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BILL OF MATERIALS

EXCAVATION

Excavation of earth for column/footing:

o

@C1F1

= 1.2(1.2)(1.1 + 0.3)(11)

=

28.224 m 3 1.053 m 3 2.016 m 3

o

@C1F2

= 0.9(0.9)(1.0 + 0.3)(1)

 

=

o

@C2F1

= 1.2(1.2)(1.1 + 0.3)(1)

=

 

TOTAL =

31.293 m 3

Excavation for wall/footing:

 

o

@Section A

= [9.5 4(0.3) + 0.075](0.3)(1.2)

=

3.015 m 3 2.943 m 3 3.015 m 3

o

@Section B/C

= [9.5 4(0.3) 0.2 + 0.075](0.3)(1.2)

=

o

@Section D

= [9.5 4(0.3) + 0.075](0.3)(1.2)

=

o

@Section 1

= [0.5 + 2(0.707) + 1 + 0.775 + 0.075 + 2.93 0.3 2(0.2)](0.3)(1.2)

 

=

2.158 m 3 0.965 m 3 0.965 m 3 0.965 m 3

o

@Section 2

= [2.93 0.2 0.05](0.3)(1.2)

=

o

@Section 3

= [3.08 2(0.2)](0.3)(1.2)

=

o

@Section 5

=

=

 

TOTAL =

14.026 m 3

Volume of Excavated Earth:

 

o

Sum of total volume = 31.293 + 14.026

 

=

45.319 m 3

BACKFILLING

 

Volume of backfill for toilet and bath area

:

40.192 m 2 (0.2 m)

=

8.038 m 3 47.300 m 3 52.572 m 3 12.578 m 3

Volume of backfill for bedrooms (BD1 & BD2):

(85.877 + 103.322)(0.25)= 210.288(0.25) =

Volume of backfill for kitchen and living area:

Volume of backfill for terrace area

:

62.888(0.25)

=

 

TOTAL =

120.488 m 3

It is noticeable that an excavated earth volume 45.319 m 3 used for backfilling is not sufficient

as a backfilling material, therefore, for the subgrade material used as an additional

backfilling material for floor elevation:

120.488 45.319

=

75.241 m 3

A 75.241 m 3 is the volume of subgrade material required as an additional backfilling material

is compacted and therefore is not quite sufficient to elevate the flooring of the structure.

Hence,

75.241(1.3)

=

97.813 m 3

Now, a volume of 97.813 m 3 is the compacted volume of subgrade material that is enough to elevate the floor area of the structure.

NET LENGTH OF THE WALL

@Section A

= 9.5 4(0.3)

=

8.300 m

@Section B/C

= 9.5 4(0.3) 0.2

=

8.100 m

@Section D

= 9.5 3(0.3) 0.3

=

8.300 m

@Section 6

= 6 3(0.2)

=

5.400 m

@Section 5

= 3.08 2(0.2)

=

2.680 m

@Section 3

=

=

2.680 m

@Section 2

= 2.93 0.075 0.2

=

2.655 m

@Section 1

= 0.5 + 2(0.707) + 0.8 + 0.775 + 2.93 2(0.2) 0.3= TOTAL =

5.720 m

43.835 m

WALL FOOTING

Volume of the wall footing= 43.835 m(0.3)(0.2) m 2

=

2.630 m 3

Using Class ‘A’ Mixture:

 

o

Cement (40 kg):

2.630(9.0)

= 23.67 say 24 Bags

o

Sand

:

2.630(0.5)

=

1.315 m 3

o

Gravel

:

2.630(1.0)

=

2.630 m 3

FOOTING FOR COLUMN

@C1F1

= (1.2) 2 (0.3)(11)

=

4.752 m 3 0.243 m 3 0.432 m 3

@C1F2

= (0.9) 2 (0.3)(1)

=

@C2F1

= (1.2) 2 (0.3)(1)

=

 

TOTAL

=

5.427 m 3

COLUMNS

@C1F1

= 0.2(0.3)(3.43)(11)

=

2.264 m 3 0.206 m 3 0.309 m 3

@C1F2

= 0.2(0.3)(3.43)(1)

=

@C2F1

= (0.3) 2 (3.43)

=

 

TOTAL

=

2.779 m 3

Total Volume of Column and Footing: 5.427 + 2.779

=

8.206 m 3

Using Class ‘A’ Mixture:

 

o

Cement (40 kg):

8.206(9.0)

= 73.854 say 74 bags

o

Sand

:

8.206(0.5)

=

4.103 m 3 8.206 m 3

o

Gravel

:

8.206(1.0)

=

ROOF BEAMS

 

Section A

 

= [9.5 4(0.3)](0.2)(0.3)

=

0.498 m 3 0.486 m 3 0.498 m 3 0.318 m 3 0.159 m 3 0.161 m 3 0.161 m 3 0.324 m 3

Section B/C

= [9.5 4(0.3) 0.2](0.2)(0.3)

=

Section D

= [9.5 4(0.3)](0.2)(0.3)

=

Section 1

= [6 2(0.2) 0.3](0.2)(0.3)

=

Section 2

= [2.92 0.075 0.2](0.2)(0.3)

=

Section 3

= [3.08 2(0.2)](0.2)(0.3)

=

Section 5

=

=

Section 6

= [6 3(0.2)](0.2)(0.3)

=

 

TOTAL

=

2.605 m 3

Using Class ‘A’ Mixture:

o

Cement (40 kg):

2.605(9.0)

= 23.445 say 24 bags

o

Sand

:

2.605(0.5)

=

1.302 m 3 2.605 m 3

o

Gravel

:

2.605(1.0)

=

CHB WALL

Wall area

 

o

Section A

= [9.5 4(0.3)](1 + 3.43) 2(2)(1) (0.3) 2

=

o

Section B/C

= [9.5 4(0.3) 0.2](4.43) 2(0.8)(2.13) 0.6(2.13)=

32.679 m 2 31.197 m 2

o

Section D

= (2.42 0.3)(0.2 + 1) + [7.08 3(0.3)](4.43) 2(2)(1)= 25.921 m 2

o

Section 1

= [3.08 2(0.707) 1 2(0.2)](4.43) + [2.93 0.3](1.2)= 4.333 m 2

o

Section 2

= (2.93 0.075 0.2)(4.43) 1 1(2.13)

=

8.632 m 2 11.872 m 2 11.872 m 2 19.792 m 2

o

Section 3

= [3.08 2(0.2)](4.43)

=

o

Section 5

=

=

o

Section 6

= [6 3(0.2)](4.43) 2 1(2.13)

=

 

TOTAL

=

146.299 m 2

Quantity of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB: 146.299(12.5)

For block laying (Using Class ‘B’ Mixture)

= 1828.738 say 1829 pieces

o

Cement (40 kg):

146.299(0.522)

= 76.368 say 77 bags

o

Sand

:

146.299(0.0435)

=

6.364 m 3

Plastering:

o

Quantity of CHB at Footing: Net length(h)(12.5) = 43.835 (1) (12.5)

=

547.938 say 548 pieces

o

Quantity of CHB wall plastered: 1829 548

= 1281 pieces

o

1281 [2(6) + 2(9.5)] (0.25)(12.5)

= 1184.125 say 1185 pieces

(Note: The 1185 pieces of CHB are the number of CHB that is to be plastered on both

sides.)

o

Quantity of CHB that is to be plastered on one side only:

1281 1185

=

96 pieces

(Note: Now, the 96 pieces of CHB that is to be plastered on one side only are located 250 mm from the natural ground line.)

o

Volume of plaster (16 mm plaster): [2(1185)(0.2)(0.4) + 1(96)(0.2)(0.4)]0.016]

 

=

3.156 m 3

 

(Note: The volume obtained, which is 3.156 m 3 is the amount of plaster of the wall including both single and double-side plastering.)

o

Using Class ‘B’ Mixture for Plastering

 

o

Cement (40 kg): 3.156(12)

 

= 37.872 say 38 bags

o

Sand

:

=

3.156 m 3

SLAB

Toilet and Terrace Area (50-mm drop) Volume = (40.192 + 62.888) (0.1)

 

=

10.808 m 3

Kitchen and Living Area, and Bedrooms Volume = (399.487) (0.1)

=

39.949 m 3

TOTAL

=

50.257 m 3

Using Class ‘A’ Mixture

o

Cement (40 kg): 50.257(9.0)

=452.313 say 453 bags

o

Sand

: 50.257(0.5)

=

25.129 m 3

o

Gravel

: 50.257(1.0)

=

50.257 m 3

STEEL REINFORCEMENT

REINFORCEMENT FOR CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCKS

Wall area: 146.299 m 2

Vertical reinforcement (80cm spacing):

Horizontal bars (3 layers of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB):

Quantity of required vertical Bars (12 mm diameter): 234.078/6

Quantity of required horizontal bars (10 mm diameter): 314.542/6

Order: “40 pieces 12 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars” and “53 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

For tie wires

146.299 (1.60) = 149.299 (2.15) =

234.078 m 314.542 m =39.013 say 40 pieces =52.424 say 53 pieces

o

Wall area: 146.299 m 2

o

Vertical bar spacing: 80 cm

o

Horizontal bar spacing: 3 layers of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB

o

Required #16 G.I. Wire: 146.299 (0.024)

= 3.51 say 4 kg #16 G.I. Wires

FOOTING REINFORCEMENT

Footing 1 (F1)

o

Net length (consider 0.20 m bend): 1.2 2(0.075) + 0.2

= 1.25 m

o

Qty. of cut bars (single footing):

8(2)

= 16 pieces/footing

o

Total cut bars for 11 footings:

16(12 footings)

= 192 pieces

o

If 6.0 m length of steel bar is used:

6/1.25

= 4.8 say 4 pieces

o

Required qty. of steel bars:

176/4

= 48 pieces

o

Order: 44 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Footing 2 (F2)

o

Net length (consider 0.20 m bend): 0.9 2(0.075) + 0.2

o

Qty. of cut bars (single footing):

6(2)

= 0.95m = 12 pieces/footing

o

Total cut bars for 1 footing:

= 12 pieces

o

If 6.0 m length of steel bar is used:

6/0.95

= 6.32 say 6 pieces

o

Required qty. of steel bars:

12/6

= 2 pieces

o

Order: “2 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Total quantity of steel bars: “46 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Tie Wires

o

Footing 1 (F1)

No. of intersections:

8(8)

= 64 intersections = 704 ties = 211.2 m long G.I. wires = 3.98 say 4 kg #16 G.I. wires

Total ties:

64(11)

Using 30 cm long tie wire:

704(0.3)

Mass:

211.2/53

o

Footing 2 (F2)

No. of intersections:

6(6)

= 36 intersections = 36 ties = 10.8 m long G.I. wires = 0.20 say 1 kg #16 G.I. wires

Total ties:

36(1)

Using 30 cm long tie wire:

36(0.3)

Mass:

10.8/53

o

Order: “5 kg #16 G.I. wires”

COLUMN REINFORCEMENT

 

Column 1 (C1)

o

Bend at the base footing:

0.20 m

o

Length from footing to ground line:

1.10

o

Height from ground line to beam:

3.43 0.30 =

3.13

o

Depth of beam:

0.30

o

Dowel for roofing:

0.40

Total length of reinforcement Total length for 11 posts:

4(11) =

5.13 m say 6 m 44 pieces

Order: “44 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars”

Column 2 (C2)

o

Bend at the base footing:

0.20 m

o

Length from footing to ground line:

1.10

o

Height from ground line to beam:

3.43 0.30 =

3.13

o

Depth of beam:

0.30

o

Dowel for roofing:

0.40

Total length of reinforcement Total length for 11 posts:

Order: “4 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars”

4(1) =

Column 1 (C1)

5.13 m say 6 m 4 pieces

o

Bend at the base footing:

0.20 m

o

Length from footing to ground line:

1.10

o

Height from ground line to beam:

3.43 0.30 =

3.13

o

Depth of beam:

0.30

o

Dowel for roofing:

0.40

Total length of reinforcement Total length for 11 posts:

Order: “4 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars”

4(1) =

5.13 m say 6 m 4 pieces

Order: “52 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

LATERAL TIES

Spacing of lateral ties:

16 x 16

=

256 mm

48 x 10 Least side of column is 200 mm

=

480 mm

Adopt 200 mm spacing on the lateral ties.

No. of lateral ties for a single column:

3.43/0.2

= 17.15 say 18 + 1 = 19 pieces

For 13 columns:

19(13)

=

247 ties

Length of one tie: (by inspection)

say 80 cm

Trial Division:

12/0.8

= 15 pieces for 12 m long bar

Required no. of steel bars:

247/12

= 20.58 say 21 pieces

Order: “21 pieces 10 mm diameter x 12.0 meter long bars”

Tie Wires

o

Intersections:

4 bars (19 lateral ties)

=

76 intersections

o

For 13 columns:

76 (13)

=

988 ties

o

Consider 40 cm long tie wires:

988(0.4)

= 395.2 say 396 m long G.I. wire

o

Mass:

396/53

=

7.74 say 8 kg

o

Order: “8 kg #16 G.I. wires”

ROOF BEAMS

Net length:

43.835 m

Length of reinforcement:

43.835 + 26(0.4) + 43.835(0.25) + 43.835(0.5) = 87.111 m long

Consider 10.5 m long bar, for 18 beams:

18(7)

=

126 pieces

Order: “126 pieces 16 mm diameter x 10.5 meter long bars”

 

STIRRUPS

No. of stirrups:

{[43.835 2(0.85)]/0.2} + 16

=

227 stirrups

Order:

227/6

=37.83 say “38 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

TIE WIRE (BEAMS AND STIRRUPS)

Consider 40 cm long tie wires:

Order: “12kg #16 G.I. Wires”

Intersection:

Mass:

7(227)

635.6/53

1589(0.4)

=

1589 ties

= 635.6 m long G.I. wires

=11.99 say 12 kg

SLAB REINFORCEMENT

Using 6.0 m long bars, 15 cm spacing distance: 502.567 (2.584)=1298.633 say 1299pieces

Order: “1299 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Tie wires

Floor area:

40.192 + 62.888 + 399.487

=

502.567 m 2

o

Using 30 cm tie wire:

502.567 x 0.288

=

114.585 say 115 kg

o

Order: “115 kg #16 G.I. wire”

 

EXCAVATION AND BACKFILLING

SUMMARY OF MATERIALS

Volume of excavated earth:

45.319 m 3

Volume of subgrade material:

97.813 m 3

CONCRETE AND MASONRY

Class ‘A’ cement (40 kg):

 

575 bags

Class ‘B’ cement (40 kg):

115 bags

Sand

:

41.37 m 3

Gravel

:

63.70 m 3

No. of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB

:

1829 pieces

METAL REINFORCEMENTS

CHB reinforcement

:

53 pieces 10 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB

Footing reinforcement

:

46 pieces 16 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB

Column reinforcement :

 

52 pieces 16 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB

Lateral ties

:

21 pieces 10 mm dia. X 12.0 m long RSB

Roof beams

:

126 pieces 16 mm dia. X 10.50 m long RSB

Stirrups

:

38 pieces 10 mm dia. X 6.0 m RSB

Slab reinforcement

:

1299 pieces 10 mm dia. 6.0 m RSB

Tie Wires

:

144 kg #16 G.I. wires