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Grade: 12

Subject: Applied Mathematics

Unit: one

Year submitted: 2013

Table of Content

Project title..3

Purpose of project4

Method of data collection5

Presentation of data.6-11

Analysis of data...12-19

Discussion of findings.20-23

Glossary ..24

Reference.25

Appendix..26-29

PROJECT TITLE

17

engaging in an extracurricular activity and how it affect

their academic performance.

17

PURPOSE OF PROJECT

Extracurricular activities are activities performed by student that fall outside the realm of

the normal curriculum of school or university. Such activities are generally voluntary as opposed

to mandatory, non-paying, social, and philanthropic as opposed to scholastic and often involve

others of the same age group.

It has been observed that the time the student spend in extracurricular activity affect the

student overall school average. Therefore the researcher choose this topic to find out if the

number of hours spent in extracurricular activity affect their performance.

The benefits of doing this research is that data will be analyze on the student

extracurricular activity and the problem will be recognized. The source will be student from

various clubs. Another benefits is that alternative solution will be made for the student to the

problem they are facing.

17

The St. Mary High School has a population (N) of over fifteen hundred students. A

sampling frame of 275 students, consisting of only grade 8 students was chosen for the

observation due to the similarities in the subjects done by these students. A sample (n) of 30

students was selected to carry out this investigation. Data was collected by the use of

questionnaire and observation.Questionnaire allows for firsthand information, they are easily

administered and they are less time consuming. A random sample of 30 students was taken

which consist of 5 students from each class. On the other hand, observation gives the researcher

the ability to gather extra information with persons knowing.

The method of data collection was judged to be appropriate due to the fact that the

questions can be structured to gather only the information necessary for the investigation. There

were no flaws because the questionnaires were given to randomly chosen respondents so as to

prevent bias. In addition, the questions were clearly stated to prevent confusion so that they

could be easily answered.

The researcher was carried out on the January 15, 2013. Thirty (30) questionnaires were

given out to the students that were randomly chosen for the investigation and all were completed

and returned.

17

17

Sex

Male

Female

Number of Respondents

12

18

The table above shows the gender of the respondents who were chosen for the investigation.

17

Figure 2: Bar graph showing the number of students who engage in the various club

35

30

25

2

8

20

Number

of

students 15

10

quiz

cadet

track&field

20

5

0

track&field

cadet

quiz

17

The above bar graph shows the number of students which is in a extracurricular activity. There

were twenty (20) student who engage in track and field, eight (8)student who engage in cadet

and two (2) student who engage in quiz.

17

Figure 3: Bar graph showing the average number of hours spent in each club weekly

8

8

7

6

5

track&field

4

Hours

cadet

quiz

2

1

0

track&field

cadet

quiz

Social Networks

The above diagram shows the average number of hours spent students on the various clubs.The

average number hours spent in track and field by students weekly is eight (8) hours, cadet

accounted for five (5) hours while only three (3) hours was spent in quiz.

17

Figure 4: Pie chart showing reasons of students for using social networks

10%

20%

Communication

50%

20%

Leisure

Trend

personal benefits

The above diagram shows the percentage of students who chose the various reasons for them

engaging in extracurricular activity. Fifty percent (50%) said that they engage in the club for

communication, twenty percent (20%) said leisure and trend while ten percent (10%) replied

personal benefits.

17

9

9

8

7

Number

of

hours

spent

studying

6

5

track&field

cadet

quiz

3

2

quiz

cadet

0

track&field

cadet

track&field

quiz

social networks

17

The figure above shows the average number of hours spent studying based on the type of

extracurricular activity the student engage in frequently. The students who engage in track and

field spend an average of four(4) hours studying, students who engage in cadet spend an average

of six (6) hours studying and those who engage in quiz spend an average of nine (9) hours

studying.

17

17

CENTRAL TENDENCY

The figures below show the average grade for the students during the End of Term Exams 2011.

They are as follows:

38%

68%

84%

50%

70%

84%

52%

72%

85%

55%

74%

86%

56%

75%

87%

57%

80%

93%

58%

80%

60%

80%

62%

80%

63%

81%

65%

82%

66%

83%

Mean

X =

x 1+ x

2+ x 3+ x

=2126/30

=70.87%

Mean average of students in Term Exams 2011 = 70.87%

Mode

Mode= 80%

The most frequent average grade scored in exams = 80%.

Median

Median position= (n+1)th

=1/2(30+1th

=1/2(31)th

=15.5

=16th

16th position = 74%

17

PROBABILITY

Conditional Probability

In order to ascertain the needed data about whether or not the number of hours spent in

extracurricular activity affect the performance of the students in the exams, the researcher saw it

necessary to conduct a probability test using conditionalprobability.

Let G be the event that a student obtained an average grade of below 60% in the exam.

Let H be the event that a student spent an average of 8 hours in an extracurricular activity.

P (G/H) = P (GnH) =

P(H)

(20/30) 0.667

Let G be the event that a student obtained an average grade of below 60% in the exam.

Let H be the event that a student spent an average of 8 hours in an extracurricular activity

P (G/H) = P (GnH) = (15/30) = 0.50 = 0.7463 = 50/67

P (H)

(20/30)

0.67

17

The grades used below are the average grades of the students observed. They are described as

low (below 51%), medium (between 50% and 80%) and high (above 79%). The average number

of hours spent in an extracurricular activity was also used.

Time (avg.) 2

5

8

Total

Low

0

1

1

2

Medium

0

3

12

15

High

2

4

7

13

Total

2

8

20

30

Table showing the hours spentin an extracurricular activity by students and their average grades.

Time (avg.) 2

Low

0.133

Medium

1

High

0.867

Total

2

Contingency table

5

0.533

4

3.467

8

8

1.333

10

8.667

20

Total

2

15

13

30

17

0

0

2

1

3

4

1

12

7

O=30

0.133

1

0.867

0.533

4

3.467

1.333

10

8.667

E=30

(O-E)2

E

0.133

1

1.481

0.409

0.25

0.082

0.083

0.4

0.321

(O-E)2= 4.159

E

Grand total

Ho: The average grades obtained by students in their end of term exams and the number of hours

spent in extracurricular activity are independent variables.

H 1: The average grades obtained by students in their end of term exams and the number of hours

spent in an extracurricular activity are not independent variables.

Row * Column

= (3-1) * (3-1)

= 2*2

= 22

=4

x2= 4.159

2

Since x2 = 4.159 < 5% (4) = 9.488, we do not reject Ho and conclude that the average grade

obtained by students and the average number of hours spent in an extracurricular activity are

independent.

17

Y= average grade obtained in exam.

X=number of hours spent in an extracurricular activity.

Average grade

100

90

80

70

R = 0.06

60

average grade in exam (%)

Average grade

50

40

30

20

10

0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

time spent in extra curicular activity (hrs)

17

Average number

of hours spent in

extracurricular

activity

8

5

8

8

8

8

5

8

8

8

8

8

5

8

8

5

8

8

5

8

5

2

5

8

5

8

2

8

8

8

x=204

Average

38%

50%

52%

55%

56%

57%

58%

60%

62%

63%

65%

66%

68%

70%

72%

74%

75%

80%

80%

80%

80%

81%

82%

83%

84%

84%

85%

86%

87%

93%

y=9551

x2

xy

304

250

416

440

448

456

464

480

496

504

520

528

340

560

576

370

600

640

400

640

400

162

410

664

420

672

170

688

696

744

xy=14458

64

25

64

64

64

64

25

64

64

64

64

64

25

64

64

25

64

64

25

64+

25

4

25

64

25

64

4

64

64

64

x2=1488

y2

1444

2500

2704

3025

3136

3249

3364

3600

3844

3969

4225

4356

4624

4900

5184

5476

5625

6400

6400

6400

6400

6561

6724

6889

7056

7056

7225

7396

7569

8649

y2=150325

[nx2-(x)2]*[n y2-(y)2]

= -1514664

=-1514664

-1203840*-2732138280

3.289057347*1015

=-1514664

57350303.81

17

= -0.0264

17

17

17

According to Fligner (2006) Observation studies are investigations in which one simply

observes the state of some population, usually with data collected by sampling. Even with proper

sampling, data from observational studies are generally not appropriate for investigation causeand effect relations between variables.

The investigation gave significant information about the relationship between the

performance of students and the average time spentin an extracurricular activity.

It was found out that the average grade the student observed was 70.87%. After

examining this data more closely, it was seen that 53.33% of the students observed scored above

the average grade. On further observation, the modal average was found to be 80% as it was the

average that was obtained the most. The central average amount was found to be 74%, this

revealed that 50% of the student observed scored 74% or below and also that 50% were scoring

74% or above.

A probability test was done to see if it was more likely for a student to spend greater

amount of hours in extracurricular activity and still obtain high grades or was it that students had

to spend less time in extracurricular activity to achieve these grade. After completing the test, it

was seen that the probability of a student scoring an average of 60% or above while spending an

average of 8 hours in extracurricular activity (0.7463 or 50/67) was significantly than the

probability of a student scoring an average of below 60% while spending an average of 8 hours

in an extracurricular activity (0.2503 or 167/667).

To test for the relationship/independence of the average grade and the average hours

spentin an extracurricular activity, a chi-squared test and correlation and linear regression graph

was done. The chi-squared test showed that at the 5% level of significance that the average grade

17

obtained in the exam and the average number of hours spent on social networks is independent.

2

This is because x2=4.159< =9.488, therefore x2 would fall below the rejection region and

On the other hand, the correlation and linear regression graph revealed that there was a

very low negative relationship between the average grade obtained and the hours spentin an

extracurricular activity. This was given by the correlation coefficient=0.0264. The regression

coefficient -1.7143 represents the decrease in y for each unit increase in x, that is for every 1

hour increase in time the average grade obtained will decrease by 1.7143%. The constant of

82.524 represents the theoretical value of y when x=0.

17

Conclusion

From the investigation it can be seen that there is a very low negative relationship between the

average grade obtained and the hours spentin an extracurricular activity. As was seen from the

calculations carried out, an increase in the hours spentin an extracurricular activity has a small

effect on the grades obtained as was shown by the regression coefficient of -1.7143.

Out of this investigation, it can be inferred that even though the students tend to score good

grades even though spending a large amount of time on social networks, the number of hours

spent in an extracurricular activity cause their grades to decrease slightly.

17

Glossary

Symbols

2

P

O

E

(O-E)2

E

X2

r

N

n

Meanings

The sum of any values.

The mean value.

The chi-square test value.

The probability of any event.

The observed frequency.

The expected frequency.

The test statistic.

The degrees of freedom of the test.

The critical value (rejection region) of the test.

The linear correlation coefficient

Population size.

Sample size.

17

Reference

Fligner, M A. (2006). Introduction to the practice of statistics, New York, W. H. Freeman and

company.

17

17

QUESTIONNAIRE

Dear Student,

I am a sixth form student at the Saint Mary High School who is currently

studying Applied Mathematics. This investigation is a requirement for a CAPE Applied

Mathematics school based assessment (SBA). The main objective of this questionnaire is to

gather information which is accurate and reliable. The researcher is asking for your cooperation

in successfully completing this questionnaire as your confidentiality is guaranteed.

Please circle the appropriate response.

Gender

1. State your age:

...

a) yes

b) Sometimes

c) No

3. If yes, which type ofextra-curricular activity?

a) Track and Field

b) Cadet

c) Quiz

4. How long do you spend at the club weekly?

a) 0-2hrs

b) 3-4hrs

c) 5-6hrs

17

d) 7-8hrs

a) Communication

b) Leisure

c) trend

d) Personal benefit

6. How many hours do you spend studying?

a) 0-2hrs

b) 3-5hrs

c) 6-7hrs

d) 8-9hrs

7. What was your average grade for the End of Term Exams 2011?

a) 90% and over

b) 80-89%

c) 70-79%

d) 69% and under

8. Do you think that the amount of hours spent in extra-curricular activity have any effect

on your academic performance?

a) Yes

b) No

9. If yes, in what way?

11. How do you think the action stated above will help to fix the problem?

17

17

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