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BILL OF MATERIALS

EXCAVATION

Excavation of earth for column/footing:

 o @C1F1 = 1.2(1.2)(1.1 + 0.3)(11) = 28.224 m 3 1.053 m 3 2.016 m 3 o @C1F2 = 0.9(0.9)(1.0 + 0.3)(1) = o @C2F1 = 1.2(1.2)(1.1 + 0.3)(1) = TOTAL = 31.293 m 3  Excavation for wall/footing: o @Section A = [9.5 – 4(0.3) + 0.075](0.3)(1.2) = 3.015 m 3 2.943 m 3 3.015 m 3 o @Section B/C = [9.5 – 4(0.3) – 0.2 + 0.075](0.3)(1.2) = o @Section D = [9.5 – 4(0.3) + 0.075](0.3)(1.2) = o @Section 1 = [0.5 + 2(0.707) + 1 + 0.775 + 0.075 + 2.93 – 0.3 – 2(0.2)](0.3)(1.2) = 2.158 m 3 0.965 m 3 0.965 m 3 0.965 m 3 o @Section 2 = [2.93 – 0.2 – 0.05](0.3)(1.2) = o @Section 3 = [3.08 – 2(0.2)](0.3)(1.2) = o @Section 5 = = TOTAL = 14.026 m 3  Volume of Excavated Earth: o Sum of total volume = 31.293 + 14.026 = 45.319 m 3 BACKFILLING  Volume of backfill for toilet and bath area : 40.192 m 2 (0.2 m) = 8.038 m 3 47.300 m 3 52.572 m 3 12.578 m 3  Volume of backfill for bedrooms (BD1 & BD2): (85.877 + 103.322)(0.25)= 210.288(0.25) =  Volume of backfill for kitchen and living area:  Volume of backfill for terrace area : 62.888(0.25) = TOTAL = 120.488 m 3

It is noticeable that an excavated earth volume 45.319 m 3 used for backfilling is not sufficient

as a backfilling material, therefore, for the subgrade material used as an additional

backfilling material for floor elevation:

120.488 45.319

=

75.241 m 3

A 75.241 m 3 is the volume of subgrade material required as an additional backfilling material

is compacted and therefore is not quite sufficient to elevate the flooring of the structure.

Hence,

75.241(1.3)

=

97.813 m 3

Now, a volume of 97.813 m 3 is the compacted volume of subgrade material that is enough to elevate the floor area of the structure.

NET LENGTH OF THE WALL

  @Section A = 9.5 – 4(0.3) = 8.300 m  @Section B/C = 9.5 – 4(0.3) – 0.2 = 8.100 m  @Section D = 9.5 – 3(0.3) – 0.3 = 8.300 m  @Section 6 = 6 – 3(0.2) = 5.400 m  @Section 5 = 3.08 – 2(0.2) = 2.680 m  @Section 3 = = 2.680 m  @Section 2 = 2.93 – 0.075 – 0.2 = 2.655 m  @Section 1 = 0.5 + 2(0.707) + 0.8 + 0.775 + 2.93 – 2(0.2) – 0.3= TOTAL = 5.720 m 43.835 m

WALL FOOTING

  Volume of the wall footing= 43.835 m(0.3)(0.2) m 2 = 2.630 m 3  Using Class ‘A’ Mixture: o Cement (40 kg): 2.630(9.0) = 23.67 say 24 Bags o Sand : 2.630(0.5) = 1.315 m 3 o Gravel : 2.630(1.0) = 2.630 m 3

FOOTING FOR COLUMN

  @C1F1 = (1.2) 2 (0.3)(11) = 4.752 m 3 0.243 m 3 0.432 m 3  @C1F2 = (0.9) 2 (0.3)(1) =  @C2F1 = (1.2) 2 (0.3)(1) = TOTAL = 5.427 m 3 COLUMNS  @C1F1 = 0.2(0.3)(3.43)(11) = 2.264 m 3 0.206 m 3 0.309 m 3  @C1F2 = 0.2(0.3)(3.43)(1) =  @C2F1 = (0.3) 2 (3.43) = TOTAL = 2.779 m 3  Total Volume of Column and Footing: 5.427 + 2.779 = 8.206 m 3  Using Class ‘A’ Mixture: o Cement (40 kg): 8.206(9.0) = 73.854 say 74 bags o Sand : 8.206(0.5) = 4.103 m 3 8.206 m 3 o Gravel : 8.206(1.0) = ROOF BEAMS  Section A = [9.5 – 4(0.3)](0.2)(0.3) = 0.498 m 3 0.486 m 3 0.498 m 3 0.318 m 3 0.159 m 3 0.161 m 3 0.161 m 3 0.324 m 3  Section B/C = [9.5 – 4(0.3) – 0.2](0.2)(0.3) =  Section D = [9.5 – 4(0.3)](0.2)(0.3) =  Section 1 = [6 – 2(0.2) – 0.3](0.2)(0.3) =  Section 2 = [2.92 – 0.075 – 0.2](0.2)(0.3) =  Section 3 = [3.08 – 2(0.2)](0.2)(0.3) =  Section 5 = =  Section 6 = [6 – 3(0.2)](0.2)(0.3) = TOTAL = 2.605 m 3

Using Class ‘A’ Mixture:

 o Cement (40 kg): 2.605(9.0) = 23.445 say 24 bags o Sand : 2.605(0.5) = 1.302 m 3 2.605 m 3 o Gravel : 2.605(1.0) = CHB WALL  Wall area o Section A = [9.5 – 4(0.3)](1 + 3.43) – 2(2)(1) – (0.3) 2 = o Section B/C = [9.5 – 4(0.3) – 0.2](4.43) – 2(0.8)(2.13) – 0.6(2.13)= 32.679 m 2 31.197 m 2 o Section D = (2.42 – 0.3)(0.2 + 1) + [7.08 – 3(0.3)](4.43) – 2(2)(1)= 25.921 m 2 o Section 1 = [3.08 – 2(0.707) – 1 – 2(0.2)](4.43) + [2.93 – 0.3](1.2)= 4.333 m 2 o Section 2 = (2.93 – 0.075 – 0.2)(4.43) – 1 – 1(2.13) = 8.632 m 2 11.872 m 2 11.872 m 2 19.792 m 2 o Section 3 = [3.08 – 2(0.2)](4.43) = o Section 5 = = o Section 6 = [6 – 3(0.2)](4.43) – 2 – 1(2.13) = TOTAL = 146.299 m 2

Quantity of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB: 146.299(12.5)

For block laying (Using Class ‘B’ Mixture)

= 1828.738 say 1829 pieces

 o Cement (40 kg): 146.299(0.522) = 76.368 say 77 bags o Sand : 146.299(0.0435) = 6.364 m 3

Plastering:

 o Quantity of CHB at Footing: Net length(h)(12.5) = 43.835 (1) (12.5) = 547.938 say 548 pieces o Quantity of CHB wall plastered: 1829 – 548 = 1281 pieces o 1281 – [2(6) + 2(9.5)] (0.25)(12.5) = 1184.125 say 1185 pieces

(Note: The 1185 pieces of CHB are the number of CHB that is to be plastered on both

sides.)

 o Quantity of CHB that is to be plastered on one side only: 1281 – 1185 = 96 pieces (Note: Now, the 96 pieces of CHB that is to be plastered on one side only are located 250 mm from the natural ground line.) o Volume of plaster (16 mm plaster): [2(1185)(0.2)(0.4) + 1(96)(0.2)(0.4)]0.016] = 3.156 m 3 (Note: The volume obtained, which is 3.156 m 3 is the amount of plaster of the wall including both single and double-side plastering.) o Using Class ‘B’ Mixture for Plastering
 o Cement (40 kg): 3.156(12) = 37.872 say 38 bags o Sand : = 3.156 m 3 SLAB  Toilet and Terrace Area (50-mm drop) Volume = (40.192 + 62.888) (0.1) = 10.808 m 3  Kitchen and Living Area, and Bedrooms Volume = (399.487) (0.1) = 39.949 m 3 TOTAL = 50.257 m 3

Using Class ‘A’ Mixture

 o Cement (40 kg): 50.257(9.0) =452.313 say 453 bags o Sand : 50.257(0.5) = 25.129 m 3 o Gravel : 50.257(1.0) = 50.257 m 3

STEEL REINFORCEMENT

REINFORCEMENT FOR CONCRETE HOLLOW BLOCKS

Wall area: 146.299 m 2

Vertical reinforcement (80cm spacing):

Horizontal bars (3 layers of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB):

Quantity of required vertical Bars (12 mm diameter): 234.078/6

Quantity of required horizontal bars (10 mm diameter): 314.542/6

Order: “40 pieces 12 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars” and “53 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

For tie wires

146.299 (1.60) = 149.299 (2.15) =

234.078 m 314.542 m =39.013 say 40 pieces =52.424 say 53 pieces

 o Wall area: 146.299 m 2 o Vertical bar spacing: 80 cm o Horizontal bar spacing: 3 layers of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB o Required #16 G.I. Wire: 146.299 (0.024) = 3.51 say 4 kg #16 G.I. Wires

FOOTING REINFORCEMENT

Footing 1 (F1)

 o Net length (consider 0.20 m bend): 1.2 – 2(0.075) + 0.2 = 1.25 m o Qty. of cut bars (single footing): 8(2) = 16 pieces/footing o Total cut bars for 11 footings: 16(12 footings) = 192 pieces o If 6.0 m length of steel bar is used: 6/1.25 = 4.8 say 4 pieces o Required qty. of steel bars: 176/4 = 48 pieces o Order: “44 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Footing 2 (F2)

 o Net length (consider 0.20 m bend): 0.9 – 2(0.075) + 0.2 o Qty. of cut bars (single footing): 6(2) = 0.95m = 12 pieces/footing o Total cut bars for 1 footing: = 12 pieces o If 6.0 m length of steel bar is used: 6/0.95 = 6.32 say 6 pieces o Required qty. of steel bars: 12/6 = 2 pieces o Order: “2 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Total quantity of steel bars: “46 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Tie Wires

 o Footing 1 (F1)  No. of intersections: 8(8) = 64 intersections = 704 ties = 211.2 m long G.I. wires = 3.98 say 4 kg #16 G.I. wires  Total ties: 64(11)  Using 30 cm long tie wire: 704(0.3)  Mass: 211.2/53 o Footing 2 (F2)  No. of intersections: 6(6) = 36 intersections = 36 ties = 10.8 m long G.I. wires = 0.20 say 1 kg #16 G.I. wires  Total ties: 36(1)  Using 30 cm long tie wire: 36(0.3)  Mass: 10.8/53 o Order: “5 kg #16 G.I. wires” COLUMN REINFORCEMENT  Column 1 (C1) o Bend at the base footing: 0.20 m o Length from footing to ground line: 1.10 o Height from ground line to beam: 3.43 – 0.30 = 3.13 o Depth of beam: 0.30 o Dowel for roofing: 0.40 Total length of reinforcement Total length for 11 posts: 4(11) = 5.13 m say 6 m 44 pieces

Order: “44 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars”

Column 2 (C2)

 o Bend at the base footing: 0.20 m o Length from footing to ground line: 1.10 o Height from ground line to beam: 3.43 – 0.30 = 3.13 o Depth of beam: 0.30 o Dowel for roofing: 0.40

Total length of reinforcement Total length for 11 posts:

Order: “4 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars”

4(1) =

Column 1 (C1)

5.13 m say 6 m 4 pieces

 o Bend at the base footing: 0.20 m o Length from footing to ground line: 1.10 o Height from ground line to beam: 3.43 – 0.30 = 3.13 o Depth of beam: 0.30 o Dowel for roofing: 0.40

Total length of reinforcement Total length for 11 posts:

Order: “4 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long steel bars”

4(1) =

5.13 m say 6 m 4 pieces

Order: “52 pieces 16 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

LATERAL TIES

  Spacing of lateral ties: 16 x 16 = 256 mm 48 x 10 Least side of column is 200 mm = 480 mm

Adopt 200 mm spacing on the lateral ties.

  No. of lateral ties for a single column: 3.43/0.2 = 17.15 say 18 + 1 = 19 pieces  For 13 columns: 19(13) = 247 ties  Length of one tie: (by inspection) say 80 cm  Trial Division: 12/0.8 = 15 pieces for 12 m long bar  Required no. of steel bars: 247/12 = 20.58 say 21 pieces

Order: “21 pieces 10 mm diameter x 12.0 meter long bars”

Tie Wires

 o Intersections: 4 bars (19 lateral ties) = 76 intersections o For 13 columns: 76 (13) = 988 ties o Consider 40 cm long tie wires: 988(0.4) = 395.2 say 396 m long G.I. wire o Mass: 396/53 = 7.74 say 8 kg o Order: “8 kg #16 G.I. wires” ROOF BEAMS  Net length: 43.835 m

Length of reinforcement:

43.835 + 26(0.4) + 43.835(0.25) + 43.835(0.5) = 87.111 m long

  Consider 10.5 m long bar, for 18 beams: 18(7) = 126 pieces  Order: “126 pieces 16 mm diameter x 10.5 meter long bars” STIRRUPS  No. of stirrups: {[43.835 – 2(0.85)]/0.2} + 16 = 227 stirrups  Order: 227/6 =37.83 say “38 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

TIE WIRE (BEAMS AND STIRRUPS)

Consider 40 cm long tie wires:

Order: “12kg #16 G.I. Wires”

Intersection:

Mass:

7(227)

635.6/53

1589(0.4)

=

1589 ties

= 635.6 m long G.I. wires

=11.99 say 12 kg

SLAB REINFORCEMENT

Using 6.0 m long bars, 15 cm spacing distance: 502.567 (2.584)=1298.633 say 1299pieces

Order: “1299 pieces 10 mm diameter x 6.0 m long bars”

Tie wires

Floor area:

40.192 + 62.888 + 399.487

=

502.567 m 2

 o Using 30 cm tie wire: 502.567 x 0.288 = 114.585 say 115 kg o Order: “115 kg #16 G.I. wire”

EXCAVATION AND BACKFILLING

SUMMARY OF MATERIALS

  Volume of excavated earth: 45.319 m 3  Volume of subgrade material: 97.813 m 3 CONCRETE AND MASONRY  Class ‘A’ cement (40 kg): 575 bags  Class ‘B’ cement (40 kg): 115 bags  Sand : 41.37 m 3  Gravel : 63.70 m 3  No. of 10 x 20 x 40 CHB : 1829 pieces METAL REINFORCEMENTS  CHB reinforcement : 53 pieces 10 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB  Footing reinforcement : 46 pieces 16 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB  Column reinforcement : 52 pieces 16 mm dia. X 6.0 m long RSB  Lateral ties : 21 pieces 10 mm dia. X 12.0 m long RSB  Roof beams : 126 pieces 16 mm dia. X 10.50 m long RSB  Stirrups : 38 pieces 10 mm dia. X 6.0 m RSB  Slab reinforcement : 1299 pieces 10 mm dia. 6.0 m RSB  Tie Wires : 144 kg #16 G.I. wires