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THE CORRELATION STUDY BETWEEN STUDENTS HABIT

IN WATCHING ENGLISH MOVIE AND THEIR


VOCABULARY MASTERY
(A Correlational Study of the Second Years Students of SMKN 1 Salatiga in
Academic Year of 2012/2013)
A GRADUATING PAPER

Submitted to the Board of Examiners in Partial Fulfillment


Of he Requirement for the Degree of Sarjana Pendidikan Islam (S.PdI)
In English and Educational Department

By:
AHMAD SYAFII
113 08 120

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FACULTY


INSTITUTE FOR ISLAMIC STUDIES (STAIN)
SALATIGA
2013

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MOTTO

BISMILLAHIRRAHMANIRRAHIM
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Assalamualaikum Wr. Wb.
Alhamdulillahirobbil alamin, all praises due to Allah, the Most Gracious and
the Most Merciful who always keeps me when I was in down and up. Bless and
the mercy is upon great prophet Muhammad SAW for his guide us from the
darkness to the brightness.
However, this paper will be not finished without supports, advices, help and
encouragement from some people and institution and let me say thanks to:
1. Mr. Drs Imam Sutomo, M. Ag as the head of STAIN Salatiga.
2. Mrs. Maslikhatul Umami, M. A as the chief of English Department.
3. Mr. Norwanto M. Hum, my lecturer and my thesis consultant.
4. All of my teachers, Mr. Ruwandi, Mr. Hammam, Mr. Norwanto, Mrs. Win,
5. All teachers and official staff STAIN Salatiga.
6. My big family in Suruh that I cannot mention one by one.
7. All of my friends. Thanks for support
8. Tbi D08
9. All of jamaah al Malaa mosque

Salatiga, February 14th 2013

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The writer
Ahmad Syafii
11308120

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE

DECLARATION

ii

ATTENTIVE COUNSELOR NOTES

iii

STATEMENT OF CERTIFICATION

iv

MOTTO

DEDICATION

vi

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

vii

ABSTRACT

viii

TABLE OF CONTENT

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LIST OF TABLE ABSTRACT

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CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION
A. Background of the study

B. Limitation of the problem

C. Problem Statements

D. The Objective of The Study

E. The Significant of Study

F. Definition of Key Terms

G. Hypothesis

H. Research Methodology

I. Graduating Paper Organization

CHAPTER II. THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK


A. Habit

10

B. Habitual Learning

11

C. Learning Strategies

12

D. The Movie or Film

13

E. The Vocabulary

14

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F. Ways to Enrich Vocabulary

17

CHAPTER III. RESEARCH METHOD


A. SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga and Development

19

B. History of SMK N 1 Salatiga

20

C. List of Facilities and Tools in SMK N 1 Salatiga

21

D. Vision and Mission

23

E. The Teachers

24

F. Students Enrolled in SMK N 1 Salatiga

24

G. Data Presentation

25

H. Students Activities and Conditions

30

CHAPTER IV. ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION


A. Hypotheses

31

B. Testing Validity and Reliability of The Questionnaire

32

CHAPTER V. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION


A. Conclusion

52

B. Suggestion

54

BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIX

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CHAPTER I

A. Background of The Study


Language is an important aspect in human life. It is means of
communication the persons to the others. The people need language to looking
for and give people benefit information. Communication hold the most
important aspect of the language, listening or reading cannot occur without
communication. People need a language as a communication to express their
feeling, thought and desires.
According to Herber H. Clark, language is the fundamental an
instrument of communication. People talk as a way of conveying ideas to
others-of getting them to grasp new facts, answer question, register promises,
etc. A language has not only a structure, what linguistic try to chapter with
their rules, but also a function to which that structure.
There are a number of elements of language learning. Vocabulary is
the most obvious components and the first thing applied in language as
communication. According to Hornby vocabulary is the total number of
words, which makes up the language. It can be defined, caught, as the word
we teach in the foreign language.
Studying language can started by learning vocabulary first, it is the
most important element of language. Vocabulary is central to language and it
is important to the language students. Without mastery vocabulary, students
cant communicate effectively and express students ideas in both oral and

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written form and they listen in order to discovering the meaning of what
others say. So, the focus of students English learning process is vocabulary.
In senior high school, students will study much about texts, grammar,
etc. ideally, they should mastery vocabulary to help writing texts skill,
speaking fluently, etc. But in fact, they still find more difficulties in mastery
vocabulary. Students have difficulties in enriching their vocabulary. They get
difficulties in memorizing the new words, so they limited vocabulary.
To improve students mastery in vocabulary need strategies, it means as
specific action by the student to make learning easier, faster, more effective.
Learning strategies are possible help the learner to study vocabulary.
Commonly, students get new vocabulary by two learning strategies;
conventional and visual strategies. Conventional is the simplest strategy that is
used by teacher in vocabulary teaching. For example; the teacher introduces
the new word and give the meaning of words.
Learning process is not always in the class, learning can be done
everywhere. Students also do not always face with the teacher to teaches
vocabulary. Students can learn at anywhere, any time. Students watching
English movie habit possibly way to enrich their vocabulary.
The habit of watching movie provide opportunities to study language
about vocabulary. Moreover, students should have a schedule for it is. In
order to they can get new vocabularies and find many information about
grammar to help language skill. Sometimes they also will find the problems
about structure, difficult new vocabulary based on the dialogue by the native

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speaker. Then, they can look for the solution of the problems by asking to the
teacher or look for the other referent. Indirectly, students will study about
vocabulary of English by watching movie.
Based on the explanation above the writer is interested to conduct the research
entitled THE CORRELATIVE STUDY BETWEEN STUDENTS HABIT
IN

WATCHINGENGLISH

MOVIEAND

THEIRVOCABULARY

MASTERY (A Correlative Study of the Second Years Students of SMKN


1 Salatiga in Academic Year of 2012/2013).

B. Limitation of the Problems


The researcher need to limit this research, because there are
many factors that influence student vocabulary mastery. So the writer chooses
a factor that influences vocabulary mastery namely watching movie habit. The
habit of watching movie is the independent variable (x) and vocabulary
mastery is the dependent variable (y). The writer assumes that watching movie
habit contributed a lot of vocabulary mastery. Therefore, the writer is going to
investigate and prove that the first variable (x) contributes the second one (y).
The research is limited to analyze the correlation between
students watching movie habit and students mastery vocabulary. Moreover
the researcher will be limited in only applied it the second grade students of
SMKN 1 Salatiga on Economic Programe Jl. Nakula-Sadewa 1/3 Salatiga.

C. The Problem statements

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The writer formulates of the statements of the problems are the follow;
1. How is the profile of students watching movie habit of the second years
students of SMKN 1 Salatiga in academic year of 2012/2013?
2. How is the profile of vocabulary mastery of the second year students of
SMKN 1 Salatiga?
3. Is there any correlation between students watching movie habit and
vocabulary mastery of the second year students of SMKN 1 Salatiga in
academic year of 2012/2013?

D. The Objective of The Study


Related to above assumption, the writer aims to know;
1. To know the score watching movie habit of the second years students of
SMKN 1 Salatiga in academic year of 2012/2013.
2. To know the score of vocabulary mastery of he second year students of
SMKN 1 Salatiga.
3. To know correlation between students watching movie interest and
vocabulary mastery of the second year students of SMKN 1 Salatiga in
academic year of 2012/2013.

E. The Significant of the Study


The researcher hopes that the result of the research can give
information about students interest or student watching English movie able to
help learning-teaching process. Especially, level of students watching movie

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habit and vocabulary mastery. The researcher hope it will be useful for some
stakeholder, for English teachers, for the students, and also for the school of
SMKN 1 Salatiga.
F. The Definition of Key Terms
1. The Correlation
Correlation is the connection between two thing in the which one
thing changes as the other does. ( Oxford University Press, 2003:94)
2. Student
Student is a person attending an education institution, for example
high school or collage; one studying, one devoted to careful and
systematic study (Grolier, 1974:972)
3. Habit
A habit is an activity that is acquired, done frequently, done
automatically, and difficult to stop. Most people think of behaviors when
they think of habit, but thought can also become habit. Sometimes our
habitual thinking can keep habitual behaviors going and make them hard
to change (http://www.suite101.com).
4. Mastery
Mastery is skill or knowledge in a subject that makes one a master
in it ( Webster, 1981: 421)
5. Vocabulary

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According to Hornby vocabulary is the total number of words,


which make up the language. It can be defined, caught, as the words we
teach in the foreign language.

G. Hypothesis
Hypothesis is a predicated answer of research problems with a data (
Arikunto, 2006:102). The researcher tries to determine the hypothesis of this
research. The hypothesis of this research is there is a significant correlation
between students watching movie habit and vocabularies mastery

H. Research methodology
1. Type of The Research
This is a correlation research. A correlation research is a detection
of a correlation between one variable and the others based on the available
correlation coefficient ( Subrata, 2009;82)
2. Approach
In this research the writer applies a quantitative data. Quantitative
data is process of getting knowledge by using a number of data as
instruments to explain the subject ( Margono, 2005;105)
3. Population and Sample
a. Population

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Population is all members of the research subject ( Arikunto,


2006:130). Population is all individuals from whom the data are
collected. Population of this research are the students of the second
grade of SMKN1 Salatiga on Economic Program in the academic year
2012/2013.

b. Sample
Sample is a part of the population which is investigated (
Arikunto, 2006: 130). If the research subject less than 100 is better to
take all of it. So, it is regarded as a population research. But if the
research subject more than 100, the researcher can take 10-15% or 2025% from the population (Arikunto, 2006:134).
In this research, the writer will take 35 students from 150
students. The writer uses the random access sampling to get the sample
because the class has the same quality and homogeny, there are no
classiffication.
4. Method of Data Collection
a. Questionnaire
Questionnaire is the number of written questions that used to
acquire information from respondents (Arikunto, 2006:151)

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Questionnaire in this research is question or statements about


the interest of students watching movie habit to find out information
about how far their watching movie interest.
b. Test
Test is stimulus instrument which is given to a person, which
the purpose to get the answer which is used to decide a score number
(Margono, 2004:170).
c. Document
Document are about describe and report about general situation
of SMKN1 Salatiga. The histories, location of the school, geographical
placed the education condition of the teachers and the students, the
condition of medium and infrastructure.
5. Data Analysis
a. The profile of students habit in watching English movie ( by using
questionnaire)
b. The profile of students mastery vocabulary ( by using multiple choice
test) and to find out mean, median, modus, and standard deviation
(SD).
c. The profile of both students habit in watching English movie and
students mastery vocabulary.
All of data will be analyze by using SPSS 16.00 Windows Program.

I. Graduating Paper Organization

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This research is divided into five chapters.


Chapter I, contains of background of the study, limitation of the study,
statements of the problems, objective of the research, significant of the study,
definition of key terms, hypothesis, research methodology.
Chapter II, contains of the Theoretical Framework, the researcher will
explain about; habit, habitual learning, leaning strategies, movie or film, and
vocabulary.
Chapter III, contains the researcher will describe and report about
general situation of SMKN1 Salatiga. The histories, location of the school,
geographical placed the education condition of the teachers and the students,
the condition of medium and infrastructure.
Chapter IV, the researcher will explain the data analysis of the data
interpretation that discusses the result of the tests.
Chapter V, the researcher will end the graduating paper by giving
conclusion and suggestion.
Appendix
Bibliography

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CHAPTER II
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

A. Habit
1. Definition of Habit
a. Habits are routines of behavior that are repeated regularly and tend to occur
subconscious about them. Habitual behavior often goes unnoticed in person
exhibiting it, because a person does not need to engage in-self analysis when
undertaking routine tasks. Habituation is an extremely simple form of
learning, in which in an organism, after a period of exposure to a stimulus,
stop responding to that stimulus in varied manners. Habits are sometimes
compulsory (http://www.suite 101.com ).
b. Habit is something that is not conducted drastically but it is conducted
slowly, repeatedly, and continuously, ( Covey 1997:21)
c. According to Meriam Webster.com, habit is stated as a behavior a pattern
acquire by frequently repetition or psychological exposure that shows itself in
regularity or increase facility of performance
From the definition above, the researcher concludes that habit is something
that is conducted repeatly and continuously. In this study, the habit is intended as the
students habit in watching English movie in their daily activity wherever and
whenever it is. A habit can be done at home, at the school, on the way and other
places.
2. The Factors Habit of Watching English Movie

1
There are some factors that affect
someones habit.
a. The frequency

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b.

Repetition

c. Automation (www.thehabitfactor.com)
Based on the definitions above the researcher concludes that a habit can
grow if someone conducts something in strength repetition, too long an interval
of time, interest in actions and the result of he action is pleasure.

B. Habitual Learning

In psychology, habituation is an example of non associative learning in


which there is progressive diminution of behavioral response probability with
repetition of a stimulus. It is another form of integration. An animal first
responds to a stimulus, but if subsequent responses. One example of this can
be seen in a small cage; the birds initially react to it as thought it were a
predator, showing that it is only a very specific stimulus that is habituated to
(namely one particular unmoving owl in one place). Habituation has been
shown in essentially very species of animals, including the large protozoan
stenter coeruleus(www.suite101.com).
Its concluding that habitual learning is the learning by using repetition
in a way of learning. The learners do something continuously and repeatedly
and this activity is used as a way in learning something to improve their
achievement. In short, habitually learning by using habit. Some Indonesian
students probably like to use their habits in watching movie to enrich their
vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, spelling, etc.

C. Learning Strategies

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1. Definitions
Learning strategies are specific action taken by the learner to make
learning easier, faster, more directed, more effective. In this study watching
movie habit is learning strategy (Diana Thomas, 1995:26).
2. The strategies of Teaching vocabulary:
a. Conventional
Conventional strategy is common strategy by the English teachers.
The teacher introduce to new words to the students and than teacher give the
meaning of those words. This strategy is too show teacher dominant in the
class and it make students bored (Diana Thomas, 1995:112)
b. Visual strategy
Visual strategy is different with conventional strategy. In teachinglearning process, teacher can use visual aid to enrich students vocabularies
(Diana Thomas, 1995:112)

Learning strategies are not always by teacher guide, it can means


learner can maintain in the learning vocabulary. Students can easy control
their study but it cant make them bored.

D. The Movie or Film


Literature is a means of social expression, a mirror of life, and interpretation
of human experiences that help us understand how to live. Literature can be divided
two major categories, they are fiction and non-fiction. Fiction is literary works that is
not based on true story. While, nonfiction is literary works that is based on the true
story. Some examples of fiction literary are; novels, short story, poetry, drama,

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movie, etc. some examples of nonfiction literary are; personal essay, history,
biography, autobiography (http:www.answer.com/topic/movie).
As the running, movie is not only made based on imagination, nut also
directed to break up the facts that almost faded.
According to Hornby, film is a story, recorded as a set of moving pictures to
be shown on television or at the cinema (Hornby, 1995:34).
1. The functions of film;
a. As entertainment
Film is popular for human being as entertainment. Many people
prefer watching film to relieve their stress.
a. As education
Movie can be used to support in education. As media audiovisual,
movie can help the students to accept their material in school or campus. By
watching English movie students able to learning language, able to improve
knowledge, rich the information, etc.

b. As information
Movie give the useful information for people. It also gives the information to
other country about cultures, politics, socials, economic, governments, history,
etc. (http://www.twyman-whitney/film/functions.com)

2. Genres of film:
a. Action film is a film genre in which one or more heroes are thrust into a series of
challenges that require physical feats, extended fights and frenetic chases.

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b. Comedy film is a genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humour. These
films are designed to elicit laughter from the audience
c. Drama is a film genre that depends mostly on in-depth development of realistic
characters dealing with emotional themes.
d. Horror film is a film genre seeking to elicit a negative emotional reaction from
viewers by playing on the audience's primal fears
e. Musical film is a film genre in which songs sung by the characters are interwoven
into the narrative, sometimes accompanied by dancing.

E. The Vocabulary
1. Definition of Vocabulary
There are a number of vocabulary definition. Vocabulary is the total of
words in a language. Simon and Schuster define vocabulary into four meanings:
a. List of words and often, phrase, abbreviations, inflectional forms, etc.
b. Arranged in alphabetical order and defined or otherwise identified as in
dictionary or glossary.
c. All the words recognized and understood although not necessary used, by
particular person.
d. Interrelated group of non verbal symbols, science, gestures, etc used for
communication or expression in particular art, skill etc.
According to Hornby, vocabulary is the total number of words, which
makes up the language. It can be defined, roughly, as the words we teach in the
foreign language.

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In English study is focus on the meaning, so the students must be know


the meaning of the vocabulary that they are learning, that they are read, listen,
etc.
2. The kinds of Vocabulary
According to Scrivener (1994:74) there are two kinds of vocabulary:
a. Active vocabulary
Active vocabulary means the words the should be using in their
speech, writing. The speaker may have to master some limit of vocabulary of
this active vocabulary in communication. Although they have to reproduce
the speech with the listener, according to the situations they can choose the
word mastered. For example : in discussion, teaching process, and others
meeting.
b. Passive vocabulary
Passive vocabulary means that the words they needed merely to
comprehend especially, in their reading. The speaker in this situation will not
reproduce some sentences but they are asked to be receiver of the message by
comprehending the passage or listening to some broadcast.
The kinds of vocabulary is needed in the advanced level for example,
written passage such as newspaper, periodical, literature, textbook, etc.
3. Aspect in Learning Vocabulary
a. Synonym
Synonym is the two or more words have the same meaning.
For example :
a. movie = film
b. short = small

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c. begin = start
d. correct = right
b. Antonym
Antonym is the word that opposite in meaning to the other.
For example:
a. small x big
b. turn on x turn of
c. right x left
d. man x woman
c. Homonym
Homonym is the word spelt and pronounced like another word but with the
different meaning of all the individual words.
For example:
a. flower-flour
b. she-sea
c. scream-cream
d. knew-news
d. Derivation
Derivation endings indicate the part of speech.
For example:
a. Beautiful-beautifully
b. Happy-happily
c. Act-active
d. Asses-assesment
e. Idiom

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Idiom is group of words with a meaning that is different from the meaning of
all the individual words.
For example:
a. all at once

- suddenly

b. to find fault with to criticize


c. by heart

- by memory

d. now and than

- occasionally

F. Ways to Enrich Vocabulary


According to Hatch and Brown there five steps for students in learning
vocabulary, they are:
1. Encountering the new words
2. Getting the words forms
3. Getting the word meaning
4. Consolidating word form and the meaning memory
5. Using the words (Hatch and Brown, 1995:39)
Based on the statements above, the writer concludes learning vocabulary of
language needs more practices and patient. The learner have to search some
mediums, strategies to enrich vocabulary. Students also used the vocabulary in both
oral and written. And the last, learning vocabulary need the long time.

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CHAPTER III
DATA PRESENTATION

Research is commonly understood to follow certain structural method and


process. The goal of the research process is to prove new knowledge which take
some technique. In general, the forms of techniques include identify a new
problem, develops solutions to the problem and test the feasibility of the solutions
with empirical evidences. In this chapter, the writer presents several data dealing
with research location.

A. SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga and Development


Since the development of curriculum SMK (vocational high school) in 1994,
the government is very concerned about the development and existence of the
Vocational School. Expectation that the government is capable of printing Vocational
School graduates who are ready to compete for a chance to work in various sectors in
the world of work (DU / DI).
The government's efforts to promote vocational studies not only improve the
curriculum and the devices are all alone, but also by establishing new building units
in various parts of the country.
Salatiga, cool and quiet town turned out to be one of the options the
government in the field of vocational education. Departing from these thoughts, it
stands stately and proud: SMK Negeri 1 SALATIGA.
B. History of SMK N 1 Salatiga
SMK Negeri 1 Salatiga that look magnificent this time was distinctly trace
the history of since penginisasiannya in 1967. Thanks to the efforts and struggle of

27

the various parties, ranging from the founding committee SMEA Preparation of State
to the various parties who participate are finally stand up school pride that we can see
today.
History began in 1967. when there is no Vocational School (SMK) in
Salatiga Affairs. So the founding committee formed Affairs Preparation SMEA
known by Mr. Mayor Salatiga (Bp.Letkol S.Soegiman at the time) and supported by
the Party Muspida. With head offices permit the Department of Education and
Culture of Central Java No.IDPE/435/D/67, 17Januari date 1967, it stood SMEA The
status of preparation in Salatiga. On that basis, the petition upgraded to the level of
the Ministry of Education and Culture in Jakarta to be upgraded to the status of
preparations SMEA SMEA Affairs. By letter of the Head of State SMEA preparation
No.M/30/115 dated May 25, 1968, which accompanied the recommendation of IDPE
Central Java province, eventually came down the Decree of the Minister of Education
and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Number: 191/UUK-3/1969 dated May 25,
1968 , which give rise to the status of the preparation of a State.
Armed with this initial success, the school management had continued to
struggle from the ride at various schools in Salatiga up in 1973 SMEA School 1
received permission to occupy a former school building owned Baperki China.
Over time, SMEA School 1 Salatiga with the assistance of the State managed
to occupy a new building located in the village of Kembangarum which has a land
area of approximately 15,000 m2. Until now, the title had been changed to SMEA
SMK Negeri 1 by SK. No. Education Minister. 036 in May 1997. The order of the
Principal who served as follows:

1. Sri Sadana, BA (late) of 1968 until 1982


2. R. Soeyono, MH (Deceased) of 1982 until in 1993

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3. Drs. Soeparmo (YMT Principal) July 1993 until September 1994


4. Drs. FX. Soewito, January 1994 until in January 1996
5. Drs. S. Djoko Legowo, February 1996 until in December 1998
6. Soetopo, B.Sc, December 1, 1998 until June 1, 1999
7. Moh. Baedhowie, May 1999 until in January 2000
8. Moeljono, M Ed, January 1, 2000 until February 28, 2007
9. Bambang Dwi H, S.Pd. February 28, 2007 until Now

C. List of Facilities and Tools in SMKN 1 Salatiga


Facilities are all of building, things, needed by teacher, students, and others
educators in which provide by school to support successful in teaching learning
process in school environment. Good educational facilities can be the factors to be
successful in teaching learning process because all of students need can provide.
The educational facilities could be seen in the table..below;

TABLE
FACILITIES AND TOOLS IN SMKN 1 SALATIGA
IN ACADEMIC YEAR OF 2011/2012

NO

Facilities

Total

Condition

Class

51

Fine

Laboratories

fine

29

Hall

Fine

Head master office

Fine

Teacher office

Fine

Administration office

Fine

Health room

Fine

Teachers toilet

Fine

Guest living room

Fine

10

Students toilet

10

Fine

11

Mosque

Fine

12

Storeroom

Fine

13

Park area

Fine

14

Canteen

Fine

15

Field

Fine

16

Security office

Fine

17

Computer room

Fine

18

Keeper house

Fine

19

Volley ball field

Fine

30

20

Lahan kosong

Fine

21

TU office

Fine

22

Library

Fine

23

Kitchen

Fine

24

Laptop

Fine

25

Sound system

Fine

26

OHP

Fine

27

LCD

28

Tape recorder

29
30
31
32

31

D. Vision and Mission


In building the organization, SMKN 1 Salatiga come along with vision and
mission as below:
1. Vision
A vision is the goal to be reached in the future, and generally, the vision
of SMKN 1 Salatiga is To create a middle level manpower to meet the demands
of national development needs, both now and in the future.
2. Mission
Mission is any tactic and strategy steps necessary for accomplishment of
the goals. There are four missions of SMKN 1 Salatiga in achieving the vision,
and the mission are:
a. To produce human resources can be a factor of excellence in various sectors
of education.
b. To change the status of the load of learners into productive asset
development.
c. To produce a professional workforce to meet the demanding needs of
industrialization in particular and development in general.
d.

To equip students with the ability to develop themselves in a sustainable

E. The teachers

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Teacher has central role in educational world, especially, in formal


institution. Teacher has function as one of media on students learning process.
Therefore, the number of teacher is extremely important.

F. Students Enrolled in SMKN 1 Salatiga


In this research the writer was chosen SMKN 1 Salatiga as subject generally
and especially the writer concern in second years student of economic programs
study.

G. Data Presentation
1. Respondent
Table 1
Name of Respondent
No

Name of Respondents

Number of Students

EV

DN

MRT

NS

AM

RN

RT

33

SN

11

TK

13

10

HMD

14

11

TN

16

12

RYN

18

13

TYN

18

14

GN

20

15

BM

21

16

VN

22

17

FN

18

LDY

19

INA

20

HN

21

MK

22

HSN

23

SBR

24

EL

10

34

25

AS

11

26

KRN

16

27

FRN

17

28

GMR

18

29

RMN

19

30

WN

20

31

QNH

21

32

VRN

22

33

NN

23

34

NV

25

35

FRD

26

2. The Result of the Questionnaires


Table 4.5

The Questionnaire Calculation of watching English Movie


Frequency
No

TOTAL
1

10 11 12

13 14

40

45

42

35

40

42

45

36

41

39

10

40

11

52

12

43

13

26

14

50

15

39

16

32

17

41

18

39

19

34

20

34

21

43

22

38

23

47

24

38

25

37

26

44

27

37

36

28

47

29

39

30

38

31

42

32

42

33

44

34

41

35

37

TOTAL

1414

3. The Result of the Vocabulary Test

Table 4.6
Score of Students Vocabulary Test (Y Data)
No

Name

Score (Y)

1.

EV

85

2.

DN

80

3.

MRT

75

4.

NS

75

5.

AM

70

6.

RN

70

7.

RT

65

37

8.

SN

70

9.

TK

60

10.

HMD

65

11.

TN

95

12.

RYN

80

13.

TYN

60

14.

GN

85

15.

BM

65

16.

VN

60

17.

FN

85

18.

LDY

60

19.

INA

55

20.

HN

60

21.

MK

80

22.

HSN

60

23.

SBR

90

24.

EL

60

38

25.

AS

65

26.

KRN

80

27.

FRN

70

28.

GMR

80

29.

RMN

65

30.

WN

70

31.

QNH

80

32.

VRN

85

33.

NN

75

34.

NV

75

35.

FRD

60

H. Students Activities and Conditions


To complete students achievement, SMKN 1 Salatiga provide the
extracurricular activities, as follows:
1. Social action and devotion activities
a. Teaching learning process
b. Flag ceremony
c. Pray Jamaah
d. Praying before and after teaching learning process

39

e. Celebrating iedul qurban


2. Extracurricular activities
a. Scouting
b. Music
c. Sport
d. Computer
e. Speech
f.

Reciting the holy quran

g. Science
h. English Club
i.

Dancing

CHAPTER IV
DATA ANALYSIS

After collecting the data, the next is analyzing the data. The data were
collected from 35 students of second years of students of SMKN 1 Salatiga in
academic year 2012/2013. Analyzing the data include calculating and
interpretation of the research finding.
A. Hypothesis

Hypothesis is the temporary answer in a research until the end of a


research (Arikunto, 1989:62). In this research, the writer has two variables,
they are X and Y. Two variables analyzed in this study, namely:
1. Independent variable (X) is the students watching movie habit.
2. Dependent variable (Y) is students mastery vocabulary.

40

Based on the description above, the researcher has two hypothesis


as follow:
1. Ha ( alternative hypothesis): there is correlation between students habit in
watching English movie and mastery vocabulary.
2. Ho ( statistical / null hypothesis): there is no correlation between students
habit in watching English movie and mastery vocabulary.

32
B. Testing Validity and Reliability of the Questionnaire
1. Validity

Validity is measurement to show that the questionnaires is


valid to the research. In this step, the writer gave the questionnaires to
30 respondents to analyze the validities using SPSS (Statistical Product
and Service Solution) program to find out the significance of the
variable, with r table (n= 48, {1% =0, 368 } {5% = 0, 284}

Table 4.1
Validity Test

Score
Probabilitas correlation
Item

(pearson
(sig. 2 tailed)
correlation)

41

Validity

0,607 **

0,000

Valid

0,462 *

0,010

Valid

0,022

0,907

Invalid

0,192

0,308

Invalid

0,485 **

0,007

Valid

0,491 **

0,006

Valid

0,126

0,508

Invalid

0,491 **

0,006

Valid

0,636 **

0,000

Valid

10

0,552 **

0,002

Valid

11

0,285

0,127

Invalid

12

0,372 *

0,043

Valid

13

0,575 **

0,001

Valid

14

0,539 **

0,002

Valid

15

0,505 **

0,004

Valid

16

0,485 **

0,007

Valid

17

0,140

0,462

Invalid

42

18

0,607 **

0,000

Valid

19

0,636 **

0,000

Valid

* Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).


** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

Based on the SPSS analyze above, the writer found 5 questions


invalid namely, item 3, 4, 7, 11 and 17. Then, the writer used 14 valid
questions to collect data on real sample in SMKN 1 Salatiga.

43

2. Reliability

Table 4.2
The Result of Reliability
Case Processing Summary

Cases

Valid

30

100,0

,0

30

100,0

Exclude
d(a)
Total

a Listwise deletion based on all variables in the procedure.

Reliability Statistics
Cronbach's

N of

Alpha

Items

,774

19

From the result above, the writer saw that the questionnaire has
score reliability 0,774. Thus, because of r-calculation r-table, so the
questionnaire that is used by writer can be believed. On the strength of
validity and reliability on the table 4.1 and 4.2 can be concluded that
the instrument can be accepted.

44

3. Data Analysis

After collecting data, the next is analyzing the data. The data
were collected from second year students of SMKN1 Salatiga in
academic year 2011/2012. Analyzing data include calculation and
interpretation of the research finding. The writer used Pearson Product
Moment Formula Process using SPSS 16.00 Windows Program.
Table 4.3
List of sample
No

Name code

Class

EV

DN

MRT

NS

AM

RN

RT

SN

TK

10

HMD

45

11

TN

12

RYN

13

TYN

14

GN

15

BM

16

VN

17

FN

18

LDY

19

INA

20

HN

21

MK

22

HSN

23

SBR

24

EL

25

AS

26

KRN

27

FRN

46

28

GMR

29

RMN

30

WN

31

QNH

32

VRN

33

NN

34

NV

35

FRD

The writer spread the questionnaire to 35 respondents and then,


collected their answers. These questions were made to find the data of
vocabulary mastery. All the answers of questionnaire can be seen in
the table below:

Table 4.4
The Result of the Questionnaire Distribution
Answer Number
No
1

10

11

12

13

14

ST

TS

SS

SS

SS

TS

SS

SS

SS

SS

TS

SS

SS

47

SS

SS

TS

SS

SS

TS

TS

ST
3

S
ST

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

TS

SS

TS

TS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

TS

TS

TS

ST
7

TS

T
S

TS

T
8

SS

SS

TS

TS

T
9

SS

SS

SS

TS

TS

10

SS

TS

11

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

T
S

SS

ST

ST

ST

13

14

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

12

T
S

SS

TS

SS

ST

TS

TS

TS

TS

SS

SS

SS

SS

TS

15

TS

SS

TS

SS

TS

16

ST

ST

TS

TS

48

17

SS

SS

SS

TS

T
18

19

20

TS

TS

ST

TS

SS

SS

T
S

TS
ST

TS

SS

SS

T
21

SS

SS

S
ST

22

TS

SS

TS

TS

23

SS

TS

SS

TS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

24

SS

SS

T
TS

TS

TS

T
25

TS

TS

T
26

SS

SS

SS

TS

SS

27

TS

TS

28

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

29

SS

TS

49

TS

30

SS

SS

SS

TS

ST

T
TS

TS

T
SS

31

SS

SS

TS

TS

T
S

32

SS

SS

TS

SS

TS

T
S

33

SS

SS

SS

SS

TS

T
SS

34

TS

T
S

35

TS

TS

TS

TS

Table 4.5

The Questionnaire Calculation of watching English Movie


Frequency
No

TOTAL
1

10 11

12

13 14

40

45

42

40

42

45

50

36

41

39

10

40

11

52

12

43

13

26

14

50

15

39

16

32

17

41

18

39

19

34

20

34

21

43

22

38

23

47

24

38

25

37

26

44

27

37

28

47

29

39

30

38

51

31

42

32

42

33

44

34

41

35

37

TOTAL

1414

After calculated data X, then, the writer calculated data Y or data


students vocabulary mastery by using test instrument. This analysis was
intended to find and describe the vocabulary mastery through applying the
following formula where the highest score was 95 and the lowest score
was 55 described as follows:
Table 4.6
Score of Students Vocabulary Test (Y Data)
No

Name

Score (Y)

1.

EV

85

2.

DN

80

3.

MRT

75

4.

NS

75

5.

AM

70

6.

RN

70

52

7.

RT

65

8.

SN

70

9.

TK

60

10.

HMD

65

11.

TN

95

12.

RYN

80

13.

TYN

60

14.

GN

85

15.

BM

65

16.

VN

60

17.

FN

85

18.

LDY

60

19.

INA

55

20.

HN

60

21.

MK

80

22.

HSN

60

23.

SBR

90

53

24.

EL

60

25.

AS

65

26.

KRN

80

27.

FRN

70

28.

GMR

80

29.

RMN

65

30.

WN

70

31.

QNH

80

32.

VRN

85

33.

NN

75

34.

NV

75

35.

FRD

60

From all of data collected, the writer used Pearson Product


Moment Formula Process using SPSS 16.00 Windows Program to get
coefficient score significant, there is a significant or there is no significant
between two variables. The following is the result of data processing:

54

Correlations

variable_x
variable_x

Pearson Correlation

variable_y
1

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

N
variable_y

.790**

Pearson Correlation

35

35

.790**

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

35

35

**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

Notes:
Pearson correlation

: the score of coefficient between variables

Sig. (2-tailed)

: the significance test of coefficient correlation

: the number of sample

4. The Final Analysis


The result of the data from SPSS above will be correlated with the
signification degree of the table.
a. The Hypothesis Formula
-

Alternative hypothesis (Hi) : there are any correlation between


students mastery vocabulary mastery.

The nihil hypothesis (Ho) : there are not correlation

between

students watching English movie and their vocabulary mastery.


b. Criteria

55

The criteria of this formulation is if ro rt so Ho is rejected.


ro = the result of product moment formula
rt = the significant degree of table
c. Hypothesis analysis
1) result
Based on the result of the SPSS analysis above, significant value
0.000<0.05(5%). It means we reject Ho based on the statistic.
2) Discussion
From the data collected, the writer get coefficient score significant.
So, there is significant correlation between students watching English
movie and their vocabulary mastery. Because based on the statistic,
the significant score is lower than significant level.
d. Research result
From the calculation of SPSS above, the writer obtains that the r
count is 0,790. To know the significant variable x to y, the r count should
be compared with r table with the number of respondent N= 35 and uses
level of significant of 5% and 1%. In educational research, those level are
common as a standard of rejection. 5 % means that the writer believes his
hypothesis research is true as much as 95% and 1% means that the writer
almost believes that the hypothesis research is true as much 99%
(Arikunto, 1989:73). r Pearson correlation table shows that on the accept
point (N) 35 and on 5% significant level, the point is 0,334 while on the
1% significance level the point is 0,430.
The obtained result of the r pearson of Correlation above was
0,790. It means that coefficient of calculation is higher than the

56

coefficient of table (rt) (0,7900,334/0,7900,430). Finally, the writer


can conclude that nihil hypothesis of r pearson correlation (Ho) is
rejection.
Based on the result of the result of the product moment
correlation the writer concludes that there is significant correlation
between Student habit in Watching English Movie ant Their Vocabulary
mastery of the Second Years of SMKN 1 Salatiga in the Academic year
2012/2013. So, the writer can say that students habit in watching English
movie able to improve students vocabularies.

5. The Profile of Students Watching English Film (SWEF) and Vocabulary


Mastery

1. The profile of Portfolio Assignment


Factors of Questions

Optional

Habit
Frequency

SWEF is routines VA

DA

VDA

once a week

11

20

WEF more than 2 19

20

16

hours
SWEF twice a week

15

57

Students holiday for 12

20

22

in 4

18

13

repeat 4

16

13

15

11

19

12

16

15

17

19

14

WEF
Students used spare 7
time for WEF
Repetitions

Always

WEF

home
Students

WEF until twice or


more
SWEF is habitually 8
since

junior

high

school
SWEF is habitually 8
since

senior

18

high

school
Automatic

Students bored, they 7


WEF
Students

in

the 6

house alone, they


WEF
There is a new film, 3
students

watch

hurried
There

are

some 2

options tv programs,

58

students

choose

WEF
Students insomnia, 2

21

10

SWEF

Note;
VA

= very agree

= agree

DA

= disagree

VDA = very disagree

From the table above can be seen that the watching habit as
measured based on the factors of habit that includes three phases, namely:
a. The first phase is frequency of students watching movie (SWEM) there are
five questions are number 1-5:
1) In question 1 (students routines WEM a week) most students (20) answer
S. It means students have times schedule for WEM.
2) In questions 2 (students WEM more 2 hours) most students (20) answer
S. It means students are often WEM 2 hours.
3) In question 3 (students routines WEM twice a week) most students (16)
answer S. It means students commonly WEM twice a week.

59

4) In question 4 (holiday is time to WEM) most students (20) answer S. it


means most of students use holiday for watching English movie.
5) In questions 5 (students used spare time for WEM) most students (22)
answer S. It means students want to WEM in busy.

b. The second phase is repetition of watching movie there are four questions are
number 6-9:
6) In questions 6 (students WEM in home) most students (18) answer S. It
means students often watch English movie in home.
7) In questions 7 (students repeat movie until twice) most students (16)
answer S. It means most of students repeat watch the movie which they
had watched before.
8) In question 8 (student habit in WEM since SMP) most students (15)
answer S. it means students had long time like in watching English
movie.
9) In question 9 (student habit in WEM since SMA) most students (18)
answer S. it means students had long time enough in like watching
English movie.
c. The third phase is automatics behavior of watching movie there are five
questions are number 10-14.
10) In question 10 (bored, students WEM) most students (19) answer S. it
means watching English movie as an entertainment when they are bored.
11) In question 11 (in home alone, students WEM) most students (16)
answer TS. It means students rare watch English movie if they stay at
home alone.

60

12) In question 12 (students always watch new English movie) most students
(17) answer TS. It means students rare in watch new English movie.
13) In question 13 (students choose WEM in some options) most students
(19) answer S. It means more students choose watch English movie than
other programs in television.
14) In question 14 (students are difficult to sleep, students WEM) most
students (21) answer S. It means students dont WEM when they are
difficult to sleep.
2. The Profile of Vocabulary Mastery

Then, to know the profile of students vocabulary mastery of


second years of SMK N 1 Salatiga, the researcher analyzed Deviation
Standard using SPSS 16.00 windows program. It can be shown as follows:
Table 5.2
Descriptive Statistics

nilai_voc

Minimum Maximum Mean

35

55

95

Std. Deviation

71.857 10.3671

Valid N (listwise) 35

From the table above can be seen that the mean of students
vocabulary mastery is 75. 46 with deviation standard are 10.3767. Based
on the normal curve the writer concluded that 68% students vocabulary
score are 50 until 92. It means that the students are in good levels of
vocabulary mastery.

61

62

CHAPTER V
CLOSURE

After calculating and measuring the data, in this chapter the writer would
like to present the calculation and suggestions, which may helpful to understand
about the correlation between students habit in watching English movies and the
vocabulary mastery of the second year students of SMKN 1 Salatiga in academic
years 2012/2013.
A. Conclusion
Based on the data analysis on the previous chapter, the writer concludes the
result of those analysis became 3 items of conclusions that related to the three
problems of statements; the first concernes with the profile of students watching
movie habit of the second years students of SMKN 1 Salatiga in academic year of
2012/2013, the second is the profile of students vocabulary mastery of he second year
students of SMKN 1 Salatiga, and the third is the correlation between students
watching movie habit and vocabulary mastery of the second year students of SMKN
1 Salatiga in academic year of 2012/2013. Based in the results of study, the writer
concludes:
2. The profile of students watching movie habit can be seen as follow:
15) In frequency of students watching movie (SWEM), students have times
schedule for WEM, students are often WEM 2 hours, students commonly
WEM twice a week, most of students use holiday for watching English
movie, students want to WEM in busy time.
16) In repetition of watching movie, students often watch English movie in
home, most of students repeat watch the movie which they had watched

63

before, students had long time like in watching English movie, students had
long time enough in like watching English movie.
17) In automatics behavior of watching movie, watching English movie as an
entertainment when they are bored, students rarely watch English movie if
they stay at home alone, students rare in watch new English movie, more
students choose watch English movie than other programs in television,
students dont WEM when they are difficult to sleep.
a. The profile of students vocabulary mastery can be seen as follow:
Table 5.2

Descriptive Statistics

nilai_voc

Minimum Maximum Mean

35

55

95

Std. Deviation

71.857 10.3671

Valid N (listwise) 35

From the table above can be seen that the mean of students
vocabulary mastery is 71. 85 with deviation standard are 10.3767.
Based on the normal curve the writer concluded that 68% students
semantics score are 55 until 95.

b. There is any correlation between students watching movie habit and


vocabulary mastery, It can be seen in the result of the research that rcalculation. The writer can conclude that there is a significant correlation
between students habit in watching English movie and their mastery

64

vocabulary, 0.790. It means positive correlation with the significance test


of coefficient correlation 0.035. A positive coefficient show positive
correlation. A negative coefficient shows negative correlation. Thus,
coefficient that has score 0,000 shows there is no correlation between X
and Y.

B. Suggestion
The writer hopes this research has some contributions which are important to
language teaching community as follow:
1. For the Teachers
In teaching learning activity, especially in vocabulary teaching, the
teacher could give the materials using different ways. For example, using
watching English movie, in making it effective and efficient. Using this technique
is possible to ask students retell the story of movie, fill the suitable word in the
incomplete sentence, spell and pronounce of words, found the synonym and
antonym, and make a short description of movies players.

2. For the Students


Watching movie is interesting work. By watching to English movie,
besides such giving satisfaction, on language teaching aspect, the viewers can
enrich vocabularies, pronunciation way, when the viewer know and understand
some scripts in English movie, they will be used to listen to English spoke
utterances.

65

Students should always be active in teaching-learning process. They must


study hard if they want to be successful in mastering English.

3. For the Researcher


It is suggested to other researchers to complete this research by
conducting any other researches on watching English movie. Based on the
explanation above the writer would like to suggest other researcher, that the result
of the study can be used as additional reference for further research with different
sample and occasions.

66

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Arikunto, Suharsimi. 1989. Prosedure Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik.


Jakarta: PT. Bina Aksara.
Glolier, 1981. The Glolier International Dictionary. Maynord Massachussetts inc:
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Hadi, Sutrisno.1979. Metodologi Research. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gajah Mada.
Hadi, Sutrisno, Metodologi Research 4, Yogyakarta, Andy Offset, 1991.
Homby. 1985. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English. New
York: Oxford University Press.
Hatch, Evelyn, and Brown, Cheryl. Vocabulary Semantic s and Language,
Cambridge University Press, California, 1958.
Margono. 2004. Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.vol I,
II.
Chicago, Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. Oxford University Press.2003.
Oxford Learners Pocket Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press.
2012, Habit, (online), (http://en. Wikipedia.org accessed at September 17, 2012).
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1991, Character Definition, (online), accessed at September 11, 2012).

67