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[Q1 2015]

= malicious activity: key trends

Number of DDoS attacks continues rise, up to more than

double the total in Q1 2014
Attackers increasingly favor a low and slow approach a
typical attack had lower bandwidth but long duration
The gaming industry attracts more DDoS attacks than any
Seven of eight mega-attacks directly or indirectly targeted gaming
35% of all DDoS attacks this quarter were focused on the gaming industry

DDoS traffic was dominated by infrastructure-layer attack

China rose to largest DDoS source, with the share of US
attacks falling dramatically
Web application attacks concentrated on retail and media
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= major DDoS statistical trends

Overall frequency of DDoS attacks continued to rise

Up more than 35% from Q4 2014
More than double the number of attacks recorded in Q1 2014

DDoS attacks were smaller, but longer and more frequent

Typical attack had drastically lower volume and bandwidth than 2014
Below 10 Gbps
29-hour average duration

Eight mega-attacks with more than 100 Gbps traffic

Largest had 170 Gbps peak, more than largest attack of Q4

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= DDoS attack makeup

Infrastructure-layer attacks dominated DDoS methodologies,

accounting for 91% of all recorded attacks:
SSDP attacks were the most exploited infrastructure-layer
vector, representing >20% of attacks
SSDP attacks are a new vector first observed in Q3 2014
Uses unsecured home Internet devices such as routers as reflectors

SYN floods fell to second place with 16% of all attacks

However, seven of eight mega-attacks involved SYN floods

Application-layer attacks continued to be disfavored due to the

rise of reflection-based attack methods
Most-common application-layer attack is HTTP GET ,
accounting for 7.5% of DDoS activity

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= DDoS attack makeup

= targeted industries

Gaming remained the most targeted industry, attracting 35%

of all attacks
Attacks on other relevant verticals appeared to be indirect attacks on
gaming as well
Massive attacks on large console gaming networks in December 2014
continued into January
Seven of eight >100 Gbps mega-attacks recorded in Q1 were targeted at
gaming, either directly or indirectly

Software and Technology suffered 25% of attacks

Slight decrease of 1% from last quarter

Internet and Telecoms suffered 14%

Slight increase of 3% from last quarter

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= source countries

China continued to top the list of DDoS source countries

Accounted for 23% of DDoS traffic
Substantial increase from 18% in Q4

Germany was the second-largest source of DDoS traffic

17% of recorded DDoS traffic originated from Germany
Substantial increase from 12% last year

USA fell to third place

Accounted for just 12% of DDoS traffic in Q1 2015
Dramatic decrease from 32% in Q4

Decreases in percentages do not represent a drop in DDoS

traffic from these countries
DDoS traffic sources have increasingly diversified other countries are
producing more DDoS traffic, rather than the US producing less
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= web application (non-DDoS) attacks

Akamai collected and analyzed data from the KONA Web

Application Firewall service. This data focused on web
application attacks and their patterns:
More than 52 million SQL injection attacks observed, accounting for 29% of
Two campaigns against travel and hospitality companies were a main
Local File Inclusion (LFI) accounted for 66% of web application attacks
Primarily resulting from massive volumetric campaign against two
large retailers
63% of LFI attacks observed during week 12 alone

More than 50% of all attack IPs originated from the US

Retail and Media/Entertainment industries were subjected to
the greatest number of attacks

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= Q1 2015 State of the Internet Security Report

Download the Q1 2015 State of the Internet Security Report

The Q1 2015 report covers:

Analysis of DDoS web application attack trends

Bandwidth (Gbps) and volume (Mpps) statistics
Year-over-year and quarter-by-quarter analysis
Attack frequency, size, types and sources
Security implications of the transition to IPv6
Mitigating the risk of website defacement and domain hijacking
DDoS techniques that maximize bandwidth, including booter/stresser
Analysis of SQL injection attacks as a persistent and emerging threat

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Internet connection speeds, broadband adoption, mobile
usage, outages, and cyber-attacks and threats.

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