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IES SYLLABUS

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PAPER-I


1. Thermodynamics, Cycles and IC Engines, Basic concepts, Open and Closed systems. Heat and
work. Zeroth, First and Second Law, Application to non-Flow and Flow processes. Entropy,
Availability, Irreversibility and Tds relations. Claperyron and real gas equations, Properties of
ideal gases and vapours. Standard vapour, Gas power and Refrigeration cycles. Two stage
compressor. C-I and S.I. Engines. Pre-ignition, Detonation and Diesel-knock, Fuel injection and
Carburation, Supercharging. Turbo-prop and Rocket engines, Engine Cooling, Emission &
Control, Flue gas analysis, Measurement of Calorific values. Conventional and Nuclear fuels,
Elements of Nuclear power production.
2. Heat Transfer and Refrigeration and Airconditioning. Modes of heat transfer. One dimensional
steady and unsteady conduction. Composite slab and Equivalent Resistance. Heat dissipation
from extended surfaces, Heat exchangers, Overall heat transfer coefficient, Empirical
correlations for heat transfer in laminar and turbulent flows and for free and forced Convection,
Thermal boundary layer over a flat plate. Fundamentals of diffusive and connective mass
transfer, Black body and basic concepts in Radiation, Enclosure theory, Shape factor, Net work
analysis. Heat pump and Refrigeration cycles and systems, Refrigerants. Condensers, Evaporates
and Expansion devices, Psychrometry, Charts and application to air conditioning, Sensible
heating and cooling, Effective temperature, comfort indices, Load calculations, Solar
refrigeration, controls, Duct design.
3. Fluid Mechanics.
Properties and classification of fluids, Manometry, forces on immersed surfaces, Center of
pressure, Buoyancy, Elements of stability of floating bodies. Kinematics and Dynamics.
Irrotational and incompressible. Inviscid flow. Velocity potential, Pressure field and Forces on
immersed bodies. Bernoulli's equation, Fully developed flow through pipes, Pressure drop
calculations, Measurement of flow rate and Pressure drop. Elements of boundary layer theory,
Integral approach, Laminar and tubulent flows, Separations. Flow over weirs and notches. Open
channel flow, Hydraulic jump. Dimensionless numbers, Dimensional analysis, Similitude and
modelling. One-dimensional isentropic flow, Normal shock wave, Flow through convergent divergent ducts, Oblique shock-wave, Rayleigh and Fanno lines.
4. Fluid Machinery and Steam Generators.
Performance, Operation and control of hydraulic Pump and impulse and reaction Turbines,
Specific speed, Classification. Energy transfer, Coupling, Power transmission, Steam generators
Fire-tube and water-tube boilers. Flow of steam through Nozzles and Diffusers, Wetness and
condensation. Various types of steam and gas Turbines, Velocity diagrams. Partial admission.
Reciprocating, Centrifugal and axial flow Compressors, Multistage compression, role of Mach
Number, Reheat, Regeneration, Efficiency, Governance.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PAPER II


5. THEORY OF MACHINES:
Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planer mechanisms. Cams. Gears and gear trains. Flywheels.
Governors. Balancing of rigid rotors and field balancing. Balancing of single and multicylinder
engines, Linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems. Critical speeds and whirling of shafts
Automatic controls.
6. MACHINE DESIGN :
Design of Joints : cotters, keys, splines, welded joints, threaded fasteners, joints formed by
interference fits. Design of friction drives : couplings and clutches, belt and chain drives, power
screws.
Design of Power transmission systems : gears and gear drives shaft and axle, wire ropes.
Design of bearings : hydrodynamics bearings and rolling element bearings.
7. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
Stress and strain in two dimensions, Principal stresses and strains, Mohr's construction, linear
elastic materials, isotropy and anisotropy, stress-strain relations, uniaxial loading, thermal
stresses. Beams : Bending moment and shear force diagram, bending stresses and deflection of
beams. Shear stress distribution. Torsion of shafts, helical springs. Combined stresses, thick-and
thin-walled pressure vessels. Struts and columns. Strain energy concepts and theories of failure.
8. ENGINEERING MATERIALS :
Basic concepts on structure of solids. Crystalline maferials. Detects in crystalline materials.
Alloys and binary phase diagrams. Structure and properties of common engineering materials.
Heat treatment of steels. Plastics, Ceramics and composite materials. Common applications of
various materials.
9. PRODUCTION ENGINEERING :
Metal Forming : Basic Principles of forging, drawing and extrusion; High energy rate forming;
Powder metallurgy.
Metal Casting : Die casting, investment casting, Shall Moulding, Centrifugal Casting, Gating &
Riser design; melting furnaces.
Fabrication Processes : Principles of Gas, Arc, Shielded arc Welding; Advanced Welding
Processes, Weldability: Metallurgy of Welding.
Metal Cutting : Turning, Methods of Screw Production, Drilling, Boring, Milling, Gear
Manufacturing, Production of flat surfaces, Grinding & Finishing Processes. Computer
Controlled Manufacturing Systems-CNC, DNC, FMS, Automation and Robotics.
Cutting Tools Materials, Tool Geometry, Mechanism of Tool Wear, Tool Life & Machinability;
Measurement of cutting forces. Economics of Machining. Unconventional Machining Processes.
Jigs and Fixtures. Fits and tolerances, Measurement of surface texture, Comparators Alignment
tests and reconditioning of Machine Tools.

10. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING :


Production Planning and Control : Forecasting - Moving average, exponential smoothing,
Operations, scheduling; assembly line balancing, Product development, Break-even analysis,
Capacity planning, PERT and CPM.
Control Operations : Inventory control ABC analysis, EOQ model, Materials requirement
planning. Job design, Job standards, Work measurement, Quality Management - Quality analysis
and control. Operations Research : Linear Programming - Graphical and Simplex methods,
Transportation and assignment models. Single server queueing model.
Value Engineering : Value analysis for cost/value.
11. ELEMENTS OF COMPUTATION :
Computer Organisation, Flow charting, Features of Common computer Languages - FORTRAN,
d Base III, Lotus 1-2-3, C and elementary Programming.

GATE SYLLABUS
Applied Mechanics and Design
Engineering Mechanics:

Free body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and
dynamics of particles and of rigid bodies in plane motion, including impulse and
momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations; impact.

Strength of Materials:

Stress and strain, stress-strain relationship and elastic constants, Mohr's circle for plane
stress and plane strain, thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams;
bending and shear stresses; deflection of beams; torsion of circular shafts; Euler's theory
of columns; strain energy methods; thermal stresses.

Theory of Machines:

Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis


of slider-crank mechanism; gear trains; flywheels.

Vibrations:

Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems; effect of damping;
vibration isolation; resonance, critical speeds of shafts.

Design:

Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N
diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded
joints, shafts, spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, brakes and clutches.

Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences


Fluid Mechanics:

Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy; control-volume analysis of mass,


momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and
momentum; Bernoulli's equation; viscous flow of incompressible fluids; boundary layer;
elementary turbulent flow; flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends etc.

Heat-Transfer:

Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept, electrical
analogy, unsteady heat conduction, fins; dimensionless parameters in free and forced
convective heat transfer, various correlations for heat transfer in flow over flat plates and
through pipes; thermal boundary layer; effect of turbulence; radiative heat transfer, black
and grey surfaces, shape factors, network analysis; heat exchanger performance, LMTD
and NTU methods.

Thermodynamics:

Zeroth, First and Second laws of thermodynamics; thermodynamic system and processes;
Carnot cycle. Irreversibility and availability; behavior of ideal and real gases, properties
of pure substances, calculation of work and heat in ideal processes; analysis of
thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion.

Applications:

Power Engineering: Steam Tables, Rankine, Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat.
I.C. Engines: air-standard Otto, Diesel cycles. Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour
refrigeration cycle, heat pumps, gas refrigeration, Reverse Brayton cycle; moist air:
psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes. Turbomachinery: Peltonwheel,
Francis and Kaplan turbines - impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams.

Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering

Engineering Materials

Structure and properties of engineering materials, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams


for engineering materials.

Metal Casting:

Design of patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design,
design considerations.

Forming:

Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes;
load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep
drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy.

Joining:

Physics of welding, brazing and soldering; adhesive bonding; design considerations in


welding.

Machining and Machine Tool Operations:

Mechanics of machining, single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and
materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of non-traditional
machining processes; principles of work holding, principles of design of jigs and fixtures.

Metrology and Inspection:

Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; gauge design;
interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance
analysis in manufacturing and assembly.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing:

Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools.

Production Planning and Control:

Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement


planning.

Inventory Control:

Deterministic and probabilistic models; safety stock inventory control systems.

Operations Research:

Linear programming, simplex and duplex method, transportation, assignment, network


flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM.

Engineering Mathematics
Linear Algebra:

Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus:

Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems,
Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative,
Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional
derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.

Differential equations:

First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations
with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value
problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and
Laplace equation.

Complex variables:

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.

Probability and Statistics:

Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean,


median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial
distributions.

Numerical Methods:

Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by


trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.