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www.iasexamportal.com Indian System of Administration Indian democracy is Parliamentary form of democracy where executive

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Indian System of Administration

Indian democracy is Parliamentary form of democracy where executive is responsible to the Parliament. The Parliament has two houses – Loksabha and Rajyasabha. Also the type of governance is Federal, ie there is separate executive and legislature at Center and States. We also have self governance at local government levels. All these systems owe their legacy to the British administration. Let us see the historical background of Indian Constitution and its development through years.

Let us see the historical background of Indian Constitution and its development through years. © IASEXAMPORTAL

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www.iasexamportal.com Laws made before Charter Act of 1833 were called Regulations and those made after

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Laws made before Charter Act of 1833 were called Regulations and those made after are called Acts. Lord Warren Hastings created the office of District Collector in 1772, but judicial powers were separated from District collector later by Cornwalis. From the powerful authorities of unchecked executives, the Indian administration developed into a responsible government answerable to the legislature and people. The development of portfolio system and budget points to the separation of power. Lord Mayo’s resolution on financial decentralization visualized the development of local self-government institutions in India (1870). 1882: Lord Ripon’s resolution was hailed as the ‘Magna Carta’ of local self government. He is regarded as the ‘Father of local self-government in India’.

of local self government. He is regarded as the ‘Father of local self-government in India’. ©

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I t was in 1934 that the idea of a Constituent Assembly for India was put forward for the first time by M. N. Roy, a pioneer of communist movement in India .In 1935, the Indian National Congress (INC), for the first time, officially demanded a Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution of India. In 1938, Jawaharlal Nehru, on behalf the INC declared that ‘the Constitution of free India must be framed, without outside interference, by a Constituent Assembly elected on the basis of adult franchise’. The demand was finally accepted in principle by the British Government in what is known as the ‘August Offer’ of 1940. In 1942, Sir Stafford Cripps, a member of the cabinet, came to India with a draft proposal on the framing of an independent Constitution to be adopted after the World War II.

a draft proposal on the framing of an independent Constitution to be adopted after the World

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