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Geometry

Inner Diameter of the tank (D)


Height of the tank (h)
Sloshing height
Base slab thickness
Outer wall thickness (tapared)
Bottom
Top
Cross-walls thickness
Cover slab thickness
Diameter of Circular Columns
Primary Beams
Bp
Dp
Secondary beams
Bs
Ds
Concrete Grade(M30)
Reinforced Bar
Youngs moduls
Density of the Reinforced concrete
Mass densirt of the water

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Weight Calculations
Aavarage thickness of wall
Weight of tank wall
Mass of tank wall, mw
Weight of base slab
Mass of base slab, mb
Volume of water
Mass of water, m

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Parameters of Spring Mass Model


h/D
mi/m
Impulsive mass
mc/m
Convective mass
hi/h
impulsive mass height hi
hc/h
Convective mass height hc

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Time Period
Coefficient of time period for impulsive
mode.
Time period of impulsive mode,Ti
Coefficient of time period for convective mode

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Time period of impulsive mode,Tc


Time period of vertical mode of vibration

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Design Seismic Coefficient


Design horizontal seismic coefficient for impulsive mode,(Ah)i

Design horizontal seismic coefficient for convetive mode,(Ah)Ic


Design verticalseismic coefficient for impulsive mode,(Ah)i

Hydrodynamic Pressure
Impulsive Hydrodynamic Pressure
Qiw(y=0)
Impulsive hydrodynamic pressure on wall piw(y=0) at the base
of wall,
Impulsive hydrodynamic pressure on the base slab (y = 0)

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Convective Hydrodynamic Pressure


Qcw(y=0)
Qcw(y=h)
Convective pressure at the base of wall,
Convective pressure at y = h,
Qcb(x)
Convective pressure on top of base slab (y = 0)

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Equivalent Linear Pressure Distribution


Base shear due to impulsive liquid mass per unit circumferential
length,qi
Pressure at bottom ai
Pressure at top bi
Base shear due to convective liquid mass per unit
circumferential
length,
Pressure at bottom
ac qc
Pressure at top bc

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Pressure Due to Vertical Excitation


Hydrodynamic pressure on tank wall due to vertical ground
acceleration,At the base of wall, i.e., y = 0,

Maximum Hydrodynamic Pressure


Maximum hydrodynamic pressure,
hydrostatic pressur
Maximum hydrodynamic pressure is about xx of hydrostatic
pressure

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45.000
5.000
0.750
0.850

m
m
m
m

0.750
0.500
0.500
0.200
0.600

m
m
m
m
m

made it as major two compartments

0.300
0.750
0.300
0.600
30.000
500.000
27386.128
25.000
1000.000

N/mm^2
N/mm^2
N/mm^2
kN/m^3
kg/m^3

0.625
12877.769
1312718.523
33796.665
3445123.825
7952.156
7952156.404

m
kN
kg
kN
kg
m^3
kg

0.111
0.128
1020291.725
0.802
6379098.207
0.375
1.875
0.507
2.534

7.018
0.057
5.261

kg
kg
h/d<0.75
m
m
m

Sec

Note that about 51% of liquid is excited in


impulsive mode while 46% participates in
convective mode. Sum of impulsive and
convective mass is about 2.5 % less than mass of
liquid.

11.269
0.300

Sec
Sec

0.200

For 0.04 sec,Sa/g=0.15 from site specific spectra

0.100

For 0.4.04 sec,Sa/g=0.05 from site specific spectra

0.250

2/3 of horizontal seismic coeeficent

Maximum presuure will occur y=0,circumferentail angle =0

0.866
8.495
8.488

0.519
0.563
15.265
16.554
0.346
15.265

28.320
9.912
1.416
88.531
16.978
18.434

As recommended

kN/m^2

Actual

kN/m^2

kN/m^2
kN/m^2
kN/m^2

kN/m
kN/m^2
kN/m^2

12.263
kN/m^2

21.344
49.050

kN/m^2

43.514

8.4954571
16.554375

15.264716
Equivalent linear impulsive/convective pressur

partments

uid is excited in
% participates in
impulsive and
2.5 % less than mass of

17.576713
0.1900623
3.3333333

ific spectra

Damping 5%

ecific spectra

Damping 0.5%

damping 5%

umferentail angle =0
Linearised
1.4159926

9.9119481
18.434131

Multification Factor 1.75 is used for getting 0.5% damping

16.978313
ear impulsive/convective pressure distribution

used for getting 0.5% damping value form 5% response spectra