu 24 hours a day
since last September. Disease-control
information and related equipment
have been placed at all entry points.
We are particularly checking
people returning from countries affected by the disease. People returning from [South] Korea are checked
if they are coughing or experiencing
breathing difficulties, said Dr Than
Tun Aung, director of epidemiology
in the Ministry of Healths Department of Public Health.
Suspected carriers may be hospitalised for at least 14 days, and are
released only if laboratory tests detect no sign of the disease. If symptoms are found, everybody in close

contact with the patient is hospitalised for 14 days for observation, and
released if they show no symptoms,
he said.

4856
People quarantined in South Korea
as of yesterday following a
MERS outbreak on May 20

There is no vaccine or cure for


MERS, which, according to WHO
data, has a fatality rate of around

35 percent. Health staff can only try


to alleviate the symptoms. We can
provide oxygen and antibiotics, Dr
Than Tun Aung said.
Apparatus to test the temperature of incoming travellers at airports was first installed in 2009,
after the outbreak of H1N1 bird flu.
Since the Ebola outbreak of 2014,
people entering Myanmar walk past
fever-testing apparatus at airports.
Myanmar has hired more health
staff and acquired equipment to
check people since the start of the
outbreak of MERS-CoV.
Though many people come here
from South Korea, nobody has been
detected carrying the disease, said
Dr Than Tun Aung.
MERS-CoV originated from camels in the Arabian Peninsula, and
occurs in the United Arab Emirates,

Qatar, Oman and Kuwait.


Dr Than Tun Aung advised people with a cough to wear a face
mask, and said others should keep
at least 2.7 metres (9 feet) away
from anyone with a cough to avoid
infection. People should also wash
their hands thoroughly and often,
and eat only properly prepared and
cooked food.
If people follow such instructions, Myanmar can be free of the
disease, Dr Than Tun Aung said.
South Korea has been hard-hit
by the virus, with almost 5000 people put under quarantine since the
first case was reported to the WHO
on May 20 and 15 deaths recorded. It
is thought the first victim, a 68-yearold man, had travelled to Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE and Bahrain.
Translation by Thiri Min Htun

News 7

www.mmtimes.com

Views

Do you like the Tatmadaw?


The militarys budding foray into social media, particularly Facebook, will need to be carefully managed to avoid a backlash

URING almost 50 years of


military dictatorship, the
Tatmadaw didnt ask to be
liked. Its power grew from
the barrels of a million guns
and the steady march of those who
wore its uniforms.
It crushed dissent in the cities, kept
rebels on the run in the mountains
and sought to build high walls around
one version of Myanmar culture. Even
those who served the old regime often
tired of its inefficiency, brutality and
narrow-mindedness. While some may
have grudgingly respected the senior
military leadership, they never commanded much genuine affection.
In recent times, the Tatmadaws
public image has been boosted by the
upbeat reception of political change.
Retired Senior General Than Shwe,
and his former subordinates like U
Thein Sein, Thura U Shwe Mann and
U Khin Aung Myint, now benefit from
the idea that positive changes have resulted from their late-career creativity.
Many Myanmar citizens still resent
the incompleteness of reform, and
the ongoing guidance of serving and
retired military figures, but they usually accept that todays liberalisation
would not have happened without the
imprimatur of top military figures.
We can also be thankful that those

NICHOLAS
FARRELLY
nicholas.farrelly@glenlochadvisory.com

in power have created a system where


it is increasingly possible to gauge the
popular mood. This is especially so
online, where Myanmar citizens are
emboldened to broadcast their feelings.
We saw this back in 2011 when
the Kachin Independence Armys
ceasefire with the government broke
down. On Facebook, KIA sympathisers
began changing their avatars from the
standard happy snaps to the defiant
crossed-swords flag of the rebel group.
In certain corners of the Jinghpawspeaking internet, hundreds of these
martial flags fluttered as symbols of
digital solidarity.
Earlier this year when a new round
of fighting erupted with the Kokang in
northern Shan State, we saw another
outpouring of public support for an
armed group. This time it was the Tatmadaws Northeast Region Command
that received the positive attention.
People quickly switched their profile pictures to reflect their encouragement for Tatmadaw units slugging it

out with the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army.


Tatmadaw personnel themselves,
including some serving on the
frontlines, took to social media to
share their stories and perspectives.
In cities and towns across Myanmar,
people have tuned in to these largely
unfiltered versions of events. Judging
by the comments, many feel common
cause with the Tatmadaws ordinary
fighting men.
At the elite level, it is also possible
to see the militarys workings up-close
online. Senior General Min Aung
Hlaing maintains a busy Facebook
presence: Just shy of 200,000 people
like him, with thousands more added
every week. They all receive semi-regular updates on what the Tatmadaws
top general has been doing. His Facebook page is filled with the predictable
visits to temples, command inspections
and meetings with foreign delegations.
There are also trips to see wounded
Tatmadaw personnel convalescing
in military hospitals, ribbon-cuttings
for gleaming military facilities and
reviews of shiny imported equipment.
With so many Myanmar internet
users curating their lives through
their Facebook feeds, it makes sense
for the senior general to provide such
snapshots. He joins former military

figures like Pyidaungsu Hluttaw


Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann (73,000
likes) and Minister for Information
U Ye Htut (who has already broken
the 200,000 likes barrier), who have
cultivated large Facebook followings.
Still, they each have work to do to
catch Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, whose
relatively subdued Facebook presence
her last post was on January 26 has
more than 1 million likes.
As well as managing expectations
in the shadow of Myanmars most
famous political figure, there are other
challenges for the Facebook generation
of military leaders.
First of all there are the risks that
an accessible online presence entails.
A misstep could quickly lead to public
backlash, which has the potential to

The risks are being


tolerated, especially
as the internet now
gives the Tatmadaw
a chance to tell its
story in fresh ways.

run away in the unregulated spaces of


the internet. The mocking presentation of North Korean leader Kim Jonguns inspection photos shows what a
meme can do to deride the powerful.
But those risks are clearly being
tolerated, especially as the internet
now gives the Tatmadaw a chance to
tell its story in fresh ways.
For decades military leaders could
rely on the sanitised television, radio
and print media for their public
statements. But their voices were
rarely heard and personalities almost
never glimpsed; people came to ignore
what was readily dismissed as abject
propaganda.
The internet offers directness and
immediacy, mixed up with all manner
of anarchic possibilities. Deft use of
these platforms might generate a new
level of popular support, but it is just
as likely to reinforce the idea that the
top generals remain a caste set apart.
In this election year, the Tatmadaw
will need to be careful that its hunger
for attention does not create a sense
that its leaders are simply using the
tools of the Facebook age to reinforce
their 20th-century dominance.
Nicholas Farrelly is the director of the
Australian National Universitys Myanmar
Research Centre.

8 THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

Business
Central Bank steps in
to stop the forex slide
JEREMY MULLINS MYAT NYEIN AYE

THE dollar has been strengthening


in value for much of the year against
the kyat, though this accelerated rapidly in June until the afternoon of
June 11, following intervention from
the authorities.
The Central Bank of Myanmar
stepped in to the market to reverse
the kyats slide against the US dollar,
decisively ending kyats steady losses
since the start of the year.
At a June 12 meeting of industry,
government and experts at the Central Bank, a range of initiatives aimed
at ending exchange rate volatility
were discussed, including an ongoing
program to buy up kyat with dollars.
Demand for US dollars is being
driven by both actual demand for foreign currency as well as speculation,
according to a Central Bank official.
The Central Bank has planned
to fulfil the actual demand by selling
the foreign currency that is needed
for the import of essential items, such
as fuel, oil, construction and agricultural products, he said.
The kyat had started June at
K1137 per US dollar on informal markets. It had rapidly depreciated to a
low of K1267 on June 11, before reversing back below K1200 a day later.
Industry website naungmoon.com
placed the rate at K1183 on June 13.
Exchanges canvassed yesterday had
a range of different exchange rates
on offer, though most outwardly displayed rates at about K1113.
The Central Bank official said the
Ministry of Finance and state-owned
banks have reinforced the Central
Bank by transferring hundreds of
millions into its coffers, with more to
come.
Some of these funds are being
used to intervene in the foreign exchange market to buy up kyat, thereby strengthening its value against the
dollar.
The June 12 meeting attended

by senior officials generated three


main points of discussion, including the need to fulfil the demand for
foreign exchange to import essential
items, as well as approving more
offshore loans and encouraging
foreign banks to lend more foreign
exchange to local banks through the
interbank market.
Myanmar had previously been
keeping stringent checks on incoming foreign loans, with the Central
Bank scrutinising them and often
pushing for lower interest rates. This
drew the ire of the business community, many of whom had their loans
held up for months or in some cases
rejected entirely.
A Central Bank official said the
conditions for approval of incoming
loans to foreign companies in Myanmar, from both banks and within the
same corporation, will be relaxed.

Whatever the rate


is now, the market
is tame. Maybe
tomorrow it will
open again.
Ko Thein Htaw
Money changer

However, we still plan to control


shareholders loans or inter-company loans of some smaller companies,
because some of them had brought
in very little investment as equity
and plan to bring in a large amount
as inter-company loans at a higher
interest rate, he said. Their intention is to show losses on paper and
take the before-tax profit out of the
country as interest payments and
loan repayments.
These moves appear to have had
an effect on the kyat. Some money
changers also say there had been a
crackdown on businesses exchanging
money outside the legal band of plus
or minus 0.8 percent of the Central
Banks official exchange rate, which

last week was K1105 per dollar.


However, the Central Bank official
said it had not given any instructions
at all on this, adding measures would
be under the purview of the Ministry
of Home Affairs.
As of yesterdays deadline, no
charges for changing outside official
rates had been filed with the Yangon
Region Police Office, though officials
said it was possible charges were still
being processed at the township level.
Yesterday, money exchanges said
they were still assessing the impact of
the reversal in the kyats fortunes.
Several shops approached by The
Myanmar Times were only buying
US dollars within the Central Banks
band, at K1113, and not selling dollars.
One shop on Bogyoke Aung San
Road only had one half of their LED
sign board lit up, that for a buying
rate of K1113 and no sell rate on
display.
We dont have any dollars to sell,
said the young woman behind the
counter.
If youre not in a hurry, you
should wait a day or two, because the
dollar rate has dropped so much.
At another exchange counter
on Anawrahta Road, there was no
signboard up at all, and the shop
appeared deserted.
An employee said that it was not
doing business, though did offer to
sell kyat and buy dollars.
We are only buying dollars today,
at K1130. We are not selling dollars
and theres no money for now, said
the employee. We dont trade dollars much these days, because the exchange rate is changing so fast.
Ko Thein Htaw, manning the
counter at an exchange on Bo Aung
Kyaw Road, said most exchanges
have stopped their business due to
the sudden drop in the dollar.
Weve heard authorities are taking action against people trading on
the black market, he said. We heard
that, and paused our trade.
He reckoned todays rate was
around K1180 to sell a dollar, while he
is buying dollars at K1150.
Whatever the rate is now, the
market is tame, he said. Maybe tomorrow it will open again.

Yangon residents ask for


a stable local currency
U Phay Myint
Electronics shop owner
The Myanmar currency has been falling not only against the US dollar
but also other currencies from Thailand and China. Almost all electronic
items come from these two countries,
and thats what I sell. With Myanmar
currency falling, the goods increase in
price for import, so I am losing money. It is important the price of currency exchange stabilises in Myanmar. If
the kyat weakens, its a problem for
importers, but if it strengthens it is
no good for exporters.
Ko Thu Ta Zaw
Engineering student
When the dollar is strong, it works
out well for people paid in foreign
countries. Many Myanmar people
work in places like Singapore. But
for me, when the dollar strengthens, the computer accessories and
phones I want to buy become more
expensive, so it is not good. Im an
engineering student, and we need
many computer accessories. When
the dollar is expensive, all these accessories become expensive too.
Ma Su Thandar Hlaing
Online shop owner
A stronger dollar is not good for people in my business. When dollars are
not stable and become more expensive, customers cannot buy clothing
or order goods. They wait for dollar
prices to decline, so they can afford
more with their kyat. It is important
to have a stable price and that we
can buy dollars from the banks. The
dollar is now stable in official banks,
according to the official price, but often they will not sell us dollars.
Ma Hnin Yee Wint
Phone seller
The cost of every good climbed when
Myanmars kyat depreciated in value.
But now things are okay for phone
shops. If the dollar is cheap, we can
get lots of profit, as we have to buy
lots of phones [from overseas]. One
problem is we are stuck with the
phones at the price we pay. So if the
kyat depreciates while we have the
phones, we cannot sell at a cheap
price. But there are many phone
shops and we have to make a profit.
Tin Yadanar Htun

Govt earns US$170 million monthly from gas exports


AUNG SHIN
koshumgtha@gmail.com
NATURAL gas exports earn Myanmar
US$170 million each month, with a total of 1.6 billion cubic feet per day of
natural gas exported to Thailand and
China, according to the Ministry of
Energy (MoE).
Gas exports earn over US$170
million every month, including taxes
and other charges. This represents 40
percent of the countrys income, said
U Min Min Oo, a director of the International Relations and Information
Division under the MoE, at a press
conference in Nay Pyi Taw on 11 June.
Myanmar has four offshore gas
fields. Roughly 700 million cubic
feet per day (mmcfd) is exported
from the Yadana project and 325
from the Yetagun field, both of

which are located in the Andaman


Sea. Around 360mmcfd is exported
from the Shwe Gas project in the
Bay of Bengal and 240 from the
Zawtika project in the Gulf of Martaban, according to the ministry.
The average monthly income is
based on the average sales for the
year, said U Min Min Oo. He did not
provide any information on gas export
figures in previous financial years.
We will disclose our yearly income
from natural gas exports in our first
Extractive Industries Transparency
Initiative [EITI] report, which we will
submit in March 2016, he said.
Myanmar was officially recognised
as a candidate for the EITI last year.
The initiative is a global standard to
promote open and accountable management of natural resources.
Myanmar is the largest gas exporter

in Southeast Asia, with an estimated


70pc of its output pumped to Thailand.
Natural gas has been the countrys largest export commodity for years, and
has been a crucial revenue driver for
national coffers.
But the gas export sector has
been affected by falling international crude oil prices, which have been
in decline since mid-2014. Myanmars losses from gas exports could
be as much as $1.5 million a day as
a result, according to a senior official
from the MoE.
Gas imports will be impacted by
the international crude oil price, but
we have new offshore gas fields Shwe
and Zawtika that began exporting
gas in the last year, said the official.
Myanmar adjusts its gas prices on
a quarterly basis, using regional prices
as a reference.

The price of gas exports was


$11.7321 per million British Thermal
Units in the third quarter, dropping
to $11.6516 in last quarter of 2014, according to data from MoE.
While gas traded at $2.60 on international markets, the way local
contracts are structured and transportation is calculated means the
price is much higher from domestic
production though this price is
also falling.
An official from Myanma Oil and
Gas Enterprise (MOGE) told The Myanmar Times a few months ago that
the price has now dropped to $10.90
and is likely to drop further.
Aside from gas exports, the country
also earned $19.5 million as a signature bonus from eight onshore blocks
as a result of the 2011 bidding round.
Following the 2013 bidding rounds,

the government will also be paid $95


million as a data fee and $67.01 million
as a signature bonus for 16 onshore
blocks, as well as an $8.83 million
data fee and a $233.1 million signature
bonus when international companies
begin the exploration period.
Currently these international
companies are still in the environmental impact assessment and social
impact assessment process. We will
receive the data fees and signature
bonus once they start the exploration
stage after the surveys, said U Min
Min Oo.
I am speaking about our income
from gas exports, to let you know
how much the country is earning,
because of rumours from outside
that the government doesnt have
enough foreign currency [US dollar]
reserves, he said.

BUSINESS EDITOR: Jeremy Mullins | jeremymullins7@gmail.com

Trucking company
takes to the road with
view for the long haul

Taxi apps in India gain


fans but face tough
regulatory reception

BUSINESS 10

BUSINESS 12

Exchange Rates (June 14 close)


Currency
Euro
Malaysia Ringitt
Singapore Dollar
Thai Baht
US Dollar

Buying
K1241
K298
K813
K33
K1113

Selling
K1260
K311
K827
K36
K1117

There is room for improving environmental standards on some local mining sites. Photo: AFP

Taking stock of responsible mining


AUNG
SHIN
koshumgtha@gmail.com

RESPONSIBLE mining was under the


microscope as government, private
sector and civil society groups met on
June 12 in Nay Pyi Taw to discuss striking a balance between economic development and environmental protection.
The Ministry of Mines has been
permitting mining projects under a
1994 law, while an amendment to the
law has been delayed several times in
parliament. The government has also
announced far-reaching social and
environmental protections, though
progress on this front has also been
uneven.
Establishing quality rules is particularly important in mining, as the regulator oversees every step of the process,
said Ministry of Mines director general
U Win Htein.
Mining is not like other extractive
industries in this regard, he said. Licensing is essential for each step in this
non-renewable resource sector.
The government is keen to discuss
improving domestic mining practices.
Yet what constitutes responsible
mining is often confused in the public
mind. U Win Myo Thu, president of the
Association of Advancing Life And Regenerating Motherland (ALARM), said
there must be a focus on sustainability
for the sector. Some companies try to
cloud their actions, but simply donating a portion of the companys profit
does not offset the harm that can be
caused by industry.

I would like to highlight that there


is a difference between mining responsibly and corporate social responsibility, he said. Corporate social responsibility usually means some donation of
profits, but investors must think about
social equality and environmental issues when they are beginning their
business.
Participants at the June 12 meeting
said there is much to do to improve the
sector.
The ministry has permitted a total
of 2410 mining operations up to 2015,
over 60pc of which are local, smallscale projects.
Mining is to be a key part of Myanmars first Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative report, which is due
early next year. The initiative is voluntary to join, with compliant countries
maintaining a specific level of transparency in their extractive industry sectors.
President U Thein Sein has made
joining the initiative a centerpiece
of his reforms, though meeting its

I would like to
highlight that there
is a difference
between mining
responsibly and
corporate social
responsibility.
U Win Myo Thu
Mining industry observer

standards will not be easy.


Yet while Myanmar is preparing its
first Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative report, the law governing mining is due for a shake-up. The
Ministry of Mines still permits projects
through existing rules and regulations
that date to the 1994 Myanmar Mining
Law. A planned set of amendments to
the 1994 law have been discussed in
parliament for several years, though so
far have not been passed.
U Win Htein claimed the ministry is
completely prepared for amending the
new mining law.
It is now in parliament for final approval, he said. At the same time, we
are working with entrepreneurs and
civil society groups to try to make the
sector more responsible.
Mining businesspeople say there
are negative social and environmental
impacts for mining, but also positive
spin-offs for the economy and local
people.
We have to think in both negative
and positive ways when we think about
the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment reports, said U Khin
Maung Han, vice chair of the Myanmar Federation of Mining Association.
We can recover from some impacts of
mining, but others we wont be able to
recover from. We dont need to permit
projects which can cause permanent
environmental damage.
Still, there are also economic fundamentals to the business.
Without any profit, no one will invest, he said. U Khin Maung Han said
the first consideration for the sector is
profit. If a business feels it can make a
profit at a site, it will then look at the
possible effect on people and the planet.
Investors in the mining sector must

also submit Environmental and Social


Impact Assessments separately from
their mining licences, though the quality of the reports are thought to vary
significantly.
They are assessed by a team of 39
experts from related ministries, according to an official from the Ministry of Environmental Conservation
and Forestry.
The Environmental Conservation
Law was put in place in March 2012, but
detailed rules and regulations following
the law are still in draft form and have
not been released to the public.

ALARMs U Win Myo Thu said the


discussion between prioritising economic development or environmental issues has been ongoing since the
1960s.
The two are always confronted in
every country. People decide to go for
development first and then care about
the environment second, he said.
But nowadays most developed
countries understand that development and environmental protection
must go together.
How well the two will work together in Myanmar remains to be seen.

TRADE MARK CAUTION


NOTICE is hereby given that Seiko SeiSakuSho Co., Ltd . of 1414, 2-Chome, Misaki, Suminoe-Ku, Osaka, Japan is the Owner
and Sole Proprietor of the following trademark: -

SNOWMAN
(Reg: No. IV/742/1994)

in respect of:- Stationery Class: 16


Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Seiko SeiSakuSho Co., Ltd .
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416
Dated: 15th June, 2015

TRADE MARK CAUTION


NOTICE is hereby given that Revlon (Suisse) S.A. a company
organized under the laws of Switzerland and having its principal
office at Badenerstrasse 116, 8952 Schlieren, Switzerland is the
Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following trademarks:-

BOTAFIRM
(Reg: Nos. IV/4079/2004, IV/1389/2009, IV/3374/2012 &
IV/2311/2015)

REVLON COLORSTAY
(Reg: Nos. IV/1581/2006, IV/1397/2009, IV/3384/2012 &
IV/2319/2015)
The above two trademarks are in respect of: - Cosmetics
Class: 3

COLORSILK
(Reg: Nos. IV/1575/2006, IV/1392/2009, IV/3377/2012 &
IV/2314/2015)
in respect of:- Hair care products Class: 3

FLEX
(Reg: Nos. IV/1759/2006, IV/1393/2009, IV/3380/2012 &
IV/2315/2015)
in respect of:- Hair care and styling products Class: 3

CHARLIE
(Reg: Nos. IV/621/2001, IV/993/2009, IV/3383/2012 &
IV/2312/2015)

(Reg: Nos. IV/1574/2006, IV/1391/2009, IV/3378/2012 &


IV/2313/2015)
The above two trademarks are in respect of:- Fragrances Class: 3

MITCHUM
(Reg: Nos. IV/1576/2006, IV/1394/2009, IV/3385/2012 &
IV/2316/2015)
in respect of:- Antiperspirants and deodorants Class: 3

REVLON
(Reg: Nos. IV/1580/2006, IV/1398/2009, IV/3386/2012 &
IV/2317/2015)
in respect of:- Manicure implements; utility scissors; tweezers;
eyelash curlers Class: 8

REVLON
(Reg: Nos. IV/599/2001, IV/1400/2009, IV/3381/2012 &
IV/2321/2015)
in respect of:- Cosmetics; nail care products; skin care products;
hair care products -Class: 3

REVLON AGE DEFYING


(Reg: Nos. IV/1572/2006, IV/1396/2009, IV/3373/2012 &
IV/2318/2015)
in respect of:- Cosmetics and non-medicated skin care
preparations. Class: 3

SUPER LUSTROUS
(Reg: Nos. IV/616/2001, IV/1390/2009, IV/3379/2012 &
IV/2320/2015)
in respect of:- Cosmetics and hair care products Class: 3
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said
trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with
according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Revlon (Suisse) S.A.
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416
Dated: 15th June, 2015

10 Business

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

Trucking company
plans for the long haul
CATHERINE
TRAUTWEIN
newsroom@mmtimes.com

ON June 10, executives from CEA Project Logistics ventured to the outskirts
of Yangon to kick the tires on well,
not literally two massive trucks
gleaming in the monsoon sun.
Upon inspection, the companys
managing director noted one or two
issues with his companys new assets
one being that the trailer attached
to one cab was white instead of blue,
making it the wrong colour. Thats
me being nitpicky, said Kevin Fisher.
He and his staff wear crisp white
shirts with the companys logo on the
left breast pocket, building a brand
image for the company in Myanmar,
which they entered a few years ago.
Since then, Mr Fisher said the firm has
completed a massive learning curve.
Yoma Fleet general manager Allan
Davidson said the firm, CEA Project
Logistics, is a top-quality player in the
domestic industry. They understand
what makes money over the long
haul.
For CEA Project Logistics, that
term could have a double meaning
one around long-term business dealings and the other around the 2500
km range of the twin trucks that just
became theirs to operate after a recent
handover ceremony at a showroom in
Hlaing Tharyar township.
CEAS Myanmar business began
in 2013 13 years after Mr Fisher
started Cranes & Equipment Asia in
Thailand and in its early days ran
out of a suite at the Park Royal Hotel
downtown. About a year elapsed without the company gaining meaningful
traction. Its Thai operations kept the
lights on as the firm completed its first
few projects. Country manager John
Hamilton initially had his doubts.
There was a point after the first
11 months I questioned whether [we]
did the right thing, he said. You just
knew something had to happen.
And it did. The company now operates out of Pearl Condo in Yangon, doing about 25 percent of its projects in
Myanmar with three-quarters still occurring in Thailand and Laos though
an even split could be on the horizon.
Mr Hamilton describes the firm as
a projects company. CEA leases three
warehouses in Yangon, and owns a
fleet of 25 forklifts. Past jobs have included bringing a 100 megawatt power plant in to Myanmar, he said, and
logistics work around a tall antenna
that, when assembled, would look like
a pine tree.
Mr Hamilton said the company differentiates from others as assets back
CEA Project Logistics. While some

A newly arrived truck for


CEA Projects is parked,
complete with ribbons.
Photo: Catherine Trautwein

live in a little cubicle ... we want to


operate our own equipment and be as
self-sufficient as much as we can be as
we grow, he said.
That collection of equipment grew
in number by two last week, adding to
a portfolio which CEAs website values
at more than US$10 million. On June
10, Mr Hamilton and managing director Kevin Fisher drove out to a Volvo
and UD showroom in Shwe Than
Lwin industrial zone to visit the firms
first fresh trucks for Myanmar two
sparkling white cabs, one with a trailer attached, bedecked in bows.
Theyre supposed to be able to
make it from Yangon to Mandalay
and back again, approximately, on the
gas in their tanks. CEA will lease the
trucks from Yoma Fleet, affiliated with
Serge Pun and Associates, and a company official describes them as longterm with the option to buy.
As Yoma guarantees servicing, CEA
must only bring drivers and fuel to the
table minimising risk in a country
where the roads are so variable [and]
theres no such thing as roadside assistance, she said.
The Myanmar market, though lucrative as a near-greenfield in many
respects, does present major issues.
The company, through its subcontractors, has not been immune to disturbance on the road. Mr Hamilton
said there have been exceptional cases
where its subbies have been held to

ransom a challenge the subcontractor takes care of.


But bigger problems start even
higher up in Myanmar.
The challenge ahead for us is the
lack of infrastructure here in the country and the way that the government
cant settle on their rules and regulations, where theyre constantly changing their minds and moving the goal
posts, Mr Fisher said.
With all the new blocks coming
online in the oil and gas companies,
theres going to be a lot of people hitting this town and its going to be hard
and fast ... I just really dont know how
the infrastructure is going to cope.
The company will continue to expand its assets and head toward the
power and oil-and-gas industries while
continuing to operate in telecoms.
A case study on the companys
website said the firm had been given
three distinct telecommunications
contracts to deliver holistic project
logistics to put up more than 5800 telecom towers.
The Myanmar government has
pledged to install over 17,000 telecom
towers throughout the country, [and]
CEA Myanmar will be responsible for
34pc of these, the website said.
For now, the company is ready to
get the engines revving on their new
trucks. And as for the colour of the
trailer Mr Fisher said its growing
on him.

WASHINGTON

US intel breach a boon for China


THE hacking of millions of US government employees is likely part of an
effort by Chinese intelligence for longterm profiling and possibly more nefarious things, experts say.
Security analysts say considerable
evidence points to China, and that the
cyber-intrusion shows the long and
patient efforts in Beijing to collect and
compile data which may be useful in
the future.
Its normal for big intelligence
agencies to create large biographic
databases on their opponents, said
James Lewis, a senior fellow at the
Center for Strategic and International

Studies, a Washington think tank.


Mr Lewis said that while data on
individuals may not seem significant on the surface, analysis of huge
amounts of information can provide a
strategic advantage.
They get the same kinds of big
data insights that companies use for
targeted advertising, he said.
Reports last week indicated some
4 million current or former government employees were hit, but a union letter said many more every
federal employee every federal retiree, and up to 1 million former federal employees could also have had

personal data compromised.


These types of cyberattacks are
troublesome because they involve
stealth access that allows intruders
to remain on computer networks for
long periods of time, analysts say.
Its the difference between a
smash-and-grab and a long-term persistent operation, said Ryan Kazanciyan, chief security architect at Tanium,
a California-based security firm.
If you think about what you can
do from the perspective of espionage
instead of fraud, that data is incredibly valuable, Mr Kazanciyan said.
AFP

International Business 11

www.mmtimes.com
BANGKOK

Big Thailand tax fraud


snares more officials
THAILANDS Revenue Department will submit a list of 14 additional officials suspected of
involvement in a fraudulent valueadded tax (VAT) refund scam in recent years to the Finance Ministry.
They were allegedly involved
in fraud that cost 4.3 billion baht
(US$128 million) in lost revenue
from 2012-13 in the Revenue Departments Bang Rak district office, department director-general
Prasong Poontaneat said.
Earlier the Finance Ministry
decided to oust Siripong Riyakarntheerachote, whose former name
was Supakij Riyakarn, for serious
misconduct, as a probe found he
colluded with groups in VAT refund fraud while he was head of
the Bang Rak office.
The ministry at that time said
it was mulling the fate of three or
four more high-ranking officials
as well as those at the operational
level, or below C-9, who were allegedly involved in the case.
Prime Minister Prayut Chan-ocha recently ordered the removal
of the first batch of 45 officials
and local administrators under

PALAU

Palau burns
Vietnamese
fishing boats
THE small Pacific island nation of Palau
has set fire to four Vietnamese fishing
vessels caught illegally operating in its
waters, and delivered a stern warning
that it will not tolerate poaching.
The 77 crew members were transferred to two other arrested fishing
boats with enough fuel and provisions
to get back to Vietnam.
This message goes to the captain
and crews of these vessels. Palau guarantees you will return with nothing,
President Tommy Remengesau said
after the boats were burned on June 12.
Captains will be prosecuted and
jailed. Boats will be burned. Nothing
will be gained from poaching in Palau.
From one fisherman to another, respect
Palau.
The Vietnamese boats were caught
in a protected area with more than 8
tonnes of sea cucumbers and reef fish
on board. Since last year, 15 boats from
Vietnam have been seized with more
than 25 tonnes of Palaus marine species destined for the black market in
Asia. We have a simple message for
those who try to steal Palaus marine resources: We will not tolerate poachers
in our ocean, Mr Remengesau added.
Palau is working with our military,
diplomacy and NGO partners from
around the world to get tough on illegal
fishers and protect our food security.
Palau hosted workshops last month
involving maritime surveillance authorities from the United States, Australia, Japan and the Pacific Islands
Forum Fisheries Agency, designed to
develop a comprehensive marine enforcement plan.
Illegal fishing is a major threat to
Palau, given its location as a critical
gateway to the Pacific, said Seth Horstmeyer of The Pew Charitable Trusts
Global Ocean Legacy program. With
a no-tolerance policy and growing enforcement capabilities, illegal fishing
will be stopped in Palau. Palau, in the
western Pacific, has a fishing-reliant
economy for its population of 21,000
people spread over 250 islands. AFP

investigation for corruption by


the National Anti-Corruption
Commission, shunting them to
inactive posts.
Among them is Finance Ministry chief inspector-general Sathit
Rangkhasiri, whose transfer is believed to be linked to the VAT refund scam.
The ministry launched the probe
in 2013 and found 30 instances
where people had set up bogus
metal export companies and filed
falsified documents with the Revenue Departments Bang Rak office to claim VAT refunds. Various
people were named as shareholders
or directors, and some of the companies had offices that were found
to be empty rented rooms.
Moreover, all the transactions
were made by the same six buyers,
who did not run any businesses.
Separately, the department is
investigating two groups of individuals suspected of involvement
in another VAT refund fraud, Mr
Prasong said without elaborating
further.
A draft bill authorising the
Revenue Department to freeze the

assets of those allegedly involved


in tax fraud is pending deliberation by the Office of the Council of
State, he said, adding that it had
already won cabinet approval.
Under the bill, the department
will be able to block all financial transactions of suspects at
domestic financial institutions,
offering the department greater
flexibility so it can chase after
unpaid tax from fraudsters and
their accomplices.
He said the department also
wanted to amend the law to allow
financial institutions to inform
it of financial transactions from
those suspected of tax dodging or
fraud, but several parties opposed
the idea since it would give the department too much power.
The department can ask for financial data from financial institutions now on a case-by-case basis.
In another development, the
Revenue Department will join with
the Government Lottery Office to
backdate tax payments of lottery
vendors found selling tickets for
more than the capped price of 80
baht a pair. Bangkok Post

MUMBAI

Indian inflation on
the rise, latest sign
of economic growth
INDIAS inflation rate rose in line
with analysts expectations as industrial output quickened, official
figures showed on June 12, the
latest data to suggest government
reforms were helping to revive economic activity.
Consumer prices increased to
5.01 percent in May from a year earlier and up from a four-month low
of 4.87pc in April. A poll of analysts
by Bloomberg had predicted a 5pc
rise.
Analysts said the inflation rise
would reduce the chance of a fourth
interest-rate cut this year, until at
least the end of monsoon rains
around September.
Reserve Bank of India governor
Raghuram Rajan cut the central
banks key borrowing rate by 25 basis points last week, resisting calls
for a bigger snip until the monsoon
had passed.
Indias inflation rate is expected
to rise during the three-month summer monsoon, which is just starting, if rains are weak as predicted.
If the RBI moves on rates again,

it will be in October, Ashutosh Datar, an economist with IIFL Institutional Equities, said on June 12.
Inflation has cooled in recent
months thanks largely to plummeting global oil prices, leading Indias
central bank to slice 75-basis points
off the benchmark repo rate.
A recent recovery in crude prices
has raised concerns of higher inflation in India, which is heavily dependent on imported oil.
Inflation is presently well within
the Reserve Bank of Indias target
range of below 6pc.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
swept to power little over a year
ago, pledging to stimulate the
economy and boost foreign direct
investment.
In May, India posted growth of
7.5pc for the first three months of
the year, overtaking China.
On June 12, data showed that
production at Indias factories,
mines and utilities soared to 4.1pc
last month, well ahead of analysts
predictions of 1.5pc.
AFP

12 International Business

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

MUMBAI

Indias taxi-app industry on bumpy ride


INDIAS ultra-competitive app-based
taxi-hailing market has quickly become
a multi-billion-dollar industry, but controversy surrounding safety, rejected
licences and protesting cabbies threatens to slam the brakes on its spectacular rise.
Domestic company Ola Cabs and
US-based Uber are booming, fuelled by
a rising number of professionals wanting an easy-to-book, clean and air-conditioned cab in Indias rapidly growing
and congested cities.
We have barely scratched the surface. We need to be in every corner of
India and it is a huge country, so the
potential is huge, Ola spokesperson
Anand Subramanian said.
But it hasnt been a completely
smooth ride, with Indian authorities
rejecting Uber and Olas applications to
operate in New Delhi, even impounding their cars, and both firms facing
angry protests from traditional taxi
drivers.
Ola Cabs has soared from fledgling
internet startup to the leader of Indias
smartphone taxi-hiring industry in just
five years and is now worth an estimated US$2 billion.
It recently bought up domestic competitor TaxiForSure for a reported $200
million and is also outperforming web
and mobile app-based rival Meru Cabs
in a crowded marketplace.
Private but often shoddy and uncomfortable cabs have long plied Indias notoriously vehicle-and-animalcongested roads, filling a void created
by patchy and unreliable public transport networks.

This is honest
money that we are
making ... Why are
they taking that
away from us?
Petrick William
Owner of an impounded car

Commuters wait for a train below an advertisement for an app-based taxi-hailing


service on a railway platform in Mumbai. Photo : AFP

But in 2010, two young entrepreneurs in Mumbai Bhavish Aggarwal


and Ankit Bhati decided that Indias
tech-savvy and wealthy middle-classes
wanted the convenience of a comfortable ride with just a couple of clicks of
their smartphones.
They founded Ola and started operating with only a handful of vehicles
before increasing the number of cars
on its network to 10,000, across 10 cities, by last year.
An aggressive recruitment drive
over the past 12 months has resulted in
its operations rising more than tenfold
and Ola now operates 150,000 vehicles

in 100 cities stretching the length and


breadth of India.
Ola notched 200,000 rides a day in
January and predicts it will record over
1 million a day this month. They have
also started to offer auto-rickshaws for
hire and are to start delivering groceries too.
It doesnt own the majority of the
cars itself but helps drivers acquire
loans which are then repaid in small
sums.
Some of those drivers joined hundreds of others working for Ola and
Uber at a demonstration in New
Delhi, saying the city governments

crackdown on the industry had


forced them off the roads.
Drivers said police had been impounding their cars, forcing them to
pay fines and go to court to get them
back, ruining their livelihoods after local authorities started to put pressure
on the companies following their defiance of a state-wide ban.
The companies were banned in the
capital in December after an Uber driver was accused of raping a woman passenger in a case that sparked uproar.
But they resumed operations in
January even though the government
rejected their applications for a licence
to operate.
We are doing an honest job. There
is 100 percent transparency here. Why
are we being treated like criminals?
said Petrick William, 35, whose car was
impounded.
Drivers told of borrowing heavily to buy their cars so that they could
drive for Uber and Ola, allowing them
to build their own business and earn
more money than working for regular

Indian taxi companies.


This is honest money that we are
making. And for the first time in our
lives, we can send our children to good
schools, pay our rent on time, something we have never had before, Mr
William said. Why are they taking that
away from us?
Delhis Ola and TaxiForSure drivers
were given an reprieve last week when
the High Court overturned the governments ban. Uber has now filed a similar petition in the court in the hope of
winning a similar ruling.
Mr Subramanian, Olas spokesperson, said his company planned to hire
50,000 women drivers over the next
three years to ease safety fears among
female passengers.
It would also create work for those
women who otherwise do not get those
opportunities, he added.
Ola already uses an investigative
agency to look into candidates background to ensure their suitability while
Uber has also tightened up its security
checks following the alleged rape.
While Mr Subramanian is bullish
about Olas future, some analysts are
sceptical about its long-term viability.
From a customer convenience angle, startups which deliver services at
your doorstep on demand are great,
but from an investor angle they do not
appear to be that impressive since they
do not give returns, said Paras Adenwala, head of Mumbai-based Capital
Portfolio Advisors.
Once interest rates start rising they
are going to start facing money problems, he added. AFP

International Business 13

www.mmtimes.com
ISMAILIYA, EGYPT

Suez expansion to be
finished in August
EGYPT will inaugurate a new Suez
canal shipping route in August
aimed at speeding up traffic along the
existing waterway and boosting revenues, officials said on June 13.
Dubbed the Suez Canal Axis, the
new 72-kilometre (45-mile) project
will run part of the way alongside the
existing canal that connects the Red
Sea to the Mediterranean.
It involves 37km of dry digging
and 35km of expansion and deepening of the Suez Canal, in a bid to help
speed up the movement of vessels.
The digging and dredging operations will be completed on July 15,
Suez Canal Authority chief Mohab
Mameesh told reporters in the canal
city of Ismailiya.
A ceremony will be held on August
6 to inaugurate the project, he said.
Once the president inaugurates
it, vessels will start moving through
the new waterway, Mr Mameesh
said. He said 85 percent of the project
that is being executed by the army has
been completed so far.
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
launched the project last August
and set an ambitious target of digging the new canal in one year. The
project is part of a plan to develop
the zone around the canal into an
industrial and commercial hub,
which would include the construction of ports and provide shipping
services.

A dredger puts the finishing touches on the new waterway of the Suez Canal
in the Egyptian port city of Ismailiya, east of Cairo. Photo: AFP

The entire project is Egyptian ...


the idea, the planning, and the funding and will once again put Egypt
on the world investment map, said
Mr Mameesh.
Authorities raised US$9 billion to
build the new canal by selling shares
in the project to domestic investors,
with private Egyptian companies
tasked with its construction.
The new canal is expected to more
than double Suez revenues from $5.3

billion expected at the end of 2015 to


$13.2 billion in 2023, according to official estimates.
The new canal is considered a
national project that aims to kickstart an economy battered by years
of political turmoil since the ouster of
president Hosni Mubarak in 2011.
Of the roughly 250 million cubic
metres (8.8 billion cubic feet) of soil
to be dredged, 219 million has already
been dealt with, officials said. AFP

ATHENS

Greek leader warns


of compromise after
default threat
GREEK premier Alexis Tsipras warned
Greece on June 13 to prepare for a difficult compromise with its EU-IMF
creditors as his closest advisers delivered a last-chance proposal to avert a
catastrophic default by Athens.
Cash-starved Greece is under huge
pressure to strike an agreement to unlock vital bailout funds in the coming
days, if not hours, after top eurozone officials turned the screws on June 12 and
said they were preparing the ground for
an Athens default.
The Tsipras envoys brought his latest bid to end a five-month standoff
with the EU and the IMF, who are demanding tough reforms in exchange for
giving Athens 7.2 billion euros (US$8.1
billion) still remaining in its international rescue package.
If we arrive at a viable accord,
even if it is a difficult compromise, we
will take up the challenge because our
only criteria is to get out of the crisis, Mr Tsipras was quoted as telling
Greek officials on June 11 in a government statement.
Whatever needs to be done needs
to be done quickly, deputy finance
minister Dimitris Mardas told Skai TV
in Athens. He predicted there would be
a deal. A European source close to the
negotiations said that the meeting was
under way with its resolution openended, and it would possibly take several days.

Across the table from the Greeks


were the three institutions responsible for overseeing their bailout, the
second since 2010: the EUs Commission, the European Central Bank and
the International Monetary Fund. The
latter are the most pro-austerity of
Greeces creditors.
A German media report said tensions had arisen between the European
Commission and the IMF in recent days.
Citing a negotiator as its source,
the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
said in its edition yesterday that the
IMF had torpedoed a recent attempt
by EC President Jean-Claude Juncker to
offer Athens a compromise deal.
The proposal would reportedly have
allowed Athens to postpone some 400
million euros in pension cuts in return
for making similar savings on military
spending.
The urgency for a deal increased exponentially on June 11 when Europes
top economic officials said they had for
the first time ever discussed the prospects of Athens defaulting on its debts.
In discussions, a default was mentioned as one of the scenarios that can
happen when everything goes wrong,
a eurozone official said on condition of
anonymity after talks in Bratislava.
The bombshell came a day after the
IMF said it pulled its technical team
from Brussels because it was dissatisfied
with the state of the negotiations. AFP

14 THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

World

15

WORLD EDITOR: Kayleigh Long

PHNOM PENH

International concern over


Bangladeshs Rohingya
resettlement scheme

Italy demands
Europe help on
migrant crisis

WORLD 16

WORLD 19

BEIJING

HONG KONG

China confirms ship


sinking death toll

Cables shed light on cartels reach


A SEX-TRAFFICKING network that
included high-ranking government
officials and infiltrated Cambodian law
enforcement agencies and NGOs for
years worked to cover up Vietnamese
sex rings and collect payoffs from illegal prostitution establishments in
Phnom Penh.
However, four years after a court
finally convicted the police official at
the networks head, the same man still
works as a high-ranking official in the
Phnom Penh Municipal Police.
The group was first revealed when
several of its members were convicted
in 2011. But a confidential US State
Department cable obtained by The
Phnom Penh Post under a Freedom
of Information Act request and interviews with top anti-trafficking officials
and a senior member of the organisation have shed new light on the reach
of this cartel.
The network appears to have lost
much of its power since its front man
at the time, the former chief of Phnom
Penhs anti-human trafficking police,
Eam Rattana, was in 2011 sentenced
in absentia to seven years in prison for
attempting to hire informants in the
police and anti-trafficking NGOs. However, that conviction has since failed to
stick, and Mr Rattana now works as the
deputy chief of staff in the office of the
Phnom Penh police commissioner.
According to one senior anti-trafficking police official who spoke on
condition of anonymity, and who was
himself once approached to become an
informant for Mr Rattanas group the
network smuggled women and girls
from Vietnam to work in front businesses in Phnom Penh, such as coffee
shops and video stores, which doubled
as brothels and pornographic cinemas.
A majority of the prostitution was
females over the age of 18, but there
were also a number of those who were
below 18. They are all Vietnamese. The
facade of the brothels was coffee shops
with DVD films on sale, but the inside
was for [screening] porn, the officer
said. There are some foreign clients
who would just call to the girls and
then the girls would go to their apartments for the services.
A raid on one such establishment in
2011 netted a Vietnamese-Cambodian
pimp, Sok Heng, while two of his accomplices escaped the Daun Penh district brothel. In his testimony to the
court, Mr Heng alleged that the current
anti-trafficking police chief, Keo Thea,
was also on the take, an allegation Mr
Thea denied this week. The senior antitrafficking officer believes the network
has now lost much of its power and
been pushed out of top law enforcement positions.
I believe that network has collapsed and no one in that network will
dare to do it again. But I am not sure if
there is a new network or not.
Its members were known to use
violence and threats to get what they

wanted.
In fact, the anti-trafficking officer
who was once approached by Mr Rattana requested his name be withheld
because a member of the network recently threatened his family.
It was not just me; my whole family was also threatened by them, he
said this week.
However, Mr Rattana chiefly maintained the viability of the network by
cultivating a host of informants in both
law enforcement and the NGO sector,
paying them between US$200 and
$300 a month to provide information
on impending raids.
One of the NGO workers Mr Rattana sought to enlist secretly recorded a 2011 conversation at a popular
Khmer restaurant in Phnom Penh
that was later used as evidence in Mr
Rattanas conviction, a copy of which
was obtained by the US embassy. In the
tape Mr Rattana seemed to attempt to
recruit [the NGO worker] into a network of informants tipping off corrupt
police and brothel owners to upcoming
anti-[trafficking] operations.
Colonel Eam indicates that the
network includes informants within
most anti-[trafficking] NGOs operating
in Cambodia as well as high-ranking
[government] officials who remained
unnamed, the 2011 cable reads.
Other anti-trafficking police named
as alleged members of the network
were Police Brigadier General Ten Borany, then-deputy director of the antitrafficking police, and Police Colonel
Prum Vutha, chief of the juvenile protection unit. Both have since died.
However, the cable notes, there was
no concrete evidence against [Borany and Vutha], and it is not clear
whether the evidence that did exist was
pursued.
Although a Supreme Court decision
overturned the 2011 verdict against Mr
Rattana, a senior anti-trafficking officer
confirmed allegations against him.
I was told to be an informant within a criminal network protecting those
involved in human trafficking and sexual exploitation with payments of up
to US$200 or $300 per month. But I
refused the offer, he said.
Besides Ten Borany and Prum
Vutha, who each got $300 per month,
there are a number of officials who are
involved in this, but Mr Rattana did not
reveal their names.
Several anti-trafficking NGOs contacted over the past week said that they
were aware of similar allegations, or
had knowledge of some of the cartels
operations, but none knew of the full
scope of the operation.
Ruth Elliott, director of local NGO
Daughters of Cambodia, said one of the
organisations senior staff had heard
about this [network] several years ago
whilst working for another NGO. We
have been aware of the issue ever since
Daughters started.
Seila Samleang, country director of

Sex workers wait outside a brothel in Phnom Penh in 2013. Photo: AFP

child protection NGO Action Pour les


Enfants, said in an email on June 12
that he was unaware of such large-scale
operations.
Helen Sworn, founder of Chab Dai,
said that the group had been fortunate that we have not experienced this
within our organisation but we also
know that no organisation or entity is
immune to these types of situations.
All of the NGOs said they employed
stringent background checks and
monitored staff to ensure they did not
become involved in trafficking or prostitution, and it is unknown whether
there is any continued influence of the
trafficking network in the NGO sector.
Ultimately the sex-trafficking ring
was at least partially dismantled.
In 2009 separate allegations against
Mr Rattana had already led to his demotion to deputy chief of staff for thenPhnom Penh police commissioner
Touch Naruth, but no criminal proceedings were initiated.
But on March 27, 2011, Mr Rattana
was arrested on suspicion of corruption after allegations surfaced that he
had attempted to recruit an investigator from a major anti-trafficking NGO
and two senior National Police officers
as informants into a criminal network
protecting those involved in human
trafficking and sexual exploitation, according to the 2011 US cable.
Despite substantial evidence that
he had offered between $200 and $300
per month to the potential informants,
he was released four days later.
Mr Rattana then went into hiding. He never served time, and his
conviction in December 2011 was quietly overturned last year in an unannounced ruling by the Supreme Court.
He is now working for the police once
more and has also become a businessman.
The senior anti-trafficking officer
who requested anonymity said, As I
understand it, Mr Rattana has gone
back to his position as deputy chief of
staff for the Phnom Penh Municipal Police Commissioner and keeps working
until now.
Mr Rattana on June 10 pleaded his
innocence and said that he had moved
on from the unfortunate episode.
I do not want to be reminded of
the past. It was so unfortunate for me
that I was working for so long but was
accused like that. I am now a businessman with a business mind. So I do not
want to be reminded of it again.
Mok Chito, deputy supreme commissioner of the National Police, who
was sent the evidence against the network in 2011, declined to comment on
Mr Rattanas case.
National Police Commissioner Neth
Savoeun said the investigation into Mr
Rattanas case was still ongoing, before
hanging up the phone
The US Embassy in its 2011 cable
noted that the episode speaks volumes
about the protection individual officers
expect from within their own organisation and illustrates how far the [government] and [National Police] have to
go in rooting out corruption.
The embassy at the time of Mr Rattanas impending trial expressed hope
that the move against the trafficking
network was a step in the right direction, but in an email this week it highlighted the Supreme Courts decision as
a clear example of the ongoing climate
of impunity for trafficking offenders.
The US embassy encourages the
Royal Government of Cambodia to
take all necessary steps to eliminate
trafficking-in-persons, including by
cracking down on corruption.
Phnom Penh Post

THE death toll from a cruise ship


which sank on Chinas Yangtze River
was confirmed as 442 over the weekend, state media reported, as the final
bodies were found from Communist
Chinas worst shipping disaster.
Only 12 people survived when the
Eastern Star cruise ship capsized during a storm on June 1, Tang Guanjun,
the director of the rivers navigation authority, was quoted as saying by Xinhua
news agency.
All of the dead have now been identified using DNA testing and the bodies
have been transferred to relatives, he
said. So far 426 bodies have been cremated, in line with Chinese custom.
A total of 454 people, mainly tourists in their 60s, were on the ship when
it sank in Jianli in Chinas central
Hubei province in what witnesses said
was a matter of seconds. Weather officials said a freak tornado hit the area
at the time.
Mr Tang said earlier reports that
14 people had survived out of 456 had
been revised after further check-ups
and verifications, Xinhua reported.
The final toll comes after search
and rescue personnel last week held
a solemn ceremony for the dead after
distraught relatives from across China
gathered near the disaster site.
Information about the sinking,
and media access to the site and to
relatives of passengers, has been tightly
controlled and online criticsm of the
search quickly deleted.
Teams scoured the sunken ship for
days, going room to room underwater
before finally lifting the body of the
vessel from the water using vast cranes,

but poor weather and visibility hampered rescue efforts.


The search scope was also extended
to 1,300 kilometres (800 miles) of the
Yangtze, Asias longest river, in the hope
of finding those still unaccounted for.
Search and rescue operations have
now been ended but an investigation
into the sinking is still underway, Mr
Tang was quoted as saying by Xinhua.
A petition posted by family mem-

442

Death toll from June 1 cruise ship


sinking on the Yangtze River

bers on the social media service WeChat has called for the death penalty
for the ships captain one of the few
survivors of the disaster who is in police custody.
Reports have said the 76.5-metrelong (250 foot) and 2200-tonne ship
overturned in less than a minute.
The vessel was cited for safety infractions two years ago, and state
broadcaster CCTV had said investigators would probe its structure for any
flaws.
In operation for nearly 20 years, the
ship had undergone an annual maintenance late last year and was fit to cruise
until April 2016, Xinhua said. AFP

TRADEMARK CAUTION
A woman stands in front of yellow umbrellas, a symbol of the pro-democracy movement, stuck on a tent outside the government headquarters in Hong Kong on June 13. Pro-democracy campaigners took to
the streets of Hong Kong yesterday ahead of a vote on the political reform package that has divided the city and sparked mass protests. Photo: AFP

Pro-democracy campaigners ramp


up pressure ahead of June 17 vote

PRO-DEMOCRACY campaigners
took to the streets of Hong Kong
yesterday, but in far smaller numbers than expected, before a vote
on a political reform package that
has divided the city and sparked
mass protests.
The controversial electoral
roadmap, which lays out how
Hong Kongs next leader should
be chosen, goes for debate at the
legislature on June 17 and will be
voted on by the end of the week.
It is the culmination of a
fraught chapter which saw tens of
thousands of pro-democracy protesters bring parts of the city to a
standstill late last year.
Those rallies were sparked by
a ruling from Beijing that candidates in the citys first ever public
vote for its leader in 2017 must be
vetted.
Pro-democracy lawmakers in
the semi-autonomous Chinese
city have vowed to vote down the

election package, which sticks to


Beijings ruling.
Currently the chief executive
is elected by a 1200-strong proBeijing committee.
More than 1000 people set off
from the citys Victoria Park yesterday afternoon, heading toward
the legislative council building
where they are due to rally into
the evening.
With temperatures soaring to
30 degrees Celsius (86 Fahrenheit) and humidity at almost 80
percent, numbers were well below
organisers hopes as the march began they had said they expected
50,000 to join.
Yesterdays gathering is the
first of a series of rallies which activists say will take place each day
until lawmakers vote on the bill.
Despite fragmentation in the
pro-democracy camp, all the key
players from last years protests,
which became known as the

Umbrella Movement, are set to


take part.
Vetoing [the bill] is not something to be happy about, said
Labour Party lawmaker Lee
Cheuk Yan, addressing the crowd
yesterday.
It shows Hong Kong people
have the courage to veto the rotten
proposal, but it doesnt mean we
have won.
Latest figures from one joint
university poll showed those
against the reform package taking
the lead for the first time with 43
percent, versus 41.7 in support.
People may feel exhausted and
directionless, but we need to fight
on to get back our Hong Kong, and
our basic political rights, added
Johnson Yeung of Civil Human
Rights Front, which organised the
march.
Marchers held placards demanding true universal suffrage
and yellow umbrellas, symbol of

the pro-democracy movement.


Coming out is an expression of
our stance. There is nothing else
we can do other than this, said
Lam Sum-shing, 73.
Authorities have warned activists to distance themselves from
troublemakers and said they
have heightened security at the
government complex.
Police cleared what they called
dangerous objects including bottles and wooden planks from a
small protest camp outside the legislature on June 12.
Last years mass protests saw
sporadic violence, with thousands
joining the demonstrations after
police fired tear gas.
With the reform package expected to be blocked by pan-democrats, who have enough votes to
stop it, analysts say there is little
hope of a quick resolution to the
political impasse.
If the Beijing and Hong Kong

governments continue to adopt


hostile attitudes towards the
opposition, it will be difficult for
them to change the situation,
said Ma Ngok, associate professor
at Chinese Universitys department of government and public
administration.
There is also pressure on the
democracy movement, said Mr Ma.
What they can do to bring genuine democracy is a challenging
question for them.
Hong Kongs deputy leader
Carrie Lam appealed yesterday to
lawmakers to pass the bill.
They should take into account
the broad and long-term interest
of Hong Kong and change their
mind, she told reporters.
Hong Kong, which was handed
back to China by Britain in 1997,
has much greater freedoms than
the mainland but there are fears
that these are being eroded.
AFP

Bayer Intellectual Property BmbH, a company registered under


the laws of Germany, which is located at Alfred-Nobel-Str. 10,
40789 Monheim am Rhein, GERMANY, is the sole owner of the
following trademark:

FLUDORA

Reg. No. 6017/2015


In respect of Class 1: Chemicals used in agriculture, horticulture
and forestry; preparations for treating seeds (include in class
1); plant growth regulating preparations; genes of seeds for
agricultural production; fertilizers.
In respect of Class 5: Preparations for destroying vermin;
fungicides; herbicides.
Bayer Intellectual Property BmbH claims the trademark
right and other relevant Intellectual Property right for the mark as
mentioned above. Bayer Intellectual Property BmbH reserves the
rights to take legal measures against any infringer who violates
its Intellectual Property or other legal rights in accordance with
the concerned laws of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
U Kyi Naing, LL.B., LL.M., (H.G.P.)
For Bayer Intellectual Property BmbH
Tilleke & Gibbins Myanmar Ltd. No. 1608, 16th Floor, Sakura
Tower, 339 Bogyoke Aung San Road, Kyauktada Township,
Yangon, Myanmar
Email address: myanmar@tilleke.com
Dated: 15th June, 2015

16 World

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

DHAKA

Outcry over island resettlement scheme


THE remote Bangladeshi island of
Thengar Char disappears completely
under several feet of water at high tide,
and has no roads or flood defences.
But that hasnt stopped the government from proposing to relocate thousands of Rohingya refugees living in
camps in the southeastern district of
Coxs Bazar which borders Myanmar to
its marshy shores.
Bangladesh said last month it was
looking to move the around 32,000 registered refugees, in part because they
were hampering tourism in the coastal
resort district home to the worlds
longest unbroken beach.
The proposal has been met with
alarm from leaders of the Rohingya,
who began arriving more than two
decades ago after fleeing persecution in
Myanmar, and whose desperate search
for a secure homeland has recently
been thrown into the spotlight by a regional smuggling crisis.
The UN refugee agency, which has
been helping them since 1992, said a
move would be logistically challenging an assessment confirmed by a
recent visit to the area by AFP.
Police on the neighbouring island
of Hatiya prevented the boat AFP was
travelling on from going to Thengar
Char, saying they could not guarantee
its safety.
But accounts from local people and
a forest department official who oversaw the 2011 planting of mangroves on
Thengar Char gave an indication of the
challenges.
At high tide the entire island is under 3 to 4 feet (about 1 metre) of water,
said the official, speaking on condition
of anonymity.

Thengar Char, shown here in January, is the proposed place to relocate Rohingya refugees currently living in Bangladeshs
Coxs Bazar camps. Photo: AFP

It is impossible to live there, he


said, comparing the plan to compelling a guest to sit on a spiked chair after inviting him to your home.
Low-lying Thengar Char, around
30 kilometres (18 miles) east of Hatiya island, only emerged from the sea
around eight years ago and does not
appear on Google Maps.
The 10,000-acre island is administered from Hatiya, which has a population of 600,000, but local boat operators told AFP they rarely went there.
Such a journey would in any case
be impossible during the monsoon

months of June to September, when


the seas are perilous and the island
would be completely cut off.
The island, around two hours away
from the mainland by speedboat, is
in an area frequently hit by cyclones,
which have killed thousands in Hatiya
and Bangladeshs southern coast in the
past.
Hatiyas top government official
AHM Moyeenuddin said the island had
been chosen by a team of government
surveyors dispatched to the area on the
orders of Bangladeshi Prime Minister
Sheikh Hasina.

He admitted that relocating thousands to the island would be challenging, but said the construction of cyclone shelters, a barrage and a hospital
would be enough to make the place
liveable.
Hatiya police chief Nurul Huda declared it an ideal place for Rohingya
relocation even though it is isolated
and frequented by pirates.
All we need is a police station to
maintain law and order, he told AFP.
But residents of Hatiya remain to be
convinced by the proposal.
We are already tired of Bengali

pirates and river erosion. We dont


want our peace disrupted any further,
said Abdul Halim, who took part in a
recent protest by scores of islanders.
Rights groups have expressed concern at the proposed relocation of the
refugees living in Coxs Bazar, which
comes as Bangladesh is under scrutiny
over its treatment of the Rohingya.
The Muslim minority Rohingya are
denied citizenship and face a raft of
restrictions in Myanmar, including on
their movement, family size and jobs,
leading thousands to flee every year.
The exodus was largely ignored until
a crackdown on the people-smuggling
trade in Thailand last month caused
chaos as gangmasters abandoned their
human cargoes on land and sea.
Thousands are now living in tents
on scrubland on the frontier between
the two countries, wanted by neither.
Most of Myanmars 1.3 million Rohingya have no citizenship and are considered by the government to be illegal
immigrants from Bangladesh.
Those living in the Bangladesh
camps have refugee status and receive
support from the United Nations,
meaning they have access to food, shelter and other basic necessities.
But as Bangladesh and Myanmar
face international scrutiny over the fate
of the stateless Rohingya, some fear a
plot to move them as far from scrutiny
as possible.
There are other islands nearby,
habitable for humans, said the forest
department official.
But somehow, this island, which
becomes inundated during every single
high tide, was proposed as the relocation site. AFP

SYDNEY

Australia in hot water over allegedly paying people smugglers


AUSTRALIAN Prime Minister Tony
Abbott has again refused to deny allegations an official paid thousands of
dollars to turn back a boatload of asylum seekers, despite calls from Indonesia for answers.
The claims that the captain and
five crew of the boat were each paid
US$5000 by an Australian immigration official to turn back to Indonesia
were made to Indonesian police on
Rote Island in the countrys east.
The row risks damaging already
strained relations. Australias ambassador to Indonesia Paul Grigson resumed
his post last week after being recalled

over the April execution of two Australians for drug-smuggling.


Mr Abbott said the key message for
Indonesia as well as Australian voters
was that his government was prepared to do whats necessary to stop
people-smugglers from transporting
asylum seekers by boat to Australia.
I think its very important that the
Australian public are reassured that
there is a government in charge which
will not waver for a second in our determination to ensure that the boats
stay stopped, he told reporters.
And its very important that the
Indonesians know that the Austral-

ian government is absolutely resolute


in our determination never to see this
evil [people-smuggling] trade start up
again.
Mr Abbott said keeping the boats
stopped was good for both countries
and had helped prevent asylum-seekers from risking their lives on treacherous sea journeys.
We will do whatever is reasonably
necessary, consistent with the principles of a decent and humane society, to
keep the boats stopped, he added.
Greens senator Larissa Waters said
her party would move in the upper
house Senate on Monday for an order

for a production of documents to try


to get to the bottom of whether money
has changed hands, potentially illegally.
Indonesias foreign ministry spokesperson Arrmanatha Nasir said on June
13 Jakarta was seeking clarification
from its neighbour and the payments,
if true, will be a new low for the way
that the Australian government is handling this issue.
A spokesperson for the UN refugee
agency, James Lynch, told the British
Broadcasting Corporation Friday that
UNHCR staff interviewed the 65 passengers on board and they have said

that the crew received a payment.


The asylum seekers from Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka arrived on RoteIsland in late May after
being intercepted by the Australian
navy en route to New Zealand.
Mr Abbotts conservative coalition
implemented a tough immigration
policy after coming into power in September 2013 that included military-led
efforts to turn back such boats, which
mostly come from Indonesia.
The hardline policy also involves
sending asylum seekers that arrive by
boat to camps on the Pacific islands of
Nauru and Papua New Guinea. AFP

World 17

www.mmtimes.com
THE HAGUE

SANAA

East Timor
drops case

Airstrikes hit
Sanaa ahead
of Geneva talks
WARPLANES from the Saudi-led coalition struck rebel positions in Yemen
on June 13, witnesses said, as warring
parties from the impoverished nation
prepared for UN-sponsored talks in
Geneva.
Air raids targeted Shiite Huthi rebels in the central province of Dhamar,
as well as air defence positions of allied
troops loyal to former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, witnesses said.
Rebel positions in their northern
Saada stronghold were also hit, they
added.
A wave of intensive overnight air
strikes targeted arms depots around
the capital and residences of people
close to Mr Saleh, including his brothers home, south of Sanaa.w
Saudi Arabia launched the air war
on March 26, as the rebels and their
allies among forces loyal to Mr Saleh
advanced on President Abedrabbo
Mansour Hadis refuge in the southern
city of Aden.
Mr Hadi had fled the capital, which
the rebels seized unopposed in September, and was rushed to safety in Saudi
Arabia as the Huthis closed in on Aden.
Clashes continued on June 13 in the
port city of Aden, as well as in nearby
Daleh, and in the provinces of Shabwa
and Abyan, where southern fighters al-

lied with Mr Hadi have been fighting


advancing rebels.
The exiled government said its delegation flew on June 13 to Geneva for
the UN talks due to open on Monday.
But representatives of the Huthis
and Mr Salehs General Peoples Congress refused to board a UN plane from
Sanaa to Geneva on June 13 because it
was scheduled to stop off in Jizan, in
Saudi Arabia, a Huthi official told AFP.
The delegations have asked not
to travel to the kingdom, the official
said, insisting that the rebels position
on participating in the talks had not
changed.
The talks had been scheduled to
start yesterday but the United Nations
said they would be delayed by a day
due to unforeseen circumstances.
UN chief Ban Ki-moon said the
talks were aimed at securing a ceasefire, agreeing on a withdrawal plan for
the Huthis and stepping up humanitarian aid deliveries.
A five-day truce last month allowed
aid agencies to reach civilians caught in
the fighting but UN efforts to prolong
the ceasefire failed.
The World Health Organization
said on June 12 that 2584 people had
been killed in fighting in Yemen as of
June 7, with 11,065 wounded. AFP

Yemenis clear the rubble of houses in the UNESCO-listed heritage site in the
old city of Sanaa on June 12. Photo: AFP

EAST Timor has officially dropped its


case against Australia before the UNs
International Court of Justice, after
Canberra returned sensitive documents relating to a controversial oil
and gas treaty.
However, a parallel case behind
closed doors before the Permanent
Court of Arbitration (PCA), which is
in the same building as the Haguebased ICJ, is set to continue.
East Timor announced earlier this
month it will drop charges in the bitter spy row that saw Canberra seize
documents in 2013 in an Australian
intelligence services raid on the office
of a lawyer representing Dili in the
case at the PCA.
It then dragged Australia to the
ICJ in January last year to get back
secret documents relating to a controversial multi-billion-dollar oil and
gas treaty which Dili wants torn up.
In a letter to the ICJ requesting
the case be scrapped, East Timor said
Australia gave back the documents
on May 12.
Timor-Leste has successfully
achieved the purpose of its application to the court, it said, referring to
the tiny half-island nation by its preferred name.
At the heart of the dispute is the
treaty signed in 2006 between Dili
and its southern neighbour, four
years after East Timors independence from Indonesia.
Australia allegedly used an aid
program as cover to bug East Timors
cabinet offices so it could listen to discussions about the treaty. AFP

TRADE MARK CAUTION


NOTICE is hereby given that Fujitsu General Limited a company
organized under the laws of Japan and having its principal office
at 3-3-17 Suenaga, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki 213-8502, Japan is the
owner and sole proprietor of the following trademark:-

(Reg: Nos. IV/14155/2012 & IV/6091/2015)


in respect of :- air conditioners, room coolers, air circulators,
ventilators, air cleaners, electric fans, electric refrigerators, hotwater heaters, solar water heaters, filters for air conditioning
apparatus, air deodorizing apparatus, electrically heated carpets,
electric freezers and parts and fittings for the aforesaid goods In
Class: 11
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said trademark
or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with according
to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for Fujitsu General Limited
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416

Dated: 15th June, 2015

TRADE MARK CAUTION


NOTICE is hereby given that Needle Industries (India) Private
Limited, of P. O 643 243, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, do solemnly
and sincerely declare that we are the Owner and Sole Proprietor
of the following trade marks in Myanmar.
1. NEPLUS ULTRA

3.

2. DIAMOND NEPLUS ULTRA

4.

The said marks are used in respect of:Hand sewing Needles, Hardware Needles, Knitters Needle,
Needles of all kinds, Gramaphone Needles, Needle Threader,
Knitting Needles, Knobbed Knitting Pins, Double Ended Knitting
Pins, Crochet Hooks, Crochet Hooks with handle, Tunisian Hooks,
Total Knitting System, Flexible Knitting Pins, Circular Knitting
Pins, Hairpin Crochet Staple, Stitch Holder, Cable Stitch Needles,
Circular Stitch Holder, Knitters Gauge, point Protector, Yarn
Bobbins, Flat Ring Markers, Split Ring Markers, Knit Counter
with pegs, Row Counter, Tatting Shuttle, Daisy Knitters, Tatting
Shuttle with Crochet Hooks, Knitters Marking Pins, French
Knitter, and all knitting accessories, Snap Fasteners, Press type
Fasteners, Buttons, Bars, Buckles and Eyelets, Jeans Buttons,
Hooks, Hooks & Eyes; Safety Pins, Dress Makers Pins, Pins of
all kinds, Seam Rippers, Tape Measure, Thimbles, Tailors Chalk or
Marker, Tracing Wheel, Tailors Scale for Measuring and Cutting
Cloth, Lubricating oil, Lint Brush, Feed Cover (Embroidery) Plate,
Screw Drivers and Spanners for Sewing Machine Maintenance,
Bobbins, Bobbin Case, Scissors, Lace and Embroidery, Ribbons
and braids, Artificial flowers, All Haberdashery & Passementerie
Articles for Tailoring and all goods included in Class 26
The said trade marks are the subject of Declaration of Ownership
recorded with the Registrar of Deeds and Assurances, Yangon,
Myanmar, in Book under No. IV/18730/2014 dated 12th December,
2014, IV/18732/2014 dated 11th December, 2014, IV/18733/2014
dated 11 th December, 2014, and IV/18731/2014 dated 12th
December, 2014.
Any infringement or colourable imitation thereof or other
infringement of the rights of the said Corporation will be dealt
with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
For Needle Industries (India) Private Limited
Remfry & Sagar
Attorneys-at-law
India
Dated: 15th June, 2015

18 World

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

JOHANNESBURG

Calls for Bashir arrest


THE International Criminal Court
called for Sudans President Omar alBashir to be arrested at a summit of
African leaders in Johannesburg.
The African Union conference
which was to focus on the migration
crisis and unrest in Burundi now
looks set to be dominated by the presence of Mr Bashir, who is wanted by
the ICC over alleged war crimes and
crimes against humanity committed
during the Darfur conflict.
Since his indictment in 2009, Mr
Bashir has mostly travelled to countries
that have not joined the ICC, but South
Africa is a signatory of the courts
statutes.
South Africa has an obligation to
arrest him, Johannesburg-based rights
lawyer Gabriel Shumba told AFP.
Failure to do so puts them in the
same bracket as other African regimes
who have no respect for human rights.
Its actually a test for South Africa.
A South African government official
at the summit confirmed media reports
that Mr Bashir had arrived, but he declined to give further details.
Theres no point denying it now,
said official, speaking on condition of
anonymity.
The ICC said in a statement from
its headquarters in The Hague that it
calls on South Africa ... to spare no effort in ensuring the execution of the arrest warrants against Mr Bashir.
The summit is chaired by Zimbabwes President Robert Mugabe, who
has urged African leaders to pull out of
the ICC, but human rights groups expressed outrage that Mr Bashir could
openly defy arrest.
Allowing President al-Bashir into
South Africa without arresting him
would be a major stain on South Africas reputation for promoting justice
for grave crimes, said Elise Keppler of
Human Rights Watch.
South Africas legal obligations
as an ICC member mean cooperating
in al-Bashirs arrest, not in his travel
plans, she added.
Darfur erupted into conflict in 2003
when insurgents mounted a campaign
against Mr Bashirs government, complaining their region was politically
and economically marginalised.
More than 300,000 people have

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir participates in an African Union meeting in


Addis Ababa in January 2013. Photo: AFP

been killed in the conflict and fighting


has forced some 2.5 million people to
flee their homes, the United Nations
says.
Khartoum, however, disputes the
figures, estimating the death toll at no
more than 10,000.
Two days of discussions among the
54 member states are set to focus on
the political unrest in Burundi and the
migration crisis across the continent.
Burundi has been plunged into a
period of instability by President Pierre
Nkurunzizas push to run for a third
five-year term.
Violent protests have left some 40
people dead and 100,000 people have
fled the country, raising peace and security concerns in the region.
Other crises such as the threat
posed by Islamist militant groups are
also on the agenda.
Mr Mugabe and South African President Jacob Zuma were among those
scheduled to speak yesterday.
Also attending is Nigerias newlyappointed President Muhammadu Bu-

hari, whose country is battling the onslaught of Islamist group Boko Haram.
The leaders of two of Africas other
major economies, Egypt and Angola,
are absent.
The summit in South Africas economic capital comes two months after
a wave of xenophobic violence swept
parts of Johannesburg and Durban as
African immigrants were hunted down
and attacked by gangs.
At least seven people died in the
unrest, which badly strained relations
between South Africa and many countries in the region that complained at
the targeting of their citizens.
The subject of xenophobia will be
tackled in a closed morning session on
June 21 before the opening ceremony.
The session will also discuss migration and will address the flood of African and Middle Eastern migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean.
Mass drownings have claimed nearly 1800 lives so far this year, according
to the International Organization for
Migration. AFP

TEHRAN

Tehran sounds off on deal pressure


IRANS president has warned that
haggling by world powers could
jeopardise the deadline for a nuclear
agreement, admitting many differences remain on the details of a potentially historic deal.
Hassan Rouhani, who has placed
his credibility on ending more than a
decade of international concern that
the Islamic republic is developing a
nuclear bomb, also acknowledged
sanctions would not be lifted immediately under the accord, which is due
by June 30.
He made the remarks in Tehran
on June 13, a day after Russias senior
negotiator spoke of a very worrying
slowdown in progress in painstaking diplomacy which has lasted 21
months.
With the finishing line in sight, Mr
Rouhani, speaking at a press conference marking two years since his unexpected election victory, accused the
other side of agreeing terms in one
meeting only to try and improve on
them during later discussions.
If the other party respects the
agreed framework and does not add
other demands, the differences can be
resolved but if they choose the path of
haggling then it can prolong the negotiations, he added.
Iran and the P5+1 group Britain,
China, France, Russia and the United

States plus Germany agreed the outlines of the nuclear deal on April 2 after intensive talks went past a March
31 deadline.
In Washington on June 12, State
Department spokesperson Jeffrey
Rathke admitted the talks were proving complicated, but the US believes
a deal can still be reached by the end
of June.
And on June 11, French Foreign
Minister Laurent Fabius seen as
something of a hawk in negotiations
said the issue of tighter UN inspections of Irans nuclear facilities was
not yet sewn up.
With deputy foreign ministers and
technical experts currently meeting in
Vienna in the run-up to the proposed
final talks in late June, Russias senior
negotiator spoke of slow progress.
Alluding to those concerns, Mr
Rouhani said there are still many
differences over details that must be
addressed under the deal, which aims
to guarantee that Irans nuclear activities are peaceful, but he remained
hopeful of an agreement.
The proposed accord would mothball large parts of Tehrans atomic
program in exchange for a lifting of
extensive sanctions that have severely
damaged its economy.
But the process of implementing each sides obligations under a

complex agreement lasting at least


a decade dominated the talks since
April 2 remains unsettled.
Mr Rouhani has come under pressure from lawmakers and hardliners who say sanctions must be lifted
when the deal is signed, despite most
experts agreeing it will take significant
time to do so.
We are currently discussing it,
he said, when asked about the timing
of sanctions being removed, noting
weeks or even months will pass between signing and implementing the
deal.
A UN Security Council resolution
to cancel previous resolutions on nuclear matters will be the first major
step and a guarantee for delivering
the accord, he said.
The sanctions, implemented in
2012, targeted the oil and financial
sectors of Iran and plunged the country into a deep economic crisis which
led to inflation above 40 percent.
Mr Rouhani hit out at those in Iran
who sought to downplay the effect of
sanctions, saying they had halted foreign investment.
OK, the country can survive ... but
if we want to compete in the world
we need them removed, he said. No
big country can thrive behind closed
doors.
AFP

World 19

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WASHINGTON

Italy issues ultimatum over migrant crisis


ITALIAN Prime Minister Matteo
Renzi threatened yesterday to go to a
Plan B which would hurt Europe if
Italy is not given greater help with the
migrant crisis.
The country is struggling to accommodate an endless wave of boat
migrants and a crackdown on security
at the French and Austrian borders
over the past few days has excerbated
the situation, causing a bottleneck at
Italys train stations.
The crisis should not be underestimated. It is a serious issue and, let me
be clear, Europes answers so far have
not been good enough, Mr Renzi said
in an interview published in the Corriere della Sera daily.
The EU is having difficulty getting consensus for its proposed migrant distribution plan under which
24,000 refugees would be taken by
other countries but Italy is hoping
an EU summit on June 25 will go even
further.
Redistributing just 24,000 people
is almost a provocation, Mr Renzi
said.
If Europe chooses solidarity, good.
If it doesnt, we have Plan B ready.
But it would first and foremost hurt
Europe, he said, without providing
details.
Over 57,000 migrants and asylum
seekers have been rescued at sea and
brought to Italy so far this year, up
from 54,000 at the same time last year,
he said.
The PM will raise the immigration issue with his British and French
counterparts when they travel to Milan this week, and said he would also
speak to European Commission head
Jean-Claude Juncker and German

Migrants protect themselves with emergency blankets on the rocks off the coast of Ventimiglia, Italy, on June 14, having spent the night near the sea at the FrenchItalian border after being refused entry into France. Photo: AFP

Chancellor Angela Merkel.


Under the Dublin convention, refugees must apply for asylum in the first
country of entry to Europe a rule
which Italy says is unfair as it leaves
Rome to deal with the thousands of
migrants washing up on its shores.
Greece has also long complained of

LONDON

Major intelligence
concerns over alleged
Snowden data breach
BRITAIN has been forced to remove
some of its spies after Russia and
China accessed the top-secret raft
of documents taken by former US
intelligence
contractor
Edward
Snowden, British media reported.
The BBC and The Sunday Times
cited
senior
government
and
intelligence officials as saying agents
had been pulled, with the newspaper saying the move came after Russia was able to decrypt more than 1
million files.
It is the case that Russians and
Chinese have information. It has
meant agents have had to be moved
and that knowledge of how we

It is the case that


Russians and
Chinese have
information. It has
meant agents have
had to be moved and
that knowledge of
how we operate has
stopped us getting
vital information.
Anonymous source
Speaking with The Sunday Times

operate has stopped us getting vital information, a Downing Street


source said, according to the
newspaper.
The BBC said on its website,
meanwhile, that a government source
said the two countries have information that spurred intelligence agents
being moved, but said there was no
evidence any spies were harmed.
Mr Snowden fled to Russia after
leaking the documents to the press in
2013 to expose the extent of US online
surveillance programs and to protect
privacy and basic liberties.
The Sunday Times said other government sources claimed China had
also accessed the documents, which
reveal US and British intelligence
techniques, leading to fears that their
spies could be identified.
Mr Snowden worked as a contractor at the CIA and National Security
Agency, where he was able to download 1.7 million secret documents
that showed how hundreds of millions of people had been surveilled by
the authorities.
He previously claimed that no
intelligence service could crack the
documents, saying he was able to
keep such information from being
compromised even in the highest
threat counter-intelligence environments.
But an intelligence source told The
Sunday Times, We know Russia and
China have access to Snowdens material and will be going through it for
years to come, searching for clues to
identify potential targets.
AFP

being left with the same problem.


The Schengen open borders accord has until now meant those landing in Italy can usually easily travel
through neighbouring France, Austria,
Switzerland and Slovenia as they seek
to make it to Britain, Germany and
Scandinavia.

But border controls have been


temporarily reintroduced due to a
recent summit of G7 leaders in Germany, sparking migrant protests at
the frontier with France on June 12
when French police refused entry to
more than 200 people hoping to head
to northern Europe.

The Dublin convention should be


changed, Mr Renzi said, insisting the
current chaos in Libya from where
many of the boats depart is Europes
responsibility in light of the (military)
intervention four years ago by NATO
to help rebels unseat dictator Moamer
Kadhafi. AFP

the pulse 21

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THE MYANMAR TIMES June 15, 2015

DePuTY Pulse eDiTor: ToM BArTon tom.a.barton@gmail.com

A shot from The Bread. Photos: HRHDIFF/Facebook

A still from The Lion and the Brave Mouse.

Human Rights Human Dignity


International Film Festival
An image from the poster of Still Tibet.

NaNdar auNg
nandaraung.mcm@gmail.com

A still from No Word for Worry.

LL human beings are born free and equal in dignity


and rights. Thats the premise of the third Human
Rights Human Dignity International Film Festival,
a week-long event the opened yesterday and is
screening at the Nay Pyi Taw and Waziyar Cinemas

in Yangon.
The theme this year will be the plight of women and girls
around the world. Last years festival focussed on the needs and
rights of the worlds children.
Festival jury member Igor Blazevic, 52, is a prominent human
rights campaigner of Bosnian origin now living in the Czech
Republic. He is also the founder and the long-time director
of One World, Europes biggest Human Rights Documentary
International Film Festival. Igor told The Myanmar Times that
making documentaries and organising film festivals could help
clean and cure the minds of people who had lived for too long
under oppression, whether it took the form of Communism or
military dictatorship.
People in Myanmar dont understand the Myanmar people.
I think these documentary films can help people to understand
themselves and the difficulties of others, and help them focus
on their rights and opportunities, he said, adding, This
festival also assists in the development of domestic films and
documentary film-making.
For the next five days, until the festival closes on June 19,
65 short and feature-length documentary films 31 national
documentaries by local film-makers and 34 foreign films from
Ukraine, Germany, Australia, the United States, Denmark, Israel,
Italy, Norway, the UK, Spain, Canada, Poland, the Netherlands,

India, Indonesia and Malaysia will convey tales of hope,


struggle, conflict and hardship.
Documentary films can tell us what is happening within in a
country, its politics, its economy, the state of its health, said Min
Htin Ko Ko Gyi, who is the founder of the Human Rights Human
Dignity International Film Festival. It might seem boring to
some, but I am sure that each of these films can tell the truth
about people from around the world.
The opening film Across, for instance, tells of the difficulties
facing people in Rakhine State caused by a giant natural gas
and pipeline project. It depicts the first cross-country pipeline
project launched in Myanmar. Directed by Phyo Zayar Kyaw,
Pyae Zaw Phyo and Kaung Sint of the Human Dignity Institute,
it looks at the implications for local people of Myanmars sale of
its highly valuable natural gas resources as they proceed from
offshore across the country to the Chinese border. The movie
was screened yesterday, the opening day of the festival, at Nay
Pyi Taw Cinema.
The closing event will be held on June 19, at 4.30pm, at
Sule Shangrila Hotel, when seven awards Aung San Suu Kyi
Award (National), Aung San Suu Kyi Award (International),
Min Ko Naing Award, March 13 Award, Hantharwaddy U Win
Tin Award, Vaclav Havel Library Award and the Peter Wintonic
Award will be handed out according to the judgements of the
23 local and international jury members.
Alongside the movie festival there is also a photo exhibition
depicting the friendship that grew between the former political
prisoner turned Czech president Vaclav Havel and Daw Aung San
Suu Kyi. The exhibition will show at Pasodan Scene on June 15-18.
Human Rights Human Dignity International Film Festival
has become the biggest human rights film festival in ASEAN and
the first-ever international film festival after the first iteration
of the festival. It was first held in June 2013, and again last June
when more than 120 films were screened.
Entrance is free for festival screenings at the Nay Pyi Taw Cinema and
Waziyar Cinema. For more information please visit www.hrhdiff.org.

A photo from the poster of Boxing for Freedom.

A still from Burning from the Inside.

the pulse 23

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MULHOUSE

A connected bikini that tells you how to tan

HE internet of things
connecting everyday items
with sensors is hitting
the beach in time for the
northern hemispheres
summer with a bikini that says when
its time to apply more sun screen.
The made-to-measure invention
comes from France the country that
invented the bikini but with a price
tag that might make even the welltanned beach amazon blanch: 149
euros (US$167).
For that price, though, the wearer
will get a two-piece swimsuit with a
small detachable ultraviolet sensor
that, through a smartphone or tablet,
sends a sun screen alert when the
users skin needs more protective
sunblock cream.
The detector is calibrated to the
wearers skin type and how much of a
tan she wants to get.
And theres even a Valentine
function that sends the message
to a boyfriends smartphone so he
knows when to apply the cream to his
girlfriends skin.
The idea came to me right
away, on a day when I saw someone
get sunburnt on a beach, the
Frenchwoman behind the smart
bikinis, Marie Spinali, said.
She started her company, Spinali
Design, last month in the eastern
French town of Mulhouse where she
lives, and sells the bikinis through her
website.
There are flowerpots that give
an alert when plants need watering,

so I thought it was time to invent


something to warn when the sun is
too strong, she said.
Its not a gimmick, she added,
explaining that often when people
think to add more suncream, its too
late and they already have sunburn.
An expert, Doctor Claudine
Blanchet-Bardon of Frances National
Association of Dermatologists, said
the device was interesting, because
anything that warns people against
UV exposure is good.
But she qualified that by saying
that having the sensor attached to a
bikini doesnt send the right message
the best protection against the sun
is to not get too much exposure and
to stay covered with clothes.
A journalist for a French website
specialised in the internet of things,
Thomas Remilleret of ObjetConnecte.
net, commented that the idea of
having UV detectors linked to a
smartphone app is not really new or
revolutionary.
But, he acknowledged, Spinalis
bikinis meet a demand even though
he believed their price still too high
for the market.
Spinali said her team was
working with French researchers in
nanotechnology to come up with a
smaller UV sensor that would be part
of the bikini itself.
She also said they were at work
on models for men and for children
with the sensors for the latter also
featuring GPS locators, to quickly find
kids on the beach. AFP

EASTBOURNE

George Kirby (left), aged 103, and Doreen Luckie (right), aged 91, sign the
register during their wedding ceremony. Photo: AFP/Justin Tallis

British couple take the cake as


worlds oldest newlyweds
A 103-YEAR-OLD man and a 91-yearold woman held their wedding in
Britain on June 13, becoming the
oldest couple to get married in the
world.
George Kirby and Doreen Luckie
together for 27 years looked
delighted as they tied the knot
at a hotel in the seaside town of
Eastbourne, southern England, before
close friends and family.
The bride wore a white dress
with blue flowers while the groom, a
former boxer, was dressed smartly in
a suit and tie,. He was in a wheelchair
bedecked with the logo of the
London 2012 Paralympics after
sustaining bruising during a recent
fall.
With a combined age of 194 years,
the pair beat the previous record
held by a French couple, Francois
Fernandez and Madeleine Francineau,
who had a combined age of 191 years.

Speaking ahead of the ceremony,


Luckie said the couple had no
regrets about not doing it earlier.
We didnt want to bother about
marriage before but eventually we did
it, she said.
The couple reportedly have seven
children, 15 grandchildren and seven
great-grandchildren between them.
They got engaged on Valentines Day
this year, according to the Daily Mail.
I didnt get down on one knee,
because I dont think I would
have been able to get back up, the
newspaper quoted Kirby as saying.
Despite the long wait, friends and
relatives werent really surprised by
the proposal, Doreen said.
They knew George and me
have been together for a long time,
explained the newlywed.
The couple have not yet decided
where to go for our honeymoon, she
added. AFP

Models pose with their smartphones during a photo session to present a new connected swimsuit collection.
Photo: AFP/Sebastien Bozon

24 the pulse

THE MYANMAR TIMES JUNE 15, 2015

DOMESTIC FLIGHT SCHEDULES


YANGON TO MANDALAY

MANDALAY TO YANGON

YANGON TO HEHO

HEHO TO YANGON

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

Y5 775

Daily

6:00

7:10

Y5 233

Daily

7:50

9:00

YH 917

Daily

6:10

9:15

YH 918

Daily

9:15

10:25

W9 515

6:00

7:25

W9 201

Daily

8:40

10:35

7Y 131

2,4,6,7

6:30

9:20

W9 201

Daily

9:25

10:35

YJ 211

5, 7

6:00

8:05

YJ 891

1,2

8:40

10:35

K7 222

1,3,5

6:30

9:30

7Y 132

2,4,6,7

9:35

10:45

YH 917

Daily

6:10

8:30

7Y 132

2,4,6,7

8:50

10:45

7Y 131

Daily

7:15

10:05

K7 223

1,3,5

9:45

11:00

YJ 891

1,2

6:20

8:25

K7 223

1,3,5

8:55

11:00

Y5 649

Daily

10:30

12:45

YJ 761

Daily

12:25

17:00

7Y 131

2,4,6,7

6:30

8:35

YH 918

Daily

8:30

10:25

YJ 751

1,3,4,5,6,7 11:00

12:10

7Y 242

1,3,5

15:55

18:45

K7 222

1,3,5

6:30

8:40

6T 806

2,4,6

10:30

11:40

YH 737

3,5,7

11:00

12:25

K7 225

2,4,6,7

16:00

19:00

6T 805

2,4,6

6:30

7:40

YJ 212

5,7

10:40

12:35

YH 727

11:30

12:55

YH 728

16:15

18:25

YJ 201

1,2,3,4

7:00

8:55

YJ 202

1,2,3,4

12:00

13:25

K7 224

2,4,6,7

14:30

15:45

YH 738

3,5,7

16:25

18:35

W9 201

Daily

7:00

8:25

YJ 761

1,2,4

13:10

17:00

7Y 241

1,3,5

14:30

15:40

W9 129

1,3,6

16:55

19:10

W9201

7:00

8:25

YJ 602

15:40

17:35

W9 129

1,3,6

15:30

16:40

8M 6603

9:00

10:10

7Y 242

1,3,5

16:40

18:45

YJ 601

11:00

12:25

K7 225

2,4,6,7

16:50

19:00

YJ 761

1,2,4

11:00

12:55

YH 728

17:00

18:25

YH 729

2,4,6

11:00

14:00

W9 152/W97152

17:05

18:30

YH 737

3,5,7

11:00

13:10

Y5 776

Daily

17:10

18:20

YH 727

11:30

13:40

W9 211

17:10

19:15

W9 251

2,5

11:30

12:55

YH 738

3,5,7

17:10

18:35

7Y 241

1,3,5

14:30

16:25

8M 6604

17:20

18:30

K7 224

2,4,6,7

14:30

16:35

8M 903

1,2,4,5,7

17:20

18:30

Y5 234

Daily

15:20

16:30

YH 730

2,4,6

17:45

19:10

W9 211

15:30

16:55

W9 252

2,5

18:15

19:40

YANGON TO NAY PYI TAW


Flight

NAY PYI TAW TO YANGON

Days

Dep

Arr

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

YANGON TO MYEIK
Flight

MYEIK TO YANGON

Days

Dep

Arr

Flight

Dep

Arr

Y5 325

1,5

6:45

8:15

Y5 326

1,5

8:35

10:05

1,3,5,7

7:00

9:05

6T 706

2,4,6

8:55

10:05

6T 705

2,4,6

7:30

8:40

7Y 532

2,4,6

15:35

17:40

7Y 531

2,4,6

11:15

13:20

K7 320

1,3,5,7

11:30

13:35

Y5 325

15:30

17:00

Y5 326

17:15

18:45

SO 201

Daily

8:20

10:40

SO 202

Daily

13:20

15:40

Flight

Days

Dep

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

K7 422

2,4,6

8:00

9:55

K7 423

2,4,6

10:10

11:30

7Y 413

1,3,5,7

10:30

12:20

7Y 414

1,3,5,7

12:35

13:55

W9 309

1,3,6

11:30

12:55

W9 309

1,3,6

13:10

14:55

6T 611

Daily

11:45

12:55

6T 612

Daily

13:15

14:20

YJ 201

1,2,3,4

7:00

7:55

SO 101

Daily

7:00

8:00

ND 910

1,2,3,4,5

7:15

8:15

YJ 201

1,2,3,4

8:10

13:25

ND 105

1,2,3,4,5

10:45

11:40

ND 9102

1,2,3,4,5

8:35

9:35

ND 107

11:25

12:20

ND 104

1,2,3,4,5

9:20

10:15

Flight

Days

ND 109

1,2,3,4,5

14:55

15:40

ND 106

10:00

10:55

K7 422

2,4,6
1,3,5

YANGON TO THANDWE
Dep

THANDWE TO YANGON
Dep

Arr

K7 = Air KBZ

14:25

W9 309

1,3,6

11:30

13:50

7Y 413

12:05

14:20

SO 102

Daily

18:00

19:00

ND 9110

1,2,3,4,5

18:20

19:20

7Y 413

11:00

11:50

W9 309

1,3,6

14:05

14:55

Y5 421

1,3,4,6

15:45

16:40

Y5 422

1,3,4,6

16:55

17:50

YANGON TO DAWEI

Arr

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

6:30

8:55

6T 806

2,4,6

9:10

11:40

YH 826

1,3.5.7

7:00

9:40

YJ 202

1,2,3,4

10:35

13:25

YJ 201

1,2,3,4

7:00

10:20

YH 827

1,3,5,7

11:30

13:55

YJ 233

11:00

15:10

YJ 234

15:25

18:15

W9 251

2,5

11:30

14:25

W9 252

2,5

16:45

19:40

W9 = Air Bagan
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines
YH = Yangon Airways

DAWEI TO YANGON

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

YJ = Asian Wings

K7 319

1,3,5,7

7:00

8:10

YH 634

2,4,6

12:15

13:25

6T = AirMandalay
FMI (ND) = FMI Air Charter

YH 633

2,4,6

7:00

8:25

K7 320

1,3,5,7

12:25

13:35

SO 201

Daily

8:20

9:40

6T 708

3,5,7

14:15

15:15

6T 707

3,5,7

10:30

11:30

SO 202

Daily

14:20

15:40

7Y 531

2,4,6

11:15

12:20

7Y 532

2,4,6

16:35

17:40

YANGON TO LASHIO

Dep

SO = APEX Airlines
7Y = Mann Yadanarpon Airlines

17:55

2,4,6

Airline Codes

11:30

13:30

Days

Tel: (+95-1) 501520, 525488,


Fax: (+95-1) 532275

13:55

17:00

Flight

Air Mandalay (6T)

9:10

6T 805

Tel:95(1) 533300 ~ 311


Fax : 95 (1) 533312

11:35

1,2,3,4,5

MYITKYINA TO YANGON

Tel: 240363, 240373, 09421146545

1,3,5

ND 110

YANGON TO MYITKYINA

FMI Air Charter (ND)

2,4,6

ND 108

Arr
10:25
10:35
10:45
11:00
19:00
19:10
18:45

Tel: 383100, 383107, 700264


Fax: 652 533

7Y 413

19:20

Dep
7:45
7:55
8:05
8:05
17:40
17:50
17:25

Yangon Airways (YH)

K7 422

18:00

Days
Daily
1,2
2,4,6,7
1,3,5
2,4,6,7
1,3,6
1,3,5

Tel: 656969
Fax: 656998, 651020

8:55

18:25

Flight
YH 918
YJ 891
7Y 132
K7 223
K7 225
W9 129
7Y 242

Tel: 09400446999, 09400447999


Fax: 8604051

11:20

17:00

Arr
7:20
7:45
7:40
7:50
7:50
17:25
17:10
17:35
17:40
17:35

Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)

8:00

Dep
6:00
6:10
6:20
6:30
6:30
14:30
14:30
15:30
15:30
15:30

Tel: 515261~264, 512140, 512473, 512640


Fax: 532333, 516654

10:30

1,2,3,4,5

Days
5,7
Daily
1,2
1,3,5
2,4,6,7
2,4,6,7
1,3,5
1,3,6
4
1

Asian Wings (YJ)

Days

ND 111

Flight
YJ 211
YH 917
YJ 891
K7 222
7Y 131
K7 224
7Y 241
W9 129
W9 211
W9 129

Tel: 372977~80, 533030~39 (airport), 373766


(hotline). Fax: 372983

Flight

ND 9109

NYAUNG U TO YANGON

Air KBZ (K7)

Arr

7Y 413

YANGON TO NYAUNG U

Tel: 513322, 513422, 504888. Fax: 515102

APEX Airlines (SO)

SITTWE TO YANGON
Arr

Air Bagan (W9)

Mann Yadanarpon Airlines (7Y)

Days

K7 319

YANGON TO SITTWE

Domestic Airlines

LASHIO TO YANGON

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

YH 729

2,4,6

11:00

13:00

YJ 752

YJ 751

3,5,7

11:00

13:15

YH 730

YANGON TO PUTAO

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

3,5,7

16:10

17:55

2,4,6

16:45

19:10

PUTAO TO YANGON

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

Flight

Days

Dep

Arr

YH 826

1,3,5,7

7:00

10:35

YH 827

1,3,5,7

10:35

13:55

W9 251

2,5

11:30

15:25

W9 252

2,5

15:45

19:40

Subject to change
without notice
Day
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
7 = Sunday

the pulse 25

www.mmtimes.com

InternAtIonAl FlIGHt SCHeDUleS


Flights

YANGON TO BANGKOK
Days

Dep

Arr

PG 706
Daily
6:15
8M 335
Daily
7:40
TG 304
Daily
9:50
PG 702
Daily
10:30
TG 302
Daily
15:00
PG 708
Daily
15:15
8M 331
Daily
16:30
PG 704
Daily
18:20
Y5 237
Daily
19:00
TG 306
Daily
19:45
YANGON TO DON MUEANG

8:30
9:25
11:45
12:25
16:55
17:10
18:15
20:15
20:50
21:40

DD 4231
Daily
8:00
FD 252
Daily
8:30
FD 254
Daily
17:30
DD 4239
Daily
21:00
YANGON TO SINGAPORE

9:50
10:15
19:05
22:45

8M 231
Daily
8:25
Y5 2233
Daily
9:45
TR 2823
Daily
9:45
SQ 997
Daily
10:35
3K 582
Daily
11:15
MI 533
2,6
13:45
MI 519
Daily
17:30
3K 584
2,3,5
19:15
YANGON TO KUALA LUMPUR

12:50
14:15
14:25
15:10
15:45
20:50
22:05
23:45

8M 501
AK 505
MH 741
MH 743
AK 503

11:50
12:50
16:30
20:05
23:45

Flights

Days

Flights

Days

Flights

Days

Dep

Arr

Dep

Arr

Dep

Arr

1,2,3,5,6
7:50
Daily
8:30
Daily
12:15
Daily
15:45
Daily
19:30
YANGON TO BEIJING

Flights

Days

Dep

Arr

Flights

BANGKOK TO YANGON
Days

Dep

Arr

TG 303
Daily
7:55
PG 701
Daily
8:50
Y5 238
Daily
21:30
8M 336
Daily
10:40
TG 301
Daily
13:05
PG 707
Daily
13:40
PG 703
Daily
16:45
TG 305
Daily
17:50
8M 332
Daily
19:15
PG 705
Daily
20:15
DON MUEANG TO YANGON

8:50
9:40
22:20
11:25
14:00
14:30
17:35
18:45
20:00
21:30

DD 4230
Daily
6:20
FD 251
Daily
7:15
FD 253
Daily
16:20
DD 4238
Daily
19:30
SINGAPORE TO YANGON

7:05
8:00
17:00
20:15

TR 2822
Daily
7:20
Y5 2234
Daily
7:20
SQ 998
Daily
7:55
3K 581
Daily
8:55
MI 533
2,6
11:35
8M 232
Daily
13:50
MI 518
Daily
15:15
3K 583
2,3,5
17:05
KUALA LUMPUR TO YANGON

8:45
8:50
9:20
10:25
12:55
15:15
16:40
18:35

AK 504
MH 740
8M 502
MH 742
AK 502

8:00
11:15
13:50
14:50
19:00

Flights

Days

Flights

Days

Flights

Days

Dep

Arr

Dep

Arr

Dep

Arr

Daily
6:55
Daily
10:05
1,2,3,5,6
12:50
Daily
13:40
Daily
17:50
BEIJING TO YANGON

Flights

Days

Dep

Arr

CA 906
3,5,7
23:50 05:50+1
YANGON TO GUANGZHOU

CA 905
3,5,7
19:30
GUANGZHOU TO YANGON

22:50

8M 711
CZ 3056
CZ 3056

3,6
8:40
1,5
14:40
2,4,7
14:15
TAIPEI TO YANGON

10:25
16:30
15:50

1,2,3,5,6
7:00
KUNMING TO YANGON

9:55

Flights

Flights

CI 7916
Flights

Days

Dep

Arr

Flights

2,4,7
8:40
3,6
11:25
1,5
17:30
YANGON TO TAIPEI

13:15
16:15
22:15

CZ 3055
CZ 3055
8M 712

1,2,3,5,6
10:50
YANGON TO KUNMING

Arr

16:15

Flights

CI 7915

Arr

Flights

CA 416
MU 2012
MU 2032
Flights

Days

Dep

Days

Dep

Daily
12:15
3
12:40
1,2,4,5,6,7 15:20
YANGON TO HANOI
Days

15:55
18:45
18:40

Dep

Arr

Days

MU 2011
CA 415
MU 2031
Flights

Dep

Days

Dep

Days

Dep

Arr

Arr

Arr

3
8:25
Daily
10:45
1,2,4,5,6,7 13:55
HANOI TO YANGON
Days

11:50
11:15
14:30

Dep

Arr

VN 956
1,3,5,6,7
19:10
21:30
YANGON TO HO CHI MINH CITY

VN 957
1,3,5,6,7
16:50
18:10
HO CHI MINH CITY TO YANGON

VN 942

VN 943

Flights

Flights

QR 919
Flights

Days

Dep

Days

Dep

Days

Dep

Arr

2,4,7
14:25
YANGON TO DOHA

17:15

1,4,6
8:00
YANGON TO SEOUL

11:10

Arr

Arr

Flights

Flights

QR 918
Flights

Days

Dep

Days

Dep

Days

Dep

KA 252
KA 250

Arr

Flights

Days

5
1,2,3,4,6,7

Arr

YANGON TO TOKYO

Flights

Days

NH 814

Daily

Dep

21:45

06:50+1

YANGON TO DHAKA

Flights

Days

BG 061
BG 061
Flights

Dep

1:30
1:10

1,6
4

Dep

15:35
13:45

YANGON TO INCHEON
Days

Dep

Days

Dep

Arr

Arr

Flights

Y5 251
7Y 305

8:05
12:50

2,4,6
1,5

YANGON TO GAYA

Flights

Days

8M 601
AI 236
Flights

Days

2
1,5

Dep

13:10
14:05

YANGON TO KOLKATA
Days

AI 228
Flights

Dep

3,5,6
7:00
2
13:10
YANGON TO DELHI

AI 236
AI 701
Flights

6:15
11:00

1,5

Dep

14:05

YANGON TO MUMBAI

AI 773

Days

1,5

Dep

14:05

MANDALAY TO BANGKOK

Flights

PG 710

Days

Daily

Dep

14:05

MANDALAY TO SINGAPORE

Flights

MI 533
Y5 2233

Days

2,6
1,2,4,5,6

Dep

15:55
7:50

MANDALAY TO DON MUEANG

Flights

FD 245

Days

Daily

Dep

12:45

MANDALAY TO KUNMING

Flights

MU 2030

Days

Daily

Dep

13:50

NAY PYI TAW TO BANGKOK

Flights

PG 722

Days

1,2,3,4,5

Dep

19:30

Arr

Arr

8:20
15:05
Arr

Dep

Days

Dep

Flights

9:25
13:45

GAYA TO YANGON
Days

Dep

2
9:20
3,5,6
9:20
DELHI TO YANGON
Days

2
1,5

Dep

9:20
7:00

KOLKATA TO YANGON
Days

AI 227

1,5

Dep

10:35

MUMBAI TO YANGON

AI 675

Days

1,5

Dep

6:10

BANGKOK TO MANDALAY

Flights

Days

Daily

Dep

12:00

SINGAPORE TO MANDALAY

Y5 2234
MI 533

Days

Daily
2,6

Dep

7:20
11:35

DON MUEANG TO MANDALAY

Flights

15:00

FD 244

Arr

Flights

Arr

12:30
10:40

Days

2,4,6
1,5

Flights

Flights

22:30

Dep

INCHEON TO YANGON

Flights

Arr

16:40

1,6
4

AI 235
8M 602

PG 709

Arr

Days

15:40
Arr

14:55
13:05

Days

Daily

Dep

10:50

KUNMING TO MANDALAY

MU 2029

Days

Daily

Dep

13:00

BANGKOK TO NAY PYI TAW

Flights

PG 721

Days

1,2,3,4,5

Dep

17:00

Air China (CA)

Tel: 666112, 655882

Air India

Tel: 253597~98, 254758, 253601. Fax 248175

Bangkok Airways (PG)

Tel: 255122, 255265. Fax: 255119

Biman Bangladesh Airlines (BG)


Tel: 371867~68. Fax: 371869

Condor (DE)

Tel: 370836~39 (ext: 303)

Dragonair (KA)

Tel: 255323 (ext: 107), 09-401539206

Golden Myanmar Airlines (Y5)


Tel: 09400446999, 09400447999
Fax: 8604051

Malaysia Airlines (MH)

Tel: 387648, 241007 (ext: 120, 121, 122)


Fax: 241124

Myanmar Airways International (8M)


Tel: 255260. Fax: 255305

Nok Airline (DD)

Tel: 255050, 255021. Fax: 255051

Qatar Airways (QR)

Tel: 379845, 379843, 379831. Fax: 379730

Singapore Airlines (SQ) / Silk Air (MI)


Tel: 255287~9. Fax: 255290

Thai Airways (TG)

Tel: 255491~6. Fax: 255223


Tel: 371383, 370836~39 (ext: 303)
Tel: 255066, 255088, 255068. Fax: 255086

Airline Codes
3K = Jet Star
8M = Myanmar Airways International

BG = Biman Bangladesh Airlines


CA = Air China
CI = China Airlines
CZ = China Southern

Arr

10:15
14:35

16:30
20:50
14:15

11:00

Air Bagan Ltd.(W9)

Tel: 513322, 513422, 504888. Fax: 515102

AK = Air Asia

Arr

Y5 252
7Y 306

Flights

Arr

Daily

Dep

DHAKA TO YANGON

Flights

Arr

Arr

TOKYO TO YANGON
Days

Arr

00:30+1
23:30

18:10
12:00

AI 235
AI 401

22:35

Dep

22:50
21:45

Arr

22:25
23:25

W9 608
4,7
17:20
PG 723
1,3,5,6
11:05
CHIANG MAI TO YANGON

16:30
19:50
15:05

4
1,2,3,5,6,7

Flights

BG 060
BG 060

16:10
15:05

Days

NH 813

17:00
15:10

W9 607
4,7
14:20
PG 724
1,3,5,6
13:10
YANGON TO CHIANG MAI
Flights

Flights

Tel: 09254049991~3

Vietnam Airlines (VN)

06:25+1

5:55
5:45

Flights

Air Asia (FD)

Arr

3,5,7
20:40
SEOUL TO YANGON

KA 251
KA 251

Tel: 255412, 413

Tiger Airline (TR)

13:25

KE 471
Daily
18:45
0Z 769
3,6
19:50
HONG KONG TO YANGON

All Nippon Airways (NH)

Arr

2,4,7
11:50
DOHA TO YANGON

0Z 770
4,7
0:35
9:10
KE 472
Daily
23:30 07:50+1
YANGON TO HONG KONG

International Airlines

Arr

Arr

12:0
12:30
Arr

12:20
13:20
Arr

13:20
Arr

13:20
Arr

13:20
Arr

16:30
15:00
Arr

12:15

DD = Nok Airline
FD = Air Asia
KA = Dragonair
KE = Korea Airlines
MH = Malaysia Airlines
MI = Silk Air
MU = China Eastern Airlines
NH = All Nippon Airways
PG = Bangkok Airways
QR = Qatar Airways
SQ = Singapore Airways
TG = Thai Airways
TR = Tiger Airline
VN = Vietnam Airline
AI = Air India
Y5 = Golden Myanmar Airlines

Subject to change
without notice

Arr

12:50
Arr

19:00

Day
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday

4
5
6
7

=
=
=
=

Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

TRADE MARK CAUTION

26 Sport

THE MYANMAR TIMES June 15, 2015

NOTICE is hereby given that OTTOGI CORPORATION a


company organized under the laws of Republic of Korea and
having its principal office at 405, Heungan-daero, Dongan-gu,
Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea is the owner and sole
proprietor of the following trademarks:-

Archery

under Reg. No. IV/1641/2015 in respect of :Edible oils and fats; sesame oil; preserved/frozen/ dried and
cooked fruits and vegetables; soups; frozen-dried soups; canned
and bottled aquatic products; seaweeds for food (preserved); jams;
processed meat products; meat/fish/poultry and game; milk; milk
products - Class: 29
under Reg. No. IV/1642/2015 in respect of :Sauces; curry powder (spice); curry pastes; fermented hot pepper
paste (Gochu-jang); ketchup (sauce); flour and preparations made
from cereals; instant noodles; noodles; tea; premixes (blending
powder with wheat flour base for doughnuts, hot cakes, or fried
foods); prepared foods (pre-cooked or retortable pouch, such as
curry, hash curry, hash, black bean sauce, beef sauce, spaghetti
sauces, meatballs or hamburger steak with sauces) Class: 30
Any fraudulent imitation or unauthorized use of the said
trademarks or other infringements whatsoever will be dealt with
according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
for OTTOGI CORPORATION
P.O. Box No. 26, Yangon.
Phone: 372416

Dated: 15th June, 2015

For Myanmar to hit its Ministry of Sport


50-gold target, its archers were tasked
with delivering three of those medals.
But a disappointing run in this
SEA Games saw the countrys archers
come away with only one victory
against foreign opposition in the
entire event card.
That win came from the Mens
Team Recurve, who beat Thailand
in their quarter-final before being
comprehensively thrashed by
Indonesia and Singapore in the semifinal and bronze play-off respectively.
While three golds may have been
ambitious, the result is a particular
disappointment as archery did
manage to deliver one gold and three
bronze medals from the 2013 Games
in Nay Pyi Taw.
Our opponents are far more
experienced than our young team,
which formed after many of our past
athletes have retired [after 2013],
Aye Thitar, manager of the Myanmar
Archery team, told The Myanmar
Times.
We have taken our new competitors
to develop experience in South Korea
but our opposition has competed at
World Cup events, she added.
Now we must look to develop
our training toward forthcoming
international events. There is an
Olympic qualifying tournament
scheduled for between October and
November which we are considering
to enter.

TRADE MARK CAUTION


NOTICE is hereby given that The Mentholatum Company, a
Corporation of the State of Delaware of 707 Sterling Drive,
Orchard Park, New York 14127, USA, do solemnly and sincerely
declare that we are the Owner and Sole Proprietor of the following
trade mark in Myanmar.

Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use;


cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps;
perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices.;
cosmetics for skin care; cosmetics for hair care; cosmetics for
lips; cosmetics for facial care; facial make up sets; skin whitening
cream; sunscreen (UV protection) cosmetics; soap for acne care;
shampoo; beauty face mask. (Class 3)
The said trade mark is the subject of Declaration of Ownership
recorded with the Registrar of Deeds and Assurances, Yangon,
Myanmar, in Book under No. IV/20096/2014 Dated 1st January, 2015.
Any infringement or colourable imitation thereof or other
infringement of the rights of the said corporation will be dealt
with according to law.
U Kyi Win Associates
For The Mentholatum Company
Remfry & Sagar Attorneys-at-Law
Dated: 15th June, 2015
GURGAON
Remfry House at the Millennium
Plaza
Sector-27, Gurgaon-122 009
New Delhi National Capital
Region, India
Tel : 91-124-280 6100
Fax : 91-124-280 6101
E-Mail : remfry-sagar@remfry.
com

CHENNAI
376-B (Old No. 202)
Avvai Shanmugam Salai,
Gopalapuram
Chennai n 600 086, India
Tel & Fax 91-44-4263 7392
E-Mail: remfry-sagar@
remfry.com

Medal Table

Myanmar Medallists
Silver
Taekwondo:

Bronze
Mens -63kg (Zaw)

Sepak Takraw: Mens Team Doubles


Womens Regu

Gold

Silver

Bronze

THAILAND

87

83

64

234

SINGAPORE

82

72

98

252

VIETNAM

73

51

56

180

MALAYSIA

59

53

65

177

Mens Team
Womens -53kg (Wai Mar Soe)

Petanque:

Mixed Triples

INDONESIA

45

55

69

169

Rowing:

Mens Eight (1000m)


Mens Singles Sculls (1000m) Aung Ko Min

PHILIPPINES

28

35

64

127

MYANMAR

11

24

30

65

CAMBODIA

14

LAOS

21

25

BRUNEI

TIMOR LESTE

3/3-4

5/7-8

FIFA U20 WORLD CUP


The Myanmar Times wallchart for New Zealand 2015

QUARTER-FINAL
0

Portugal

QUARTER-FINAL

Brazil

USA

Serbia

Brazil 3 - 1

Serbia 6 - 5

june 14, 1pm, hAmiLton

june 14, 4:30pm, AucKLAnD

SEMI-FINAL

SEMI-FINAL

V
Brazil

june 17, 4pm,


christchurch

Senegal

Mali

Serbia

june 17, 7:30pm,


AucKLAnD

june 20, 5pm, AucKLAnD

QUARTER-FINAL
0
Uzbekistan

1
Senegal

QUARTER-FINAL
1
Germany

1
Mali

Mali 4 - 3
june 14, 4:30pm, weLLington

Total

Hockey:
Taekwondo:

MINISTRY OF SPORT WEEKEND RESULTS VS TARGETS


0/4

Volleyball

Myanmars male volleyballers,


targeting a final berth this year,
have fought back from a tough
opening to their campaign a loss
to regional heavyweight Thailand.
Since then 3-0 victories over the
Philippines and Malaysia have led
Myanmar to a semi-final against
Vietnam.
In a replication of the football
tournament favourites, Thailand
will face Indonesia in the second
semi-final before the June 16 final.
They have been led in scoring
by the young Aung Thu, who
competed for Chonburi E-Tech Air
Force Club in the Thai professional
league this year, and dominated
sides in the recent Asian U23
Championships played in Nay Pyi
Taw. In that tournament Myanmar
twice beat Thailand, but this time
they came up against a far more
seasoned side.
In Myanmars first contest
against the Thai team they showed
their ability to compete, taking
the first set beyond a first-to-25
competition, before Thailand
eventually found themselves clear
by two points at 29-27. That first set
took its toll on the Myanmar side,
which then easily succumbed 25-16,
25-18 to go down in straight sets.
Myanmar will play Vietnam
today hoping to deliver themselves
to a rematch and an opportunity
for gold.

Weekend Results

SELSUN

The said mark is used in respect of the following goods:

Sepak Takraw

Sepak Takraw has been a source


of silver medals as they resulted
from the Mens Doubles Team and
Womens Regu events. But Myanmar
will hope to go one step further
by targeting gold in the Mens and
Womens Doubles this evening.
The mens doubles should be the
easier of those two achievements as
they will not face either Malaysia or
Thailand, who have chosen to miss
this event under the rules to prevent
any one nation from over-dominance
in a sport.
The sports two silver medals
have both come from final defeats to
Thailand.
After losing the Womens Regu
final, Kay Zin Hut spoke to The
Myanmar Times.
Thailand played at a different
level to us in this game. This is not a
new state of affairs. We must turn our
attention to the future and work on
ironing out our weaknesses, she said.
Silver medals do not satisfy
us, Thein Zaw Min, coach of the
Myanmar Sepak Takraw team, told
The Myanmar Times.
Although we felt we trained well,
injuries and fatigue in our players have
seen us deliver silver again, he added.
This match experience
has allowed me to identify our
weaknesses that we must work on.
I have some new ideas and will be
using them to prepare better for the
Super Series event in Indonesia.

june 14, 1pm, christchurch

Sport
28 THE MYANMAR TIMES JunE 15, 2015

SPORT EDITOR: Matt Roebuck | matt.d.roebuck@gmail.com

SEA Games updates


on location in Singapore
SPORT 26

FOOTball

SEA Games showdown:


Myanmar vs Thailand

Naing Kaung Sat of Myanmar celebrates with fans after winning their men's football semi-final match against Vietnam on June 13. Photo: AFP

MaTT ROebuck
matt.d.roebuck@gmail.com

his evening at the singapore National stadium, Myanmar will play Thailand in
the final of the southeast
Asian Games football tournament. They will start as underdogs
but know a victory would mark another step toward the dream of a return to a Golden Age of Myanmar
football.
Their fifth and final victory of five
consecutive titles at the then-southeast
Asian Peninsula Games came in singapore at the 1973 Games and marked
the end of a period of dominance that
included two Asian Games gold medals,
an Asian Cup runner-up spot and an appearance at the 1972 Olympics.
To win they will have to overcome a
Thai side that thumped indonesia 5-0
in their semi-final and have dominated southeast Asian football since Myanmars last sEA Games victory. They
have won 13 of the 20 titles available
since 1973 and those victories include

final wins over Myanmar at singapore in 1993 and Nakhon Ratchasima,


Thailand, in 2007 the only two times
Myanmar has reached that stage since
1973.
Now we are close. We have waited
for a long time. i hope our team can become champions, said Myanmar coach
Kyi Lwin a silver medalist from 1993
after the June 13 victory over Vietnam
that sent them to the final.
i would like to thank the players
and the fans for helping Myanmar
reach this final, he added.
The goal that put Myanmar into
the final with a 2-1 victory over Vietnam was scored by captain Nay Lin
Tun.
This is a very important win and
to put Myanmar into the final of the
sEA Games will be the memorable
moment of my career, he told press
after the game.
The game saw Myanmar camped
in their own half for the majority of
the game and looking vulnerable to
the counter-attack when they did go
forward.

But their defensive approach paid


off in the 39th minute when a Nay Lun
Tin free kick from just outside the
semi-circle was blocked by the lifted
elbow of ho Ngoc Thang in the Vietnamese wall.

Now we are
close. We have
waited for a long
time. I hope our
team can become
champions.
kyi lwin
Myanmar u23 coach

ho complained but could be considered lucky to only receive yellow for


his deliberate block of a shot intended
toward goal. sithu Aung stepped up

to the mark and sent the keeper the


wrong way to give Myanmar a lead
they held into half-time.
Vietnam continued to apply pressure when they returned for the second half. Mac hong Quan came close
to scoring and forced the Myanmar
keeper to come to his teams rescue on
several occasions.
But the White Angels could not
hold out much longer, and when
Nguyen huy hung had his shot deflected off a Myanmar defenders shin,
the ball fell into the path of the unmarked Vo huy Toan to slot the ball
home in the 72nd minute.
As Vietnam continued to press
the game and Kyaw Zin Phyo continued to impress between the sticks,
it was against the run of play that
Myanmar regained the lead with 10
minutes to go. Their attack, previously characterised by opportunistic
pot shots, found a much firmer strike
from captain Nay Lin Tun. This shot
was deflected off the boot of Vietnamese defender Nguyen Thanh
hein and past the outstretched reach

of keeper Phi Minh Long, causing


the National stadium to shake in celebration.
i would like to thank the players
and the fans for helping Myanmar
reach this final, said Kyi Lwin, speaking of the vast majority of the 20,022
crowd.
Myanmar concentrated on a defensive approach. When they scored it
meant they had no need to attack, said
Toshiya Miura, the Japanese coach of
Vietnam, who will now go on to play
indonesia for the bronze medal.
When asked to compare the Myanmar and Thai sides the indonesian
coach used hand gestures to demonstrate his belief that the Thailand is a
step above Myanmars U23s.
But with talk by fans and sections
of the Thai press of the Barcelona of
AsEAN, Thailands coach Promrut
Choketawee said he was not letting his
players get ahead of themselves.
Our target now is the sEA Games
Now we are down to just two teams
and both will be going for the win,
said the Thai coach.