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BASE ISOLATION

An innovative approach for


earthquake safe structures

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What is base isolation ?


# Base isolation, also known as seismic
isolation system, is a collection of
structural
elements
which
should
substantially decouple a superstructure
from its substructure resting on a shaking
ground thus protecting the buildings
structural integrity.
# It is the most powerful tool of the
earthquake engineering pertaining to the
passive
structural
vibration
control
technologies.
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(Top Mounting Plate Not Shown)

Energy Dissipation Core


Cover Rubber

Steel Reinforcing Plates

Internal Rubber Layers


Bottom Mounting
Plate

Seismic Isolator
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Friction Pendulum Bearing


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Base Isolation System using Spherical Sliding


Isolation System
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Base Isolation System using Elastomeric


Bearings
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Goals of base isolation


Protection of Life Current Code
Additional Benefits of Isolation
Protection of Building Frame
Protection of Non-Structural Components
and Contents
Provide for an operational facility after the
earthquake
Protection of Processes and Function

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Foundation constructed on layers of timber


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inFree
traditional
buildings

Typical Base Isolation in Modern Buildings


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San Francisco Airport International Terminal


Worlds Largest Isolated Building

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Applications of Base Isolation


1st application in New Zealand in
1974
1st US application in 1984
1st Japanese application in 1985
US - 80 buildings and 150
bridges
Japan - 1000 buildings and 500
bridges
Nepal Not recorded yet
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Earthquake
not isolated isolated

Movement of Building with Base


Isolation vs. No Base Isolation
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Forces reduced by 3 to
6 across the isolators
Forces reduced by 8 to
12 at the roof

Isolated Structure

Ground Forces are


amplified by a factor of 3
to 4 at the roof.

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Conventional Structure

Forces reduced by 3 to
6 across the isolators
Forces reduced by 8 to
12 at the roof

Isolated Structure

Ground Forces are


amplified by a factor of 3
to 4 at the roof.

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Conventional Structure

Forces reduced by 3 to
6 across the isolators
Forces reduced by 8 to
12 at the roof

Isolated Structure

Ground Forces are


amplified by a factor of 3
to 4 at the roof.

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Conventional Structure

advantages of base Isolation


# Base Isolation is meant to enable a building
or non-building structure to survive a
potentially devastating seismic impact
through a proper initial design or subsequent
modifications(retrofit).
# The application of this technique can raise a
structure's seismic performance and its
seismic sustainability considerably.
# It provides the design profession the ability to
design a building that is operational after a
major earthquake.

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Benefits of
Seismic Isolation Retrofit
Work maybe Confined to
Basement
Building Can Continue to be
Occupied
Often the Most Economic
Solution
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In nepal

Can be easily applied in increasing


skyscrapers with a little development
in technical skills.

Economically feasible if the cost after


earthquake is accounted.

Nepal, being in highly earthquake


susceptible region, may serve a
good option.
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DEMONSTRATIONS

Yes, It Works!!!
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Limitations
Costly, at the initial phase of
construction.
New in terms of use, thus facing
the resistance to change.
Requires higher technology and
design.

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Conclusions
Base isolation provides the highest
level of protection operational after a major earthquake.
Base isolation has significant
benefits for the earthquake
protection of historic structures.
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THANK YOU!
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