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Q1 How air coolers are different from exchangers ?


A1 The cooling medium used in air cooler is circulating air instead of liquid.
Q2 List some parts of an air cooler system ?
A2 1.Fin tube bundle with headers on both sides,supported to horizontally by a steel frame of structure,2. dampers, 3.
baffles,4. by passes and 5.heating coils
Q3 What are the type of air coolers ?
A3 1. forced draft type, 2. induced draft type.
Q4 How a forced draft type air cooler is different from an induced draft type ?
A4

In forced draft type air cooler,the tube bundles located on the discharge side but in induced draft type it is on suction side.
Q5 Why forced draft type air coolers are prefered mostly for cooling liquids (not very hot)?
A5 Forced draft units are easier to manufacture and maintain, the tube bundles are mounted on the top side of the plenum, so
it can be removed and replaced.
Q6 Why forced draft type air coolers are not prefered for very hot process fluids ?
A6 As the fan is exposing to a very hot exhaust air.
Q7 How the nozzles are arranged for air coolers in odd pass ?
A7 For odd pass arrangement the inlet nozzles are mounted on the top of the header box, the outlet nozzles are at the
opposite end and mounted on the bottom of the header box.
Q8 How the nozzles are arranged for air coolers in even pass ?
A8 For even pass arrangement the inlet nozzles are mounted on the top of the header box, the outlet nozzles are mounted on
the bottom of the header box but in the same side as inlet.
Q9 When does spilt header box employed in air coolers ?
When the temp. difference between inlet and outlet of multipass bundle exceed 200oF (110oC),along with U-tube
A9 construction,split header box are employed.
Q10 To protect the process tube bundle against freeze up,what are provided ?
A10 Heating coils with single pass covering entire width of process bundle.
Q11 Where the air coolers are generally installed ?
A11 Above the pipe rack.
Q12 Why a platform with clear headroom is required below the air coolers ?
A12 For maintenance of drivers i.e. motor,shaft,belt,fan,blades etc.
Q13 How to calculate the total weight of an air cooler ?
A13

Total weight of an air cooler is the sum of the weight of (tube bundle filled with water,plenum chamber,hood,fan,motor,cover)
Q14 What are the priliminary piping load considered for piping ?
A14 1.Vertical,2.Horizontal,3.Transverse
Q15 Why dose the piping of an air cooler not allowed over the tube bundle ?
A15 It must required clear space for future maintenance.
Q16 How to route the piping of an air cooler specified for condensing fractionating tower overhead ?
A16 It must be routed in such a manner that to avoid the liquid pocket formation in between the equipment nozzles.
Q17 What will happen if a liquid pocket formed it the pipeline connecting from a column over head to air cooler ?
A17 The liquid pocket will accumulate and slug the cooler resulting in possible damage to the cell and cooler formation.
Q18 How to route the condensate liquid vapour line from the cooler outlet to accumulator ?
A18 The piping must be routed flowdown or horizontal to the accumulator.
Q19 What is cascade piping ?
Q20 For more than six inlet nozzles, how to design a single process line header for an air cooler ?
A20 The single process line must split to feed two headers capable up to six nozzles each side.
Q21 Why should a stop to be provided in the common header axis at the point where it bifurcates ?
A21 To allow uniform expansion on both side of the header.
Q22 What are the basic informations required for stress analysis for air coolers ?
A22 1.weight of equipment, 2.weight of equipment filled with water,3.fixed and free end of the header box,4.displacement at the
free end of the header box,5.GA of the air cooler.
Q23 What is stress modelling ?
Q24 What are the load cases ?

Prepared by R.G.Panigrahi 07/24/2015

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