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G.R. No.

176492, October 20, 2014,


Facts: Leonardo and Marrietas marriage was dissolved by reason of psychologyical incapacity in
1996, hence Leonardo filed a complaint for partition over their property consisting of a house and lot,
since according to him, there was no more reason to maintain their co-ownership. In her defense,
Marrieta claimed that the property had been sold to their children Joseph Raymond and Joseph Leo.
She also moved for dismissal of the action for lack of jurisdiction on the part of the MTCC Bacolod
City, the action for partition being an action incapable of pecuniary estimation. Per decision of the
MTCC, it ruled in favour of Marrietta and adjudicated the land to her, being the spouse with whom
the majority of the common children choose to remain. It also awarded moral damages in favour of
Leonardo appealed the ruling to the RTC, which reversed the MTCC ruling and ordered the partition
of the property, hence Marrieta appealed the RTC decision to the Court of Appeals by petition for
review. The appellate court denied Mariettas appeal, ruling that since the assessed value of the
property is only P8,080.00, it clearly fell within the MTCC jurisdiction. Though the RTC applied Art.
129 instead of Art. 147 thereof, it still correctly ordered the partition of the property.
Marrieta elevated her case to the Supreme Court.
Held: The Supreme Court:
Contrary to Barridos contention, the MTCC has jurisdiction to take cognizance of real actions or
those affecting title to real property, or for the recovery of possession, or for the partition or
condemnation of, or foreclosure of a mortgage on real property. Section 33 of Batas Pambansa
Bilang 129 provides:
Section 33. Jurisdiction of Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts and Municipal Circuit Trial
Courts in civil cases. Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts, and Municipal Circuit Trial
Courts shall exercise:
(3) Exclusive original jurisdiction in all civil actions which involve title to, or possession of, real
property, or any interest therein where the assessed value of the property or interest therein does
not exceed Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00) or, in civil actions in Metro Manila, where such
assessed value does not exceed Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) exclusive of interest, damages
of whatever kind, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs: Provided, That value of such
property shall be determined by the assessed value of the adjacent lots. (as amended by R.A. No.

Here, the subject propertys assessed value was merely P8,080.00, an amount which certainly does
not exceed the required limit of P20,000.00 for civil actions outside Metro Manila to fall within the
jurisdiction of the MTCC. Therefore, the lower court correctly took cognizance of the instant case.