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Amenhotep III

Years of Prosperity.
What were the roles and duties of Egyptians Kings?
Ans: The roles and duties of Egyptian Kings in ancient Egypt were to watch
over the court laws, and be the chief of temples and places of worship. He
was the Commander-in-chief of army and led the soldiers in wars; he also
managed and controlled trade with other countries. The Egyptians
believed that the pharaoh of Egypt was their god in human form. Each
Pharaoh would worship his own god. He was the religious leader in Egypt
and also the absolute ruler for all parts of Egyptian life and oversaw all
temples. He owned all the land and controlled all the wealth and labour.
The King of Egypt appointed priests and officials. He made all the laws and
he didnt do all the work, relied on the officials to carry out laws and
govern Egypt.

Why were the kings of Egypt eventually


regarded as semi-divine beings?
Ans: The kings and queens of Ancient Egypt were regarded as semi-divine
beings as the people of Egypt believed that they were the descendant of
the god Osiris and that they falcon-god Horus lived inside them.
What types of powers did they have?
Ans: The kings of Egypt had many powers including the power to govern
the two lands of Egypt, which is Lower Egypt and also upper Egypt,to keep
the people of his country safe, to keep justice around the country and to
make sure the Nile was rising adequately. The kings would supervise the
structures built such as temples, pyramids and other things. The Egyptian
kings also had the power to control everything that was important and
had to do with the whole country.

How were the kings represented in


art?
Ans: The Kings in ancient Egypt are well represented in art by using
hieroglyphics and are written about and also have pictures drawn about
them. They have their own temples created; have their
names on their own statues and also are recorded on the
ancient Egypts history list by scribes.
What did they wear that helped to set them apart
from society?
Ans: The Pharaoh of Egypt often wore Nekhekhor flail.
The Nekhekh represented the pharaohs ability to control
using justice. It also represented the god Osiris. The
crook which represented the kings ability to rule over
whole of Egypt. The double crown represented the kings ability to control
and rule over upper and lower Egypt. The most rarely worn piece of
clothing was the HemhemetCrown . It was only used for very important
occasions. The royal wig, blue and white striped soft head cloth which is
made out of linen. It symbolises the sole authority of the king. Worn on
ceremonial occasions.The Blue War Crown was also worn by the pharaoh
when he went to war and it was worn on from the 18th dynasty. To
symbolise the kings power the king wore the false beard which was made
out of human hair and resembles a goats beard. The Ureus acted as a
form of protection for the pharaoh of Lower Egypt. The Ureus was worn on
the head of the pharaoh of Lower Egypt. The Bulls Tail was worn on
special occasions to remind the people of Egypt that the king was a strong
bull. The war mace was used by the pharaoh in war as a weapon and it
was also ceremonial maces.

The specific life of the pharaoh.

What was the early life of Amenhotep?


Amenhotep was born to Tuthmosis the IV and Queen
Mutemwiya, nut shortly after he was born his father died.
After his father died, Amenhotep became king at the age
around 6 and 12. He ruled with his mothers help who also
acted as regent.
What were the circumstances that made your person
Amenhotepking?
The circumstances that made my person king was that
Amenhoteps grandfather was the high military officer and thanks to that
his grandfather became king and so another dynasty began and later after
his grandfather gave the throne to his father Amenhotep III shortly
became king, when his dad died when Amenhotep was 6 to 12 years old.
Also, probably the most important reason that made Amenhotep III king
was, because his older brother, Thuthmosis died while, his father was
reigning. The positions of pharaohs, were mainly given to the eldest son of
the family, although there were also many other younger sons, who acted
as a backup, if the eldest son died, before his dad stopped reigning. In this
way, Amenhotep became king, because his elder brother died.

How and when did your chosen king rise to power?


My chosen king rose to power at the age from about 6 to 12 because his
father died and also that his elder brother died, who was favoured to be
king. He did not really rise to power, because he ruled in the New
Kingdom period and was considered to rule in the Golden Age. He didnt
lead any great battles as at that time no country dared to rise against
Egypt and only led some minor expeditions.
What set your chosen king apart from other rulers?
The thing that set my chosen king apart from other rulers was that he
ruled in a golden age and that he didnt have to do much, as no other
country dared to attack and raid Egypt. At that time
trades for goods from other countries. The goods
were like coniferous wood, oils, resin, metal for
making weapons and also wine. Also many other
goods were mainly animal goods, such as ebony,
ivory, leopard skins and ostrich plumes.
Did they lead great trading expeditions?

No, Amenhotep III did not lead any great expeditions, but he led some
expeditions to Nubia, but they were only minor expeditions.he did lead
some minor expeditions to Nubia in the fifth year of his reign. He also, at
least led a trade to the land Punt. Most pharaohs of Egypt had to show
that they were capable of being a good general and had to demonstrate
their skills in battle. Amenhotep did not have to show that he was good at
fighting in war or show that he was a great general. The reason that he
did not lead any great expeditions was that, at the time he was ruling
Egypt was considered to be thriving and noone dared to stand up against Egypt.

The drawing of the land of Punt on a

stone

Did they have great building


programs: Temples or pyramids.
Yes Amenhotep did buildbuilt many temples for the old gods and new
gods. Amenhotep did not really build any temples for himself, but he
enlarged temples for more worship. He remodelled the temple for the god
Amun and also for a new one for Sobek, Mut and Maat. He built more
temples then Rameses the second.

Did they introduce new religious beliefs and


systems of belief?
No, Amenhtoep III didnt introduce anything new, but he was worshipped
like a god it seemed, because it has been shown that he was worshipped

at his own temple when he lived. Amenhotep III remodelled the temple of
Amun, built temples and shrines for the goddesses Mut and Maat and he
also built a temple for Sobek. His son Amenhotep IV better known as
Akhenaten, who did introduce new religions.
Did he die in mysterious circumstances?
It is not reallyknown what Amenhotep III died of, though he died of an
illness at the age around his mid-forties. He ruled ancient Egypt for about
37 or more years from 1538 to 1501 BC.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/amenhotep_iii.shtml
http://www.nndb.com/people/398/000162909/