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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

6 Golden Rules to maintain the Highest Performance


of your

Donaldson Self-Cleaning Filter System for Turbo m achinery


1. Availability of Compressed Air :
Compressed air at 7 barg (100 psig) nominal at the required flow at the filter house connection point is required at all times.
Check points
Visual: Pressure gauge on the filter house compressed air line. Compressed air pressure should reach 7barg (100psig) before each new pulse.
Electric: Signal from the low pressure alarm switch on the compressed air line.
Maintenance tip
Replace compressed air filter annually to avoid restriction on compressed air line and dirt carry over.

2. No Water / Liquids in Compressed Air :


Compressed air should be clean and free of any oil and water at all times to avoid damage to the cleaning valves and filter elements.
Control Methods
Drain pressure regulator/filter assembly.
Drain low point on compressed air line.
Maintenance tip
Replace or maintain properly the draining mechanism annually to avoid liquid carry over.

3. Pulse Cleaning System Set-up :


Filter elements should be pulse cleaned as frequently as possible, and even on a continuous basis for best performances and longest life.
Control point
Cleaning start/stop settings value on the control pressure switch.
ON-time/Off-time on each sequencer card.
Pulsing cycle is initiated by Start/Stop signal from control pressure switch and clock timer.
Each valve should be pulsing during a full cleaning cycle.
Operation tip
For harsh and dusty environment the system can be switched to MANUAL mode for continuous pulsing

4. Pulse Solenoid valves operation :


Control point:
The cleaning sequence should be a continuous sequence of pulse, each spaced with the same down time.
The valve pulse noise should be audible, sharp and brief.
Any discontinuity in the sequence or slow/low valve pulse noise would indicate a failure in the pulsing system.
A single and full cleaning cycle, manually actuated on the control cabinet allows for a rapid check-up.

5. Filter elements installation :


Filter elements must be correctly installed for providing the expected performance.
Maintenance tips:
Before installing new filters, clean mating surface on the tube sheet
Before installing new filters, thoroughly clean each filter retention bolt with a metal brush.
If hardware is damaged or corroded always replace with new hardware.
Ensure all element supports are in good shape and good condition.
Install new filter element with new gasket washer and filter retention nut.
Before tightening the filter element, check its perpendicular alignment with the tube sheet .
Tightened the filter retention nut at the torque specified in the O&M Manual. Do not exceed 20Nm!
After tightening, one should not be able to rotate by hand the filter element around its axis.
All filter elements should be from same type, installed at the same time.

6. Donaldson genuine filter elements with proprietary Spider-Web technology


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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

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Donaldsons unique Spider-Web technology with nanofibers provides ultimate surface filtration for optimal cleaning and unmatched filtration efficiency throughout the life of the filter elements.
Accept no substitutes! Use only genuine Donaldson replacement filter elements in your Donaldson Air Filter System.
Additional information on the Spider-Web technology is available with your nearest Donaldson Sales Representative.
The above Golden Rules are given for information only. For more details, please refer to the Operations and Maintenance Manuals for procedures, settings and other maintenance recommendations. Alternatively, contact your nearest Donaldson Sales Representative for additional
information.

North&SouthAmerica Europe Middle East Africa


filterinfo@donaldson.com

GTS-europe@em ea.donaldson.com

+1 (800) 431-0555
www.donaldson.com

+32 (16) 38 39 40
www.emea.donaldson.com

Asia Pacific
gtssales.apac@donaldson.com

+65 6311 7373


www.asia.donaldson.com

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

ABOUT THIS MANUAL


6
1.1 Purpose ............................................................................................. 6
1.2 Target audience ................................................................................. 6
1.3 How to use this manual ...................................................................... 6
DESCRIPTION
7
2.1 Air filter description ............................................................................ 7
2.1.1 Functioning ............................................................................ 9
2.2 Performance and design characteristics .......................................... 11
2.2.1 Filtration ............................................................................... 11
2.2.2 Airflow .................................................................................. 12
2.2.3 Pulse cleaning ...................................................................... 12
2.3 Description of the cleaning system ................................................... 14
2.3.1 Physical ............................................................................... 14
2.3.2 Electrical .............................................................................. 15
2.3.3 Pneumatic ............................................................................ 19
2.3.4 Evaporative cooler system ................................................... 19
2.3.5 Temperature and relative humidity sensor............................ 24
2.3.6 Lighting ................................................................................ 24
2.3.7 Alarm instruments ................................................................ 24
2.3.8 Mechanical pressure switch ................................................. 25
2.3.9 Relative humidity & temperature transmitter ......................... 26
2.3.10 Dust evacuation fans............................................................ 26
2.4 Technical data ................................................................................. 26
2.5 Instruments ...................................................................................... 28
2.6 Life of the filter elements .................................................................. 28
ANALYSIS OF FAILURE IN SERVICE
30
3.1 Trouble shooting chart ..................................................................... 30

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LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Air filter assembly ................................................................................. 7
Figure 2: Function of air filter ............................................................................... 9
Figure 3: Pulse cleaning of filter elements ......................................................... 13
Figure 4: Psychometric chart ............................................................................. 22
Figure 5: Cooling media..................................................................................... 23
Figure 6: Relative humidity sensor ..................................................................... 24
Figure 7: Pressure transmitter ........................................................................... 25
Figure 8: Mechanical pressure switch ................................................................ 25
Figure 9: Relative humidity & temperature transmitter ....................................... 26

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LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 Orientation aids ....................................................................................... 6
Table 2: Efficiency of elements........................................................................... 12
Table 3 Component parts of control box............................................................. 16
Table 4 Indicator lights/displays ......................................................................... 18
Table 5: Air filter spec ........................................................................................ 27
Table 6: Compressed air requirements .............................................................. 27
Table 7: Electrical requirements ......................................................................... 28
Table 8: Instruments .......................................................................................... 28
Table 9: Troubleshooting.................................................................................... 33

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

ABOUT THIS MANUAL

1.1

Purpose
The purpose of these instructions is to describe this self-cleaning air
filter system.
You must carefully read and understand this document in order to:
avoid danger,
execute the tasks correctly and
increase the reliability and service life of the equipment.

1.2

Target audience
These instructions are written for everyone concerned with the operation of this self-cleaning air filter system.

1.3

How to use this manual


Several orientation aids help to find specific information quickly:
Element

Location

Table of contents

Beginning of book

List of figures and tables

Beginning of book

Running header and footer

Throughout the book

Table 1 Orientation aids

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DESCRIPTION

2.1

Air filter description

Pos.

Designation

Pos.

Designation

Bellow

Filter module

Transition duct

Maintenance door

Sight-glass

External hoist

Evap cooler plumbing kit

Walkway module

Fan hopper

10

Inlet hood

Figure 1: Air filter assembly


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See figure 1 for main component parts of the air filter. The GDX system is a single stage self-cleaning air filter utilising conical and cylindrical Donaldson filter cartridges, sequentially cleaned by a reverse flow pulse of compressed air.
Depending on the volume of air to be handled, the system consists
of one or more modules, which are bolted together and mounted to
a central clean air plenum chamber or duct.

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2.1.1

Functioning

Figure 2: Function of air filter

Combustion air is aspirated by the turbine through the filter.


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The air intake is located at the front side of the filter.


Entrance into the intake plenum is protected by the inlet hoods.
These hoods and plenum protect the cartridges against foreign object damage, excessive ingestion of rain, UV rays and serves at the
same time to ensure a downward airflow through the cartridges.
A quantity of high efficiency filter cartridges, combining conical and
cylindrical filter elements, is attached to the vertical module plate
(tube sheet).
During normal operation, ambient air flows downwards between the
elements, through the filter cartridges into the clean air plenum.
Blowpipes are installed in the clean air plenum, one blowpipe for
two element sets.
Cleaning is accomplished by intermittently injecting compressed air
through the blowpipes. Each pulse of air from the blowpipe into the
filter cartridge provides a shock wave inside the filter cartridge and a
momentary reverse flow.
These actions together provide the necessary cleaning energy.
Many of the dust particles agglomerate on the media to form a thin
cake.
When pulsed, they come off in larger masses than when they were
deposited.
The possibility that these larger particles will be re-entrained when
the normal flow is re-established, is reduced.
The clean air plenum pressure is monitored and cleaning is initiated
when the differential pressure becomes higher than a pre-set value.

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Cleaning continues until the pressure decreases to a lower pre-set


value. The dust which is pulsed-off from the cartridges drops down
into the dust evacuation hopper which is fitted with an exhaust fan.
Since this fan is running at the same time as the turbine is in operation, the dust falling down into the hopper is automatically blown
away to the atmosphere.

2.2

Performance and design characteristics

2.2.1

Filtration
The single stage filtration of the filter is provided by conical and cylindrical filter elements, produced by Donaldson and using proprietary materials exclusive to Donaldson.
Inertial separators and pre-filters, generally used as first or second
stages of filtration in traditional "3-stage" turbine filter systems are
not required in the GDX design. These extra stages were required
to reduce premature plugging of the rectangular filter cells used in
these systems. The high efficiency filter elements in the GDX system are automatically cleaned during the turbine operation and they
do not require these extra stages thanks to the automatic cleaning
feature of the filter.
The cartridge filter medium has been used by Donaldson Company,
for several years in filtering combustion air for gas and diesel reciprocating engines as well as gas turbine engines.
Duratek Spider Web Filter elements -Efficiency standards
SAE J726
ASHRAE

over 99.9% ACF - test dust


Arrestance approx. 100%
Dust spot eff. at 4" WG : 98%
Eurovent class : EU8

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DOP eff. at delta p of 1"


WG (0.3 m particles)

97.6%

32-AMSS-008
On 2 m salt particles at
RH > 90%

> 99.98%

Table 2: Efficiency of elements

Particle count efficiency on a clean element is remarkably high,


even on particles of 0.5 m. The capture efficiency is practically total on the particles of 5m and virtually total on particles of 1 m after an initial loading period of a few hundred grams.
These efficiencies, provided by the Donaldson filter elements, ensure proper protection of the machines against both dust and alkaline salts. This has been confirmed by extensive field experience in
most environments on both industrial and aero derivative engines.

2.2.2

Airflow
Both the airflow pattern and the specified flow rates have been calculated to improve filtration and pulse cleaning of the filters.
During pulse cleaning, normal flow through two element sets is interrupted for about 0.1 second.
The effect of this interruption on the nominal flow of the turbine is
negligible because only one set of filter elements is cleaned at one
time.

2.2.3

Pulse cleaning
Extensive laboratory testing and field experiences with pulse cleaning filters have led to optimisation of the pressure, flow, and time parameters.

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The parameters necessary for efficient cleaning of these filter cartridges are given in section 2.4
Each pulse of air from the nozzle into the blowpipe above each element set provides both a shock wave inside the filter cartridge and a
momentary reverse flow. Together this provides the cleaning energy
necessary.
Since many of the dust particles agglomerate on the media and
form a thin cake, when pulsed, they come off in larger masses than
when they were deposited, thereby reducing the possibility that they
will be re-entrained when normal flow is re-established.

Figure 3: Pulse cleaning of filter elements

The self-cleaning filter pressure drop begins at a lower value: about


300 Pa.
The dust accumulation on the filter element causes the pressure
drop !"#$"%&'()*+)",(*-.*//01
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The module clean air plenum pressure (vacuum) is monitored and


cleaning is initiated when this pressure drop !"#$"%&"'#(')*"!*)-set
level with reference to ambient.
Cleaning continues until the !"+),*)%$)$"&-"&')".-/)*"!*)-set limit.
After some time, depending upon the environmental conditions, the
lower set value might not be reached anymore and the filter house
will come into a continuous pulsing mode. The pressure drop will
then become stabilised approximately between 750 and 1000 Pa
depending on the environment and the dust type to be filtered.
The start and stop parameters for pulse cleaning are shown in section 2.4

2.3

Description of the cleaning system


The following sections describe the physical, electrical and pneumatic configuration of the air inlet filter system and/or ducting.

2.3.1

Physical
Donaldson utilises standard modules to make up the many configurations of product offered for large gas turbine applications. The
module used in constructing this GDX-type filter is 4 element pairs
wide.
This filter module section consists of combined filter module and fan
hopper
The module sections contain element pairs, combining both conical
and cylindrical filter elements which are sequentially cleaned by reverse flow pulses of compressed air. These element pairs provide
clean combustion air to the turbine.
The air filter control box is described in section 2.3.2. of this chapter.
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Each filter module assembly is made up of the following major subassemblies:


Filter Module Assembly - contains filter element pairs mounted
to tube sheet.
Air inlet hoods mounted on the module - make up the first sections of the air filter, mount directly on the filter module assemblies and provide protection for the filter elements from the effects of rain, snow and sun.
Inlet Treatment in Hoods - The inlet hoods may optionally contain
droplet separator panels or bird screens. Each is used for different
environmental requirements.
The droplet separator panels are a wave form type drift eliminator
which separates the water droplets from the ambient airflow before
it enters the barrier filter section. This system also includes a proprietary D-Fog system to further reduce moisture.

2.3.2

Electrical
See the following documents for information concerning electrical components
and the electrical system:
P&ID document 105T2838
Control box wiring diagram 3EA-AE5567963
Junction box wiring diagram 3EA-AE5567964
The GDX System requires only low electrical power supply to operate the cleaning mechanism.
Connection to the power line will be at a field control box (3EAAE5567963) located on the left hand filter house.

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Component parts of control


box

Identification number

Circuit breakers
Power ON/OFF switch

-S01

Enclosure lighting

-E31

Switch for internal lighting

-S02

Door switch

-S03

Panel heater

-E32

Thermostat

-S04

Connection terminals for alarms


Relative humidity & temp
transmitter

-96RH

Pump 1 ON/OFF switch

-S20

Pump 2 ON/OFF switch

-S21

Local control switch

-S22

Dewpoint & relative humidity


transmitter

96RH

Table 3 Component parts of control box

The following indicator lights and displays are on the front of the
control box:
Indicator

Function

-H01

light up (white) when the power


switch (-S01) has been turned
ON and when 400 V AC - 50 Hz
is available at the air filter control
box input lines

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Indicator

Function

-H02

light up (white) when the power


switch (-S01) has been turned
ON and when 230 V AC - 50 Hz
is available at the air filter control
box input lines

-H03

light up (white) when the power


switch (-S01) has been turned
ON and when 110 V AC - 50 Hz
is available at the air filter control
box input lines

-H04

lights up (green) when pulsecleaning is in operation

-H05

lights up (red) when alarm panel


is open

-H21

lights up (green) when


evaporative cooler is on

-H22

lights up (green) when the water


pump 1 is on

-H23

lights up when the water pump 2


is on

-H24

lights up (green) when the


system is under local control

-H25

lights up (red) when the water


level in the sump is too low

-H26

lights up (red) when the water


flow is abnormal

-H27

lights up (red) when conductivity


is too high

COND1

displays conductivity from


conductivity sensor 1

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Indicator

Function

COND2

displays conductivity from


conductivity sensor 2

Table 4 Indicator lights/displays

This air intake filter has six modules. During one cleaning cycle the
filter elements of these modules of the complete air intake system
are cleaned.
There are five manifold junction boxes per filter module. The power
leads to these points will be activated at all times.
All electrical controls are installed in weatherproof enclosures to IP
65 protection.
The control box must be earthed.

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2.3.3

Pneumatic
Compressed air at 7 bar (effective) is supplied to the filter manifold
by a supplied compressor. A filter/regulator with automatic drain is
installed on the compressed air piping at a low point of the filter.
Shut-off valves are included to isolate the manifolds for repairs
and/or inspections. The compressed air pressure can be checked at
any time via a pressure transmitter + pressure gauge located on the
pressure regulator assembly.
The compressed air temperature at the pneumatic valves should not exceed
80C, to prevent damage to the valve diaphragms.

DANGER
Hazardous gases
Gas will cause death or injury
Do not use hazardous gas in compressed air supply

2.3.4

Evaporative cooler system


The cooler holds the special media panels (cellulose) used to drive
water on a vertical portion of the inlet air section.
Water is pumped from a sump and is sent to the top of every level of
the cooler module. Flow regulators are provided to ensure a correct
water delivery on every module.
Water feeding tubes "spray" water onto a manifold, which distributes
the water over the whole area of a distribution pad; this ensures
even water distribution into the panels. Water flows freely inside
those "honeycomb" panels while filtered air passes transversally
across those panels.

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Water evaporating from the media panels is thus transferred to the


inlet air; the increase of relative humidity in the air leads to a decrease of the sensible (or dry bulb) air temperature as illustrated on
the enclosed Psychometric Chart (see fig.6).
Water that is not evaporated is collected at the bottom of every
cooler level and flows down to the sump.
Demister panels are also installed inside the cooler after the media
section. They are used to eliminate any risk of water drop carryover.
Water is re-circulated for cost saving reasons. Therefore, it is necessary to "bleed off" a portion of the re-collected water in order to
avoid the concentration of salts rising above the scaling limit.
The bleed-off for this evap cooler is automatically determined by the
conductivity meters, supplied
The control of the cooler is integrated in the control box of the filterhouse; it is designed to start the pumps at the right moment and to
control the correct working of the cooler in accordance with the water available in the system.
The operation of the cooler should be avoided at temperatures below 10C. This
condition together with the cooling effect of the air stream velocity could induce
freezing of the water on the media.
During days with high relative humidity the cooler effect decreases.
The evaporative cooling process involves the exchange of heat.
The heat of the air is reduced proportionally to the amount of evaporation that takes place. The maximum reduction of dry bulb temperature is the difference between the entering air dry-bulb and the corresponding wet-bulb temperatures.

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The extent to which the cooled air approaches the wet-bulb temperature defines the cooler efficiency. This efficiency is often referred
to as saturation efficiency because as the air accepts more evaporated water it approaches saturation and the wet-bulb temperature.
The evaporative cooling process may best be illustrated graphically
on a psychometric chart. The cooling occurs along the wet-bulb
temperature line in a re-circulation system because the humidity in
the air is assumed to be at the air wet-bulb temperature (see fig.5).
The enthalpy of the air remains essentially constant. The type of
evaporative cooler media used by Donaldson is a direct contact, irrigated media utilising cross-fluted cellulose fiber pads which are
impregnated with insoluble anti-rot salts and rigidifying saturant (see
fig.7).
During normal operation, warm air enters the evaporative cooler and
passes through the water saturated evaporative cooler media.
The air temperature is lowered by the evaporation of some water
through the adiabatic exchange of heat. The air then passes
through a drift eliminator removing any water droplet carry-over that
may have occurred. Drift usually occurs at velocities less than 4
m/sec where 40 to 50 droplets are not dispersed by the low velocity air stream.

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Figure 4: Psychometric chart

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Figure 5: Cooling media

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2.3.5

Temperature and relative humidity sensor


A combined temperature and relative humidity sensor is installed at the side of
the control box to initiate the pulse cleaning of the filter system when the RH in
the external atmosphere increases above 80%.

Figure 6: Relative humidity sensor

2.3.6

Lighting
For filter maintenance, lighting is installed inside the filter house at each platform
level.

2.3.7

Alarm instruments
There is one pressure transmitter (see fig.7).
A differential pressure transmitter (-96TF-1), with pick-up point in the ductwork after the evap cooler is foreseen for turbine alarm purposes. It sends a signal (4-20
mA) to the customer main control room.
Filter high pressure drop alarm: a pressure switch (-63CA-1) gives an alarm
when the compressed air pressure drops below a certain preset value.
These instruments should be checked for their activation point on a regular basis.

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Figure 7: Pressure transmitter

2.3.8

Mechanical pressure switch

2 mechanical pressure switches are provided for filter alarm purpose when the Dp goes
above, or goes below a pre-set Dp value.

Figure 8: Mechanical pressure switch

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2.3.9

Relative humidity & temperature transmitter

Figure 9: Relative humidity & temperature transmitter

A relative humidity and temperature transmitter has been installed under the control box. This transmitter transduces the site conditions (temperature and relative
humidity, detected by the sensor) into two analogue signals (4-20 mA). The first
analogue signal (corresponding to the dew point) is available at terminals 1, 2
and 3 of the terminal block X05 inside the control box. The second analogue signal (corresponding to the relative humidity) is available at terminals 4, 5 and 6 of
the same terminal block X05 inside the control box.

2.3.10

Dust evacuation fans


Fan hoppers are installed under the filter modules. They are used to blow the
dust collected from pulsing out of the filter area. They start automatically when
the pulsing starts and stop automatically when the pulsing stops.

2.4

Technical data
Air filter specification
Rated flow

20040 m/min

N of modules

N of elements

552 pairs (conical & cylindrical)


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Air filter specification


Pulse cleaning start

5,5 mbar

Pulse cleaning stop

4,5 mbar

Estimated stabilised !p
filter elements

9,0 mbar

Table 5: Air filter spec

Compressed air requirements


Air pressure

7,7 bar gauge

Air flow

3,45 m/min. (free air delivery)

Max. air temperature

80C

Dew point

At least 5C / 10F below the minimum ambient


temperature

Quality

Preferably free of liquid water and oil


Maximum accepted oil content : 10 mg/Nm
Maximum accepted water content : 10 mg/Nm

Table 6: Compressed air requirements

Electrical Requirements
Controls
Voltage

230 VAC 50Hz

Power

0,5 Kw

Lighting
Voltage

230 VAC 50Hz

Power

2,5 Kw (Max.)

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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

Electrical fan
Voltage

400 VAC 50Hz

Power

3,0 Kw / fan

Quantity

Degree of
protection

IP55

Area
classification

Safe area

Table 7: Electrical requirements

2.5

Instruments
Instrument

Designation

Calibration

Mechanical
pressure switch

63TF-2A

214mmHO

Mechanical
pressure switch

63TF-2B

214mmHO

Dew point &


relative humidity
transmitter

96RH

4-20mA

Table 8: Instruments

2.6

Life of the filter elements


The maximum filter element life is 5 calendar years from the production date
marked on it, if the storage is done in correct conditions.
The maximum filter element operating life is 2 calendar years after installation in
the filter house.
Therefore, for the most profitable use of our filter element, the storage period
should be limited to 3 years, e.g. 3 years storage + 2 years operation = 5 years
(max. life).

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Rev: C

Date: 08/05/2013

GE Energy

Rev. : C
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

Do not use defective filter elements.


Use only Donaldson filter cartridges for replacement for which the Donaldson
reference part number can be found in the spare parts list. Warranty will be
invalidated if filter elements other than Donaldson are used.

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Rev: C

Date: 08/05/2013

GE Energy

Rev. : C
Page : 30/33

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

ANALYSIS OF FAILURE IN SERVICE

3.1

Trouble shooting chart


Problem

Cause

Air filter control box.


General power switch (S01) is switched on but
installation does not work

-S01 is on, but the


photohelic does not work

The power input


lines to the control
box are not energized
Circuit breakers are
off
Bad connection
somewhere

Energize input line

Photohelic fuse -F03


is blown
Bad connection

Replace fuse

Defective photohelic
or/and relay
-S01 is on, but lamp on a
program control card
does not light up

Correction

Blown fuse (-F04,F05 or -F06) of that


program control card
Bad connection
Defective program
control board
Breakers Q24
and/or -Q25 are off
Transformer (-T01)
defective

Check/reset

Check with voltmeter

Check connections
and power supply to
photohelic
Replace photohelic
and relay
Replace fuse

Check with voltmeter


Replace
Reset
Replace

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Rev: C

Date: 08/05/2013

GE Energy

Rev. : C
Page : 31/33

OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

Problem

Cause

Power to all systems, Dp


reaches high set point of
photohelic but filter
modules do not pulse

One program control


card defective
Relay -K03 defective
No compressed air
available in manifold

Wiring between
control box and
junction boxes
Power to all systems, Dp
reaches high set point of
photohelic but cleaning
cycle not completely
executed
All system operating but
one or more valves not
pulsing

All system operating but


pulsing is erratic

One program control


card defective

Plunger in solenoid
stuck
Solenoid coil
inoperative
Defective diaphragm
valve
A program control board
fault

Correction
Replace program
control board
Check and replace
Open compressed
air valve to manifold
and set pressure
regulator to appropriate setting
Check with voltmeter

Check and replace that


program control card

Repair with solenoid


repair kit
Replace solenoid coil
Repair with
diaphragm repair kit
Find out which card is
responsible for the
erratic pulsing and
replace that control card

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Rev: C

Date: 08/05/2013

GE Energy

Rev. : C
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

Problem

Cause

All systems operating but


a valve remains open all
the time or longer than
the set 100 m/sec time

A program control
board fault

Plunger in solenoid
stuck.
Blocked diaphragm
valve

Leak on valve

Correction
Locate valve, control
card and terminal on
that control card.
Check if there is a
constant setting
voltage output on
resp. terminal. If so,
replace that control
card.
Repair with solenoid
repair kit
Clean membrane of
diaphragm valve or
replace (diaphragm
repair kit)
Tight up screws or
replace the valve

Engine running : the


pressure gauge does not
indicate any Dp

Pressure gauge
defective
Broken pressure
measuring line to
pressure switch

Replace

Condensation in the
control box

Heater E32.
Defective
Breaker Q22 is off
Temperature switch S04 defective

Replace

Lamp E31.
defective
Breaker Q22 is off
Bad connection
Door switch -S03
defective

Replace

Breaker Q21 is off

Reset

Bad connection
Switch -S02 not in
position or defective

Check
Check or replace

Control box internal


lighting does not operate

The lighting does not


operate

Look for leaks

Reset

Reset
Check
Replace

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Rev: C

Date: 08/05/2013

GE Energy

Rev. : C
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OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DESCRIPTION

Problem

Cause

Correction

One light does not


operate

Bulb down
Bad connection

Replace
Check

No power at maintenance plug (XOO)

Breaker Q23 is off


Bad connection

Reset
Check

Test lamp push-button (S06) does not function

Push-button -S06
defective
Relay -K03 defective

Replace

Switch -S05
defective
Relay -K03 defective

Check and replace

Switch -S05
defective
Relay -K03 defective

Check and replace

The manual mode does


not function
The automatic mode
does not function

Check and replace

Check and replace

Check and replace

Table 9: Troubleshooting

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Rev: C

Date: 08/05/2013