Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 10

TCE CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED

SHEET i OF i

30421007-3CL00010-P0D

13.8 kV MV CABLE
SIZING REPORT

SAUDI ELECTRICITY COMPANY


EASTERN OPERATING AREA
Dammam, Saudi Arabia
GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT
(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)

DESIGN BASIS
FOR
13.8kV MV CABLE SIZING

DOCUMENT NO : 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D
MARCH 2005

ENGINEERING CONSULTANT
TCE CONSULTING ENGINEERS LIMITED
73/1, ST.MARK'S ROAD
BANGALORE 560001
INDIA

CONTRACTOR:
AL-TOUKHI COMPANY FOR INDUSTRY & TRADING
P.O.BOX 497, RIYADH 11411, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA
TEL.00966-1-4633660 : FAX.00966-1-4631150
P0D
03.03.2005
P0C
15.12.2004
P0B
30.10.2004
P0A
28.08.2004
REV NO. DATE

276463800.xls
SECTION :cover sheeet

MP

SR

MP

SR

MP

SR

MP

SR

PREPARED BY

CHECKED BY

CLEARED BY

APPROVED BY

SHEET 1 OF 10

REV NO. DATE

276463800.xls
SECTION :cover sheeet

PREPARED BY

CHECKED BY

CLEARED BY

APPROVED BY

SHEET 2 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)

ARAR 13.8kV CABLE SIZING REPORT

DOCUMENT NO. 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D

CONTENTS

SECTION

DESCRIPTION

1.0

SCOPE

2.0

STANDARDS & REFERENCES

3.0

GENERAL PARAMETERS

4.0

SIZING CRITERIA

5.0

CONCLUSION

6.0

CABLE SIZING REPORT SUMMARY

276463800.xls
SECTION :Index

SHEET 3 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)

276463800.xls
SECTION :Index

SHEET 4 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)
ARAR 13.8kV CABLE SIZING REPORT
1.0

DOCUMENT NO. 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D

SCOPE
Scope of this report is to calculate the 13.8kV Cable size (8.7/15kV Grade) from Unit#7 Generator Circuit
Breaker or Unit#8 Generator Circuit Breaker to Unit Auxiliary Transformer of UAT 307 or UAT 308.

2.0
2.1
2.2

STANDARDS & REFERENCES


IEC 60986-short circuit sizing.
IEC 60364-5-523 Selection and erection of electrical equipment-Current Carrying capacities in wiring system.

2.3

SES-P-104.03 - Cable Selection -Engineering standards.

2.4

Key One Line Diagram for Arar Plant Drawing No: KA667481 REV P0E

2.5

SAUDI CABLE COMPANY - Medium Voltage Cables Catalogues

2.6

Electrical System Study Report Doc No: 30421007-3CL-00004-P0B

3.0

GENERAL PARAMETERS
- Depth of Burried Cables
- Ground Temperature at a depth of 1 meter
- Average Thermal Soil resistivity
- Ambient air Temperature
- Short Circuit current

4.0

=
=
=
=
=

1 meter
35 Deg C
2 Deg C -m/w
50 Deg C
68.4 kA for 3 second

as per Cl.No.4.01.1 page 70 of


336, Cl.No.4.01.2 page 71 of 336
of PTS - 1022
as per Cl.No.4.11 of Electrical
System Study report Doc
No:30421007-3CL-00004-P0B

SIZING CRITERIA
The Power Cable size shall be selected on the basis of :
- Current Carrying Capacity.
- Permissible Voltage Drop.
- Short circuit Rating.

4.1

CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY


The total load current to be
carried by 13.8kV cable to
UAT 307

1250 kVA
=

3 x 13.8 kV

= 52.3 Amps

However, as per the Data Schedule of 13.8kV cable of PTS-1022, the minimum size of
1C x 630 Sqmm/Phase Cu, XLPE Unarmoured cable size has been selected.
According to SAUDI CABLE COMPANY Catalogues for Medium Voltage Cables page 61 of section-6
the nominal current carrying capacities for 1Cx630Sqmm Unarmoured cables are,

Laying Conditions(in duct)


Laid directly in ground or duct ways, Ground
temp.in flat formation 30 Deg C and Thermal
resistivity of soil = 1.2K-m/W, depth of laying =
0.8m

276463800.xls
SECTION :Notes and Sizing Cal

Current Carrying
capacity in Amps for 1C
x 630
Sqmm
665

SHEET 5 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)
ARAR 13.8kV CABLE SIZING REPORT
Laid directly in ground or duct ways, Ground
temp.in trefoil formation 30 Deg C and
Thermal resistivity of soil = 1.2K-m/W, depth of
laying = 0.8m

Laying Conditions (in Air)

DOCUMENT NO. 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D

720

Current Carrying
capacity in Amps for 1C
x 630
Sqmm

Laid in Air (tray),in flat formation Ambient


Temperature 40 Deg C

980

Laid in Air (Tray), in trefoil formation Ambient


Temperature 40 Deg C

965

276463800.xls
SECTION :Notes and Sizing Cal

SHEET 6 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)
ARAR 13.8kV CABLE SIZING REPORT

DOCUMENT NO. 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D

The following Derating factors have been considered as per SAUDI CABLE COMPANY Catalogues
for the site conditions specified:
Derating factor Kd for Cable Laid in Duct ways :(for both Flat/trefoil formation)
of Section- 6
- Ground Temperature 35 DegC
K1
=
0.95
Page 69
medium voltage
- Thermal Resistivity of soil 2.0Deg C-m/W K2
=
0.84
Page 70
cables of Saudi
- Depth of Laying 1m
K3
=
0.98
Page 69
cable company
- Group Rating Factor
K4
=
0.80
Page 71
catalogues.
-according to:
- installation system = spacing between two adjacent(center line to center line) ducts equal 0.3m
- No of ducts in ground = 3
Derating Factor Kd
Kd

=
=

K1 x K2 x K3 x K4
0.6256

Derating factor Ka for Cable installed in free air:(for both Flat/trefoil formation)

- ambient Air Temperature 50 DegC

K5

0.89

- Laying on Cable Tray(in touching form)


K6
according to:
- installation system in three phase circuits
- No of trays = 3

0.86

Derating Factor Ka
Ka

=
=

Page 61of Section 6 medium


voltage cables of Saudi Cable
Company catalogue
as per IEC 60364-5-523
table 52-E5, Page 77

K5 x K6
0.7654

According to the above, the maximum current carrying capacity of the selected 1C x 630Sqmm/phase
cable as follows
Maximum current carrying capacity of Cable Laid in Duct ways(after considering derating factor)
Laying cable in flat formation, current
=
Laying cable in trefoil formation, current =

665 x Kd =
720 x Kd =

416.02 Amps
450.43 Amps

Maximum current carrying capacity of Cable Laid in Air(Cable Tray)


(after considering derating factor)
Laying cable in flat formation, current
Laying cable in trefoil formation, current

=
=

980 x Ka =
965 x Ka =

750.09 Amps
738.61 Amps

As per above calculation, 1C x 630 Sqmm/Phase cable can carry the required load current of 52.3Amps
under all site conditions.
4.2

VOLTAGE DROP SIZING : From drg no KA-667496 REV P0A, cable length = 30m. Add 10m at each
end, also add another 12m, so total length = 52m.
The Voltage drop check is calculated as follows :
=
V%
3 x(RCOS + XSIN) x I x L x 100 /Un for three phase system
Where,
=
Power Factor
= 0.8
COS
SIN

0.6

Full load Current in A

26.15

L
Un

Length in Km

0.052

Cable Voltage in V

13800

276463800.xls
SECTION :Notes and Sizing Cal

Note: The full load current for 2Runs of


1Cx630Sqmm/phase is 52.3A. Hence for 1Run
of 1Cx630Sqmm/phase is considered as 52.3/2
= 26.15 Amps

SHEET 7 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)
ARAR 13.8kV CABLE SIZING REPORT
R
=
Resistance /Km = 0.0434
X
=
Reactance /Km = 0.11
The Voltage Drop
V%
=
0.002 % Volts
which is < 5%
Hence, Voltage drop is within the limits only.

276463800.xls
SECTION :Notes and Sizing Cal

DOCUMENT NO. 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D


Page 56 & 67of Section 6 medium voltage
cables of Saudi Cable Company catalogue

SHEET 8 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)
ARAR 13.8kV CABLE SIZING REPORT
4.3

DOCUMENT NO. 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D

SHORT CIRCUIT RATING.


According to SES-P-104.03 Engineering standards Cl No:4.9.6 the maximumshort circuit current carrying
capacities for the conductor calculated with the formula:
142 x S
I =
t
Where,
I = Maximum Allowable conductor Short Circuit Current in Amps
t = Duration of Short circuits in seconds
S = Cross Sectional Area of Current Carrying conductor in Sqmm
K = Temperature co-efficient of conductor resistance. = 142 for copper XLPE
therefore,
142 x 630
I =
3
I

51.65

kA

The selected 1R x 1C x 630Sqmm/Phase cable size can withstand upto 51.65kA for 3 seconds only.
Whereas, the maximum short circuit current is 68.4kA for 3 seconds.
Therefore, 2R x 1C x 630Sqmm/Phase cable size has been selected for short circuit current carrying
capacity
142 x 2 x 630
I =
3
I

103.30

kA

The selected 2Rx1Cx630Sqmm/Phase cable size can withstand upto 103.3kA for 3 seconds. Whereas, the
maximum short circuit current is 68.4kA for 3 seconds only.
5.0

CONCLUSION
From Unit#7 Generator Circuit Breaker or Unit#8 Generator Circuit Breaker to
Unit Auxiliary Transformer UAT 307 or UAT 308
8.7/15kV Grade, XLPE insulated, Copper Conductor of size 2R x 1C x 630 Sqmm/Phase,
Unarmoured cable has been selected based on the above calculations.

276463800.xls
SECTION :Notes and Sizing Cal

SHEET 9 OF 10

GENERATION EXPANSION OF ARAR POWER PLANT


(CONTRACT NO : 30421007/00)
6.0 CABLE SIZING REPORT SUMMARY

ARAR 13.8kV CABLE SIZING REPORT


SL
NO.

FEEDER DESCRIPTION

DOCUMENT NO. 30421007-3CL-00010-P0D

LOAD

VOLTAGE

kVA

VOLTS

FULL
LOAD
CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY OF CABLE (SINGLE
CABLE SIZE SELECTED
CURRENT
RUN)
IFL
AMPS

SQ.MM
IN DUCT
BANKS

Unit#7 Generator Circuit Breaker or


Unit#8 Generatort Circuit Breaker
TO UNIT AUX TRANSFORMER
UAT 307 or UAT 308

1250

13800

276463800.xls
SECTION :Cable Sizing Report Summary

52.30

IN AIR

2 RUN OF 2 RUN OF
1C X 630
1C X
/Phase
630 /Phase

DERATING FACTOR

CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY OF


CABLE AFTER DERATING FACTOR (SINGLE RUN)

CABLE LAID IN AIR(CABLE CABLE LAID IN DUCT CABLE LAID IN AIRCABLE LAID IN DUCT
CABLE LAID IN AIR(CABLE
BANKS
CABLE TRAYS
TRAY)
BANKS
TRAY)
(IN BOTH
(IN
FLAT/TREFOIL
BOTH FLAT/TREFOIL
IN FLAT
IN TREFOIL
IN FLAT
IN TREFOIL
IN FLAT
IN TREFOIL
IN FLAT
IN TREFOIL
FORMATION)
FORMATION)
FORMATION FORMATION FORMATION FORMATION
FORMATION FORMATION FORMATION FORMATION
CABLE LAID IN DUCT
BANKS

665.00

720.00

980.00

965.00

0.6256

0.7654

416.02

450.43

750.09

738.61

LENGTH
OF
CABLE

% VOLTAGE
DROP

KM

0.052

0.002

SHEET 10 OF 10