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Executive Summary Report

Irreverre, Anthony Kenneth M.


Type: Landing Ship Tank
Length Overall (LOA)

15.4000 Meters

L/B 2.62745098

L bet Perpendiculars (LBP)


Breadth (B)

13.4000 Meters
5.1000 Meters

B/T

Depth (D)

2.1000 Meters

Vol of Disp in Ft3=

Draft (d)

1.6000 Meters

Displacement in MT

V=

0.5160

Cm=

0.8100

Cp=

0.6200

1.689

Wetted Surface (WS)

12.58

8.0000 Knots
13.5120 feet/sec
83.4150 Square Meters

S gravity of Salt Water

1.025

no of screw

no of Blade
Deadweight (DWT)

1,992

57.8320 Metric Tons

cb=

Speed (V) in knots

Vol of Disp

1/3

3.19

0.75

Taylor Wetted surfac

4
24 Metric Tons

Data used in reading the Contours of Residual Resistance in Typical Taylor Standard Series Contours
Vol of Disp/ Lwl3

7.41E-05 Non Dimensional Volumetric Coefficient

V/Lwl0.5
0.460 Speed Length Ratio in Imperial Units
CR(S)= 1.3 e-03

p= value of mass density p (lbs-sec2/ ft4) from Table 12


Kv= Kinematic vicosity Kv (ft2/sec )x E-05 from Table 13
CA= Agreed allowance when using ATTC Coefficients
Machinery Parameter
BHP
rpm
gear ratio
Ideal prop rpm

900
1800 For verification with Engine & Transmission
0 Suppliers
2790

deg F

Salt Water

59.0

1.9905
1.279E-05
0.17
Propeller Parameter

Prop Dia/Draft Ratio =


prop dia
P/D=
AE/AO=
Prop Eff=

18-Jul-11 Calculation of ehp by Taylor


ehp= RT(S) x V
326

Frictional Resistance
Compute for the Reynolds Number of the Ship to get from Table 10, "Value o

Coefficient) according to ATTC 1947 Line: of PNA 1967 page 336, interpolate
Rn= V(S) x L(S)
13.512
FT3

(Kv of SW @ 59 degF)
Rn= 1.161E+08
CF(S)= 2.052E-03

Interpolated value of Coefficient of Frictional

Residuary Resistance

The Residual Resistance were pick from "Typical Taylor Standard Series Conto

has ideal geometric forms, todays design highly considers production speed a
and resistances has increase. The 40% fairly covers the aforesaid reason.

tted surface coefficient

V/Lwl^0.5= 0.460
cp= 0.6200
B/T= 3.2
Vol Disp/Lwl3= 7.41E-05
CR(S)= 1.3 e-03

read from Typical Taylor Standar

Total Resistance
CR(S)= 1.3 e-03
CF(S)= 2.052E-03

ontours

Ca= 1.70E-01
CT(S) = 1.72E-01

Rn

RT(S) = (1/2) x p x S(S) x V(S)2 x CT(S) =


add

15%

ehp= RT(s).V(s) =

28,070
32,280
792

326
Calculation of Ideal Propeller RPM (IPR)
D= (K/np x (BHP/V)0.5or
)0.5

Parameter

np

= K/D2 x (BHP/V)0.5

where:
0.460

0.74
0.8268
0.4770
0.6597

K=

3 bladed =
4 bladed=
np= propeller RPM

155

Bp=

142

Cac=

BHP= Engine BHP


V= Boat Speed in knots
D= Propeller dia in M

2790
900
8
0.736

Note:

Propeller Design

Effective Horsepower (EHP)

m Table 10, "Value of C F(Frictional Resistance

ge 336, interpolate as maybe necessary.


109.907805

Brake Horsepower (BHP)


RPM From ENG Supplier

1.279E-05

Gear Ratio
Ideal Propeller Rpm (IPR)

efficient of Frictional Resistance of the Model.

BHP/IPR=
Shaft Horsepower (SHP)max

andard Series Contours" PNA 1967 page 348, which

s production speed and sections are adapted

Delivered Horsepower to Prop (Pd)=


Service Shaft Horsepower @ MCR

aforesaid reason.
DHPFW
Constant a=
Cor RPM=

pical Taylor Standard Series Contours


Ship

Delivered Horsepower
DHPFFW =

Reynolds No CF X E-3
1.00E+08

2.083E-03

1.16E+08

2.052E-03

2.00E+08

1.889E-03

DHPSW or PD=

lbs

n (RPM)=
Va (knots)=

lbs

D (FT)=
Quasi- Propulsive Coef=
Propulsive Efficiency
Bp1/2=
Bp=
429.35
831.64

Adjust the value of K to get the optimun efficiency


of the propeller.Use the performance graph of the
propellers.

Cac=
P/D=
AE/AO=
Prop Eff=

Power Train Structure


Single

Given:

Double
792

1 Displacement

396

2 No of Propelle

880

3 Diameter

900

45%

4 No of Blade
5 Speed (knots)
6 Immersion to

2790

7 Wake Fraction

0.32

8 Thrust Deduc
873

97%

9 Ehp from Mod

10 Brake horsepo
847

97%

11 Propeller RPM
765

85%

12 Maximum SHP

13 RPM for Maxim


82%
Constant a= Pd =
n
n3=

847
2790

Pd

97%

742

3.90E-08

15 DHP /Maximu
Convert spee

742

14 Service SHP /M

2670

Convert Ft-lbs

Constant a 3.9E-008

a. Speed of Adva
742
1.025
724

Power Train

b. Indicated Ho

c. Brake Horse
2670

d. Transmission

7.75

d.1

2.41

d.2
EHP/ DHP=

53.38%

Constant

52%

e. Service SHP
Bp= nPd

0.5

2670

Va2.5
Cac= n D
Va

724

0.5

20.72

e.1

429.35

e.2

7.75 2.5
2670

2.41
7.75

831.64

f. Delivered Ho

The NSMB Cha

0.827

f.1

0.477
0.660

f.2

splacement

57 Long Tons

of Propellers

ameter

2.41 Feet

of Blade
eed (knots)

4
8 knots

mersion to the center of the screw h=

2.41 Feet

ake Fraction w

0.03

rust Deduction t

0.071

p from Model Test Pe (including Ca Allowance)= (assumed only)

396

ake horsepower X RPM

900

opeller RPM

2790

aximum SHP

873

M for Maximum SHP

2790

rvice SHP /Maximum SHP

85%

HP /Maximum SHP

97%

nvert speed in knots (Nautical miles per hr to Ft/min)

101.33 Ft/min

nvert Ft-lbs/sec to Ft-lbs/min

eed of Advance (Va) =

33000 Ft-#/min
v(1-w)

knots

7.75 knots

Train

dicated Horsepower

ake Horsepower

900

ansmission HP @ Cont Eng Rating=

BHP X 97%

873

Delivered Horsepower at Propeller dhp (Pd)=

873

0.97

Get the value of Constant a to be used in getting RPM at Service SHP @ cont. Eng Rating
Constant a= Pd =
n3

847
2790

=
3

rvice SHP @ Cont Eng Rating

Delivered Horsepower at Propeller dhp (Pd)=


Get corresponding RPM using constant a=

765
Pd =

0.97

n =
3

n3

742 =
3.90E-08

elivered Horsepower

e NSMB Charts were derived from results of experiments in fresh water and corresponding Dhp

Fresh Water
Sea Water

Dhp=

742
1.025
724

= 724

g. Thrust Horsepower
T

.Va

17,356

PT= (1-t)

7.752

(1- 0.07

550

101.33

33000
R= 550 *PE

h. Hull Resistance

33000
8

396.080
101.33
PD

i. Shaft Transmission Efficiency= Delivered Horsepower

PS

Shaft Horsepower

PE

j. Quasi-Propulsive Coefficient= Effective Horsepower

PD

Delivered Horsepower
k. Propulsive Efficiency=

Quasi Propulsive coefficient X Shaft Transmission Effi


=

53% 97%

l. Calculating for Basic Coefficient (Bp)


Bp= nPd0.5

2670 724

Va2.5

0.5

7.752

2.5

m. and the constant advance coefficient


Cac= n D

2670

2.41

Va
7.752
n. Compile the 3 Charts for the 4 bladed propeller from the lowest value of AE/AO from TA

note that though higher blade area differs cavitation it thus also lower the efficiency o

Ref: Table 13 of Principles of Naval Architecture copyright 1967 Fig 115, 116, 117, 118
414, 415 and 416.
Blade area ratio expanded

0.400 0.550

Pitch Ratio
Open Efficiency OE

0.855 0.800

847
3.90E-08

0.700

0.670 0.650

o. It is now necessary to choose the correct blade area or Cavitation Check.


o.1 Determine the thrust (T) that the propeller will developed.

765
742
2670

T=

ehp x

33000

396

33000

(1-t) x V x 101.33
10.07
8
101.33
o.2 The cavitation no. Cn 0.7R is calculated using the relative velocity V R at 0.7 rad

pressure at the centerline of the screw. Burril gives formula for calculating these
From (78) page 409 of the Principles of Naval Architecture copyright 1967.
po-pv= 14.45 + 0.45 h =
where:
po-pv= Pressure at the centerline
h= Immersion to the center of the screw

o.3 and calculating for the pressure corresponding to V R (psi). F


Ref: Principles of Naval Architecture copyright 1967
2

889
qT = (1/2) p VR2 =

Va

+ nD

7.12
2

==

7.75

329

7.12

32,247 lbs
o.4 The local cavitation no. @ 0.7R=

742

po-pv=
qT

97%

765

o.5 From the Charts of fig 110 page 409, the limiting value of (M
396.080

53.38%

Ref: Principles of Naval Architecture copyright 1967

742

Tc=

(T/Ap)
"(1/2)pVR2

nsmission Efficiency
52%

2
Tc x (1/2)pVR =

o.6 and (T/Ap)=

429.35

o.7 and AP

T
62.78

831.64

E/AO from TABLE 41. Please

0.163
=

144

2
o.8 The Disk Area (AO) = (Pi() D )/4=

o.9 The projected Blade Area (Ap) ratio=

efficiency of the propeller.

Projected Blade Area (Ap)

16, 117, 118 & 119 pages

Disk Area (Ao)

o.10 The projected Blade Area (Ap) can be found from the more u

0.850

Taylors' approximate formula: From equation (77) page 408 of the


Architecture copyright 1967.
Ap =
AD
=
=

17,356 lbs

and

AD =

1.067-0.22
1.067-0.22
AP
0.8789

V R at 0.7 radius and the

o.11 The developed Blade Area Ratio=

lating these quantities.


Developed Blade Area (AD)

1967.
15.54 psi

Disk Area (Ao)


o.12 Using Table 41 and by interpolation
P/D=
0.827 reduced

20% at the root

X Pi

V R (psi). From reference (79) page 409

The probable value of the quasi-pro


ND=

2669.8

2.4147 =

385.16 psi

329
15.53661

0.0403

o.13 This leads to the final figure as follo

385.16

Diameter =
Pitch

value of (Mean Thrust Loading) Tc

P/D=
reduced 20% at the root=

0.163

Blade area ratio of


Quasi Propulsive coefficient of

385.2 =

62.78 psi

1.92 FT2

17,356
62.78

Propeller open efficiency

144

Calculation of Blade Thickness

Reference: The simplified Dr. Schoenherr for


4.58 FT2

pages 401 and 402 of the Principles of Nava


0.5

t=
1.92

0.4192

AH
BRN

4.58

where:

0.1635

t= Thickness of blade at 0.25 radius, i

e more usual Developed Area (A D) by using the

H= shp at maximum continous rating

08 of the Principles of Naval

R= rpm at maximum continous rating

.22

N= Number of blades
P0.25= Pitch at 0.25 radius divided by diam
P0.7.= Pitch at 0.7 radius divided by diam

X Pitch Ratio
0.855

W0.25= width of blade at 0.25 radius, inch.

0.8789

1.9 =

2.18 FT2

Max blade width at 0.6r/R= 0.2187

0.879
AD/AO
2.18 =
4.58

P/D

OE

0.20

0.4000

0.855

0.670

0.25

0.4770
0.5500

0.827
0.800

0.660
0.650

0.30
a= expanded blade area divided by.
D= propeller diameter, ft.

0.6614 and the Open water


efficiency (OE) =

0.660

value of the quasi-propulsive coefficient is


(1-t)

0.660

1.15

0.7274

(1-w)
dhp= ehp

2.41
1.996
0.827
0.6614

io of
0.7274

n efficiency

0.660

Thickness

ed Dr. Schoenherr formula, choosing a typical blade section at 0.25 Radius.

the Principles of Naval Architecture copyright 1967 .


+

1.72 CK

2.4544 inches

62.34

B
2.2909

blade at 0.25 radius, in inches

um continous rating

873

um continous rating

2790

ades

adius divided by diameter

0.827

dius divided by diameter

0.827

e at 0.25 radius, inch.

5.13 inches

dth at 0.6r/R= 0.2187 D

0.528

Blade width %
76.08
81.02

0.4279

85.96
de area divided by.

2.18

meter, ft.

0.477

4.58

Dia in mm
2.41

742.05

2669.8

873

he final figure as follows:

ve coefficient of

RPM

545 2488.62

0.7274

at the root=

dhp

736

2790.0

K= rake of propeller blade , inch/ft, multiplied


by D/2. (With forward rake use minus sign
in formula; with aft rake used plus sign)

Rake=

tan 15 deg x D

3.88

0.324 ft

0.324

12 1.2073454
x= 3.2153903 2.4146909
2
K=

3.882
6
P0.7

4.3 x P0.25

A=

1+

B=

1+ 1.5 x P0.25 x (Wf-C)


2

C=

4300 wa
N

11.812
553

100

20

Materials

189.66
f

Manganese Bronze

68

0.3

Nickel Manganese Bronze

73

0.29

Nickel Aluminum Bronze

85

0.27

Manganese Nickel Aluminum Bronze

85

0.27

Cast Iron

25

0.26

Notes:
Fresh

Salt

Water

water

64

62.4

FT / Ton

36

35

M3/ MT

1.025

Density
lbs/FT3
3

LT

2240 lbs

LT

1016 kgs

LT

1.01605 MT