© All Rights Reserved

Просмотров: 5

© All Rights Reserved

- 164468-2016-syllabus
- AC_theory
- Electricity and Magnetism Review
- Railway Track Crack Detection
- Physics Lecture 2
- Pollock Sol 2
- 5. Magnetic Field1 by Sanjay Pandey
- Technical Paper 1 Magnetic Fields
- presentati_w06d1
- MELJUN CORTES ECEG05 Electromagnetics
- F5 Physics Programme Outline
- X_Science
- Force, Energy and Power
- EM Chp1_100
- Biot Savart Ampere New
- H22-pmENG
- Torque on a Current Loop
- EMF OF THIN SHEETS.pdf
- 1409.8040
- Lecture1 060210

Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 36

com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

1. Define scalar field?

A field is a system in which a particular physical function has a value at each and

every point in that region. The distribution of a scalar quantity with a defined position in a

space is called scalar field.

Ex: Temperature of atmosphere.

2. Define Vector field?

If a quantity which is specified in a region to defined a field is a vector then the

corresponding field is called vector field.

3. Define scaling of a vector?

This is nothing but, multiplication of a scalar with a vector. Such a multiplication changes

the magnitude of a vector but not the direction.

4. What are co-planar vector?

The vectors which lie in the same plane are called co-planar vectors.

5. What is an identical vector?

Two vectors are said to be identical if there difference is zero. Thus A and B

are

identical if A B 0, i.e, A B . Such two vectors are also called as equal vectors.

6. Define base vectors?

The base vectors are the unit vectors which are strictly oriented along the directions

of the coordinate axes of the given coordinate system.

7. What is a position vector?

Consider a point p(x, y, z) are Cartesian coordinate system. Then the position vector of

point p is represented by the distance of point p from the origin directed from origin to point.

This is also called as radius vector.

1

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The scalar of the two vectors Aand B is denoted as A.B and defined as the product

of the magnitude of A and magnitude of B and the cosine of angle between them.

A.B A B cosAB

9. Define Divergence.

Divergence is defined as the net outward flow of the flux per unit volume over a

closed incremental surface.

10. State Divergence Theorem.

The integral of the normal component of any vector field over a closed surface is equal to

the integral of the divergence of this vector field throughout the volume enclosed that closed

surface.

11. Define curl of a vector.

The maximum circulation of F per unit area as area tends to zero whose direction is

normal to the surface is called curl of F .

F CurlofF

The line integral of F around a closed path L is equal to the integral of curl of F over the

open surface S enclosed by the closed path L.

Mathematically it is expressed as

F.dL ( F ).dS

L

13. What is physical significance of curl of a vector field?

Curl gives rate of rotation. Curl F gives work done per unit area.

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

2

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

Divergence of current density gives net outflow of current per unit volume

.Divergence of flux density gives net outflow per unit volume. In general, divergence of any

field density gives net outflow of that field per unit volume.

15. State the conditions for a field to be a) solenoidal b) irrotational.

a) Divergence of the field has to be zero.

b) Curl of the field has to be zero.

16. Define scalar and vector quantity?

The scalar is a quantity whose value may be represented by a single real number

which may be positive or negative.e.g, temperature, mass, volume, density

A quantity which has both a magnitude and a specified direction in space is called

a vector.e.g.force, velocity, displacement, acceleration.

17. How to represent a vector.

A vector can be represented by a straight line with an arrow in a plane. The length of the

segment is the magnitude of a vector while the arrow indicates the direction of a vector. OA

18. What is a unit vector? What is its function while representing a vector?

A unit vector has a function to indicate the direction. Its magnitude is always unity,

irrespective of the direction which it indicates and the coordinate system under consideration.

19. Name 3 coordinate systems used in electromagnetic engineering?

1) Cartesian or rectangular coordinate system.

2) Cylindrical coordinate system.

3) Spherical coordinate system.

20. How to represent a point in a Cartesian system?

A point in rectangular coordinate system is located by three coordinates namely x, y and

z coordinates. The point can be reached by moving from origin, the distance x in x direction

then the distance y in y direction and finally z in z direction.

3

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The distance vector is also called as separation vector. Distance vector is nothing but the

length of the vector.

22. State Distance formula?

Distance formula give the distance between the two points representing tips of the vector.

23. What are differential elements in Cartesian system?

dl dxax dyay dzaz

dv dxdydz

ds dsan

24. What are the differential elements in cylindrical

system? dr-differential length in r direction

dz-differential length in z direction

dl drar rda dzaz

dv rdrddz

25. What are the differential elements in spherical coordinate

system? dr-differential length in r direction

r sin d -differential length in direction

dl drar rd a r sin d a

dv r sin drdd

4

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

26. Which are the surfaces used to define the cylindrical coordinate system?

= rddzar

ds = differential vector surface area normal to direction

= drdza

= rdrdaz

27. State the relation between Cartesian and cylindrical coordinate system?

x r cos

y r sin

zz

28. Show how a point p represented in a spherical coordinate system.

The point p can be defined as the intersection of three surfaces in spherical

coordinate system.

r - Constant which is a sphere with centre as origin

Constant which is a right circular cone with apex as origin and axis as z axis.

Constant is a plane perpendicular to xy plane.

29. State the relationship between Cartesian and spherical system?

x=r sin cos

y= r sin sin

z=r cos

Now r can be expressed as

2

2+

x +y

5

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

2

2

= r [sin + cos ]

2

=r

Dot product is also called as scalar product. It is defined as the product of the magnitude

of A and magnitude of

A.B | A || B | cosABan

1) It obeys commutative law. A.B B.A

3) If the dot product with itself is performed the result is square of the magnitude of that

vector A.A | A |

32. What is called as cross product?

Cross product is also called as vector product. It is defined as the product of the

magnitude of A and magnitude of

A B | A || B | sin ABan

1) Cross product is not cumulative

i.e. A B B A

2) Reversing the order of vectors, reverse its direction.

A B | B || A |

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

6

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

1) To determine the angle between the two vectors,

A.B

cos

| A || B |

2) To find the component of a vector in a given direction.

35. Give the application of cross product.

1) The cross product is used to determine the direction of force.

F IL B

force.

M r F | r || F | sin an

The scalar triple product is

A.( B C) B.(C A) C.( A B)

1) The scalar triple product is distributive.

2) If two of the three vectors are equal then the result of the scalar triple product is zero.

A.( A C) 0

The vector triple product of the three vectors A, B, C are mathematically defined as,

A (B C) B( A.C) C( A.B)

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The vector triple product properties are

1. B (C A) C(B.A) A(B.C)

C ( A B) A(C.B) B(C.A)

2. ( A.B)C A(B.C) And

( A.B)C C( A.B)

40. Convert Cartesian to cylindrical system.

Ar

A

Az

cos sin

sin cos

0Ax

0

A

y

1

A z

Ar sin cos

A cos cos

Az

sin sin

cos sin

sin

cos

cos Ax

Ay

sin

0 Az

Ax cos

Ay sin

Az

sin 0 Ar

cos 0 A

1 Az

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

d r2 r1 2r1r2 cos(2 1) (z2 z1) -Cylindrical

44. What are the types of integral related to electromagnetic theory?

1. Line integral

2. Surface integral

3. Volume integral

45. Give the curl vector of the Cartesian system.

ax

F x

Fx

ay

y

Fy

az

z

Fz

ar

1

F r sin r

Fr

ra r sin a

rF r sin F

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

ar

ra

az

r r

Fr

z

Fz

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

48. Given two points A (5, 4, 3) and (2, 3, 4).Find mid point of AB.

x1 x2 y1 y2 z1 z2

,

,

2

2

2

52 43 34

,

,

2

2

2

(3.5,3.5,3.5)

B (-3,-3, 5). find distance from B to A.

BA A B [3 (3)ax [(2) (3)]ay [1 5]az

= 6ax ay 4az

BA (6) (1) (4) 7.2801

10

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

UNIT II

ELECTROSTATICS

TWO MARKS

1. Define point charge.

A point charge means that electric charge which is separated on a surface or space whose

geometrical dimensions are very very small compared to other dimensions, in which the effect

of electric field to be studied.

2. Define one coulomb.

-9

18

One coulomb of charge is defined as the charge possessed by (1/1.602x10 ) i.e 6x10

number of electrons.

3. State Coulombs law.

The coulombs law states that force between the two point charges Q1 and Q2

i) Acts along the line joining the two point charges

ii) is directly proportional to the product of the charges

iii) is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Q1Q2 F

R2

It is defined as k

4

where 0 r

5. Define electric field intensity at a point.

The electric field intensity is defined as force exerted per unit charge.

Q1

E 4 0 R 1 a 1 p

11

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

.7. Define surface charge density.

totalcharg eincoulomb

s =

C/m2 totalareainsq.meters

8. What is an equipotential surface?

An equipotential surface is an imaginary surface in an electric field of a given

charge distribution, in which all points on the surface are at the same electric potential.

9. What is an electric flux?

The total number of lines of force in any particular electric field is called electric flux.

It is represented by the symbol . Similar to the charge, unit of electric flux is also Coulomb.

10. Define electric flux density.

The net flux passing normal through the unit surface area is called electric flux density. It

under consideration hence it is a vector field.

11. State Gausss Law.

The electric flux passing through any closed surface is equal to the total charge

enclosed by that surface.

12. State the mathematical representation of Gausss law.

The common form used to represent Gausss law mathematically is

Q D.ds vdv .

s

1) The Gausss law can be used to find E and D for symmetrical charge distributions.

2) It is used to find the charge enclosed or the flux passing through the closed surface.

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

12

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

V =

Totalvolumeincubicmeters

The rate of change of potential with respect to the distance is called potential gradient.

dv lim v Potentialg radient.

dL v0 L

16. What is Gradient of V?

The maximum value of rate of change of potential with distance dv/dL is called gradient

of V.

17. Define line charge density.

totallength

The Poissons equation is stated as,

2

0. x

v

2

y z

20. State Laplace equation in cylindrical form.

2

1 v

r

1 v v

2

r r r r z

0.

13

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

2

1

2

r r

r r sin

1 v

(sin

r sin

0.

22. State the applications of Poissons equation and Laplaces equation.

1) To obtain potential distribution over the region.

2) To obtain E in the region.

3) To check whether given region is free of charge or not.

4) To obtain the charge induced on the surface of the region.

23. Define current density.

The current density is defined as the current passing through the unit surface area, when

the surface is held normal to the direction of the current. The current density is measured in

2

A/m .

24. Define a current and its unit Ampere.

The current is defined as the rate of flow of charge and is measured as Amperes.

A current of 1 Ampere is said to be flowing across the surface when the charge of

1 coulomb is passing across the surface in 1 second.

25. What is drift current and convection current?

The current constituted due to the drifting of electrons in metallic conductor is called

drift current.

While in dielectrics, there can be flow of charges, under the influence of electric

field intensity. Such a current is called convection current.

26. What is Polarization?

The applied field E shifts the charges inside the dielectric to induce the electric dipoles.

This process is called Polarization.

14

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

Polarization of dielectric means, when an electron cloud has a centre separated from the

nucleus. This forms an electric dipole. The dipole gets aligned with the applied field.

28. State the point form of Ohms law.

The relationship between JandE can also be expressed in terms of conductivity of the

material. Thus for metallic conductor,

J E

Where - conductivity of material. And the equation is called point form of Ohms law.

29. What is Potential Gradient?

The rate of change of potential with respect to the distance is called potential gradient.

dv lim v Potentialg radient.

dL v0 L

30. What is Boundary conditions means?

The conditions existing at the boundary of the two media when field passes from

one medium to other are called boundary conditions.

31. How is electric energy stored in a capacitor?

In a capacitor, the work done in charging a capacitor is stored in the form of electric

energy.

32. What is a capacitor?

A capacitor is an electrical device composed of two conductors which are separated

through a dielectric medium and which can store equal and opposite charges ,independent

of whether other conductors in the system are charged or not.

33. Define dielectric strength of a dielectric?

The minimum value of the applied electric field at which the dielectric breaks down is

called dielectric strength of that dielectric.

15

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

UNIT III

MAGNETOSTATICS

1. Define Magnetic flux density.

The total magnetic lines of force i.e. magnetic flux crossing a unit area in a plane at right

2

angles to the direction of flux is called magnetic flux density. It is denoted as B .Unit Wb/m .

2. State Amperes circuital law.

The line integral of magnetic field intensity H around a closed path is exactly equal to

the direct current enclosed by that path.

3. Define Magnetic field Intensity.

Magnetic Field intensity at any point in the magnetic field is defined as the force

experienced by a unit north pole of one Weber strength, when placed at that point. Unit: N/Wb

(or) AT /m.It is denoted as H .

4. Define Inductance.

In general, inductance is also referred as self inductance as the flux produced by

the current flowing through the coil links with the coil itself.

5. What is fringing effect?

If there is an air gap in between the path of the magnetic flux, it spreads and bulges out.

This effect is called fringing effect.

6. What are boundary conditions?

The conditions of the magnetic field existing at the magnetic field existing at the

boundary of the two media when the magnetic field passes from one medium to other are called

boundary conditions.

7.Define self inductance.

Self inductance is defined as the rate of total magnetic flux linkage to the currentthrough the coil.

16

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The Biot Savart law states that,

The magnetic field intensity dH produced at a point p due to a differential current

element IdL is

1) Proportional to the product of the current I and differential length dL

2) The sine of the angle between the element and the line joining point p to the element

3) And inversely proportional to the square of the distance R between point p and the

element

dH

IdLsin

R2

9. What is Magnetostatics?

The study of steady magnetic field, existing in a given space, produced due to the flow

of direct current through a conductor is called Magnetostatics.

10. What is Magnetic Field?

The region around a magnet within which influence of the magnet can be experienced is

called Magnetic Field.

11. What are Magnetic Lines of Force?

The existence of Magnetic Field can be experienced with the help of compass field.

Such a field is represented by imaginary lines around the magnet which are called Magnetic

Lines of Force.

12. Give the relation between Magnetic flux and Flux density.

The relation between Magnetic flux and flux density is obtained through the property

of medium and permeability . This is given by,

B H .

17

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The divergence of magnetic flux density is always zero.

.B 0 .

14. Define scalar magnetic Potential.

The scalar magnetic potential Vm can be defined for source free region where J

i.e. current density is zero.

15. Define Magneto static energy density.

The magneto static energy density function is defined as

Wm lim

wm

v0

H .

The mutual inductance between the two coils is defined as the ratio of flux linkage of one

coil to the current in other coil. Thus the mutual inductance between circuit 1 and circuit 2 is

given by

12

2 12

H.

I1

MMF R.

The field produced due to the movement of bound charges is called Magnetization

represented by M .

18. Define Reluctance.

Reluctance R is defined as the ratio of the magneto motive force to the total flux.

R

em

18

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

Lorentz force equation relates mechanical force to the electrical force. It is given as

the total force on a moving charge in the presence of both electric and magnetic fields.

F Fe F m N .

20. Define Moment of force.

The Moment of a force or torque about a specified point is defined as the vector product

of the moment arm R and the force F . It is measured in Nm.

T R FNm .

21. Define Magnetic dipole moment.

The Magnetic dipole moment of a current loop is defined as the product of

current through the loop and the area of the loop, directed normal to the current loop.

22. Give any two dissimilarities between electric and magnetic circuits.

1) In electric circuit the current actually flows i.e. there is a movement of electrons

whereas in magnetic circuit, due to m.m.f, flux gets established and doesnt flow in the sense in

which current flows.

2) The electric lines of flux are not closed. They start from positive charge and end on

negative charge and the magnetic lines of flux are closed lines.

23. Define current density.

Current density is defined as the current per unit area.

J= I/A Amp/m2

19

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

UNIT IV

ELECTRODYNAMIC FIELDS

1. State Amperes Circuital law.

The line integral of magnetic field intensity H around a closed path is exactly equal to the

direct current enclosed by that path.

The mathematical representation is

H.dL I .

2.Write Maxwells equation derived from Amperes Circuital law in differential form.

xH J

D

t

3. Write Maxwells equation derived from Amperes Circuital law in differential form.

D

H .dL J t .dS

4.State Maxwell equation I.

The MMF around a closed path is equal to the sum of the conduction current and

displacement current enclosed by the path.

5.Define Faradays Law.

Faradays law can be stated as,

e N

d

dt Volts

E=Induced e.m.f.

6. Write Maxwells equation derived from Faradays law in differential form.

xE

20

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

B

E.dL t .dS

8.State Maxwells Equation II.

The EMF around a closed path is equal to the magnetic displacement(flux density) through that

closed path.

9.Define Electric Gauss law.

It states that electric flux through any closed surface is equal to the charge enclosed by

the surface.

10. Write Maxwells equation derived from Electric Gauss law in integral form.

D.dS .dV

11. Write Maxwells equation derived from Electric Gauss law in differential form.

.D

12. State Maxwells Equation III.

The total electric displacement through the surface enclosing a volume is equal to the total

charge within the volume.

13.Define Magnetic Gauss law.

It states that the total magnetic flux through any closed surface is equal to zero.

14.Write Maxwells equation derived from Magnetic Gauss law in integral form.

B.dS 0

15. Write Maxwells equation derived from Magnetic Gauss law in differential form.

.B 0

21

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The net magnetic flux emerging through any closed surface is zero.

17.Explain why .B 0

There is no magnetic charges hence the net magnetic flux emerging through any closed surface

is zero.

18.Explain why .D 0

In a free space there is no charge enclosed by the medium .The volume charge density is zero.

19.Write down the Maxwells Equation in Point form.

xH J

xE

D

t

.D

.B 0

20. Write down the Maxwells Equation in integral form.

D

H .dL J t .dS

B

E.dL t .dS

D.dS .dV

B.dS 0

22

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

21.Write down the Maxwells Equations for free space in point form.

xH

xE

.D

.B 0

22.Write down the Maxwells Equations for free space in integral form.

D

H .dL

.dS

t

B

E.dL t .dS

D.dS .dV

B.dS 0

23.Write down the Maxwells Equations in point phasor form.

xH ( j )E

xE jH

.D

.B 0

23

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

H.dL ( j )E.dS

E.dL jH.dS

D.dS .dV

B.dS 0

25.Define conduction current density.

The conduction current current per unit area is known as conduction current density.

26.What is displacement flux density?

The electric displacement per unit area is known as electric displacement flux density or electric

flux density.

27.State poynting Theorem.

The net power flowing out of a given volume is equal to the time rate of decrease of the energy

stored within the volume conduction losses.

28.Define pointing Vector.

The poynting vector is defined as rate of flow of energy of a wave as it propagates.

P=ExH

24

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

UNIT V

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

1. Define a wave.

If a physical phenomenon that occurs at one place at a given time is reproduced

at other places at later times , the time delay being proportional to the space separation

from the first location then the group of phenomena constitutes a wave.

2. Mention the properties of uniform plane wave.

i) At every point in space ,the electric field E and magnetic field H are perpendicular to

each other.

ii)The fields vary harmonically with time and at the same frequency everywhere in

space. 3.Define intrinsic impedance or characteristic impedance.

It is the ratio of electric field to magnetic field. or It is the ratio of square root

of permeability to permittivity of medium.

4.Define propagation constant.

Propagation constant is a complex number

j

where is propagation constant

5.Define skin depth

It is defined as that depth in which the wave has been attenuated to 1/e

or approximately 37% of its original value.

6.Define Poynting vector.

The pointing vector is defined as rate of flow of energy of a wave as it

propagates. P =E X H

25

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The net power flowing out of a given volume is equal to the time rate of decrease

of the the energy stored within the volume- conduction losses.

8. State Maxwells fourth equation.

The net magnetic flux emerging through any closed surface is zero.

9. State Maxwells Third equation

The total electric displacement through the surface enclosing a volume is equal to the

total charge within the volume.

10. Define loss tangent.

Loss tangent is the ratio of the magnitude of conduction current density to

displacement current density of the medium.

11.What will happen when the wave is incident obliquely over dielectric dielectric

boundary?

When a plane wave is incident obliquely on the surface of a perfect dielectric part of

the energy is transmitted and part of it is reflected .But in this case the transmitted wave will be

refracted, that is the direction of propagation is altered.

12.What is the fundamental difference between static electric and magnetic field

lines?

There is a fundamental difference between static electric and magnetic field lines.

The tubes of electric flux originate and terminates on charges, whereas magnetic flux tubes

are continuous.

13.What are uniform plane waves?

Electromagnetic waves which consist of electric and magnetic fields that are

perpendicular to each other and to the direction of propagation and are uniform in plane

perpendicular to the direction of propagation are known as uniform plane waves.

26

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The only significant feature of wave propagation in an imperfect dielectric compared

to that in a perfect dielectric is the attenuation undergone by the wave.

15. Define power density.

The power density is defined as the ratio of power to unit area.

Power density=power/unit area.

16. What is called wave velocity?

The velocity of propagation is called as wave velocity. It is denoted as .

1

.

17. What is called as intrinsic impedance?

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

The ratio of amplitudes of EandH of the waves in either direction is called intrinsic

impedance of the material in which wave is travelling. It is denoted by .

18. Why dielectric medium is lossless dielectric.

For perfect dielectric medium, both the fields EandH are in phase. Hence there is no

attenuation .Hence there is no loss.

19. What is mean by lossy dielectric?

The presence of attenuation indicates there is a loss in the medium. Hence such medium

is called as lossy dielectric.

20. What is mean by skin depth?

The distance through which the amplitude of the travelling wave decreases to 37% of

the original amplitude is called skin depth or depth of penetration.

27

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

For the frequencies in the microwave range, the skin depth or depth of penetration is very

small for good conductors and all the fields and currents may be considered as confined to a thin

layer near the surface of the conductor. This thin layer is nothing but the skin of the conductor

and hence it is called skin effect.

22. What is Normal Incidence?

When a uniform plane wave incidences normally to the boundary between the

media, then it is known as normal incidence.

23. What is normal Incidence?

When a uniform plane wave incidences obliquely to the boundary between the

media, then it is known as normal incidence.

24. What is called attenuation constant?

When a wave propagates in the medium, it gets attenuated. The amplitude of the signal

reduces. This is represented by attenuation constant . It is measured in neper per meter

(NP/m). But practically it is expressed in decibel (dB).

25. What is phase constant?

When a wave propagates, phase change also takes place. Such a phase change

is expressed by a phase constant . It is measured in radian per meter (rad/m).

26. Define standing wave ratio.

The standing wave ratio is defined as the ratio of maximum to minimum amplitudes of

voltage.

1s m ax

E

1s m in

Fir practical dielectric, there is some conductivity, that is its value is not zero and hence

there is some loss in practical dielectric but its value is very small.

28

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

QUESTION BANK

UNIT-I

INTRODUCTION

1. What are the different types of Coordinate systems? Explain any one of them.

2. Define Divergence Theorem and Prove the Theorem.

3. Define Stokes Theorem and Prove the Theorem.

4. Explain briefly about the Sources and effects of electromagnetic fields.

4

2

is solenoid .

ii) Show that the Vector 2xy a x +(x +2yz) a y +(y +1) a z is irrotational.

6 i) Prove that .xH 0

ii) Prove that xV 0

2

8. Transform the vector field W 10 a x - 8a y 6az to cylindrical coordinate system

at point P (10,-8, 6).

UNIT-II

ELECTROSTATICS

1. Derive the expression for electric field intensity due to infinite line charge.

2. Derive the expression for electric field intensity due to infinite charge.

3. Derive the expression for electric field intensity due to infinite circular ring of

charge.

29

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

4. State Gauss s law and explain any two applications.

5 .i) Derive the expression for energy stored in a Capacitor.

ii) Explain Poisson s and Laplace equations.

6. Derive the boundary conditions at the charge interface of two dielectric media.

7. The charge is distributed along the z-axis from z=-5 m to - and from z=+5 m

to + with a charge density of 20nC/m. Find electric field intensity at (2,0,0)m.

8. Four point charges each of 10C are placed in free space at the points (1, 0, 0),

(-1,0,0),(0,1,0) and (0,-1,0)m respectively. Determine the force on a point charge

o 30 C located at a point (0,0,1)m.

9. Derive the expression for composite parallel plate capacitor.

10. Derive the expression for energy stored and energy density in electrostatic

fields.

11. Derive the expression for capacitance between two co-axial cylinders of radii

a(inner) and b (outer) respectively.

UNIT-III

MAGNETOSTATICS

permeability due to an infinitely long current carrying conductor at a distance r

2. State Ampere s Circuital law and explain any two applications.

3. Obtain the boundary conditions of normal and tangential components of

magnetic field at the interface of two media with different dielectrics.

4. Explain Biot s Savart law in vector form.

30

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

5. Derive the expression for Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potential.

6. Derive the expression for inductance of solenoid and toroid.

7. Derive the expression for magnetic force between two parallel conductors.

8. Derive the expression for energy stored in magnetic fields and its energy.

UNIT-IV

ELECTRODYNAMIC FIELDS

2. Explain the Maxwell s Equation derived from Faraday s Law

3. Explain Maxwell s Equation-III and Maxwell s Equation-IV.

4. Compare Field Theory and Circuit Theory.

5. Derive the expression for Displacement Current .

6. Derive the Maxwell s Equations in Free space.

7. Derive the Maxwell s Equations in phasor form.

8. For 1A conductor current in copper wire find the corresponding displacement

7

UNIT-V

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

1. Derive the electromagnetic wave equation for electric fields and magnetic fields.

2. Explain the Wave propagation in Lossy medium.

3. Explain the Wave propagation in Lossless medium.

4. State and prove Poynting theorem.

5. Define Brewster angle and derive its expression.

31

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

Ph: 9942099122

DEPARTMENT OF EEE| EE2202-ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY - II YEAR

6. Obtain the expression for the reflection co-efficient and transmission coefficient

for a wave normally incident on the surface of the dielectric.

7. Find the skin depth at a frequency of 2MHz in aluminum where

8. Obtain the expression for the reflection co-efficient and transmission coefficient

for a wave incident obliquely on the surface of the dielectric.

32

www.Vidyarthiplus.com

- 164468-2016-syllabusЗагружено:Umar Abbas Babar
- AC_theoryЗагружено:adidav
- Electricity and Magnetism ReviewЗагружено:oogie boogies
- Railway Track Crack DetectionЗагружено:raghuveertrilochan
- Physics Lecture 2Загружено:Gthulasi78
- Pollock Sol 2Загружено:udashaoa
- 5. Magnetic Field1 by Sanjay PandeyЗагружено:Sanjay Pandey
- Technical Paper 1 Magnetic FieldsЗагружено:Jay Vee Estrada
- presentati_w06d1Загружено:akirank1
- MELJUN CORTES ECEG05 ElectromagneticsЗагружено:MELJUN CORTES, MBA,MPA
- F5 Physics Programme OutlineЗагружено:Ip Cheng Xin
- X_ScienceЗагружено:jeromaya
- Force, Energy and PowerЗагружено:Suresh Senanayake
- EM Chp1_100Загружено:謝君揚
- Biot Savart Ampere NewЗагружено:ud54
- H22-pmENGЗагружено:m1cr0sp1ce
- Torque on a Current LoopЗагружено:upender
- EMF OF THIN SHEETS.pdfЗагружено:mannuvpatel
- 1409.8040Загружено:Devendra Hajare
- Lecture1 060210Загружено:Sudesh
- GlossaryЗагружено:ralph aris
- GlossaryЗагружено:ralph aris
- GlossaryЗагружено:ralph aris
- GlossaryЗагружено:ralph aris
- GlossaryЗагружено:ralph aris
- Glossary.pdfЗагружено:ralph aris
- Glossary.pdfЗагружено:ralph aris
- IH-MT-G-L1-QP1Загружено:birdtai
- MT L I.General docЗагружено:birdtai
- EFC 1Загружено:Marius Lolea

- electrical solvedЗагружено:rajeshnaik_965429910
- robotics - Machine Loading and UnloadingЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- ac-bridgeЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- Ee6404 - ManiЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- licence movie marketЗагружено:Guillermo Enrique Moreno Campos
- 3. AbstractЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- Ee2028 Power Quality QbЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- New Text Document.txtЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- CircularЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- emi2Загружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- Appendix AЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- Advantages of NetworksЗагружено:Kesavant Tkesavan
- Paper 17Загружено:Kesavant Tkesavan

- Fast and Adaptive Blind Audio Source Separation Using Recursive Levenberg-Marquardt Synchrosqueezing_Fourer_2018Загружено:Yanquiel Mansfarroll Gonzalez
- Limit State Definitions of the Connection Design Calculations SDS2 V7331Загружено:fzhou
- ZT Aerodynamics PDR1Загружено:Chegrani Ahmed
- Lab 3Загружено:Reilley Keane
- CosetЗагружено:tbrackman99
- grade 7 7 3 l19Загружено:api-296039056
- 20 Days of AutoCAD ExercisesЗагружено:levi'c
- c 1 Quadratic InterpolationЗагружено:Sukuje Je
- Maxsurf Modeler Fundamentals TRN020400-1-0001Загружено:Anonymous 0gqShQpTR
- Boardworks -Electric FieldsЗагружено:diane hoyles
- Interpreted Languages_ Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby (Sheet One) - HyperpolyglotЗагружено:Gagan Gowda
- Antonio J. Gil - Structural analysis of prestressed Saint Venant–Kirchho hyperelastic membranes subjected to moderate strains 2006Загружено:Ilya Peshkov
- chapter 11 robotics in manufacturing processes p182-197Загружено:api-152132438
- Consecutive, Reversed, Mirror, and Symmetric Smarandache Sequences of Triangular NumberЗагружено:Anonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- 186286 on Prior Probabilities of Rejecting Statistical Hypotheses 1973Загружено:limuvi
- Week 02 - Velocity.pdfЗагружено:AileenMT
- A Curse in RobustЗагружено:Mauricio Ortega
- 11.SortingЗагружено:nayle_1990
- Power System Stabilisation with ANNЗагружено:vintin4u
- Geometry of Marine PropellersЗагружено:Diane Trujillo
- Numerical Methods- Principles, Analysis, And Algorithms_S. Pal (1)Загружено:Pratiksha Warule-Sonawane
- physics_episode_6 (1).pdfЗагружено:Raging Phoenix
- PP Left And Right Brain FunctionЗагружено:likah
- Mathematics CVЗагружено:Mukhtaar Case
- cip-m.pdfЗагружено:Vedran Kosanovic
- Finite Element Discretization Of Laplace and Poisson EquationsЗагружено:Владимир Смирнов
- 3. a Neural Network Based Decision Support System for Real-Time Scheduling of Flexible Manufacturing SystemsЗагружено:maherkamel
- data-0001-fdbffe7426e6ef9a0126f424d9b52cb3Загружено:shipu_09
- MATHS (3).docЗагружено:iqra
- LintelsЗагружено:SA023