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4531/2
Fizik
Kertas 2
September
2005

4531/2

2 jam

MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2005

FIZIK
Kertas 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit
4
5
3
1

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


1.

2
2.
3.

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa

Tuliskan nama dan kelas anda pada


ruang yang disediakan.

Bahagian
Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam
dwibahasa.
Soalan di halaman kiri adalah
dalam bahasa Melayu. Soalan di
halaman kanan adalah yang
sepadan dalam bahasa Inggeris.

4.

Calon
dibenarkan
menjawab
keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan
sama ada dalam bahasa Melayu
atau bahasa Inggeris.

5.

Calon
dikehendaki
membaca
maklumat di halaman 2 atau
halaman 3.

B
C

Soalan

Markah
Penuh

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4

4
5
6
7
8
8
10
12
20
20
20
20

Markah
Diperoleh

Jumlah

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 63 halaman bercetak dan 1 halaman tidak bercetak

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2005 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA

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INFORMATION TO CANDIDATES
1.

This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and Section C.

2.

Answer all questions in Section A. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces
provided in the question paper.

3.

Answer one question from Section B and one question from Section C. Write your
answers for Section B and Section C on the lined pages at the end of this question
paper. Answer questions in Section B and Section C in detail. You may use equations,
diagrams, tables, graphs and other suitable methods to explain your answer.

4.

Show your working. It may help you to get marks.

5.

If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.

6.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

7.

A list of formulae is provided on page 5.

8.

The marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.

9.

The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes, Section B is 30 minutes and


Section C is 30 minutes.

10. You may use non-programmable scientific calculator.


11. Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination.

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The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.
vu
t

22.

V = IR

2.

v 2 = u 2 + 2as

25.

Power, P = IV

3.

1
s = ut + at 2
2
Momentum = mv
F = ma

26.

Ns = Vs
NP VP

25.

Efficiency = IS VS x 100%
I P VP

26.

g = 10 m s-2

1.

4.
5.

a=

7.

1
Kinetic energy = mv 2
2
Potential energy = mgh

8.

Elastic potential energy =

9.

10.

Pressure, P =

11.

Pressure, P = hg

12.

Heat, Q = mc

13.

pV
= constant
T

14.
15.

E = mc 2
v = f

16.

Power, P =

17.

1 1 1
= +
f u v

18.

6.

19.
20.
21.

1 2
mv
Fx
2

m
V
F
A

Energy
time

ax
D

sin i
sin r
n = real depth
apparent depth
Q = It
n=

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For

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4531/2 Examiners
Use

Section A
[ 60 marks ]
Answer all questions in this section
The time suggested to complete this section is 90 minutes.

The Figure 1.1 shows a manometer which can be used to measure gas pressure.

Metre rule

Rubber tube
Manometer

Gas tap closed


Liquid X

FIGURE 1.1
(a) (i)

Name the liquid X.

1(a)(i)

......
[1 mark]
(ii)

1(a)(ii)

Give the reason for your answer in (a)(i).


..
[1 mark]

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(b)

For
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Examiners
Use
The gas tap is opened so that gas can flow to the rubber tube into the manometer.

Meter rule

Rubber tube
Manometer

Gas tap opened

FIGURE 1.2
(i)

On Figure 1.2, draw the levels of the liquid in both arms of the
manometer.

1(b)(i)

...
[1 mark]
(ii)

Explain why the levels of liquid X are as drawn in Figure 1.2.

1(b)(ii)

.
[1 mark]

Total

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2

11

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Figure 2 shows a graph of activity against time for Iodine-131 for determining the halflife of the radioactive substance.

For
Examiners
Use

Activity / Count minute -1


C

C
2

16

Time / day

FIGURE 2
(a)

What is meant by the term half-life ?

2(a)

..
[1 mark]
(b)

Why is the activity of Iodine-131 gradually decreasing?

2(b)

..
[1 mark]
(c)

Sodium-24 takes 75 days to decay from 160 g to 5 g.

2(c)

Calculate the half-life of the radioisotope.

[2 marks]
(d)

2(d)

Name one application of radioisotopes in medicine.


..
[1 mark]

Untuk
Kegunaan
Pemeriksa

Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan susunan radas satu eksperimen untuk menentukan ketumpatan

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Total

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3

13

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For
Examiners
Use
Figure 3.1 shows the set-up for an experiment to determine the density of the solid P.

Figure 3.2 shows the reading of the balance and the water level when the P is immersed
in water.

P
150 cm3

100 cm3
P

200 g

750 g

FIGURE 3.1
(a)

(i)

FIGURE 3.2

3 (a)(i)

What is meant by the term ?


..
[1 mark]

(ii)

3 (a)(ii)

What is the volume of the solid P ?


..
[1 mark]

(iii)

Calculate the density of the solid P .

3 (a)(iii)

[2 marks]

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For
Examiners
Use

The solid material P is converted into small solid spheres that can be used to create a
simple hydrometer as shown in Figures 3.3 and 3.4.
Test tube
Spheres from
solid P

Liquid Y

Liquid X
FIGURE 3.3
(b) (i)

FIGURE 3.4

Compare the densities of liquid X and liquid Y.

3(b)(i)

..
[1 mark]
(ii)

Compare the upthrust experienced by the simple hydrometer in Figures 3.3


and 3.4.

3(b)(ii)

.
[1 mark]

TOTAL

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For
Examiners
Use

4 Figure 4.1 shows silicon atoms, each with four valence electrons in its outermost shell.
.

Si

Si

Si

Si

FIGURE 4.1
(a)

(i)

4(a)(i)

What is meant by doping ?


.
[1 mark]

(ii)

Mark ( ) for the type of element needed during doping to produce a ptype semiconductor in the box provided below.
Trivalent

4(a)(ii)

Pentavalent
[1 mark ]

(iii) Name the majority charge carrier in the p-type semiconductor


. 4(a)(iii)
[1 mark]
(b)

Figure 4.2 shows a circuit containing a transistor which functions as an automatic


switch. Bulb M will light up if the potential difference across XY exceeds 3.6 V

X
P

10 k

Bulb M

6V

Y
LDR

Z
FIGURE 4.2

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(i)

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For
Examiners
Use

What is the potential difference across YZ when the resistance of the 4(b)(i)
Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) is 20 k ?

[ 2 marks ]
(ii)

What happens to bulb M ?

4(b)(ii)

[ 1 mark ]
(iii)

Give a reason for your answer in (b) (ii)

4(b)(iii)

[ 1 mark ]

Total

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For

21

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Use

5 Figure 5.1 shows a student jumping from a certain height towards the floor which
resulted in a leg injury.
Figure 5.2 shows a broken egg when it is dropped from a certain height.

Egg

Broken
egg

FIGURE 5.1
(a)

FIGURE 5.2

Describe the change in the velocity of the egg and the student while moving in the 5(a)
air.

[1 mark]

(b)

Based on Figures 5.1 and 5.2 identify one physical quantity that causes injury to 5(b)
the student and breaks the egg.
.
[1 mark]

(c)

Suggest a method that would have :


(i)

reduced injury to the students leg.

5(c)(i)

...
[1 mark]
(ii)

prevented the egg from breaking.

5(c)(ii)

.
[1 mark]

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(d)

23

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For
Examiners
Use

Explain why the methods you suggested in (c) (i) and (c) (ii) can help avoid leg 5(d)
injury and the broken egg.
.
[1 mark]

(e)

5(e)

State the relationship between the answers in (b) and (d).


.
[1 mark]

(f)

Use the relationship in (e) to explain why a ball with a low air pressure does not
travel far when kicked.

5(f)

.
.
[2 marks]

Total

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25

For
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Use

6 The frequencies of sound by two instruments, a gong and a whistle are studied using a
. cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO). Figure 6.1 shows tracings produced by sounds from
the gong and the whistle.

Whistles
signal

CRO
Screen

Gongs
signal

FIGURE 6.1

(a)

6 (a)

What is meant by frequency ?


.
[1 mark]

(b)

Based on Figure 6.1, compare the frequencies of sound waves produced by the 6 (b)
gong and the whistle.
.
[1 mark]

(c)

Compare the magnitude of the following for sound waves produced by the gong
and the whistle.
(i)

6 (c)(i)

Velocity

[1 mark]

(ii)

6 (c)(ii)

Wavelength

[1 mark]

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(d)

27

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For
Examiners
Use

The gong and the whistle are used to produce sound at P in the laboratory.
It is observed that sound by the gong can be heard clearly at Q, R and S outside
the laboratory but sound by the whistle can be heard clearly only at Q and R but
not clearly at S. The positions of P, Q, R and S are shown in Figure6.2.
Laboratory

P
Q

S
FIGURE 6.2
(i)

Name the wave phenomenon which makes it possible for the sound by the
gong to be heard clearly at S.

6 (d)(i)

[1 mark]
(ii)

Based on answers in (c) and (d)(i), state the relationship between


wavelength and this wave phenomenon.

6 (d)(ii)

[1 mark]
(e)

Sound waves with frequencies between 1 and 15 MHz are used for detecting
objects in the body. The instrument works optimumly if the wavelength of the
sound waves used by the instrument is equal to the size of the object.

6 (e)

If sound travels at 1540 m s-1 in tissues , calculate the minimum frequency


needed to detect 0.5 mm objects.

[2 marks]

Total

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For

29

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Use

7 Figure 7.1 shows hot food placed in a metal container. This food becomes cold in a short
time interval.

hot food

FIGURE 7.1
(a)

Why does the hot food kept in the metal container become cold fast?

7(a)

....
[1 mark]
A metal container of mass 2 kg is used to keep the food which is at a temperature of
50oC. After 15 minutes, the foods temperature has dropped to room temperature, 30oC.
(b)

(i)

Calculate the heat given off by the metal container to the surroundings. The 7(b)(i)
specific heat capacity of the metal is 450 J kg-1 oC-1.

[2 marks ]
(ii)

What is the assumption made in (b)(i) ?

7(b)(ii)

.
[1 mark]

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For
Examiners
Use

Figure 7.2 shows a metal container which has been modified to keep hot food so that the
food remains hot for a longer time.

hot food

Water

240V
power
supply

FIGURE 7.2

(c)

(i)

Name the electrical components X and Y in Figure 7.2.

7(c)(i)

Component X :
...............................................................................................
Componen Y : ...............................................................................................
[2 marks ]
(ii)

Name the function of components X and Y.

7(c)(ii)

Component X :
...............................................................................................
Componen Y : ...............................................................................................
[2 marks ]

Total

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For
Examiners
Use

The graph in Figure 7.3 shows the rate of temperature decrease for the metal container
before components X and Y are installed.
Temperature/ oC
50

30

Time/ minute
15

(d)

FIGURE 7.3

Sketch a graph showing the rate of temperature decrease for the metal container
after components X and Y are installed.

7(d)

Temperature/ oC
50

30

Time/ minute
FIGURE 7.4
[2 marks]

Total

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For
Examiners
Use

8 Figure 8.1 shows a model of an alternating current generator in a laboratory.


Armature

Direction of rotation

S
Galvanometer
0

FIGURE 8.1
(a)

8(a)

Name the part labeled X in the alternating current generator.


...
[1 mark]

(b)

(i)

Sketch a graph of induced current against time when the armature is


rotated as shown in Figure 8.1.

8(b)(i)

[2 marks ]
(ii)

Sketch a graph of induced current against time when the armature is


rotating faster.

[ 2marks ]

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8(b)(ii)

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A teacher wishes to use a generator for a camping expedition. Table 8.1 shows the
characteristics of 3 generators J, K and L.
Generator

For
Examiners
Use

Light Bulb

Generator
Type
J

Output
Voltage, V
110

110V, 2A

Maximum
Number
of
Bulbs
Operating at Normal Brightness
10

240

240V, 1A

110

110V, 4A

Bulb Rating

TABLE 8.1
(c)

(i)

What is meant by the label 24V, 60W on a bulb ?

8(c)(i)

(ii)

.
[1 mark]
Calculate the power dissipated in each generator.

8(c)(ii)

[ 4 marks]
(iii)

Which generator is most suitable to be used ? Give your reason.

8(c)(iii)

.
.
.
[2 marks]

Total

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Section B
[20 marks]
Answer any one question in this section
The time suggested to complete this section is 30 minutes.
. 1 Figure 1.1 shows a pile driver being released from different heights to hit a pile which is
placed perpendicularly to the ground. The impact causes the pile to sink to different
depths into the ground, as shown in Figure 1.2.

Pile driver
h2
h1
Pile X

Ground

Pile Y

FIGURE 1.1
Pile driver
Pile X

Ground

Pile Y

FIGURE 1.2
(a)

What is meant by the term energy ?


[1 mark]

(b)

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Using Figures 1.1 and 1.2, compare the height from which the pile driver is
released and the depth the pile is driven into the ground. State the relationship
between the height from which the pile driver is released and the force exerted on
the pile.
[5 marks]

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(c). Figure 1.3 shows a worker cutting grass by pushing and pulling a lawn mower.

FIGURE1.3
Using Physics concepts, compare the difficulty of the job when the worker :
(i)

pushes the lawn mower.

(ii)

pulls the lawn mower.

You may use diagrams in your answer.


[4 marks]
(d)

The Malaysian Amateur Athletics Union (MAAU) is taking part in the Olympics
to be held in Beijing in the year 2006. One of the events contested will be the pole
vault. Figure 1.4 shows the action of a pole vaulter.

FIGURE 1.4
Use your knowledge in physics to identify and explain the characteristics that
MAAU will use to choose the athletes and the type of training needed for the
coming competition in the following aspects.
(i)

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Athletes choosen to participate in the competition.

[2 marks ]

(ii) Equipment needed.

[4 marks]

(iii) Safety of equipment and athletes.

[4 marks]

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Wave phenomena affect both water and light waves.


Deep water

Shallow
FIGURE 2.1

Water
FIGURE 2.2

Figure 2.1 shows water waves in a ripple tank travelling from a deep zone to a shallow
zone.
Figure 2.2 shows a light ray bending when travelling from air into water in a glass.
(a)

(i)

What is meant by the term wave front ?


[1 mark]

(ii)

Compare the propagation of both water and light waves in Figures 2.1 and
2.2 .
Hence find the relationship between the physical quantities involved and
identify the physics concept involved here.
[5 marks]

(b)

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Based on physics principles, explain why the sound of a horn can be heard more
clearly at night than during the day.
[4 marks]

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(c)

Figure 2.3 shows a bay and a cape. You have been selected as the consultant to
company given the task of choosing a suitable location and developing the area
into a tourist attraction.
Using physics concepts,
(i)

select the suitable location and explain why it is suitable to be developed as


a tourist attraction.
[2 marks]

(ii)

suggest the structures needed to overcome the problem of beach erosion.


[4 marks]

(iii)

explain the characteristics of building materials needed for the structures.


[4 marks]

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FIGURE 2.3

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Section C
[20 marks]
Answer any one question in this section.
Inner layer
The time suggested to complete this section is 30 minutes.
3. Figure 3.1 shows an optical fibre used in the telecommunications industry. An optical
fibre is made up of two parts, an inner and an outer layer. The outer layer has a
refractive index of 1.47.
Outer layer

FIGURE 3.1

Table 3.2 shows characteristics of five materials that can be used to produce the inner or
outer layer of an optical fibre.
Characteristics
Material

Percentage of
Light
Transmitted/
%
99

95

1.45

Moderate

2300

90

1.49

Stiff

2650

85

1.52

Moderate

2500

90

1.60

Stiff

3500

Refractive
Index

Stiffness

Density/
-3
kg m

1.40

Stiff

2250

TABLE 3.2

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(i)
(ii)

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What is meant by the term refractive index ?


[1 mark]
Explain how light is propagated from one end to the other through the
optical fibre.
[4 marks]

(iii) You are requested to choose the suitable material for the manufacture of the
inner layer of optical fibres.
By referring to the materials given in Table 3.1, explain the suitability of
each characteristic and suggest the most suitable material for the
manufacture of the inner layer of optical fibres.
[10 marks]
(b)

Figure 3.2 shows a beam of light directed into a clear prism. The refractive index
of the prism is 2.419.
A

Light ray

Clear prism
Rajah 3.2

45

C
FIGURE 3.2

.
(i)

Explain why the beam of light is not refracted at the surface AB.
[1mark]

(ii)

Calculate the critical angle of the prism.


[2 marks]

(iii) What happens to the beam of light when it reaches surface AC ?


Explain why this happens .
[2 marks]

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4 Figure 4.1 shows the installation of decorative lights in the front of a house to celebrate the
48th Independence Day .
Connecting
Light bulb
wire

House

Front of house
FIGURE 4.1

Table 4.1 shows the characteristics of the connecting wires, power of light bulbs and
possible ways of wiring the light bulbs in the circuit .

Characteristic
Option
P

Connecting Wire
Density /
Resistivity /
kg m-3
m
1.72 x 10-8
8.93 x 103

Power of light
bulb / W

Light bulb wire


connection

15

In parallel

9.7 x 10-8

7.87 x 103

60

In series

5.3 x 10-8

10.50 x 103

60

In series

2.5 x 10-8

2.70 x 103

15

In parallel

TABLE 4.1
(a)

(i)

What is Ohms Law ?


[1 mark ]

(ii)

You have been assigned to investigate the characteristics of the connecting


wires, light bulbs, and ligbt bulb wiring in Table 4.1. Explain the suitablility
of each characteristic and select the most suitable option.
Explain your choice.
[10 marks ]
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(b) Three similar bulbs are connected in series to three dry cells each having a value
of 1.5V . The cells are also connected in series.
(i)

Draw a diagram of the circuit.


[2 marks ]

(ii)

What is the total resistance in the circuit ?


Hence determine the resistance of each bulb.
[ 3 marks ]

(c)

Figure 4.3 shows two resistors R1 and R2 connected to a power supply V.

R1
V
R2

FIGURE 4.3

Compare and explain :


(i)

the magnitude of the current flowing through R1 to the current through R2.

(ii)

the potential difference across R1 to the potential difference across R2.


[4 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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