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Dr. S. K.

Gupta
Professor & I/c HOD
Dept. of Shalya Tantra (Surgery)
IPGT&RA, GAU, Jamnagar, Gujarat

E-mail ID- drskgupta17@gmail.com


Skype ID- dr.sanjaykumargupta
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Sports medicine is not described as such, neither in ancient nor

in modern medicine.
It is the application of various medical principles to the sports

activities, physical exercise and performance endeavors.


It is related to the physiological as well as patho-physiological

aspects of sports and athletics injuries.


It is not only prevention and treatment of injuries, but it is a

scientific investigation of training methods and practices in


sports also.

Ayurveda offers comprehensive approach to the

science of life and health care.


Ayurveda can also fulfill the need of sports medicine

up to certain extent.
There are a lot of knowledge available to practice

different treatment modalities for injuries, uses of


drugs & dietetics as well as practices of rehabilitation.

There are elaborate description of Vyaayaama (Exercise)

including its benefits, indications and contraindications.


Concepts of sports injuries and their management can be

spotted in Ayurvedic Samhitas like Bhagna (fractures & dislocations),


Vrana (wounds)
Vranashotha (inflammatory conditions)
Sadyovrana (acute wounds) etc.
Snayugata Vaata (Tendon & Ligament injury)

Descriptions of Vaata Vyaadhi (Chronic & Painful conditions)

related to musculoskeletal and neuro-motor system.

Roots of many branches of sports medicine can be traced


in literatures of Ayurveda*.

*Pritesh A D, A pilot study on sports medicine in ayurveda w.s.r. To sharira bala vriddhi,
2007, IPGT & RA, Page 41

BRANCHES OF SPORTS MEDICINE IN AYURVEDA ?


History of Vyaayaama-culture & sports-game in ancient India.
Vyaayaama, sports, healthcare & sports physiology in Ayurveda.
Anthropometry & anthroponomy in Ayurveda.

Sports biochemistry in Ayurveda.


Sports nutritional science in Ayurveda.
Sports psychology in Ayurveda.

Sports medicine in Ayurveda.


Physiotherapy & Therapeutic Vyaayaama in Ayurveda.
Orthopedics & Sports injury in Ayurveda.
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Modern Concept of Sports Medicine

Sports injury - any bodily damage sustained


during participation in competitive or noncompetitive sports activities.

Sports injuries can affect bones or soft tissue


like muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves etc.

It is of two kinds:

1. Acute Sports Injury


2. Chronic Sports Injury
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Common Sports Injury


Knee Injuries:
(Knee pain , ACL TEAR, Quadriceps tendon
inflammation, Menisci injury, Articular cartilage
injuries, ligament injuries, Patellar pain, Repeated
dislocations)

Ankle & Foot Injuries:


(Plantar fasciitis, heal pain, metatarsal fractures,
Achilles pain, broken ankle, sprained ankle)

Calf & Shin Injuries:


(Calf pain, muscular cramps)

Shoulder Injuries:
(Rotator cuff injury, dislocations, inflammation of
biceps, shoulder pain, clavicle fracture)

Arm & Elbow Injuries:


(Tennis elbow, golfers elbow)

Thumb & Wrist Injuries:


(Carpel tunnel syndrome, wrist bursitis, metacarpal
fractures)
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Sports Injury Related Conditions in Ayurveda


Bhagna

: Bony injuries

Sandhimukta

: Joint injuries (dislocation,


& subluxation).

Mamsagat Vaata

: Sprain, & Fatigue


syndrome

Snayugat Vaata

: Ligament, Nerve & Bursa


injuries

Kandaragat Vaata : Tendon injury


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Treatment of Sports Injuries


P-R-I-C-E MM is the standard line of treatment.
P=
R=
I =
C=
E=
M=
M=

Protection
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
Medication
Modalities

NSAID, Injections of corticosteroids,


Sports physiotherapy

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Prakritisthaapana: To regain physical


fitness of a sports person and send him
back to the field as early as possible by
P=Protection
R=Rest
M=Medication
P = Physiotherapy

Alleviating pain
Correcting disability
Strengthening joints and related structures
Improving function & performance
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1. Internal Medication:

To boost up tissue healing


To alleviate pain
To strengthen the injured part

Eg.

Rasabhra Guggulu, Kwath (decoction)


Shatavari Guggulu
Yogaraj Guggulu

2. External Therapies:

To alleviate pain
Strengthens joint
Improve function
Eg. 1- Parisheka (Sarvadaihika)

Dugdha, Taila, Kwatha etc.

Parisheka (Sthanika)

I=Ice
Shitaparisheka
Ushna Parisheka
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2. Lepana / Aalepa / Upanaha


To alleviate pain
To promote tissue healing

Nagaradi Lepa
Dashanga Lepa
etc.

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3. KATI VASTI
Low back pain
Muscular pain
Fatigue syndrome

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4. Bandhana:

Bandage with or without oil


massage
Lakshadi Plaster (Light weight)

C=Compression
E =Elevation

15 types of Vrana Bandhana are


described in Ayurveda.
Stabilization of Bhagna (Fracture / Dislocation)
Rest to injured part
To prevent further injury

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5. Anushastra Karma: (Para Surgical Procedures)


AGNIKARMA

(Direct Heat Application)


for

Chronic Musculo Skeletal Pain

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Raktamokshana:

(Blood Letting Therapy) for


Chronic Inflammatory Disorders.
To reduce inflammation
To alleviate pain
To promote healing
JALAUKA APPLICATION

SHRUGAVACHARANA

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