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ShearWallDesignExamples

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American Wood Council 2013

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LearningObjectives
At the end of this program, participants will:
Identifyandunderstandthebasicshearwallsystemto
resistwindandseismicloads
Understandthedifferencebetweensegmentedand
perforatedshearwalldesign
Understandholddowndesign
Beabletoidentifyandanalyzeshearwallsper
the IRC, WFCM,and SDPWSandunderstandthe
differencesbetweenthem

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DesignExample
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

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2009IRCBracedWalls
2001WFCMHighWindGuide
2001WFCMPrescriptive
2001WFCMEngineered
2008SDPWS

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DesignExample

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Assumptions
100mph(3secgust)ExposureB
5/12roofpitch
8'walls
L=36'
W=30'
WoodStructuralPanelSheathing

DesignExample

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Design first floor shear wall


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DesignExample
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

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2009IRCBracedWalls
2001WFCMHighWindGuide
2001WFCMPrescriptive
2001WFCMEngineered
2008SDPWS

DesignExample IRC

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2009IRCBracedWalls

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DesignExample IRC

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2009IRCBracedWalls

30'spanwith5/12roofpitch
Eavetoridgeheight=6.25'
BraceWallLength=13'(0.9)=11.7'

DesignExample IRC

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2009IRCBracedWalls

Less than 3'

NG

' ' OK
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DesignExample IRC

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2009IRCBracedWalls

Assuming 2' panel on perpendicular wall at each


corner no hold-downs required (R602.10.1.4.1)
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DesignExample
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

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2009IRCBracedWalls
2001WFCMHighWindGuide
2001WFCMPrescriptive
2001WFCMEngineered
2008SDPWS

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SegmentedShearWallMethod

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PerforatedShearWallMethod

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DesignExample
Shear/uplift anchorage design tables are found here:
Wind (Exposure B)
Table 3.2 Sill or Bottom Plate Connections (plf capacity)
Table 3.2A Wind Shear Loads - 1/2 & 5/8 Anchor Bolts
(numbers of bolts in shear wall line)
Table 3.2B Wind Shear Loads - 1/2 & 5/8 Anchor Bolts
(bolt spacing)
Table 3.2C Wind Uplift Loads (bolt spacing)
Table 3.4 Rafter/Truss Connections (lbs capacity)

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DesignExample WFCMHWG
2001WFCM
HighWindGuide
100mphExp.B
L/W =36/30
=1.2
Interpolate
=48.6%

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DesignExample WFCMHWG
2001WFCMHighWindGuide
100mphExp.B

AssumesPerforatedShearWall(PSW)
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DesignExample WFCM HWG


Here are standard assembly details for shear wall panels from 2001 WFCM
3.4.4.2
8d common nails
@ 6 OC on panel
perimeter
8d common
nails @ 12 OC
in field

7/16 wood
structural panel
continuous
height over wall
plates
panel exterior

5d cooler nails
@ 7 OC on
panel perimeter
5d cooler nails
@ 10 OC in
field
1/2 gypsum
wallboard on
interior
panel interior

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DesignExample WFCMHWG
2001WFCMHighWindGuide 100mphExp.B

36' x48.6%=17.5' < 21'

OK
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DesignExample WFCMHWG
2001WFCMHighWindGuide 100mphExp.B

PSWrequiresholddownsatendsandfullysheathedwall
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DesignExample WFCM HWG


2001WFCMHighWindGuide 100mphExp.B
HoldDowns
=4,360lbs*

* Need to combine
with top floor hold
down requirements
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DesignExample
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

2009IRCBracedWalls
2001WFCMHighWindGuide
2001WFCMPrescriptive
2001WFCMEngineered
2008SDPWS

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11

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive interpolate=6.9'

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive interpolate=6.9'

Segmentedshearwall
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12

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive 6.9' x1.3=9'

Whatifwedontcountthegypsumoninterior?
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13

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive required=9'

Segmentedshearwall assumingnointeriorgypsum
13' >9'
OK
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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive Holddowns

Segmentedshearwall requiresholddownsoneachsegment
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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive Holddowns
Hold Downs*
= 3,488 lbs
w/ gypsum
3,488 / 1.3
= 2,683 lbs
w/o gypsum

* Need to combine with top floor hold down requirements


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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive PSW

PSWrequiresholddownsatendsandfullysheathedwall
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15

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive PSW
% Full-height
sheathing
21' / 36' = 58%
Interpolated
= 1.34
6.9'(1.34) = 9.2'
w/ gypsum
9'(1.34) = 12.1'
w/o gypsum
21' Full-height sheathing > 12.1'

OK
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DesignExample
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

2009IRCBracedWalls
2001WFCMHighWindGuide
2001WFCMPrescriptive
2001WFCMEngineered
2008SDPWS

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16

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCM
Engineered
wroof =82plf
wfloor =103plf
wtotal =185plf
185(30')/2
=2,775lbs

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive Engineered

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMPrescriptive Segmented
RequiredCapacity=2,775lbs
7/16 WSP=240plf
240(1.4)=336plf (Footnote1)
Gypsum=100plf (Table3C)
Total=436plf
2,775/436=6.4'(w/gypsum)
2,775/336 =8.3' (w/ogypsum)
GypsumWallboard2

1/2

5d Cooler Nails

Unblocked

7
4

1003
1253

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMEngineered Segmented

2,775 lbs

8' > 6.4' assuming interior gypsum

OK
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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMEngineered Segmented

2,775 lbs

13' > 8.3' assuming NO interior gypsum OK


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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMEngineered PSW
SupplementTable3B
V=2,775lbs
v=436plf (w/gypsum)
v=336plf (w/ogypsum)
%FHSheathing=58%
InterpolatedFactor =0.62
436(0.62)=270plf
2,775/270 =10.3' (w/ gypsum)
336(0.62)=208plf
2,775/208=13.3'(w/ogypsum)
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19

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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMEngineered PSW

21' Full-height sheathing > 13.3'

OK
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DesignExample WFCM
2001WFCMEngineered Holddowns
T=vh
v=436plf (w/gypsum)
v=336plf (w/ogypsum)
h=8'
T=436(8')=3,488lbs
T=336(8')=2,688lbs
*Need to combine with top floor
hold down requirements

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20

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DesignExample
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

2009IRCBracedWalls
2001WFCMHighWindGuide
2001WFCMPrescriptive
2001WFCMEngineered
2008SDPWS

41

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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS WSPCapacity

ASDCapacity=670/2=335plf
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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS GypsumCapacity

ASDCapacity=200/2=100plf
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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS GypsumCapacity
RequiredCapacity=2,775lbs
WSP=335plf
Gypsum=100plf
Total=435plf
2,775/435=6.4'(w/gypsum)
2,775/335=8.3'(w/ogypsum)

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22

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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS SegmentedShearWall

2,775 lbs

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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS PerforatedShearWall
Co =0.62
w/gypsum
435(0.62)=270
2,775/270=10.3'
w/ogypsum
335(0.62)=208
2,775/208=13.3'
21'Fullheightsheathing>13.3'

OK

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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS PerforatedShearWall

2,775 lbs

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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS Holddowns*(Segmented)
T=vh
v=2,775/8' =347plf
h=8'
T=347(8')=2,775lbs*
*Need to combine with top floor
hold down requirements

48

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DesignExample SDPWS
2008SDPWS Holddowns*(PSW)
V=2,775lbs
h=8'
Co =0.62
Li =21'
T=1,705lbs
*Need to combine with top floor
hold down requirements

49

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DesignExample Summary
1st of2Story;30' span;5/12pitch; 100mphExp.B
Segmented Shear
WallLength

PerforatedShear
WallLength

Holddown
Requirements

2009IRC
BracedWalls

11.7'

n/a

none

2001WFCMHigh
WindGuide

n/a

17.5'

4,360lbs

2001WFCM
Prescriptive

6.9'(9')

9.2'(12.1')

3,488(2,683)lbs

2001WFCM
Engineered

6.4'(8.3')

10.3'(13.3')

3,488(2,688)lbs

2008SDPWS

6.4'(8.3')

10.3'(13.3')

2,775lbs
1,705lbs(PSW)

Code/Standard

Parentheticalvaluesassume NOinterior gypsum


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Questions?

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info@awc.org
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