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KANPUR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, KANPUR

SUBJECT NAME :
EXAM :

KANPUR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & PHARMACY, KANPUR

Electrical Machines & Controls


PUT-1

Note: Attempt all questions.


1. Attempt any two parts:

(2 x 10 = 20)

(a) In open circuit test of 1- transformer, why only Iron losses are measured? Explain this test with suitable
circuit and phase diagram.
(b) What is autotransformer? State its merits, demerits and applications. Derive the expression for copper
saving in autotransformer.
(c) A 440 V series motor has a load resistance of 0.8. It takes 110 A to give the rated output at 800 r.p.m.
Determine the resistance of the resistor to be added to obtain rated torque:
(i)
At starting
(ii) At 600 r.p.m.
Assume flux is proportional to current.
2. Attempt any two parts:

(2 x 10 = 20)

(a) What is 2- Servomotor? Explain its torque-speed characteristics for various control voltages. Also state
its application.
(b) Explain the effect of variable excitation on armature current and power factor in a 3- synchronous
motor. Draw the corresponding curves.
(c) A 400 V, 4 pole, 3-, 50 Hz star connected induction motor has a rotor resistance and reactance per phase
equal to 0.01 and 0.1 respectively. Determine (i) Starting torque (ii) Slip at which maximum torque
will occur (iii) Speed at which maximum torque will occur (IV) Maximum torque (v) full load torque if
full load slip is 4%. Assume ratio of stator to rotor turns as 4.
3. Attempt any two parts:
(a) (i)
(ii)
(b) (i)
(iii)

(2 x 10 = 20)

Compare the Open Loop & Closed Loop System with proper examples.
Write the Mathematical expression and draw the characteristics for standard test signals.
What is transfer function? Write its advantages and disadvantages.
Find the transfer function V2/V1 for the given network.

(c) (i)
Derive the F-V analogy for a linear mechanical system.
(ii)
Write the differential equation governing the mechanical system shown in fig. Draw F-I analogous
electrical systems.

4. Attempt any two parts:

(2 x 10 = 20)

(a) The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback control is given by:

Determine the value of K


For which the system is stable
Which will cause the sustained oscillations
(b) Sketch the polar plot of the following transfer function:

Calculate gain margin, phase margin, gain cross-over frequency and phase cross-over frequency.
(c) Explain the transient response specifications for second order system.
5. Attempt any two parts:

(2 x 10 = 20)

(a) Sketch the Bode Plot for a system:

Calculate gain margin, phase margin, gain cross-over frequency and phase cross-over frequency.
(b) The open loop transfer function of a control system is given as:
G(S)= K/[S(S+6)(S2 + 4S +13)]
Plot the root locus for k=0 to .
Indicate all points on it and determine breakaway points, angle of departure from complex poles and
stability condition.
(c) Discuss the affect of following controllers on the second order control system:
(i)
PI controller
(ii)
PD controller
(iii)
PID controller