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NBCC-2005 and Online Plus

Version 21

Changes Affecting The Truss


Industry

Jager Metal Products

January 2007

Agenda
Major changes in NBCC-2005 Code
Load magnitude comparison 2005 vs

1995
Changes in Online Plus

New input methods, dialogue boxes,

philosophy
New output format
New Structural Analysis engine
New Settings, updated methods

Major Changes
Building Categories
Loads and load importance factors
Principal loads Companion loads
Load combinations
Other important changes
Effects of designing with the new code

Building Categories
In addition to the part 4 and part 9 we are used to, part 4 now has special
categories Note: If the category is not clear, get it from the building
designer.

Loads and load importance factors

In limit states design, loads are considered for


either ultimate limit states (ULS) or
serviceability limit states (SLS).
This means that there are 2 sets of
importance factors.

Importance Factor - Snow

Is
Importance
category

ULS

SLS

Low

0.8

0.9

Normal

1.0

0.9

High

1.15

0.9

Post-disaster

1.25

0.9

Importance Factor - Wind

Iw
Importance
category

ULS

SLS

Low

0.8

0.75

Normal

1.0

0.75

High

1.15

0.75

Post-disaster

1.25

0.75

Importance Factor - Seismic

Ie
Importance
category

ULS

SLS

Low

1.0

n/a

Normal

1.0

n/a

High

1.3

n/a

Post-disaster

1.5

n/a

Load types and their definitions

D dead load a permanent load due to the weight of building


components
L live load a variable load due to intended use and occupancy
(including loads due to cranes and the pressure of liquids in
containers)
S snow load a variable load due to snow, including ice and associated
rain.
W wind load a variable load due to wind
E earthquake load and effects a rare load due to an earthquake

Where,
a)
load means the imposed deformations, forces and pressures applied to the
building structure,
b)
permanent load is a load that changes very little once it has been applied
to the structure,
c)
variable load is a load that frequently changes in magnitude, direction or
location
d)
rare load is a load that occurs infrequently and for a short time only.

Note: This new code separates snow and live load due to
occupancy

Principal loads Companion loads


Principal load means the specified

variable load or rare load that dominates in


a given load combination.
Companion load means a specified
variable load that accompanies the
principal load in a given load combination.
Principal-load factor means a factor
applied to the principal load in a load
combination to account for the variability of
the load and load pattern and the analysis
of its effects,
Companion-load factor means a factor
that, when applied to a companion load in
the load combination, gives the probable
magnitude of a companion load acting
simultaneously with the factored principal

Load combinations for Part 4


Ultimate Limit States
Case

Load combination
Principal Loads

Companion Loads

1.4D

(1.25D or 0.9D) + 1.5L

0.5S or 0.4W

(1.25D or 0.9D) + 1.5S

0.5L or 0.4W

(1.25D or 0.9D) + 1.4W

0.5L or 0.5S

1.0D + 1.0E

0.5L + 0.25S

Load combinations Strength (ULS)


NBCC
load case

Load
Case type

Load combination

1.40D

1.25D + 1.50L

2a

1.25D + 1.50L + 0.50S (full)

2a

1.25D + 1.50L + 0.50S (unbalanced left)

2a

1.25D + 1.50L + 0.50S (unbalanced right)

2b

1.25D + 1.50L + 0.40W (case 1)

2b

1.25D + 1.50L + 0.40W (case 1)

2b

1.25D + 1.50L + 0.40W (case 1)

2b

1.25D + 1.50L + 0.40W (case 1)

2c

0.90D + 1.50L

2d

0.90D + 1.50L + 0.50S

2e

0.90D + 1.50L + 0.40W

3b

1.25D + 1.50S

Is included in S

1.0 importance factor for L (except 0.8 for Farm LHO)

Iw included in W
regular truss.

Note: once fully expanded becomes 93 load cases for

Load combinations for Part 4


Serviceability Limit States
Case

Load combination
Principal Loads

Companion Loads

1.0D

1.0D + 1.0L

0.5S or 0.4W

1.0D + 1.0S

0.5L or 0.4W

1.0D + 1.0W

0.5L or 0.5S

Load combinations Serviceability


NBCC
Load Case Load combination
(SLS)
load case type
1

1.00D

1.00D + 1.00L

2a

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.50S (full)

2a

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.50S (unbalanced left)

2a

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.50S (unbalanced right)

2a

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.40W (case 1)

2b

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.40W (case 2)

2b

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.40W (case 3)

2b

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.40W (case 4)

1.00D + 1.00L

3a

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.50S

3b

1.00D + 1.00L + 0.40W

4a

1.00D + 1.00S

Is included in S
Iw included in W

1.0 importance factor for L (except 0.8 for Farm LHO)

Other important changes


Snow and 1 day rain load based on 50 year

return period.
Wind load also based on 50 year return
period
Use of wind swept factor for snow (Cw) has
been tightened. Reduction of snow load by
0.75 is limited by terrain. Cannot be used
at all on high and post-disaster buildings.
Exposure factor for wind (Ce) also affected
by definition of open terrain vs. rough
terrain.

Exposure factor for wind, Ce


Two conditions:
Open Terrain level

with scattered buildings,


trees or other
obstructions, shoreline,
open water (same as
1995)

Rough Terrain

suburban, urban or
wooded for at least 1
km or 10 x building
height

Part 9 Snow & other design


requirements
GSL factor Cb for Part 9 building reduced

from 0.60 to 0.55 (0.45 for clear span less


than 14ft).
Minimum total bottom chord load of 0.35
kPa (7 psf) for Part 9 roof trusses.
Deflection limits for balconies and decks
for Part 9 building.

Farm Design
No Farm building
NBCC-2005 code

code.
continues to make
reference to the 1995 code for the design
of Farm trusses.

Effects of Designing with


the New Code NBC2005

Ground Snow Load/ Rain Load


New vs Old
2005
1-in-50

1995
1-in-30

Ss , S r
54.3, 8.4

Ss, Sr
50.1, 8.4

Moncton
Edmonton

62.7, 12.5
35.5, 2.1

56.4, 10.4
33.4, 2.1

Abbotsford

41.8, 6.3

37.6, 6.3

City
Laval

External Wind Pressures


New vs Old
2005
1-in-50

1995
1-in-30

q
8.4

q
7.7

Moncton
Edmonton

13.4
9.4

12.1
8.4

Abbotsford

12.9

11.5

City
Laval

Internal Pressures (Cpi * Cgi)


Opening Description
Categor
y

1995
Cpi
Cgi

2005
Cpi
Cgi

Small,
uniformly
distributed

0.0 to -0.3

1.0

0.0 to
-0.15

2.0

Significant
openings
will be
closed

0.7 to -0.7

1.0

0.3 to
-0.45

2.0

Gusts
transmitted
to interior

0.7 to -0.7

2.0

0.7 to -0.7

2.0

Cpi = pressure coefficient, Cgi = gust factor


Positive result = pressure, Negative result = Suction

Examples
Load magnitude comparison in
typical load combinations

[D+S+L]
Dead, snow principal, live
companion
i.e. Typical commercial roof truss.

1995: 1.25D + 1.5S95 + 1.5L


2005: 1.25D + 1.5S05 + 0.5L

City

Year

Ss

Sr

TCDL

BCLL

BCDL

Is

Total factored loads, psf

1.00

0.80
Low

Norma
l

1.15

1.25

High

Post-D

Surrey

2005 50.12

6.27

10

10

79.39

93.30

103.73

110.68

1995 45.95

6.27

10

10

85.39

98.30

98.30

98.30

(%)

0.93

0.95

1.06

1.13

Diff

Winnipeg

2005 39.68

4.18

10

10

66.86

77.64

85.72

91.11

1995 35.51

4.18

10

10

72.86

82.63

82.63

82.63

(%)

0.92

0.94

1.04

1.10

Diff

Part 9 Snow Load:


Calculation formula is unchanged, but Cb is changed:
S=Cb*Ss+Sr (9.4.2.2)
NBC 1995
S=0.6*Ss+Sr, Cb=0.6

NBC 2005
S=0.55*Ss+Sr

Cb=0.55

1995

2005

Increase
(%)

Abbotsford

28.82

29.24

Agassiz

40.10

42.19

Chilliwack

31.33

31.54

Cranbrook

38.01

38.64

Kamloops

24.23

24.85

Kelowna

20.89

21.62

Powell River

29.66

30.18

Prince George

43.02

43.23

Salmon Arm

42.19

42.29

Squamish

48.87

51.38

Langley

31.75

31.75

Surrey

33.83

33.83

NBCC 2005 in
Robbins
Online Plus version 21

Job Manager

NBCC Setting

Truss Editor..

Uniform
loading
dialogue
box.

Loading
dialogue
boxes..

Factored loadings now viewed.

NBCC Loadcases

New output format.

New Program Features

New Structural Engine OLP01 vs OLP

Whats different?
Programming and analysis
Reference files / .bin files
Member end joints, lines, and member

name
Plate monitor
New Engine Switch and new categories
Special plate settings and controls
Locking out of contradicting functions

Plate and lumber control files (.bin files)


Lumber, plate and handling files are now

controlled by the .bin files in user data rather than


in the reference files as before.

These numbers are now hard coded and not

accessible to change. They are consistent from


one user to the next.

With the new plate handling file that has been

made standardized, you will see differences with


plate sizes on many of your joints (specific
restrictions in your plate reference file that still
create larger plate sizes are still valid). Please
note that plate monitor does not look at the
handling file when a user selects a plate with it,
only structural values.

Plate and lumber control files (.bin files)


cont

Reference files
Now being used for inventory purposes.
Can use for lumbers that are not specified

in the lumber data files.


Can use Plate reference file for restrictions
not used in plate handling.

Member end joints /


naming convention
Member end joints and end lines are no

longer valid in regards to running the


structural end of the truss. The member is
now designed off of the naming convention
given to a truss.
Examples of specific names are attic top
collar, and attic bottom collar.
End Joints are still required for reference
points, bearings, and load locations. It will
not change the analysis of the truss
however as the analog is built off of the
member type and physical geometry.

New plate monitor


All plates are now completely designed in

the plate monitor. If a plate has been


checked in this application, it is valid once
it goes to the engineer.
Plate monitor will not check handling
however as you are stating once using
plate monitor that you are not happy with
the plate selected, and want to choose
another plate outside of handling.
No longer given the error message this
plate cannot be designed in plate monitor.
If you cannot find a plate, it means that no
plate will work there.

OLP/OLP01 and its switch


The change from old code, to new code is

quite simple. The switch in the settings file


is under Structure>TPI2002/NBC2005
and change the setting from Olp to Olp01.

Becomes.

New settings list / new settings


There are 12 new categories made

specifically to work with the new program.


These settings have been set up by your
Jager Software representative.
You must activate Olp01 to view and
activate all of the settings in these
categories. Dual settings in other
categories now are neutralized.

New settings list / new settings


cont

Specific functions to recognize


New location for moment splicing, truss

symmetry etc
New Deflection categories
New hard-coded functions
Many new plating functions, especially nonstructural plating like
- Tie plates
- Stitch plating
- cosmetic plating

In TPI2002/NBCC2005

Deflection.

Locking out of functions


All settings not applicable to the new

program format will automatically be


locked out (for example all the settings
under the Canadian Limit States Design
Category). This is also true of the reverse.
No American settings will be available
when running Canadian design, and vice
versa.

When OLP01 is chosen, CLSD and


other non applicable categories are
locked out

Same with US settings

Thank
You