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According to Catherine A.

Sanderson (2010) Sociocultural perspective: A perspective describing


peoples behavior and mental processes as shaped in part by their social and/or cultural contact,
including race, gender, and nationality. Sociocultural perspective theory is a broad but yet a
significant aspect in our being. It applies to every sector of our daily lives. How we communicate,
understand, relate and cope with one another is partially based on this theory. Our spiritual, mental,
physical, emotional, physiological beings are all influenced by sociocultural perspective theory.
Sociocultural factors are the larger scale forces within cultures and societies that affect the thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors of individuals. These include forces such as attitudes, child rearing practices
discrimination ethnic and racial identity, gender, family and kinship structure, power dynamics,
regional differences, religious beliefs and practices, rituals, and taboos. Several subfields within
Psychology seek to examine these sociocultural factors that influence human mental states and
behavior; among these are social psychology, cultural psychology and cultural-historical psychology

In the socio-cultural theory of Lev Vygotsky, the theory emphasizes that "Every function in the

child's cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual
level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological).
This applies equally to voluntary attention, to logical memory, and to the formation of concepts.
All the higher functions originate as actual relationships between individuals."
According to Vygotsky, children are born with basic biological constraints on their minds. Each
culture, however, provides what he referred to as 'tools of intellectual adaptation.' These tools
allow children to use their basic mental abilities in a way that is adaptive to the culture in which
they live.

In the case of the Badjaos a lot of parts of their explanations based on the interviews are their
childhood learnings. It means that their childhood had a strong impact on their learnings and all
about their culture. It explains everything. The socio cultural theory really hits and is very crucial
in the research for the cultures, beliefs, traditions and lifestyles of Badjao people.
"Vygotsky claimed that human cognition, even when carried out in isolation, is inherently
sociocultural because it is affected by the beliefs, values, and tools of intellectual adaptation
passed to individuals by their culture. And because these values and intellectual tools may vary
dramatically from culture to culture, Vygotsky believed that neither the course nor the content of
intellectual
(Shaffer, 2009)

growth

was

as

"universal"

as

Piaget

had

assumed."

Thats why we wonder why badjao people still evolve on their culture but the answer lies based
on the socio cultural theory. That since birth they are to adapt from their parents and its a chain
of reference and adaptability.