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DESIGN OF DROWSINESS DETECTION FOR A CAR

ASSISTED DRIVER AND ALERTNESS INDICATION


USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
Dissertation submitted
in
partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of
degree of

Master of Engineering
in
Embedded Systems & Computing
by

SHRIKANT DONGRE
Guide

VAIDEHI BAPORIKAR
Assistant Professor
Department of Computer Science & Engineering

Department of Computer Science & Engineering

Nagpur Institute of Technology, Mahurzari, Nagpur


(Affiliated to Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University,Nagpur)

Session 2013-14

DESIGN OF DROWSINESS DETECTION FOR A CAR


ASSISTED DRIVER AND ALERTNESS INDICATION
USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
Dissertation submitted
in
partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of
degree of

Master of Engineering
in
Embedded Systems & Computing
by

SHRIKANT DONGRE
Guide

VAIDEHI BAPORIKAR
Assistant Professor
Department of Computer Science & Engineering

Department of Computer Science & Engineering

Nagpur Institute of Technology, Mahurzari, Nagpur


(Affiliated to Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur)

Session 2013-14
Nagpur Institute of Technology, Nagpur 2013

DECLARATION

I, hereby declare that the dissertation titled Design of Drowsiness Detection for Car
Assisted Driver and Alertness indication using Wireless Communication system
submitted herein has been carried out by me in the Department of Computer Science &
Engineering of Nagpur Institute Technology, Nagpur. The work is original and has not been
submitted earlier as a whole or in part for the award of any degree / diploma at this or any other
Institution / University.

Shrikant Dongre
Date:

CERTIFICATE

The thesis titled Design of Drowsiness Detection for Car Assisted Driver and
Alertness indication using Wireless Communication system submitted by Shrikant Dongre
for the award of degree of Master of Engineering in Embedded Systems & Computing, has
been carried out under my supervision at the Department of Computer Science & Engineering
of Nagpur Institute Technology, Nagpur. The work is comprehensive, complete and fit for
evaluation.

Prof. Vaidehi Baporikar


Guide
Asst. Prof.
Department of Computer Science & Engineering
NIT Nagpur

Prof. Amit Modak


Dean Academics
NIT Nagpur

Prof. Praveen Sen


Head of Department
Computer Science & Engineering
NIT, Nagpur

Dr. Surendra Gole


Principal
NIT Nagpur

External Examiner

CONTENTS

Abstract

List of Figures

iii

List of Tables

List of Publications

vi

INTRODUCTION
1.1

Introduction to the Project .

1.2

Drowsiness Detection

1.2.1

Drowsiness Related Accidents

1.2.2

Techniques for Detecting Drowsiness in Drivers..

1.3

Image Processing

. 4
4
5

. 6

1.3.1

Purpose of Image Processing

1.3.2

Examples of Image Processing 7

1.4

Introduction to Wireless Communication

1.4.1

Spectrum

1.4.2

Wavelength of Some technologies

1.4.3

Duplexing

1.4.4

Cellular Fundamentals

11

1.4.5

Radio Access Network

11

1.4.6

Core Network

10

.. 10

... 12

1.4.7

Multiple Access

.... 12

1.4.8

Frequency Reuse

1.4.9

Mobility .... 12

.. 12

LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1

Face Detection Technologies

.. 14

2.2

Techniques for Detecting Drowsy Drivers

2.3

Summary

......

14
23

PRESENT WORK
3.1

Functional Description

25

3.2

ATmega 8 Pin out Board

3.2.1

Overview

3.2.2

Features

3.2.3

Pin Descriptions

3.3

IC ULN 2803

3.4

USB TTL Interface Module

3.4.1

USART 36

3.4.2

UART

3.5

GSM SIM 300 Module . 41

3.5.1

Applications

. 29

.. 29
30
.. 32
.. 34

35

38

. 44

3.5.2

Features

44

3.5.3

Power Supply

3.6

Global Positioning System .. 46

3.6.1

Features

3.6.2

GPS Principle

3.6.3

Function of GPS

45

. 46
.. 47
.. 49

RESULT AND DISCUSSION


4.1

Result

4.2

Limitations

52

58

CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE


5.1

Conclusion

5.2

Future Work

References
Annexure

59
60

61

Chapter 1
Introduction

Chapter 2
Literature Review

Chapter 3
Present Work

Chapter 4
Result and Discussion

Chapter 5
Conclusion and future
Scope