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Meaning of abbreviation for the Job of Sr.

Officer ETP:
***Searching style in Internet: GC meaning of chemistry****

Gas chromatography (GC): Gas chromatography (GC) is a common type of chromatography

used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing compounds that can be vaporized
without decomposition.

Gas-liquid chromatography (GLC): Gas-liquid chromatography is a technique used in analytical

chemistry for analyzing and separating compounds that can undergo vaporization without
decomposition. A typical application of GLC is in testing for purity of substances.

Liquid chromatography (LC): Liquid chromatography (LC) is an analytical chromatographic

technique that is useful for separating ions or molecules that are dissolved in a solvent. If the
sample solution is in contactwith a second solid or liquid phase, the different solutes will interact
with the other phase to differing degrees due to differences in adsorption, ionexchange, partitioning , or size. These differences allow the mixture components to be
separated from each other by using these differences to determine the transit time of the solutes
through a column. Instrumentation Simple liquid chromatography consists of a column with a
fritted bottom that holds a stationary phase in equilibrium with a solvent. Typical stationary
phases (and their interactions with the solutes) are: solids (adsorption), ionic groups on a resin
(ion-exchange), liquids on an inert solid support (partitioning), and porous inert particles (sizeexclusion). The mixture to be separated is loaded onto the top of the column followed by
more solvent. The different components in the sample mixture pass through the column at
different rates due to differences in their partioning behavior between the mobile liquid phase
and the stationary phase. The compounds are separated by collecting aliquots of
the column effuent as a function of time.

High-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC): Highperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is a form of liquid chromatography to separate
compounds that are dissolved in solution. HPLC instruments consist of a reservoir of mobile
phase, a pump, an injector, a separation column, and a detector. Compounds are separated by
injecting a plug of the sample mixture onto thecolumn. The different components in
the mixture pass through the column at different rates due to differences in
their partitioning behavior between the mobile liquidphase and the stationary phase.

Atomic-absorption spectroscopy (AAS): Atomic-absorption (AA) spectroscopy uses

the absorption of light to measure the concentration of gas-phase atoms. Since samples are
usually liquids or solids, the analyte atoms or ions must be vaporized in a flame or graphite
furnace. The atoms absorb ultraviolet or visible light and make transitions to higher
electronic energylevels. The analyte concentration is determined from the amount of absorption.
Applying the Beer-Lambert law directly in AA spectroscopy is difficult due to variations in the
atomization efficiency from the sample matrix, and nonuniformity of concentration and path
length of analyte atoms (in graphite furnace AA). Concentrationmeasurements are usually
determined from a working curve after calibrating the instrument with standards of
known concentration.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR): Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is
an analytical chemistry technique used in quality control and reserach for determining the
content and purity of a sample as well as its molecular structure. For example, NMR can
quantitatively analyze mixtures containing known compounds. For unknown compounds, NMR
can either be used to match against spectral libraries or to infer the basic structure directly.
Once the basic structure is known, NMR can be used to determine molecular conformation in
solution as well as studying physical properties at the molecular level such as conformational
exchange, phase changes, solubility, and diffusion. In order to achieve the desired results, a
variety of NMR techniques are available.
Good manufacturing practices (GMP): Good manufacturing practices (GMP) are the
practices required in order to conform to the guidelines recommended by agencies that control
authorization and licensing for manufacture and sale of food, drug products, and active
pharmaceutical products. These guidelines provide minimum requirements that a
pharmaceutical or a food product manufacturer must meet to assure that the products are of
high quality and do not pose any risk to the consumer or public.
Emergency Operations Plan (EOP):

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Specialized clothing or equipment worn by employees

for protection against health and safety hazards. Personal protective equipment is designed to
protect many parts of the body, i.e., eyes, head, face, hands, feet, and ears.
MSDS Definition: MSDS is an acronym for Material Safety Data Sheet.
A MSDS is a written document that outlines information and procedures for handling and
working with chemicals.
Current MSDS documents contain physical and chemical property information, potential hazard
information, emergency procedures, and manufacturer contact information.

Normal solution (N): A Normal solution (N) is a solution that contains 1 'gram equivalent
weight' (gEW) of solute per litre of solution. The gram equivalent weight is equal to the
molecular weight expressed as grams divided by the 'valency' of the solute.

Molar Solution: Molar solution is an aqueous solution that contains 1 mole (gram-molecular
weight) of solute in 1 liter of the solution. This is the method most used by chemists to express
concentration. Molar concentration (molarity) is not same as molar solution. Molarity is the
number of moles of solute per liter of solution.
Corrosion can be evaluated in molar solutions. For example, mild steel corrosion in 1M
hydrochloric acid solutions can be evaluated using weight loss and electrochemical techniques
(potentiodynamic polarization curves and impedance spectroscopy).
Molar solution can be used in the field of electrochemistry and metal corrosion as concentration
Percent solution: "Percentage solution" is an ambiguous term which is used to describe
a solution with the unit "%". It may refer to:

Mass fraction (chemistry) if % mass/mass ("% w/w") is meant. Also known as wt.%.

Mass concentration (chemistry) if mass/volume multiplied by 100 (improperly written "%

w/v") is meant (see also usage in biology)

Volume concentration if % volume/volume ("% v/v") is meant