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architectural design process

design process

initiation
Identifying a problem
and its context

preparation
Collection, analysis of data
Establish goals and criteria

synthesis
SWOT analysis

reevaluation
assessment

hypothesis
preliminary draft

action
Final drawings:
Selection and
implementation

alternative
feedback

evaluate
To simulate, test
and modify

Schematics:
- develop, modify, refine,
Inflect, transform

architectural program

problem

Project brief

goals

Project Objectives

Design Objectives

an approach

Design
Considerations

influencing
factors

criteria

Programming

studies

Design schematics

answer

Design solution

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND SITE


PLANNING
A NON - MANUAL DRAFTING (KNOWLEDGE-BASED CUM
COMPETENCY-BASED) EXAMINATION FORMAT THAT REQUIRES THE
PRIOR PREPARATION BY THE EXAMINEES OF MANUAL DRAWINGS AND
SKETCHES (NON GRADED) IN ORDER FOR THE EXAMINEES TO
SELECT THEIR ANSWERS (GRADED) UNDER A MULTIPLE CHOICE
EXAMINATION FORMAT
_______________________________________________________

KNOWLEDGE AND
EXPERIENCE
KEEN ATTENTION TO
DETAILS
KEN OF THE BUILDING LAWS
AND CODES

A. PROJECT NO. X TITLE (and General Description):


A Proposed __________________ BUILDING Project i.e.
a development with a Basement component and on a
Project Site having a ________ Percent ( .0%) Slope
B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:

A development company (the Developer) has decided


that its newly acquired property with a Total Lot Area (TLA)
of six thousand square meters (6,000.0 Sq.M.) shall be
developed to host a medium-rise apartment building
(the Project). xxx

A. PROJECT SITE FEATURES:


The Project Site is rectangular in shape and is a _______ lot, with a
width of _____ meters (0.0 m), the front part of which faces north.
xxx The Project Site uniformly
slopes at (0.0%) toward the RROW. The surface of the sidewalk
xxx shall be generally considered as elevation 0.0 m.
Xxx To the rear of the Project Site are proposed xxx single-detached
residences.

B. DESIGN OBJECTIVES:
a. To plan/ design a medium-rise apartment building, marketable
and attractive to middle-income renters/leasees;
b. To plan/ design the apartment building in a way that can maximize
rentals and leases for the Developer; the ratio of saleable versus nonsaleable spaces based on GFA shall be at 70:30 xxx; and
c. To plan/ design a building that shall serve as a landmark in the
Project area xxx.

design considerations

Aesthetics

form and composition

Natural Environmental

natural site considerations

Man-made Environment

ingress/ egress, traffic, landscaping

Spatial

function and zoning, acccessibility, proxemics

Human Determinants

psychology, anthropometrics & ergonomics,


culture, religious beliefs

Building Technology

structural, electrical, sanitary, mechanical


special building systems

Local Regulations

land use, codes, laws, ordinances

form, space and order

primary elements of form


point

indicates position in space

primary elements of form

line

indicates length, direction, and position in 1D

primary elements of form

plane

indicates length and width, shape, surface,


orientation and position in 2D

Base plane

Base plane

Base plane

Base plane

Wall plane

Wall plane

Wall plane

Wall plane

Overhead plane

Overhead plane

Overhead plane

Overhead plane

Overhead plane

primary elements of form

volume has length, width and depth, it indicates form, shape,


surface, orientation, and position in 3D

form

is the primary identifying characteristic of volume.

shape

size

color

texture

position

orientation

visual inertia

Perception of form

fi yuo cna raed tihs, yuo hvae a sgtrane mnid, too.


Cna yuo raed tihs? Olny 55 plepoe tuo fo 100 anc.
i cdnuolt blveiee taht I cluod aulaclty uesdnatnrd waht I was rdanieg.
The phaonmneal pweor of the hmuan mnid, aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at
Cmabrigde Uinervtisy,
it dseno't mtaetr in waht oerdr the ltteres in a wrod are,
the olny iproamtnt tihng is taht the frsit and lsat ltteer be in the rghit pclae.
The rset can be a taotl mses and you can sitll raed it whotuit a pboerlm.
Tihs is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef,
but the wrod as a wlohe.
Azanmig huh?
yaeh and I awlyas tghuhot slpeling was ipmorantt!

If you can read this, your brain is 50% faster than those who can't

transformation of form

dimensional

subtractive

additive

additive form

spatial tension

edge to edge contact

face to face contact

interlocking volumes

principles of organization
space within a space

interlocking spaces

adjacent spaces

spaces linked
by common space

principles of order

axis

symmetry

heirarchy

repetition

datum

transformation

circulation

approach

entrance

configuration
of the path

path-space
relationship

form of
circulation